# Questions tagged [sphere-packing]

The tag has no usage guidance.

95 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
800 views

### Kepler conjecture: Are there only two most efficient packings or could there be more than two?

Today I attended a talk by Terence Tao, attended by (I'm guessing) probably at least a couple of thousand people, in which among other things he said it had been proved that no packing of spheres in ...
• 12.4k
191 views

### Sphere packing and modular forms in known dimensions (maybe 2)

Viazovska constructed magic functions via integral transforms of (quasi-)modular forms that gives a tight bound for linear programming bounds in 8 and 24 dimensions (with other mathematicians after ...
• 2,195
570 views

### Kissing number lower bound vs. upper bound - precise meanings?

According to en.wikipedia.org, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kissing_number#Some_known_bounds It says the kissing numbers $K$ have lower bound $K_L$ and upper bound $K_S$: $$K_L < K < K_U.$$ I ...
• 447
133 views

### Does this code have a name?

Hamming-distance-4 binary codes have a very direct relationship to sphere packings. That's because we can identify the codewords with the cosets of $\mathbb{Z}^n/(2\mathbb{Z})^n$, and Hamming-distance-...
• 1,065
452 views

### Nonnegativity of coefficients of a modular form defined in terms of the Jacobi thetanull functions

Question Let \begin{align*} \theta_2(q) & = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} q^{(n+1/2)^2} \\ \theta_3(q) & = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} q^{n^2} \\ \theta_4(q) & = \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} (-1)^n ...
• 2,549
112 views

• 11.2k
520 views

### Balls in Hilbert space

I recently noticed an interesting fact which leads to a perhaps difficult question. If $n$ is a natural number, let $k_n$ be the smallest number $k$ such that an open ball of radius $k$ in a real ...
• 2,019
119 views

### Aperiodic packings of the plane with disks of multiple radii

Does there exist a finite set of radii such that some aperiodic packing of the plane by disks of those radii is believed to achieve the maximal packing density (not achieved by any periodic packing)? ...
• 19.6k
912 views

### Why is modular forms applicable to packing density bounds from linear programming at $n\in\{8,24\}$?

Sphere packing problem in $\mathbb R^n$ asks for the densest arrangement of non-overlapping spheres within $\mathbb R^n$. It is now know that the problem is solved at $n=8$ and $n=24$ using modular ...
• 1,836
247 views

...
• 150k
406 views

### Sphere packing processes during biological development

Within the context of mathematical biology, a sphere packing problem occurred to me. I must note that unlike the typical sphere packing problems, the variant I consider involves minimising the average ...
• 3,851
1 vote
423 views

### Prospects for deep learning of non-lattice sphere packings

I have been looking for litterature on results obtained by deep neural networks to find dense (and quite possibly non-lattice, perhaps even non-periodic) sphere packings, but I have not been too ...
• 883
46 views

### Simplicial density function simultaneously defined for hyperbolic and spherical space (Kellerhals, 1998)

I am confused about the proof of Corollary 4.2 in "Ball Packings in Spaces of Constant Curvature and the Simplicial Density Function". The point of confusion is equation 4.3, where Kellerhals states ...
• 232
723 views

### Illustrating that universal optimality is stronger than sphere packing

I'm a physicist interested in the conformal bootstrap, one version of which was recently shown to have many similarities to the problem of sphere packing. Sphere packing in $\mathbf{R}^d$ has been ...
• 242
1 vote
793 views

### Sphere packing and kissing numbers in 3D

When one looks at the way cannon balls and oranges are normally packed by the military and by groceries, it seems intuively clear that there is no way anybody can pack these any tighter. However, it ...
• 2,619
1k views

### How many cones with angle theta can I pack into the unit sphere?

Given a unit sphere (radius 1), I would like to know how many cones I can pack into this unit sphere. Restrictions: The top of the cone needs to be in the center of origin. The bottom of the cone ...
119 views

### Do kissing numbers with distance $d$ always grow polynomially or exponentially in dimension?

Let $A_d(n)$ be the largest number of points that can be packed on the $n$-unit sphere, such that every point is at least $d$ apart. Compare with, for instance, https://arxiv.org/abs/1507.03631 When ...
• 1,203
353 views

### Can 4-space be partitioned into Klein bottles?

It is known that $\mathbb{R}^3$ can be partitioned into disjoint circles, or into disjoint unit circles, or into congruent copies of a real-analytic curve (Is it possible to partition $\mathbb R^3$ ...
• 150k
660 views

### Is there a short proof of the decidability of Kepler's Conjecture?

I've believed that the answer is "yes" for years, as suggested in various sources with reference to Tóth's work. For example, the Wikipedia article for Kepler Conjecture says: The next step toward ...
• 353
2k views

### The Disco Ball Problem

Let me first give some of a background as to where I got this problem. I had a math teacher ask me a few months ago: "How many 1 unit by 1 unit squares could one fit on a sphere with a radius of 32 ...
117 views

### Question arise from kissing number in 2 dimension

I'm considering an extended problem of kissing number in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Suppose I have a given disc $\mathcal{D}$ of radius 1/2 and infinitely many discs all of radius 1/2 and all these discs and ...
• 1,495
94 views

### Maximal Vertex Degree of MSTs in Euclidean Spaces

Are there any Euclidean spaces, in which the maximal vertex degree of MSTs (Minimum Spanning Trees) of a finite set of points and edge weights equal to Euclidean distance, isn't equal to the kissing ...
• 12.9k
45 views

### Bound on local packing density of 2D Delaunay cell

What is the history of the result that in a packing of the plane by unit disks, no Delaunay cell can be occupied by disk-sectors whose total measure exceeds $\pi/\sqrt{12}$ times the area of the cell? ...
• 19.6k
80 views

### Packing points in a lattice

Let $L$ be the square or triangular lattice in the plane, with nearest neighbors having distance 1. Has anyone studied the problem of finding the maximum (okay, supremum) density achieved by a subset ...
• 19.6k
1 vote
274 views

### Sphere packings with antipodal (unequal) spheres

Let $\|\cdot\|_2$ denote the Euclidean norm, let $\langle \cdot, \cdot\rangle$ denote the standard dot product, and let $\mathcal{S}^{d-1} = \{\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^d: \|\mathbf{x}\|_2 = 1\}$ ...
• 733
706 views

• 373
604 views

### What high dimensional lattices have Voronoi cells that have this property?

Which high-dimensional lattices (particularly $Z_n^*,D_n,D_n^*,A_n,A_n^*$), exhibit the following property shown in the attached diagram? Two 2D lattices are shown, with the lattice points in red, the ...
• 283
579 views

### The lattice handshake number ("nearly kissing" number)?

Update: I'm happy to say that this question has been made essentially obsolete by the breakthrough result of Serge Vlăduţ, who showed that the kissing number is exponentially large: https://arxiv.org/...
Consider a positive-definite $2n$-dimensional lattice with minimum norm $\mu$. It is sometimes possible to find a generating set of minimal vectors for the lattice such that the Gram matrix takes the ...