# Questions tagged [inequalities]

for questions involving inequalities.

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### a square root inequality for symmetric matrices?

In this post all my matrices will be $\mathbb R^{N\times N}$ symmetric positive semi-definite (psd), but I am also interested in the Hermitian case. In particular the square root $A^{\frac 12}$ of a ...
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### Well-posedness in modified H2 space

Can I modify the $H^2$ space such that: $$\tilde{H}^2 := \left[ u(\Omega): ||u||^2_{L_2(\Omega)} + ||\nabla u||^2_{L_2(\Omega)} + ||\Delta u||_{L_2(\Omega)}^2 < \infty \right]$$ and then use the ...
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### Trace inequality normal derivative

For $v(\Omega) \in W^1_2$ and $\Omega \in C^1$ we have a trace inequality: $$\Vert v \Vert _{L_2(\partial \Omega)} \leq C_\Omega \Vert v \Vert _{W_2^1},$$ which can be found in many places in the ...
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### Matrix inequality : trace of exponential of Hermitian matrix

I want to know whether the following inequality holds or not. \begin{align} (\mathrm{Tr}\exp[(A+B)/2])^2\leq(\mathrm{Tr}\exp A)(\mathrm{Tr}\exp B)\tag{1} \end{align} where $A, B$ are Hermitian ...
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### Berry-Esseen unit ball

How can I show that sampling a random vector from a uniform distribution over a $d$-dimensional unit ball is similar to sampling a random vector from a uniform distribution over $d$-dimensional ...
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### When is a set defined by multivariate polynomial inequalities convex?

Consider the set of real numbers given by $$S = \{(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h) \in [0,1]^8 : 0 \le \frac{e(g-h)}{b(g-f)} \le 1 \text{ and } 0 \le \frac{e(h-f)}{(1-b)(g-f)} \le 1\}$$ Note that this set can also ...
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### A symmetrization-majorization inequality for i.i.d. zero mean random variables

Let $k\geq 2$ and $$f(x_1,\ldots,x_k)=\Bigl(\prod_{i\leq k}(1+x_i)+\prod_{i\leq k}(1-x_i)\Bigr)\log\Bigl(\prod_{i\leq k}(1+x_i)+\prod_{i\leq k}(1-x_i)\Bigr)-k(1-x_1 x_2)\log(1-x_1 x_2).$$ If random ...
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### Inequality in Iwaniec-Kowalski

I am reading about Dirichlet polynomials in the book Analytic Number Theory by the said authors. Can anyone justify the following inequality? Assume that $a(n),b(m)$ are sequences of non-negative ...
I am asking myself this question (which seems to be a natural generalization of Remark 4.4 of these lecture notes). Question. Let $I_s, s \in \mathcal{S}$ be a collection of intervals included in ...