# Questions tagged [multilinear-algebra]

Tensors, multivectors, wedge products, multilinear maps, exterior (Grassmann) algebras.

170
questions

12
votes

1
answer

849
views

### Positive 4-form

Denote by $W$ the space of all symmetric bilinear forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Let $Q$ be a quadratic form on $W$.
Suppose that $Q(b)\geqslant 0$ for any $b\in W$ such that $b(X,Y)=\ell(X)\cdot\ell(Y)$ ...

2
votes

1
answer

159
views

### Orthogonal complements in exterior powers

I previously asked this on Mathematics Stack Exchange, to no result:
Consider the standard induced inner product structure on $\wedge^k\mathbb{R}^d$ given by defining $$\langle u_1\wedge \cdots \wedge ...

15
votes

2
answers

1k
views

### Positive quadratic polynomial

Let $S$ be solutions of a system of quadratic polynomials on $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Suppose $q$ is another quadratic polynomial such that $q|_S\geqslant 0$.
Is it possible to find a polynomial $\tilde q$ ...

0
votes

1
answer

177
views

### Linear system with matrix as a variable

I have the following two linear systems:
$$\begin{bmatrix} u_{11} & u_{12} \end{bmatrix} A = 0$$
$$\begin{bmatrix} u_{21} & u_{22} \end{bmatrix} B = 0$$
Both $A,B$ are $2 \times 2$ matrices ...

1
vote

0
answers

107
views

### Some kind of product of two 2d tensors to create a 3d tensor?

I recently need to apply the following concept of product of two 2d tensors to create a 3d tensor (tensors understood as generalized arrays):
given two 2d tensors $A_{m\times n}$ and $B_{n\times p}$, ...

1
vote

0
answers

159
views

### The conditions to determine whether multivector $\Lambda\in\wedge^k V$ is decomposable

In Section 5, Chapter 1 of the famous book "Principles of algebraic geometry" by Griffiths and Harris, there are two equivalent conditions to determine whether a multivector $\Lambda\in\...

3
votes

0
answers

55
views

### Automatic complete boundedness for bilinear and multilinear maps

$\newcommand{\cb}{\mathrm{cb}}$Let $T : X \rightarrow Y$ be a bounded linear map between Banach spaces. We have the following results concerning automatic complete boundedness:
$\|T : X \rightarrow \...

1
vote

1
answer

146
views

### Third order matrix differential norm

Suppose we have a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$ that is at least three times differentiable. Clearly, there is a relationship between the symmetric trilinear form $$T_1=\nabla^3f(x),$$ and ...

4
votes

1
answer

315
views

### Etymology “Kulkarni–Nomizu product”

$\newcommand\KN{\mathbin{\bigcirc\mspace{-20mu}\wedge\mspace{3mu}}}$In the context of (pseudo)-Riemmian geometry, the Kulkarni–Nomizu product is defined to be an operation $\KN$, which takes two ...

0
votes

0
answers

46
views

### Taylor series for multidimensional orthant probability

Here we have a solution as Measuring Solid Angles Beyond Dimension Three, https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00454-006-1253-4. As we know there is no closed-form expression for the probability of higher than ...

5
votes

1
answer

317
views

### Waring rank of monomials, and how it depends on the ground field

The Waring rank of a degree-$d$ homogeneous polynomial $p$ is the least integer $r$ such that you can write $p$ as a linear combination of $r$ $d$-th powers of linear forms $\{\ell_k\}$:
$$
p = \sum_{...

11
votes

1
answer

323
views

### Why are these graphs coming from 9-dimensional alternating trilinear forms so symmetric?

Let $\phi(x,y,z)$ be an alternating trilinear form on a space $V$ over a field $K$.
Let $u \in \mathbb{P}(V)$ be a projective point over $V$, then we say that the rank of $u$ is equal to the rank of ...

1
vote

1
answer

113
views

### Is it possible to simplify the coefficient matrix for large values of $x$?

If I have a system of $8$ linear equations for the eight variables $\{\alpha ,\beta ,\gamma ,\delta ,\eta ,\lambda ,\xi ,\rho \}$ and with the three parameters $\{x,y,z\}$ reals and $x>0$. I want ...

4
votes

1
answer

175
views

### Singular value decomposition for tensor

I am looking at (the limitation of) the extension of the singular value decomposition to tensors. I would like to show that there is a tensor $A_{i,j,k}$ that cannot be decomposed in the following ...

1
vote

1
answer

221
views

### Two unknowns: one vector, one scalar, one equation

I would like to know if this equation is solvable for $a$ and $\alpha$:
\begin{equation}
\Sigma = \Gamma + a \left( \alpha 1^\top + 1\alpha^\top \right) +a^2 b
\end{equation}
$\Sigma$ & $\Gamma$ ...

0
votes

0
answers

53
views

### On comparing the nuclear norm with the Hilbert-Schmidt norm for symmetric tensors

I am interested in the special case of a symmetric tensor $T_{i_1,\ldots,i_k}$ of rank $k$, where each index, say $i_\kappa$, where $1 \leq \kappa \leq k$, runs from $1$ to $2$. The entries of such a ...

1
vote

0
answers

82
views

### Continuous choice of null directions for a family of bilinear forms

Let $E$ and $F$ be (real) Hilbert spaces, where $\dim E = \infty$ and $1 \leq \dim F < \infty$. Let $T : E \to \operatorname{Sym}(F \times F,\mathbb{R})$ be a continuous linear map, where $\...

2
votes

2
answers

234
views

### Optimizing a multilinear function over the vertices of the cube

Suppose I have $n$ Boolean variables $x_1,\dots,x_n$, and an objective function of the form $f(x_1,\dots,x_n) = \sum_{a_1,\dots,a_n}c_{a_1,\dots,a_n} x_1^{a_1} \cdots x_n^{a_n}$ with $(a_1,\dots,a_n) \...

2
votes

0
answers

70
views

### Nontrivial Invariants of trilinear functionals

The group $\operatorname{SL}(n_1,\mathbb{C}) \times \operatorname{SL}(n_2,\mathbb{C}) \times \operatorname{SL}(n_3,\mathbb{C})$ acts on ${\mathbb C}^{n_1} \otimes {\mathbb C}^{n_2} \otimes {\mathbb C}^...

0
votes

0
answers

102
views

### Existence of a subspace of having no isotropic 2-plane

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $n$ over the field $\mathbb {Q} $. A subspace $W$ is isotropic for a skew-bilinear form $\alpha$ on $V$ if $\alpha(x,y) = 0$ for all $x,y \in W$.
More ...

4
votes

1
answer

182
views

### The upper bounds on rank $ 2 $ real matrices

Let $ A_{n}(F) $ be the collection of all skew-symmetric matrices over the field $ F $ ($\operatorname{char} F \neq 2 $). Let M be a subspace of $ A_{n}(F) $ such that all non zero elements have rank ...

6
votes

1
answer

130
views

### Stabilizers of multilinear forms

Let $\{e_1,\ldots, e_n\}$ be the standard basis of $\mathbb{C}^n$. Consider the $m$-multilinear form $$v=\sum_{i=1}^n e_i^{\otimes m}\in (\mathbb{C}^n)^{\otimes m}$$
and consider the action of $\text{...

4
votes

0
answers

81
views

### Stabilizer of the Bryant-Harvey associative calibration

View $\mathbb{R}^{4n+4} = \mathbb{H}^{n+1}$ with its standard inner product. Right multiplication $R_I, R_J, R_K$ by the unit quaternions $I,J,K$ defines orthogonal complex structures on $\mathbb{R}^{...

3
votes

0
answers

198
views

### Geometric characterisation of polynomials between normed spaces

Let $(X, \| \cdot \|_X)$ $(Y, \| \cdot \|_Y)$ be normed space. A function $f \colon X \to Y$ shall be called an $n$-th degree (single variable) polynomial ($n \in \mathbb{N}\cup \{ 0\})$ if there ...

0
votes

0
answers

51
views

### Solving nonlinear differential multi-variable equation with block-matrices

Here is the problem:
Given a formula $f:\mathbb{R}^{n+k}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$, written as $f(x_1(t),x_2(t),...,x_n(t);a1,...ak)$ with $k$ real unknown parameters $a_1,...,a_k$. For any $(a1,...ak)$,...

4
votes

0
answers

127
views

### Map between irreducible representations in basis given by Young tableaux

Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensional complex vector space.
Assume we have a $\mathbb C$-linear map $\varphi:\Gamma^{(a_1,\dots,a_n)}V\rightarrow \Gamma^{(b_1,\dots,b_n)}V$ between two irreducible ...

2
votes

1
answer

192
views

### Trivial rational solution of a system of hyperplanes

Let us consider a vector space $ V $ over $ \mathbb{Q} $ of dim $6$. We denote all the two dimensional subspace in $ V $ by $ G(2,6) $ (The Grassmanian variety). One can define a map $ p $ from $ G(2,...

3
votes

1
answer

328
views

### Maximal common isotropic subspace for a finite family of skewforms

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $n$ over a field $F$. An alternating bilinear form $\alpha\colon V \times V \rightarrow F $ will be called a skewform. A subspace $W$ is isotropic for $\alpha$...

3
votes

0
answers

167
views

### Polynomial invariant relating the circumradius and sides of a cyclic polygon

This question deals with the polynomial invariant which relates the circumradius and the squares of the sides of a cyclic polygon.
This invariant is discussed briefly in the seminal paper On the Areas ...

2
votes

2
answers

297
views

### $O(n)$ Polynomial invariant of symmetric tensors

I apologize in advance if this question is not up to the level of research level questions on Math overflow. I am a complete outsider to invariant theory/representation theory and would like someone ...

3
votes

0
answers

399
views

### Geometric interpretation for non-simple $k$-vectors [closed]

In geometric algebra, a simple k-blade may be defined as one which can be written as the outer product of $k$ vectors. For example, a 2-blade $A$ is one which may be factored as $A=\mathbf{a}\wedge\...

0
votes

1
answer

117
views

### Define an inner product between p-blades so that 0= completely orthogonal and 1=completely overlapping for their subspaces

$\DeclareMathOperator\span{span}$Denote two $p$-blades $\nu=v_1\wedge \dots \wedge v_p$ and $\omega=w_1\wedge \dots \wedge w_p$ $\in \bigwedge^p X$, where $X$ is an inner product space. How to define ...

3
votes

0
answers

133
views

### What is this SVD (called) with a singular value vector and U and V are tensors?

I am looking for information on a specific type of tensor/matrix decomposition which is quite similar to the SVD for matrices but does not look like the HOSVD since the core tensor is only a vector. ...

2
votes

0
answers

199
views

### What is the name of this tensor?

A matrix M is usually called a hollow matrix if all of its diagonal elements are zero:
$$ M_{pp} = 0, \quad \forall \: p.
$$
We can generalize this to an $n$-way tensor T, such that:
$$ T_{p_1 \cdots ...

4
votes

0
answers

197
views

### Pseudo-tensor- and tensor-densities: Sections of what bundle?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a smooth manifold. A tensor field is then usually defined to be a section of the tensor bundle
$$\bigotimes_{i=1}^{p}T\mathcal{M}\otimes\bigotimes_{i=1}^{q}T^{\ast}\mathcal{M}.$$
...

3
votes

1
answer

274
views

### Eigenvectors of a tensor in $\mathbb{C}^2 \otimes \mathbb{C}^2 \otimes \mathbb{C}^2$

I want to find the critical point of tensor $f=a_0b_0c_0 + a_1b_1c_1$ in $\mathbb{C}^2 \otimes \mathbb{C}^2 \otimes \mathbb{C}^2$, and I followed this construction:
First, I take the following partial ...

9
votes

1
answer

335
views

### Kulkarni-Nomizu square root of the Riemann tensor

Given a Riemann tensor $Riem$, what are conditions such that $Riem=B\star B$ for some bilinear symmetric form $B$, where $\star$ is the Kulkarni-Nomizu product? It follows from the proof of ...

7
votes

1
answer

864
views

### Strategies for bounding the spectral norm of a tensor?

Let $A$ be a symmetric $k$-tensor over a real or complex vector field $W$. We may define its spectral norm $|A|$ by
$$|A| = \sup_{v\in W} \frac{|\langle A,x^{\otimes k}\rangle|}{|x|_2^k}.$$
(...

1
vote

1
answer

157
views

### Existence of matrices in the field $\mathbb{F}_2$ with some invertibility properties

All the matrices in this statement are in the field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Let $I$ be the identity matrix of size $10 \times 10$ and let $e_1$, $e_2$, $\ldots$, $e_{10}$ denote its rows. For $i\in \{1,5 \}$, ...

2
votes

1
answer

79
views

### Existence of a matrix in $\mathbb{F}_2$ with some invertibility properties

All the matrices in this statement are in the field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Let $I$ be the identity matrix of size $10 \times 10$. What are all the possible $n$ ($\geq 6$) for which
there exists a matrix $X$ ...

3
votes

0
answers

73
views

### Bunch of matrices with vanishing permanents

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Per}{Per}$
$\newcommand{\oI}{{\overline I}}$
$\newcommand{\oJ}{{\overline J}}$
Is it possible to classify pairs $(A,B)$ of square, nonsingular matrices over a field of prime ...

2
votes

0
answers

136
views

### Distinguishing $0/1$ unimodular or singular matrices having $\mathsf{Permanent}\in\{0,1\}$?

Let $\mathcal T_n=\{M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{Per}(M)=\mathsf{Det}(M)\wedge\mathsf{Det}(M)\in\{0,1\}\}$ (restricted set unimodular or singular having permanent and determinant identical).
$\...

2
votes

2
answers

488
views

### Can the eigenvalues of a real symmetric tensor be complex?

Let $T$ be a fully symmetric tensor of rank $3$ and size $N$.
Using the following definition of eigenvalues, let $x\in \mathbb{C}^N$ and $\lambda\in\mathbb{C}$ such that:
\begin{equation}
\sum_{jk}^...

1
vote

1
answer

131
views

### Algebraic structure of the space of multiaffine maps

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field $\mathbb F$ and $k$ some natural number.
It isn't hard to show that the space of multiaffine maps $V^{[k]}\to\mathbb F$ decomposes as a direct sum of vector ...

4
votes

1
answer

227
views

### Characterizing zero sets of bilinear maps

Let $V,W$ be vector spaces and $X\subset V\times W.$ If $X$ is the zero set of a collection of bilinear maps then it satisfies the following properties:
$(0,w),(v,0)\in X$ for all $v,w.$
If $(v,w)\in ...

3
votes

0
answers

240
views

### Why some operations on tensors don't give a tensor? [closed]

I asked the following question on math.stackexchange but no one seemed to have an authorative answer so I'm posting here hoping that experts will see it.
The gradient is a tensor $\nabla f:\mathbf{V} \...

3
votes

0
answers

101
views

### Is there an analog of polarization for skew-symmetric forms?

This question might be too lightweight here but on math.SE it did not receive any feedback since May 2, so...
Polarization works both ways. Not only can you represent any homogeneous polynomial $f$ of ...

1
vote

0
answers

134
views

### Subgroup of $PGL(n(n-1)/2, \mathbb K)$ preserving the grassmannian $Gr(2, n)$

How can we determine the subgroup of $PGL(\wedge^2 \bar{\mathbb Q}^n)$ which preserves the grassmamnnian $Gr(2, n)$ embedded as a projective variety in $\wedge^2(\bar{\mathbb Q}^n)$ via the Plucker ...

6
votes

1
answer

1k
views

### What is the role of topology on infinite dimensional exterior algebras?

Wedge products and exterior powers are discussed in W. Greub's book Multilinear algebra as follows.
Definition: Let $E$ be an arbitrary vector space and $p \ge 2$. Then a vector space $\bigwedge^{p}E$ ...

1
vote

1
answer

161
views

### Analytical decomposed form of a specific traceless symmetric tensor

Assume an m-way tensor $\mathcal{Z}$.
$\mathcal{Z}_{p_1 p_2 ... p_m} = 0$ if any different indices match
and $\mathcal{Z}_{p_1 p_2 ... p_m} = 1$ otherwise.
It is a symmetric tensor. Now if it is 2-...