Questions tagged [multivariable-calculus]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-4
votes
0answers
33 views

How does one visualize this on a graph? (confused) [closed]

I was given a function where f(x,y) = 3 where -1<=x<1, -1<=y<1. How does one exactly interpret/visualize this? What does the value 3 mean?
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Strong convexity inequality w.r.t. infinity norm $\lVert\cdot\rVert_{\infty}$

Consider a twice differentiable 1-strongly convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$. Is it true that there exists $\alpha>0$ independent of $n$ such that, for all $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$: \...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

A sufficient condition for multiple differentiability of a function of several variables

While working on some properties of partial derivatives and multiply differentiable functions of several variables, I came across the following Hypothesis 1: Let $f: \mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$, $\...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Solving nonlinear differential multi-variable equation with block-matrices

Here is the problem: Given a formula $f:\mathbb{R}^{n+k}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$, written as $f(x_1(t),x_2(t),...,x_n(t);a1,...ak)$ with $k$ real unknown parameters $a_1,...,a_k$. For any $(a1,...ak)$,...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Generalization(s) of variation diminishing property to multivariate case

Let us first define the variation diminishing property for the Gaussian kernel. Consider a function $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ that is sufficiently smooth and define \begin{align} F(x)= \int_{-\...
11
votes
3answers
516 views

Any hints on how to prove that the function $\lvert\alpha\;\sin(A)+\sin(A+B)\rvert - \lvert\sin(B)\rvert$ is negative over the half of the total area?

I have this inequality with $0<A,B<\pi$ and a real $\lvert\alpha\rvert<1$: $$ f(A,B):=\bigl|\alpha\;\sin(A)+\sin(A+B)\bigr| - \bigl| \sin(B)\bigr| < 0$$ Numerically, I see that ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

A non-differentiable function $f(x,y)$ with bounded $f_x$, $f_y$, $f_{xx}$ and $f_{yy}$

Recently I was trying to construct a counterexample to the statement "If there exist $f_{xy}(0,0)$, $f_{yx}(0,0)$ and the functions $f_{xx}$, $f_{yy}$ exist in some neighborhood and are ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Express Dirichlet energy $E_\mu(f) := \int \|\nabla f(x)\|^2 d\mu(x)$ in terms of Fourier information alone

Let $\mathbb R^d$ and let $\mu = p(dx)$ be a probability distribution thereupon, with density $p$ (which maybe assumed bounded, etc.). For a continuously differentiable function $f:\mathbb R^d \to \...
16
votes
2answers
932 views

How to generalize the various vector calculus theorems to distributions?

Here is a list of vector calculus identities; in the proof of these identities, we all assume that these functions are $𝐶^𝑘$ in an open set, and we usually use these identities to calculate ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

What is the standard terminology for the quantity $\|\nabla f\|_{L^2(\mu)} := \sqrt{\int_{\mathbb R^d}\|\nabla f(x)\|^2d\mu(x)}$?

Let $f:\mathbb R^d \to \mathbb R$ be a continuously differentiable function and let $\mu$ be a probability measure on $\mathbb R^d$. Question. What is the standard teminology for the quantity $\|\...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Does this non-negative function, with No stationary points, have only descend directions close to a constraint set?

Suppose $P: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}_{\ge 0} $ is differentiable map, with $P(x) = 0 \ \forall x \in \mathcal{X}$ and $P(x) > 0 \ \forall x \in \mathcal{X}^c$. Further, suppose $P$ has ...
6
votes
1answer
276 views

Complex-doubly periodic function in two variables?

I am looking for a function $f:\mathbb C^2 \rightarrow \mathbb C^2$ that satisfies the two equations $$\partial_{z_2}f_1(z_1,z_2) + \partial_{z_1} f_2(z_1,z_2)=0 \text{ and }$$ $$\partial_{\bar z_1}...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Multivariate gaussian integral

I am looking for the solution of a multivariate gaussian integral over a vector x with an arbitrary vector a as upper limit and minus infinity as lower limit. The dimension of the vectors x and a are ...
5
votes
1answer
250 views

Multivariable higher-order chain rule

I am trying to understand the chain rule under a change of variables. Given a function $f : \mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$ and a change of variables $G : \mathbb R^m \rightarrow \mathbb R^n$, what ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Integration question dealing with several variables and Taylor theorem

Dealing with one-variable and smooth function $f$ on a real interval $I$ such that $D^m f\in\mathcal{C}^2$, we have by Taylor theorem centered at $a\in I$ $$ D^mf(y)= D^mf(a) + D^{m+1}f(a)(y-a) + \...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Question about the implicit function theorem. an example of a homogeneous form for which its implicit function satisfies certain conditions

Let $F$ be a homogeneous form with coefficients in $\mathbb{R}$. Suppose it defines a smooth projective variety, in other words at every point other than the origin at least one of the first partial ...
4
votes
1answer
292 views

How to define a function that has these specific properties?

Suppose $x = (x_1,x_2,\dots,x_K) \in \mathbb{Z}^K_{\geq 0}$. For $x,y \in \mathbb{Z}^K_{\geq 0}$, we write $x \succ y$ or $y \prec x$ if $x \neq y$ and \begin{align*} x_{i(x,y)} > y_{i(x,y)...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Hessian generating functions

I am looking for a characterization of functions $\Phi: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ such that $\Phi(\mathbf{x}) = \nabla^2 f(\mathbf{x})$ for a function $f$ which is twice continuously ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What relationship exists between samples of a function and samples of its vector gradient field?

A real function $f(x)$ is defined on $N$-dimensional real space where $N \ge 3$. $f(x)$ is differentiable and its gradient with respect to x is $g(x)$. So $g(x)$ is a vector field. Assume we do not ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Creating a Multi-Variable equation to create a "Most Favorable Supplier Index" [closed]

I wanted to create a 'most favorable supplier index', where I want to assign a value to each supplier, ranging from 1-5 or 1-10, whichever, from the most and to the least preferred suppliers. There ...
7
votes
2answers
418 views

Is a function of several variables convex near a local minimum when the derivatives are non-degenerate?

This is a cross-post. Let $U \subseteq \mathbb R^n$ be an open subset, and let $f:U \to \mathbb R$ be smooth. Suppose that $x \in U$ is a strict local minimum point of $f$. Let $df^k(x):(\mathbb R^n)^...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Conditions for a function to vanish almost nowhere on its support?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^d\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function and $\mathrm{supp}(f) := \mathrm{cl}\{x\in\mathbb{R}^d\mid f(x)\neq 0\}$ its support. Under which conditions is it true that $f≠0$ (...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Differential entropy under the change-of-variable with additive Gaussian noise

I have two Gaussian random variables $$X \sim \mathcal N(0, I), \ \ \ W \sim \mathcal N(0, \sigma\cdot I)$$ and I known a parametric change-of-variable $Y(\theta) = T(X; \theta)$. I would like to ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Gradient condition implies Hörmander condition

We have tempered distribution $K$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ which coincides with a locally integrable function in $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus \{0\}$. We call the condition $$\int_{|x|>2|y|}|K(x-y)-K(x)|dx\leq ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Is the minimum of a constraint optimization problem differentiable in the constraint parameter?

Let $h:\mathbb R^{>0}\to \mathbb R^{\ge 0}$ be a smooth function, satisfying $h(1)=0$, and suppose that $h(x)$ is strictly increasing on $[1,\infty)$, and strictly decreasing on $(0,1]$. Let $s&...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Is the optimum of this problem convex in the constraint parameter?

Let $f:\mathbb R^+ \to \mathbb R$ be a smooth function, satisfying $f(1)=0$, and suppose that $|f|$ grows with the distance from $1$: $|f(x)|$ is strictly increasing when $x \ge 1$, and strictly ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

The mean along the eccentric anomaly of an ellipse log distance to a point within the ellipse

Conjecture. Let $$ f(r,\alpha,p, \theta) = \ln\left(\left(r\sin\alpha-\sin\theta\right)^{2}\left(1-p\right)^{2}+\left(r\cos\alpha-\cos\theta\right)^{2}\left(1+p\right)^{2}\right). $$ Then for any ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Elasticity tensor in terms of principal stretches

Suppose we are given a frame-indifferent isotropic function $W:GL_+(3) \to [0,\infty)$, where $GL_+(3)$ denotes the set of all real $(3\times 3)$-matrices with positive determinant. We can write $W(F)$...
5
votes
0answers
452 views

How to compute the volume of a region transformed by a matrix?

This is a rewrite of the OP's question to emphasize what I think are the research level issues here. Let $\mathscr{R}$ be a bounded convex body in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $H : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{...
0
votes
1answer
234 views

Integral $ g(a)= \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \frac{\arctan(a \tan x)}{\tan x}dx $ [closed]

I am having trouble calculating this integral: $$ g(a) = \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \frac{\arctan(a \tan x)}{\tan x}dx $$ I tried calculating $g'(a)$ but then I get stuck.
2
votes
3answers
525 views

A Curved/Warped Version of Fubini's Theorem

I will think of $ \mathbb{R}^{n+m}$ as $\mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R}^m$. Let $ V \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+m}$ be open and $g:V \to U \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+m} $ be a $C^1$ diffeomorphism. For a fixed ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

A question about multivariable calculus and optimization

Consider the function $f(x) :\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, such that $f(x)\geqslant 0\; \forall x\in \mathbb{R}$, and has a set of extremum points at $x_{j}$. Consider the integral : $$\int_{\bar{...