# Questions tagged [matrix-equations]

Equations whose unknown is a matrix, such as, for instance, algebraic Riccati equations $XAX+XB+CX+D=0$ or matrix differential equations (e.g. $\dot X(t)=AX(t)$. This tag is *not* meant for general systems of linear equations $Ax=b$.

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### Correspondence of forms of the same solution of a system of linear equations [migrated]

I am currently reading Mathematics for Machine Learning book (p.27-28, freely available). And I am really confused with how two different forms of a solution of a system of linear equations correspond ...
• 11
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### What does the matrix-valued solution of $X = A X A^T + \operatorname{Id}$ look like?

Let $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ be an invertible contraction, i.e. all singular values are in $(0,1)$. By reformulating the equation \begin{align*} & X = A X A^T + \operatorname{Id} \tag{1} \...
• 1,087
1 vote
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### Solvability of $A X B=C$ with $X=X^\mathrm{T}$

I am studying symmetric solutions to the complex matrix equation $$A X B=C,$$ where $A$, $B$, and $C$ are $m\times n$, $n \times k$, and $m \times k$ complex matrices, ...
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### Efficiently solve the Sylvester equation $AX+XA = C$ where $X$ is skew-symmetric

Is there a way (more efficient than the standard vectorization) to solve the following Sylvester equation in the skew-symmetric matrix $X$ $$AX+XA = C$$ where the matrix $A$ is symmetric positive ...
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### Two questions about three circulant matrices

Consider the following matrix equation in $n \times n$ circulant $\pm 1$ matrices $A$, $B$, $C$ $$2AA^T+BB^T+CC^T=(4n+4)I-4J$$ where $I$ is the $n \times n$ identity matrix and $J$ is the $n×n$ matrix ...
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### On a matrix equation with Kronecker product

Is there any work on the matrix equation in unknowns $X, Y \in {\Bbb C}^{n \times n}$ $$(X \otimes Y + Y \otimes X) \operatorname{vec}(A)=0$$ where $\otimes$ is the Kronecker product? Or, in general, ...
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1 vote
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### Product of matrices equal identity

I need to solve the following equation for the matrix $P \in\mathbb{R}^{r\times d}:$ $$((PAP^\top)^{-1} P S P^\top (PAP^\top)^{-1})^2 = I_r,$$ where $S$ is a symmetric $d\times d$ matrix, $A$ is a ...
• 245
1 vote
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### In matrix product, differentiate one element with respect to another element

Background Consider a system (roughly) along the lines of those shown in Sims, C. A. (2002). Solving linear rational expectations models, where you have $$AX_{t+1} = CX_t + M$$ where matrix $M$ is a ...
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1 vote
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### Matrix equation $P^TAP=A$

Let $A\in \mathcal{M}_{m\times m}(\mathbb R)$ , $det(A)=1$ , $A$ is positively definite. Which matrices $P$ satisfy the equation $$P^TAP=A$$ In fact I am interested in sequences of traces $tr P^n$ of ...
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566 views

Let $B_1,\ldots,B_s$ be $(s\times s)$ symmetric real matrices and $x=\left(x_1,\ldots,x_s\right)^\prime$ a $(s\times 1)$ vector of unknowns. Is there a way or reference theory for studying the ...
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### State-dependent positive definite matrix

Consider a function $f(\mathbf{x})=\mathbf{M}_\mathbf{x}$ that outputs a nonsymmetric matrix $\mathbf{M}_\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^{N \times N}$ given an input vector $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^N$. Is ...
1 vote
357 views

### How do you solve this quadratic matrix equation?

could you please help me solve this quadratic matrix equation? I look around, seems like there is no general solution for it.. $$-BX^2 + X - C = 0$$ for X, B and C are (3x3) matrices. B and C are ...
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### Integer matrices which are not a power

$\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}\DeclareMathOperator\Sp{Sp}$In a group $G$, an element $g$ is said to be primitive if there is no $h \in G$ and integer $n >1$ such that $g = h^n$. (For clarification, I ...