This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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0
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11 views

Non-ergodic Dye Theorem for orbit equivalent automorphisms

The Dye Theorem states that any two free ergodic p.m.p automorphisms of a standard probability space are orbit-equivalent. Question: Is there a version of the above theorem for non-ergodic ...
-4
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0answers
56 views

Should an object in the category always be a formal mathematical structure? [on hold]

Today I heard during a popular lecture about the applications of category theory, than an object in the category should always be some kind of mathematical structure e.g. a set, ring, monoid, etc. So ...
1
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0answers
18 views

LQR solution when there are linear terms in the cost function?

I am trying to solve the following Bellman Equation: $V(s) =\max_u \left[a'u - (u-s)'Q(u-s) + V(u)\right]$ In the equation above, $s,u,a\in \mathbb R^n$, $Q\in \mathbb R^{n\times n}$ is positive ...
0
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0answers
80 views

Volume of a complex manifold

Is there a theorem which states the following? Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a $k$ -dimensional complex submanifold of $\mathbb{C}^n, \ 1 \le k \le n$. Let $V \subset M$ be open, relatively compact in $M$, so ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Reference request: Topological space of polygonal chains and its properties [migrated]

I'm interested in approximations of $C^1([a,b])$-functions by polygonal chains: image File:NURBstatic.svg by User:WulfTheSaxon licensed under GNU Free Documentation License A polygonal chain can be ...
1
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0answers
50 views

Elliptic regularity Schauder estimates with Dirichlet/Neumann boundary conditions

Consider the linear elliptic equation $Lu = 0$, where $L$ is a second degree elliptic operator with smooth coefficients on a bounded domain $\overline{\Omega} \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, where $\Omega$ is ...
4
votes
0answers
89 views

Existence of a measure-preserving bijection

Let $f, g \, \colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be two Borel-measurable functions such that $f$ is non negative and g is radially symmetric, the function $ (0, \infty )\ni t \mapsto g ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Zero divisors and boundary elements of $A^{-1}$ [on hold]

I need to understand basic properties of (a) zero divisors in Banach algebras or rings, and (b) spectral properties of elements of the boundary of the set of invertibles in a complex unital Banach ...
4
votes
0answers
103 views

Nash's proof of De Giorgi-Nash-Moser theorem

I saw this question, but I think the answer didn't fully address what I want to know about it: Nash's paper on parabolic equations. It says almost everything developed later in elliptic and ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Is this characterization of (-1)-eigenspaces of the Weyl group of $E_6$ known?

I recently needed to know which circles $S$ in a maximal torus $T^6$ of the compact exceptional group $E_6$ yield one-dimensional subspaces $\mathfrak s$ of the Lie algebra $\mathfrak t^6$ that are ...
3
votes
3answers
205 views

Reference request about the representations of the group $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$

Is there a review/exposition of the representation theory of $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ ? Like an enumeration of its irreducible representations and their dimensions as a function of $q$?
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Self-contained book on Ricci Flow/Geometric Analysis

Can someone please tell me whether there is any self-contained book on Geometric Analysis/Ricci Flow/analytic techniques used in Riemannian Geometry? By self-contained I mean it does not assume that ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

An (open?) problem about a sequence of nested principal sub-matrices and their determinants

Problem: Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ integer matrix, $\det(A) = \pm 1$. Under which conditions there exist a nested sequence of principal submatrices of size $n$ such that they all have determinant $\pm ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Good covering of a (singular) curve in a complex surface

Let $W$ be a $2$-dimensional complex manifold and $C\subset W$ a compact complex curve (possibly singular). I would like to know a reference for the following fact: there exists a collection ...
6
votes
2answers
159 views

Obtain 4-manifolds by repeating surgeries of submanifolds in $S^4$

In his paper QFT and Jones Polynomials, Witten states: "It is a not too deep result that every 3-manifold can be obtained from or reduced to $S^3$ (or any other desired 3-manifold) by repeated ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Contraction semigroup

Let $(X, \mu)$ be a finite measure space and let $A$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator which generates a contraction semigroup $e^{tA}$ on $L^2(X, \mu)$. If additionally, we have that $e^{tA}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Fourier coefficients of real analytic functions on an n-dimension torus

Let $(\mathbf{R}^n,\langle\;,\; \rangle)$ be the n-dimensional euclidean space endowed with the standard inner product. For a lattice $L\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ we let $cov(L)$ denote the covolume of ...
5
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0answers
78 views

When is a $2$-Calabi–Yau triangulated category the cluster category of a QP?

Keller–Reiten's main theorem in Acyclic Calabi–Yau categories implies that if $\mathcal{C}$ is a $2$-Calabi–Yau (algebraic) triangulated category admitting a cluster-tilting object $T$ such that the ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Renorming into contraction

In Pazy's book on semigroups he mentions (page 18) that when you have a commuting family of operators $B(t)$, such that $$ \sup \| B(t_1) .. B(t_n) \| \le M $$ for all finite choices $t_1, .. t_n$ ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Arithmetic quotients of Bruhat-Tits buildings for groups over local fields of positive characteristic

I have been led to believe that there is a result giving a description of the quotient of a Bruhat-Tits building $\Delta(G,k)$, for a semisimple algebraic group $G$ over a non-archimedean local field ...
0
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1answer
275 views

Reference for a lemma on étale maps

The Stacks Project has the following really nice Lemma concerning étale maps of rings: Let $A\rightarrow B$ be a finitely presented, étale morphism of rings. Then there exists a presentation $$ ...
2
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1answer
157 views

Is $K^0(X)\to K_0(X)$ monomorphic for a noetherian scheme $X$?

This question is related to the MO questions What is the difference between Grothendieck groups K_0(X) vs K^0(X) on schemes? and Does a fully faithful functor between triangulated categories induce ...
1
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1answer
167 views

Does a fully faithful functor between triangulated categories induce embedding of their Grothendieck groups?

Let $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B}$ be two triangulated categories and $F: \mathcal{A}\to \mathcal{B}$ be a triangulated functor between them. Then $F$ induces an homomorphism between their Grothendieck ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Spectrum of the Laplacian on p-forms on the sphere

In this paper the authors give an explicit description of the eigenforms and spectrum of the Laplacian acting on $p$-forms on the round sphere $S^n$, apparently citing an unpublished computation of ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Generators of the colored braid group (two colors), reference

I consider the group $B_{n,n}$, the braids, colored in two colors, say all odd strings are black and all even strings are white. It is easy to find a set of generators for $B_{n,n}$: $$ \begin{cases} ...
2
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0answers
93 views

Reference to parabola lemma

I am looking for a previous reference to the following very simple geometric lemma, which I use in my paper [arXiv:1503.03462]: Let $P$ be the parabola $y=x^2$. Let $a,b,c,d$ be four points on $P$ ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Strongly minimal set with DMP

Recall that a strongly minimal theory $T$ has the Definable Multiplicity Property (DMP) if for all natural $k$, $m$ and $\varphi(\bar{x},\bar{b})$ of rank $k$, multiplicity $m$, there exists a formula ...
11
votes
1answer
197 views

Fair cake-cutting between groups

The cake-cutting game is usually played between individuals. What if we try to play it between groups? A certain land has to be divided between two states. ‎There are $n$ citizens in each state. ...
10
votes
4answers
437 views

Rate of convergence in the Law of Large Numbers

I'm working on a problem where I need information on the size of $E_n=|S_n-n\mu|$, where $S_n=X_1+\ldots+X_n$ is a sum of i.i.d. random variables and $\mu=\mathbb EX_1$. For this to make sense, the ...
3
votes
1answer
259 views

Moser estimates?

Consider $u$, an $L^2$ solution to the uniformly elliptic equation $(\partial_t^2 + L)u = 0$ on a ball $B_1$ of radius 1 centered at $(t_0, x_0)$, say, where $t$ can be treated as a "time" variable. I ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Motivation for the existence of periodic solutions [closed]

I have been reading the book Critical Point Theory and Hamiltonian System by Mawhin and Willem, as well as several other papers on the existence of periodic solutions for equations of the form ...
2
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0answers
101 views

Simply connected Kahler manifold without any effective divisor

Does anyone know an example of a simply-connected compact Kahler manifold without an effective divisor? Does anyone know a reference on this topic? Thanks!
1
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2answers
116 views

Sum of two unbounded self-adjoint operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unbounded self-adjoint operators. From this mathoverflow post, for instance, we know that $A + B$ is self-adjoint on $\mathcal{D}(A) \cap \mathcal{D}(B)$ if $A$ and $B$ are ...
4
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1answer
186 views

Young tableau with no i in row i, name that derangement

This question has its genesis in a group assignment: $k$ students are to be given oral exams. Each student will be asked one distinct question from $n$ questions given to them earlier, no two students ...
13
votes
1answer
414 views

When complex conjugation lies in the center of a Galois group

Let $K \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ be a number field (I'm fixing an embedding), and assume $K/\mathbb{Q}$ is Galois with Galois group $G$. Let $\tau \in G$ denote complex conjugation. This question ...
2
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0answers
64 views

About some distributive laws in the Bousfield lattice

It is know that for any $\alpha$-well generated tensor triangulated category $\mathcal{T}$ the collection of Bousfield classes forms a set, furthermore this set is a complete lattice, denoted by ...
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0answers
79 views

Size of the eigenfunction of Laplacian (reference request)

It is a classical Sobolev inequality that if $\phi$ is an eigenfunction of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a $n$-dim compact Riemannian manifold $M$ with eigenvalue $\lambda$ then ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

A $C^{*}$ algebra associated to a graded $C^{*}$ algebra

A $C^{*}$ algebra $A$ is graded by $\mathbb{Z}_{n}$ iff it can be acted by $\mathbb{Z}_{n}$. So we associate the $C^{*}$ algebra $A\rtimes \mathbb{Z}_{n}$ to a $\mathbb{Z}_{n}$-graded $C^{*}$ ...
4
votes
2answers
588 views

Is every positive integer a sum of at most 4 distinct quarter-squares?

There appears to be no mention in OEIS: Quarter-squares, A002620. Can someone give a proof or reference? Examples: quarter-squares: ${0,1,2,4,6,9,12,16,20,25,30,36,...}$ 2-term sums: ${2+1, 4+1, ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

Reference request : Besov spaces on ubounded domains

As I am relatively new to these matters, I would like to know if you could provide me a reference for Besov spaces on unbounded domains, because when I checked the first tome of Triebel's Theory of ...
5
votes
0answers
136 views

Universal anti-Horn classes?

Is there published work about universal anti-Horn classes? Anti-Horn formulas are also sometimes known as dual Horn. See also related question Is there any research of universal algebras ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

On one class of Somos-like sequences

This question is motivated by integrability of the sequence mistakenly arisen in the question Does this sequence always give an integer? Let $m_1,\ldots, m_{k-1}$ be positive integers and sequence ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Diffusion semigroup generated by Laplacian

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold and $\Delta$ denote the Laplacian on it. Also assume that the spectrum of $-\Delta$ lies inside $[a, \infty)$. Let $P_t, t > 0$ denote the diffusion ...
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0answers
37 views

Reference for using an algebra of meromorphic functions to extend a Lie algebra

For example, let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{sl}_{2}\left(\mathbb{C}\right)$, let $s_{0}=1$, $s_{1}=-1$, $s_{2}$=0, $s_{3}=\infty$ in $\mathbb{P}_{1}\left(\mathbb{C}\right)$ and $\mathcal{R}$ is the ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Domain of $A^{1/2}$ on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$

Let $A$ be a densely defined unbounded self-adjoint operator defined on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$, where $\mathbb{T}^2$ stands for the 2-torus. It is known that $A$ is positive, that is, $\langle Au, ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

4D Duoprisms based on nonconvex polygons

A duoprism is a polytope that can be expressed as the Cartesian product of two polytopes (each of dimension $\ge 2$). Four-dimensional duoprisms in particular have been studied: $$P \times Q = \{ ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

methods for situations where well-posedness criteria hold but global solutions do not exist

I have been learning PDEs (more specifically, nonlinear dispersive equations (Schrödinger/wave/ Klein-Gordan equations etc...)) through the harmonic analysis methods. And I have read a couple of ...
16
votes
1answer
899 views

Has this strong number theoretic conjecture of Euler been proved, and where could I find such a proof?

Polya cites this work of Euler as an example of a conjecture which Euler considered impossible to doubt, and yet still needing a demonstration. It is on pages 90-98 of "Induction and Analogy in ...
6
votes
1answer
91 views

Tunnel number of Pretzel knots

I would like to know the tunnel number of $n$-pretzel knots. I have searched and found nothing for any $n>3$. When $n=2$, $t(K)=1$ or $2$ depending on the number of twists, which is proved in a ...
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votes
1answer
198 views

What's the minimum amount of knowledge to start doing research? [closed]

There are cases in which you have too much knowledge of something to do anything interesting ,and cases in which a lack of experience with a problem (and the prejudices about it) helps someone solve ...