# Questions tagged [multilinear-algebra]

Tensors, multivectors, wedge products, multilinear maps, exterior (Grassmann) algebras.

Tensors, multivectors, wedge products, multilinear maps, exterior (Grassmann) algebras.

160
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5
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The Waring rank of a degree-$d$ homogeneous polynomial $p$ is the least integer $r$ such that you can write $p$ as a linear combination of $r$ $d$-th powers of linear forms $\{\ell_k\}$:
$$
p = \sum_{...

11
votes

1
answer

277
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Let $\phi(x,y,z)$ be an alternating trilinear form on a space $V$ over a field $K$.
Let $u \in \mathbb{P}(V)$ be a projective point over $V$, then we say that the rank of $u$ is equal to the rank of ...

1
vote

1
answer

103
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If I have a system of $8$ linear equations for the eight variables $\{\alpha ,\beta ,\gamma ,\delta ,\eta ,\lambda ,\xi ,\rho \}$ and with the three parameters $\{x,y,z\}$ reals and $x>0$. I want ...

4
votes

1
answer

142
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I am looking at (the limitation of) the extension of the singular value decomposition to tensors. I would like to show that there is a tensor $A_{i,j,k}$ that cannot be decomposed in the following ...

1
vote

1
answer

195
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I would like to know if this equation is solvable for $a$ and $\alpha$:
\begin{equation}
\Sigma = \Gamma + a \left( \alpha 1^\top + 1\alpha^\top \right) +a^2 b
\end{equation}
$\Sigma$ & $\Gamma$ ...

0
votes

0
answers

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I am interested in the special case of a symmetric tensor $T_{i_1,\ldots,i_k}$ of rank $k$, where each index, say $i_\kappa$, where $1 \leq \kappa \leq k$, runs from $1$ to $2$. The entries of such a ...

1
vote

0
answers

75
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Let $E$ and $F$ be (real) Hilbert spaces, where $\dim E = \infty$ and $1 \leq \dim F < \infty$. Let $T : E \to \operatorname{Sym}(F \times F,\mathbb{R})$ be a continuous linear map, where $\...

2
votes

2
answers

161
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Suppose I have $n$ Boolean variables $x_1,\dots,x_n$, and an objective function of the form $f(x_1,\dots,x_n) = \sum_{a_1,\dots,a_n}c_{a_1,\dots,a_n} x_1^{a_1} \cdots x_n^{a_n}$ with $(a_1,\dots,a_n) \...

2
votes

0
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The group $\operatorname{SL}(n_1,\mathbb{C}) \times \operatorname{SL}(n_2,\mathbb{C}) \times \operatorname{SL}(n_3,\mathbb{C})$ acts on ${\mathbb C}^{n_1} \otimes {\mathbb C}^{n_2} \otimes {\mathbb C}^...

0
votes

0
answers

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Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $n$ over the field $\mathbb {Q} $. A subspace $W$ is isotropic for a skew-bilinear form $\alpha$ on $V$ if $\alpha(x,y) = 0$ for all $x,y \in W$.
More ...

4
votes

1
answer

164
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Let $ A_{n}(F) $ be the collection of all skew-symmetric matrices over the field $ F $ ($\operatorname{char} F \neq 2 $). Let M be a subspace of $ A_{n}(F) $ such that all non zero elements have rank ...

6
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1
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Let $\{e_1,\ldots, e_n\}$ be the standard basis of $\mathbb{C}^n$. Consider the $m$-multilinear form $$v=\sum_{i=1}^n e_i^{\otimes m}\in (\mathbb{C}^n)^{\otimes m}$$
and consider the action of $\text{...

4
votes

0
answers

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View $\mathbb{R}^{4n+4} = \mathbb{H}^{n+1}$ with its standard inner product. Right multiplication $R_I, R_J, R_K$ by the unit quaternions $I,J,K$ defines orthogonal complex structures on $\mathbb{R}^{...

3
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0
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Let $(X, \| \cdot \|_X)$ $(Y, \| \cdot \|_Y)$ be normed space. A function $f \colon X \to Y$ shall be called an $n$-th degree (single variable) polynomial ($n \in \mathbb{N}\cup \{ 0\})$ if there ...

0
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0
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Here is the problem:
Given a formula $f:\mathbb{R}^{n+k}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$, written as $f(x_1(t),x_2(t),...,x_n(t);a1,...ak)$ with $k$ real unknown parameters $a_1,...,a_k$. For any $(a1,...ak)$,...

4
votes

0
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119
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Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensional complex vector space.
Assume we have a $\mathbb C$-linear map $\varphi:\Gamma^{(a_1,\dots,a_n)}V\rightarrow \Gamma^{(b_1,\dots,b_n)}V$ between two irreducible ...

2
votes

1
answer

181
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Let us consider a vector space $ V $ over $ \mathbb{Q} $ of dim $6$. We denote all the two dimensional subspace in $ V $ by $ G(2,6) $ (The Grassmanian variety). One can define a map $ p $ from $ G(2,...

3
votes

1
answer

304
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Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $n$ over a field $F$. An alternating bilinear form $\alpha\colon V \times V \rightarrow F $ will be called a skewform. A subspace $W$ is isotropic for $\alpha$...

3
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0
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161
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This question deals with the polynomial invariant which relates the circumradius and the squares of the sides of a cyclic polygon.
This invariant is discussed briefly in the seminal paper On the Areas ...

2
votes

2
answers

207
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I apologize in advance if this question is not up to the level of research level questions on Math overflow. I am a complete outsider to invariant theory/representation theory and would like someone ...

2
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0
answers

262
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In geometric algebra, a simple k-blade may be defined as one which can be written as the outer product of $k$ vectors. For example, a 2-blade $A$ is one which may be factored as $A=\mathbf{a}\wedge\...

0
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1
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$\DeclareMathOperator\span{span}$Denote two $p$-blades $\nu=v_1\wedge \dots \wedge v_p$ and $\omega=w_1\wedge \dots \wedge w_p$ $\in \bigwedge^p X$, where $X$ is an inner product space. How to define ...

3
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0
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124
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I am looking for information on a specific type of tensor/matrix decomposition which is quite similar to the SVD for matrices but does not look like the HOSVD since the core tensor is only a vector. ...

2
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A matrix M is usually called a hollow matrix if all of its diagonal elements are zero:
$$ M_{pp} = 0, \quad \forall \: p.
$$
We can generalize this to an $n$-way tensor T, such that:
$$ T_{p_1 \cdots ...

4
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0
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142
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Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a smooth manifold. A tensor field is then usually defined to be a section of the tensor bundle
$$\bigotimes_{i=1}^{p}T\mathcal{M}\otimes\bigotimes_{i=1}^{q}T^{\ast}\mathcal{M}.$$
...

3
votes

1
answer

264
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I want to find the critical point of tensor $f=a_0b_0c_0 + a_1b_1c_1$ in $\mathbb{C}^2 \otimes \mathbb{C}^2 \otimes \mathbb{C}^2$, and I followed this construction:
First, I take the following partial ...

9
votes

1
answer

285
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Given a Riemann tensor $Riem$, what are conditions such that $Riem=B\star B$ for some bilinear symmetric form $B$, where $\star$ is the Kulkarni-Nomizu product? It follows from the proof of ...

7
votes

1
answer

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Let $A$ be a symmetric $k$-tensor over a real or complex vector field $W$. We may define its spectral norm $|A|$ by
$$|A| = \sup_{v\in W} \frac{|\langle A,x^{\otimes k}\rangle|}{|x|_2^k}.$$
(...

1
vote

1
answer

128
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All the matrices in this statement are in the field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Let $I$ be the identity matrix of size $10 \times 10$ and let $e_1$, $e_2$, $\ldots$, $e_{10}$ denote its rows. For $i\in \{1,5 \}$, ...

2
votes

1
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All the matrices in this statement are in the field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Let $I$ be the identity matrix of size $10 \times 10$. What are all the possible $n$ ($\geq 6$) for which
there exists a matrix $X$ ...

3
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0
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70
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$\DeclareMathOperator{\Per}{Per}$
$\newcommand{\oI}{{\overline I}}$
$\newcommand{\oJ}{{\overline J}}$
Is it possible to classify pairs $(A,B)$ of square, nonsingular matrices over a field of prime ...

2
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0
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128
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Let $\mathcal T_n=\{M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{Per}(M)=\mathsf{Det}(M)\wedge\mathsf{Det}(M)\in\{0,1\}\}$ (restricted set unimodular or singular having permanent and determinant identical).
$\...

2
votes

2
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414
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Let $T$ be a fully symmetric tensor of rank $3$ and size $N$.
Using the following definition of eigenvalues, let $x\in \mathbb{C}^N$ and $\lambda\in\mathbb{C}$ such that:
\begin{equation}
\sum_{jk}^...

1
vote

1
answer

109
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Let $V$ be a vector space over a field $\mathbb F$ and $k$ some natural number.
It isn't hard to show that the space of multiaffine maps $V^{[k]}\to\mathbb F$ decomposes as a direct sum of vector ...

4
votes

1
answer

185
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Let $V,W$ be vector spaces and $X\subset V\times W.$ If $X$ is the zero set of a collection of bilinear maps then it satisfies the following properties:
$(0,w),(v,0)\in X$ for all $v,w.$
If $(v,w)\in ...

3
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0
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215
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I asked the following question on math.stackexchange but no one seemed to have an authorative answer so I'm posting here hoping that experts will see it.
The gradient is a tensor $\nabla f:\mathbf{V} \...

3
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0
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82
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This question might be too lightweight here but on math.SE it did not receive any feedback since May 2, so...
Polarization works both ways. Not only can you represent any homogeneous polynomial $f$ of ...

1
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0
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How can we determine the subgroup of $PGL(\wedge^2 \bar{\mathbb Q}^n)$ which preserves the grassmamnnian $Gr(2, n)$ embedded as a projective variety in $\wedge^2(\bar{\mathbb Q}^n)$ via the Plucker ...

6
votes

1
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Wedge products and exterior powers are discussed in W. Greub's book Multilinear algebra as follows.
Definition: Let $E$ be an arbitrary vector space and $p \ge 2$. Then a vector space $\bigwedge^{p}E$ ...

1
vote

1
answer

139
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Assume an m-way tensor $\mathcal{Z}$.
$\mathcal{Z}_{p_1 p_2 ... p_m} = 0$ if any different indices match
and $\mathcal{Z}_{p_1 p_2 ... p_m} = 1$ otherwise.
It is a symmetric tensor. Now if it is 2-...

4
votes

1
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In the paper [1], it is proven in Theorem 2 that any $n$-tensor $\mathcal{A}\in\mathbb{R}^{d_1\times...\times d_n}$ can be decomposed as
$$
\mathcal{A}=\mathcal{S} \times_1 U_1 ...\times_n U_n
$$
...

1
vote

0
answers

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I have the following system of $2n$ bilinear equations, for a square invertible matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}_{n \times n}$, and $2n$ unknowns organized in vectors $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n$:
$$
diag(y) A x = ...

3
votes

1
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Let $e_i \wedge e_j \ (i < j)$ be a basis for the $\mathbb Z$-module $\wedge^2 \Gamma$, where $\Gamma = \mathbb Z^n$.
Clearly $S_n$ acts on the module $\wedge^2 \Gamma$ via
$$\pi(e_i \wedge e_j) ...

16
votes

0
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It is a well-known mathematical curiosity that ordinary (vector-valued) cross products over $\mathbb{R}$ exist only in dimensions $0, 1, 3$ and $7$ (this fact is related to Hurwitz's theorem that real ...

0
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0
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I'm looking to solve for a specific $X$ in the following equation:
$$X^T\Sigma X = D,$$
where $\Sigma \succ 0$, $D$ is a diagonal matrix with strictly positive entries, and all matrices are square. It ...

2
votes

0
answers

111
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Consider the $n$-dimensional Torus $T^n = \prod_{i=1}^n S^1$ as a subset of $\mathbb R^{2n} = \prod_{i=1}^n \mathbb R^2$ in the standard way.
Is it true that a generic $n$-multilinear functional on $\...

9
votes

1
answer

421
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Consider the map from $M(n, \mathbb Z) \rightarrow M(\binom{n}{2}, \mathbb Z)$ taking a matrix A to its second compound, i.e, $\bigwedge^2 A$.
Restricting this map to the invertible matrices we get a ...

4
votes

1
answer

216
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Let $\mathrm{SL}_n/K$ ($K$ finite) be given with its natural action on an $n$-dimensional vector space $V/K$. Consider the action of $\mathrm{SL}_n$ on the $m$-fold tensor product $V\otimes \dotsc \...

1
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1
answer

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Let $A$ be a symmetric multilinear form on $\left(\mathbb{R}^d\right)^{\otimes n}\times \left(\mathbb{R}^d\right)^{\otimes n}$ and consider the random variable:
\begin{align*}
X=A(g_1,\ldots,g_n,g_1,\...

14
votes

1
answer

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This curious identity arose from studying reductions of the maximal ideal in certain monomial algebra. It can be proved "by hand", (i.e, using Macaulay 2), but I am seeking a more conceptual ...