Questions tagged [integral-transforms]

For questions about integral transforms, inlcuding the Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Radon transform, Mellin transform, Hankel transform etc.

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Inversion of integral transforms

We have the following theorem statement of this Paper "An inversion formula for a Class of integral transforms, 1975, C.Nasim" page 8. Let $\phi(x)= \frac{1}{x} \int_{0}^{x} \psi(t) dt$, ...
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Mellin transform of a function

Hello please i have tried to search on the two books "Tables of integral transforms" and "Tables of Mellin transforms", unfortunatly i didn't find the following integral: $$\int_{0}...
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Reference request for type of specific integral equation in two variable:

Consider the following integral equation: $$\int_0^\infty K(t,y)\phi(t,x)dt=0$$ Here, $K(t,y)$ is a trigonometric kernel and $\phi(t,x)$ is monotonic wrt $x$ ( for fixed $t$). I want to find the ...
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Polya-Laguerre Class and inversion formula

Is it possible to write the following statement: If (i) $E(s)=\frac{1}{\int_{0}^{+\infty}K(x) x^{s-1} dx}$ (ii)$E(s) \in E_{0}$ (i.e $E(s)= e^{bs} \prod_{k=1}^{\infty}(1-\frac{s}{a_{k}}) e^{s/a_{k}} $...
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Derivatives of $G_h(u):=\int_0^{2\pi} h(\cos t)h(\cos(t - \arccos(u)))dt$ when $h$ is positive-homogeneous

Let $h:\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ be a continuous which is positive-homogeneous of order $p \ge 1$, and define $G_h:[-1,1] \to \mathbb R$ by $$ G_h(u):=\int_0^{2\pi} h(\cos t)h(\cos(t - \arccos(u)))dt. $...
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119 views

Calculation of an inverse Mellin transform

Let $z \in C$ and consider the following integral equation: $$-\frac{\Gamma(a)}{\Gamma(b)}\frac{1}{ z \dfrac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}z} {_{1}F_{1}}(b,b-a;z)}= \int_{0}^{+ \infty}x^{z-1}K(x) \mathrm{d}x$$...
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Regularization of the area under hyperbola

So, I am trying to find the regularized value of the divergent integral $I=\int_1^\infty \sqrt{x^2-1}dx$. Since the area of $\int_0^1 \sqrt{1-x^2}dx=\frac\pi4$, I wonder whether the area under ...
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38 views

Implementation of Mellin transform of exponential decay

I'm trying to understand this paper: 10.1016/j.jmr.2010.05.015. It is about using a Mellin transform of curves that contain multiple exponential decays of varying contributions (CPMG data from Nuclear ...
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207 views

Laplace transform calculation

Please can someone help me? I have tried to find the Laplace transform of the form: $$\int_{0}^{+\infty} (v+1)^{\nu}(2v+1)^{k}v^{\alpha} \exp(-pv), \mbox{ where }\alpha,\nu, k \mbox{ are integers }$$ ...
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What are the necessary/sufficient conditions for a Fourier transform to have at least $k$ roots?

Let $f(x)$ be a symmetric function from $\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$, and $\hat f(k)$ be it's Fourier transform. What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for $\hat f(k)$ to have at least $n$ ...
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General formula for the integral w.r.t to Marchenko-Pastur density, of the ratio of degree $\le 2$ polynomials

Question. Is there a closed-form formula (via standard objects like rational functions, radicals, special functions, special numbers like Catalan numbers, etc.) expressing integrals of rational ...
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227 views

Is delta function symmetric against real axis? [closed]

Is $\delta\left(a+bi\right)=\delta\left(a-bi\right)$? I wonder whether Dirac Delta (as defined via Fourier transform) is symmetric against the real axis. We can write Delta function as $$\delta(z) = \...
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112 views

For fixed $\lambda \ge 0$, Integrate the function $f_\lambda(x):=x/(x + \lambda)^2$ w.r.t. Marchenko-Pastur density

In trying to solve another the problem posed in the question https://www.mathoverflow.net/q/385777/78539, I'm led to consider the following problem. Let $\mu_\gamma$ be the Marchenko-Pastur ...
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107 views

integral of fractional function

Let $a>2$ be a real variable. My objective is to find an approximation of the integral defined as \begin{equation} \int_b^{ + \infty } {\frac{x}{{1 + {x^a}}}}. \end{equation} Here $b$ is a ...
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Trying to evaluate an integral relating to $\zeta (3)$

So similarly to my search for $\zeta (3)$ over at the mathematics stack exchange, I have continued to attempt to work towards a closed-form for it. The following integral is related to a search of ...
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239 views

Wiener-Hopf Factorization: How are these contour integrals done?

$$\Phi_+(\alpha) = \frac{1}{2\pi i} \int_{C_1}\ln\left(2 e^{-\frac{c | z| }{2}} \cosh \left(\frac{c z}{2}\right) \right) \frac{dz}{z-\alpha}$$ and $$\Phi_-(\alpha) = - \frac{1}{2\pi i} \int_{C_2} \ln\...
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Intuitive explanation why “shadow operator” $\frac D{e^D-1}$ connects logarithms with trigonometric functions?

Consider the operator $\frac D{e^D-1}$ which we will call "shadow": $$\frac {D}{e^D-1}f(x)=\frac1{2 \pi }\int_{-\infty }^{+\infty } e^{-iwx}\frac{-iw}{e^{-i w}-1}\int_{-\infty }^{+\infty } e^...
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74 views

Integral estimate (inequality) with a Schwartz function

$\DeclareMathOperator\supp{supp}\newcommand\abs[1]{\lvert#1\rvert}\newcommand\Bigabs[1]{\Bigl\lvert#1\Bigr\rvert}$Given a Schwartz function $f \in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ with $\supp(f) \subseteq [-A,...
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Learning from eigenvalues of Hilbert-Schmidt integral operator

Do eigenvalues of the Hilbert-Schmidt integral operator determine the underlying measure up to translation, reflection and rotation? Details: Suppose we have a measure $\mu$ on a Euclidean space $X=\...
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Problem of correctly defining Hankel transforms

I have found the definition of the $v$-th order Hankel transform in the book of A.D. Poularikas "Transforms and applications" in Chapter $9$: $$H_{v}(f(s))=\int_{0}^{+ \infty} rf(r) J_{v}(sr)...
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Inverse associated Legendre transform of products

Debnath and Harrell 1976 introduced the associated Legendre transform of a function $F(x)$ and its inverse, \begin{align} f(n,m) &= T_n^m[F(x)] = \int_{-1}^1 (1-x^2)^{-m/2} P_n^m(x) F(x) dx \\ F(x)...
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About the computation of the inverse Laplace transform [closed]

I have several questions about the inverse Laplace transform: If $F(s)$ is a smooth real-valued function vanishing on a large subset of $\mathbb{R}$ (e.g. $F(s)$ is supported on a bounded interval), ...
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What is the term for convoluting but scaling the time domain instead of shifting?

Given that the convolution definition as far as I am aware is: $(f*g)(t) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(\tau)g(t-\tau)d\tau$ Here I see that the functions f and ...
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706 views

Do distance functionals separate probability measures?

Let $(\Omega,d)$ be a compact metric space and $\mathcal P(\Omega)$ its space of Borel probability measures. Let $D=\{ d_p\mid p\in\Omega\}$ where $d_p(x)=d(p,x)$ be the set of all "distance ...
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1answer
187 views

2D Fourier transform of log function

I am studying the paper found here. Halfway in the paper (Equation 6), the inverse 2D Fourier transform of $1/(k_x^2+k_y^2)$ needs to be determined. Is is stated that this is straightforward, and that ...
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86 views

Best bound of complex Hilbert transform

It is well-known (see Grafakos' Classical Fourier Analysis, Exercise 5.1.12) that if $f$ is a real valued $L^p(\mathbb R)$ function and $1<p<2$ , then we have the following inequality: $$ \|Hf\|...
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Verification of an Cauchy's contour Integral of Complementary Error function?

I tried to find an integral of the following,$\DeclareMathOperator{\erfc}{erfc}$ $\int\limits_0^{2\pi} \erfc(a + b\cos(\theta))\erfc(c + d\sin(\theta))\,d\theta $ Where, $a,b,c,d \in \Bbb R$ Now, $\...
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108 views

Inaccurate results for the analytical expression of $\mathbb{E}\left[ a \mathcal{Q} \left( \sqrt{b } \gamma \right) \right]$

I'm trying to plot a graph for the following expectation $$\mathbb{E}\left[ a \mathcal{Q} \left( \sqrt{b } \gamma \right) \right]=a 2^{-\frac{\kappa }{2}-1} b^{-\frac{\kappa }{2}} \theta ^{-\kappa } \...
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Conditions for continuity of an integral functional

Let $X$ be a metric space, $\nu,\mu$ be Borel measures on $X$, $f:X\times \mathbb{R}\rightarrow [0,\infty)$ be a measurable function. Under what conditions is the integral functional $F_f$, defined ...
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100 views

Finding the expectation of $a \mathcal{Q} \left( \sqrt{b } \gamma \right) $, where $\gamma$ is a Gamma r.v

I'm trying to analytically find the following expectation $$\mathbb{E}\left[ a \mathcal{Q} \left( \sqrt{b } \gamma \right) \right],$$ where $a$ and $b$ are constant values, $\mathcal{Q}$ is the ...
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Radon transform range theorem and radial functions

(UPDATED for rapid decay considerations + new question) In dimension 2, the Radon transform range theorem states that a rapidly decaying (Schwartz) function $g(t,\theta)$ can be represented as a ...
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792 views

Fourier transform of $f_a(x)= a^{-2}\exp(-|x|^a)$, $a \in (0,2)$, is decreasing in $a$

Can one show that Fourier transform of $$ f_a(x) = a^{-2} \exp(-|x|^a), \qquad a \in (0,2)$$ is decreasing in $a$? I have a solution for $a \in (0,1]$ which cannot be used for $a\in (1,2)$.
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A functional that occurs in Vlasov-Poisson equation

Let me share a functional that pops up in the analysis of the Valsov-Poisson equation (see the motivation below). At given time, the macroscopic mass density is $x\mapsto\rho(x)\ge0$. Assuming finite ...
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101 views

Is this integral transform related to the Laplace transform?

The Laplace transform of a function $f(t)$, defined for all real numbers $t \geq 0$, is the function $F(s)$, defined by $${\displaystyle F(s)=\int _{0}^{\infty }f(t)e^{-st}\,dt}.$$ Let $\varphi: {\...
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233 views

Integral with 4 Bessel functions and an exponential

I would like to solve the following integral $$ \int_0^\infty e^{-a k^2} J_{3/2}(b k) J_{3/2}(c k) J_{3/2}(f k) J_{1/2}(r k) k^{-3} dk, $$ where $a,b,c,f,r > 0$, and $J_\nu(x)$ is the Bessel ...
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A close formula for a Fourier transform

I would like to calculate "explicitly" the following integral, which is a Fourier transform: let $\alpha>0$ be a parameter, for $x\in \mathbb R$, we define $$ I(\alpha, x)=\int_\mathbb R \cos(xt) e^...
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1answer
169 views

Integral transformation, Laplace-like

Is the following integral transformation of $f$ known (for suitable $f$ and $s\in\mathbb{C}$)? $$ \int_1^\infty f(t) \frac{e^{-ts}}{1-e^{-ts}}dt $$ It resembles somewhat the Laplace transformation. ...
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Radon transform on complex Grassmannians

Let $Gr_{i,n}$ denote the Grassmannian of complex linear $i$-dimensional subspaces in the Hermitian space $\mathbb{C}^n$. Let $1\leq i<n/2$. Consider the Radon transform between space of functions ...
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893 views

The log transform turns scalar multiplication into addition. Is there an analogous transformation for matrix-vector multiplication?

Napier's method of logarithms and corresponding tables of logarithms provided a important tool to simplify hand computation by converting multiplication and division to equivalent problems of addition ...
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Notion of a “smooth function of the order two” (Yakubovich, “Index Transforms”)

In the book "Index Transforms" by S.B. Yakubovich (World Scientific, 1996), I encountered the notion of a "smooth function of the order two" with compact support on $\mathbb R_+$, denoted $C^{(2)}(\...
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1answer
167 views

Can Mellin transform be applied in this function? What's the result?

$$f(x) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{T \to \infty } {i}\int_{-1/2-i\,T}^{-1/2+i\,T} \frac{(x-1)^{s}}{2^{s+1}}\,\frac{1}{sin(\pi*s)\,}\,\frac{ds}{s}$$
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67 views

Opial type inequalities

Let $x(t)\in C^1[0,h]$ be such that $x(0)=x(h)=0$ and $x(t)$ in (0,h) ,then the following inequality $ \int^h_0 |x(t)x^{'}(t)|dt \leq \frac{h}{4}\int^h_0(x^{'}(t))^2dt$ my question: I would like ...
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Fantappie transform(ation)s in Gelfand et al. “Generalized functions”

In the 6-volume "Generalized functions" a treatment of Fantappie transformations is promised in Vol. 1 (bottom of p.461 of the Russian edition) to come in Vol. 5. However, there is no Fantappie ...
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1answer
300 views

Is this relation between divergent intergals justifiable?

Graf's book on hyperfunction theory says (page $36$) that $$\frac1{(x-i0)^n}=\frac{(-1)^{n-1}\pi i}{(n-1)!}\delta^{(n-1)}(x)+\operatorname{fp}\frac1{x^n},$$ while the table of Fourier transforms ...
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229 views

Is there a practical application of natural integral or differintegral?

The following formulas give natural differintegral (that is one with naturally fixed integration constant): $$f^{(s)}(x)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {s}m \sum_{k=0}^m\binom mk(-1)^{m-k}f^{(k)}(x)$$ $$f^...
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116 views

Uniqueness of the inverse kernel of an invertible integral transform

For any invertible integral transform $T$ of kernel $K$ that maps a function $f$ to the function $\varphi$ such that $$\varphi(s)=\left[T\left\lbrace f\right\rbrace\right](s)=\int_a^bK(x,s)f(x)dx$$ ...
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288 views

Injectivity of a class of integral operators

Given a probability measure $\mu$ on the interval $[0,1]$, the linear operator $$ T_\mu \! f(y) := \int_0^1 f(yx) \, d\mu(x) $$ takes the space of continuous functions $f: [0, \infty) \rightarrow \...
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117 views

“Find a representation [using Mellin transform] of 𝑓(𝜇,𝛽) as Gauss hypergeometric function in variable 𝜇”

This is a follow-up to the first comment (by Nemo) to the posting Compute the two-fold partial integral, where the three-fold full integral is known . (I also just asked this as a comment to that ...
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1answer
181 views

Interchanging Integration Order involving Fourier Transform

$$f(\omega,u):=\frac1{\omega+iu}$$ where $i$ is the imaginary unit number. We see that the integral of a Fourier transform $$\int_1^\infty du\int_{-\infty}^\infty d\omega\,f(\omega,u)\,e^{-i\omega x}=...
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self-dual integral transform

Is it possible to describe all integral transforms where the inverse transform is implemented by the same formula (with maybe a sign flipped somewhere). Fourier is such an example obviously. I am ...

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