# Questions tagged [integral-transforms]

For questions about integral transforms, inlcuding the Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Radon transform, Mellin transform, Hankel transform etc.

292
questions

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49
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### Expressing a double Riemann Sum as a definite integral

I am reading a paper where the authors rewrite the following expression (for a continious function $\alpha$) into an integral:
$$\lim_{n\to \infty} \left(\min_{1\leq j \leq n}\left(\sum_{k=1}^{j-1} \...

6
votes

1
answer

385
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### On an asymptotic integral decay

Let $f\in C^{\infty}([-1,0])$ be real-valued and suppose that
$$ \left| \int_{-1}^{0} f(t)\,e^{\lambda t} \,{\rm d} t \right| \leq e^{-\sqrt{\lambda}},$$
for all $\lambda > 0$. Does it follow that $...

3
votes

0
answers

64
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### A generalisation of Cauchy-Stieltjes transform

For a nice function $\nu$ (say smooth and compactly supported), its Cauchy-Stieltjes transform is defined as
$$\int_\mathbb R \frac{\nu(s)}{z-s}\mathrm{d}s$$
which is holomorphic in $\mathbb C\...

1
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0
answers

168
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### Constructing spacetimes

Consider a spacetime $(\zeta^{3,1},g)$
where $$g=\frac{du\,dv}{uv}-\frac{dr^2}{r^2}-\frac{dw^2}{w^2} \quad \forall u,v,r,w \in (0,1)$$ Now this is just Minkowski space in different coordinates (...

0
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0
answers

19
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### Range of a Laplace-type transform

I'm interested in germs of functions $f(h)$ for $h\geq 0$ small. My question is, for what functions $f(h)$ can I write, for some $\delta>0$:
$$f(h) = \frac{1}{h} \int_0^{\delta} e^{-s/h} a(s)\: ds +...

8
votes

3
answers

396
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### A density claim

Suppose that $g_k\in C([1,2])$, $k\in \mathbb N$ are continuous functions such that $\|g_k\|_{C([1,2])} \leq \epsilon^k$ for some sufficiently small $\epsilon>0$. Is the following claim true:
If $f\...

0
votes

0
answers

121
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### Gauss's theorem under the convolution product

Assume that $\rho$ is a smooth scalar field in $\mathbf R^3$ and that $D$ is a measurable vector field in $\mathbf R^3$, such that, for every bounded domain $\Omega$ with smooth boundary $\partial \...

3
votes

0
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245
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### Question on estimate in one of Jean Bourgain's 1992 papers

The paper in question is A Remark on Schrodinger Operators.
The goal of the argument is to estimate the following integral:
$$K_1(x,y)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^2} e^{i(x-y)\cdot\xi+i(t(x)-t(y))|\xi|^2}\...

3
votes

0
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131
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### Monotonicity of a function defined by an integral

The question below is motivated by the related question Integral of a function changing sign and the associated answer:
Can we study the monotonicity of the following function on $(0,1)$?
$$\small f(x)...

5
votes

1
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172
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### A geometric interpretation of the fractional Fourier transform

I was reading Joe Polchinsky’s autobiography which contains the following anecdote from his time at Caltech (page 18):
Once a week, Feynman led Physics X, where freshman and sophomores could ask ...

2
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0
answers

90
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### Sonin inversion formula, equivalence of two solutions of an integral equation

Let me first specify the problem I am facing, and then below explain where it arises. Given a function $f(x)$ on the interval $0<x<1$ and a real number $s\in(-1,1)$ I consider the integral ...

3
votes

1
answer

277
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### Integral of a function changing sign

By some numerical tests, we can see that the following function is negative on $(0,1)$:
$$\small f(x)=\int_0^\infty\frac{s^{x-1} e^{-2 s} (\pi \cos(\pi x) (s^{2 x}+(0.1)^2)-\sin(\pi x) \ln(s) (s^{2 x}-...

0
votes

0
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51
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### Fourier transform of an exponential function with radical argument divided by a radical

I have $f(t)=\dfrac{e^{-i\sqrt{(t-t_0)^2+A^2}}}{\sqrt{(t-t_0)^2+A^2}}$ where $t_0$ and $A$ are constant. I need to take the Fourier transform of $f(t)$. I made few substitutions to take it to a form ...

2
votes

0
answers

40
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### When can convolutional integral operators be sampled

Consider an integral operator $F:C^{1/2}([0,T],\mathbb{R}^n)\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ of the form
$$
f\mapsto \int_0^T f(t)^{\top}\kappa(T-t)dt,
$$
for some $\kappa\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})(\mathbb{R},\...

2
votes

1
answer

207
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### Proof of covariant convolution for a kernel function that is rotation symmetric in Fourier space

Problem Statement
Let $g:\mathbb R^{d}\to \mathbb R,d\in\{2,3\}$ be an integrable function (assumption I1). Suppose $\mathcal T$ is a rotation, and $f:\mathbb R^d\to\mathbb C$ (assumption C) is an ...

3
votes

4
answers

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### Representation of the Dirac delta function

The Dirac delta function appears in the Sokhotsky formula,
$$\text{Im}\lim_{\epsilon\to 0^+} \frac{1}{x-i\epsilon} = \pi\delta(x),$$
to be understood in the integral sense
$$\text{Im}\lim_{\epsilon\to ...

0
votes

0
answers

113
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### Mellin transform of doubly exponential decay?

What is an example of a Mellin transform $Mf(s)$, defined on a strip of width $a$, having decay $O(\exp(-\exp(|s|/2 a)))$ (or thereabouts)?
(This is of course very closely connected to the (still ...

2
votes

0
answers

101
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### Eigenfunction of $h\mapsto H(h')|_{[-1,1]}$?

Let $H$ be the Hilbert transform. Is there a continuous, even function $h:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ with support on $[-1,1]$ such that, for some $\lambda\in \mathbb{R}$,
$$H(h')(t) = \lambda h(t)$$
...

9
votes

0
answers

284
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### Best smoothing for the Prime Number Theorem?

There are plenty of proofs of the Prime Number Theorem with explicit error terms - it actually looks like a rather competitive field (see Remark 1.4 in https://arxiv.org/pdf/2204.02588.pdf). Several ...

5
votes

2
answers

464
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### Optimizing a smoothing function with the Prime Number Theorem in mind

Let $f:[0,\infty)\to \mathbb{R}$ be a function with $f(x)=1$ for $0\leq x\leq 1$. Write $Mf$ for the Mellin transform of $f$. Let $c>0$, $T>10^6$ be constants. We are interested in minimizing ...

0
votes

1
answer

65
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### A solution satisfying an integral inequality is bounded [closed]

Let $y$ be a positive function and $c>0$. If $y$ satisfies the following integral inequality
\begin{equation}
y(t)+\int_{0}^{t}y(s)ds\leq c_{1}\int_{0}^{t} y^{\frac{3}{2}}(s)ds+c_{2}
\end{equation}
...

3
votes

0
answers

56
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### Characterizing image of integral transform applied to sections of a fiber bundle

Geometry is not my area, and so, I am not sure the title accurately captures what I am interested in exactly... I hope the tags are appropriate.
For any vector $v$, denote it's $i$-th component by $v_{...

2
votes

0
answers

87
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### Computing $\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{e^{ikt}}{|e^{it}-e^{it_0}|^m}~\text{d}t$, where $k\in\mathbb{Z}$, $t_0\in\mathbb{C}$, and $m=1,3,5,\dots$

I am working on a project on accurate numerical quadrature where I need to compute the following integral in order to find my quadrature weights,
$$
\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{{\rm e}^{{\rm i}kt}}{\,\left\...

1
vote

0
answers

75
views

### Kernel representation of a power of (pseudo-)differential operator

Let $\mathcal{T}$ be a (pseudo-)differential operator that admits the following kernel representation:
\begin{equation}
\mathcal{T}f(x) = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} K(x,t)f(t)dt.
\end{equation}
What can ...

3
votes

0
answers

191
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### A generalization of Weierstrass transform

As stated in this article, the Weierstrass transform of $f(x)$ is defined as:
\begin{equation}
W[f](x)=\frac{1}{4\pi}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(y)e^{-\frac{(x-y)^{2}}{4}}dy
\end{equation}
which can be ...

3
votes

1
answer

290
views

### Fourier series of $e^{(\cos(\pi x) - m)^2}$

I'm looking for the Fourier coefficient of a "periodic Gaussian", which writes
$$
f(x) = e^{-\frac{1}{2s}(\cos(\pi x) - m)^2}
$$
It is a real even 2-periodic function, so its Fourier ...

0
votes

1
answer

159
views

### Find an integral kernel for the solution of a partial differential equation: an initial value problem

Consider the following partial differential equation with an initial condition $u(x,0)=f(x)$:
\begin{equation}
\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t)=g_{1}(x)\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}+g_{2}(x)\frac{\...

2
votes

0
answers

50
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### Fourier transform of the hyperboloid

Equip $\mathbb{R}^{d+1}$ with the Lorentzian form $\langle x, y\rangle=-x^0y^0+{\bf x}\cdot{\bf y}$ where $x=(x^0,{\bf x})$ and $\cdot$ is the usual Euclidean dot product. We define the hyperboloid $\...

1
vote

1
answer

124
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### Definite integral of Bessel function of the first kind times $x^{3/2}$

I am looking for preferably a closed form (or series solution if not possible) for the following integral:
$$\int_0^a x^{3/2} J_\nu (bx) dx$$
where $\nu$ is an integer. This 1D integral appears when ...

2
votes

1
answer

136
views

### The inequality $\int^\infty_0 \frac{\sin(rt)}{rt}\frac{r^4}{\sinh^2(r)} e^{-ar\coth(r)}dr\leq c \big(e^{-At}\big)$

Let $a>0$. How to prove the following inequality $$\exists c>0,\exists A>0,\forall t>0:\quad\int^\infty_0 \frac{\sin(rt)}{rt}\frac{r^4}{\sinh^2(r)} e^{-ar\coth(r)}dr\leq c \big(e^{-At}\big)...

1
vote

0
answers

166
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### Operators for norm for some classes of integral operators

Let $T:L^2(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)\rightarrow L^2(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)$ be a linear operator of the form: for all $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$
$$
T_{\kappa}(f)(x):=\int_{u\in\mathbb{R}^n} \, f(u)\...

4
votes

0
answers

128
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### Mellin transform of the Bessel function $Y_n$ of order $n \geq 2$

The Mellin transform of the function $h$, locally integrable on $(0,\infty)$, is defined by
$$M[h,z] = \int_0^\infty t^{z-1} h(t) dt \tag{1}$$
For some functions $h$ the above integral is not ...

2
votes

1
answer

105
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### Mellin transform (of sequences)

Is it possible to define the Mellin transform for sequences of real numbers or even for tuples? Is there any book treating this argument?
Any idea or suggestion will be greatly appreciated
Since the ...

1
vote

0
answers

80
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### Zeroes of Mellin transform

There exist a "standard" or canonical way to construct a real valued function whose Mellin transform has a prescribed set of zeroes? Clearly for some set of zeroes this could be impossible ...

3
votes

2
answers

183
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### Continuity of Radon transform w.r.t the angle

Let $f \in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$ (or in case it helps, actually a probability density on $\mathbb R^n$). Define the Radon transform $R[f]:S_{n-1} \times \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ of $f$ by
$$
R[f](w,b) := ...

2
votes

0
answers

106
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### The Laplace transform and the Lagrange compositional inversion formula

I'm looking for references which derive the Lagrange inversion formula, given below (in bold), for the Taylor series coefficients of the compositional inverse of a function $f$ analytic at the origin ...

1
vote

1
answer

210
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### Hölder continuity of Radon transform of smooth function

Given an integrable function (e.g a probability density function) $f:\mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$, let $R[f]$ be its Radon transform defined by
$$
R[f](w,b) := \int_{\mathbb R^n} \delta(x^\top w - b)f(x)...

2
votes

0
answers

52
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### Most general space for the Wigner-Weyl transform

The Wigner-Weyl transform $\mathfrak{W}$ is a bijective mapping between functions on a phase space and Hilbert space operators in order to map quantum mechanics into a phase-space formulation. Then ...

5
votes

2
answers

190
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### Inverse Mellin transform of 3 gamma functions product

I want to calculate the inverse Mellin transform of products of 3 gamma functions.
$$F\left ( s \right )=\frac{1}{2i\pi}\int \Gamma(s)\Gamma (2s+a)\Gamma( 2s+b)x^{-s}ds$$
Above contour integral has ...

1
vote

1
answer

142
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### Convergence of oscillatory integrals

I'm considering integrals of the (Hilbert transform) type
$$p.v.\int_{-\infty}^\infty\frac{f(r)}{r}\,dr$$
where $f(r)$ is periodic, say, with period $2\pi$. I'm assuming very little regularity on $f$. ...

2
votes

0
answers

109
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### Consistent approximation of weighted Radon transform of smooth probability density, using kernel density estimation

Let $X$ be a random vector in $\mathbb R^d$, with "sufficiently smooth" probability density function on $\rho$. For unit-vectors $w$ and $u$ in $\mathbb R^d$, and a scalar $b \in \mathbb R$, ...

1
vote

1
answer

45
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### Inverse transform of $\int K(s,t) \rho(s) dS $

Assume that $V$ is a n-dimensional surface, or the disjoint union such surfaces.
Let $K(s,t)$ be a function $V^2\to \mathbb R$. For the sake of simplicity, it can be assumed that $K$ is continuous, ...

2
votes

1
answer

130
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### Radon transform of the function $h(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = x_1 g(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$, where $g$ is the density of multivariate Gaussian $N(\mu,\Sigma)$

Given an absolutely integrable function $f:\mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$, let $R[f]$ be its Radon transform defined for every $(w,b) \in (\mathbb R^n \setminus \{0\}) \times \mathbb R$ by
$$
R[f](w,b) := ...

1
vote

0
answers

60
views

### Hyperplanes which equalize the Radon transforms of two distributions

Let $p_1$ and $p_2$ be "nice" probability densities on $\mathbb R^m$, for example the densities of a multivariate Gaussians $N(\mu_1,\Sigma)$ and $N(\mu_2,\Sigma)$ with common covariance ...

4
votes

1
answer

104
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### Consistent empirical estimation of Radon transform of a multivariate density function

Let $P$ be a "nice" distribution on $\mathbb R^m$ (e.g., multivariate Gaussian, etc.), with density $p$. Let $H := \{x \in \mathbb R^m \mid x^\top w = b\}$ be a hyperplane in $\mathbb R^m$ ...

3
votes

1
answer

128
views

### On an asymptotic integral

Let $\phi, a \in C^{\infty}([0,1])$ and assume $a(0)=1$. Suppose that
$$
\int_0^1 e^{\tau \,\phi(t)}\,a(t)\,dt =0 \qquad \text{for all $\tau \in \mathbb R$}.
$$
Does it follow that $\phi$ is a ...

1
vote

0
answers

94
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### Fourier transform of inverse of determinant of 1+ skew-symmetric matrix

I have asked the following question in math stackexchange(https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4389626/fourier-transform-of-inverse-of-determinant-of-1-skew-symmetric-matrix), but did not receive ...

3
votes

2
answers

387
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### How to solve the following $0= \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-\frac{(bt+\omega)^2}{2}} f(t+\omega) \frac{1}{i t} dt, \forall \omega \in \mathbb{R}$

Suppose that for a given $b\in \mathbb{R}$
\begin{align}
0= \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-\frac{(bt+\omega)^2}{2}} f(t+\omega) \frac{1}{i t} dt, \forall \omega \in \mathbb{R}
\end{align}
where $i =\sqrt{...

3
votes

1
answer

609
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### Equivalent action of convolution of directional derivative

I have asked this question a while back on StackExchange but have not received any answer/comment. I received a suggestion to post the same question in here which is more research oriented.
Let $k*f(x)...

2
votes

1
answer

194
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### Fourier transform of the indicator function of the semi-ball

I wonder if it is possible to derive an analytical form for the Fourier transform of the indicator function of a semi-ball:
$$g_1(\underline{\xi}) = \int_{\mathcal{B}_+(R)} e^{i \underline{\xi} \cdot \...