# Questions tagged [fourier-analysis]

The representation of functions (or objects which are in some generalize the notion of function) as constant linear combinations of sines and cosines at integer multiples of a given frequency, as Fourier transforms or as Fourier integrals.

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### Delta-distribution composed with a function from the Fourier representation

A well known representation of Dirac's delta-distribution is via the Fourier transform of distributions:
\begin{equation}
\delta[f]:=f(0)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}\int_{\mathbb{R}} e^{\mathrm{i}xk}f(k)\mathrm{...

**4**

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109 views

### Weighted reverse Poincare inequality over a function class of neural networks

We consider a probability measure supported on the whole space $\mathbb{R}^n$, whose density is $p(x)$. We also consider a (one-layer) neural network function class $\mathcal{C}$, whose elements have ...

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55 views

### Fourier - integration over a period [closed]

I have hard to understand to solve a Fourier integration over a period.
Function $f$ is periodic with period 2 and for $0 < t < 2$ is $f(t)= t^2$. Calculate the integral $f(t)$ with boundaries ...

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27 views

### Show a convolution of distributions ε-close to min-entropy k is ε^t-close to min-entropy k

Assume $X_1,...,X_t$ are independent distributions on $\mathbb{Z}_2^n$ s.t. each $X_i$ is $\epsilon$-close to min-entropy $k$; i.e. there exist distributions $Y_1,...,Y_t$ on $\mathbb{Z}_2^n$ s.t:
$$ \...

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111 views

### When does a continuous function's “Fourier series” converge pointwise almost everywhere to the function?

Let $G$ be a compact topological group. By the Peter-Weyl theorem, the complex Hilbert space $L^2(G)$ is the Hilbert space direct sum of the spaces of matrix coefficients of all the irreducible ...

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### Jean Bourgain's Relatively Lesser Known Significant Contributions

A great mathematician is no longer with us.
Terry Tao has blogged about Bourgain's death and mentioned some of his more recent significant contributions, such as the proof of Vinogradov's conjecture ...

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145 views

### Divisor bound for $r_2$ off the origin

If $r_2(n)$ denotes the number of integer solutions to $a^2+b^2=n$, we have the "divisor bound" $r_2(n) = O(n^{\epsilon})$ for any $\epsilon>0$. Another way to state this is that the number of ...

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54 views

### Are Stochastic Process Characterized by Their conditional Moments

Suppose that $X_t$ is a real-valued stochastic process. Then is $X_t$ characterized by it's conditional moments? In the sence that, if $Y_t$ is another process, such that
$$
\mathbb{E}\left[\int_s^T\...

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74 views

### Transformation of Fourier Transform

Suppose that $f$ is a function with a Fourier transform, and that $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function such that $g\circ f$ has a Fourier transform also.
Is there an expression ...

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**1**answer

241 views

### What's so special about the Orthonormal base $\{e_n\}$ of $L^2[0,1]$, where $e_n(x)=e^{2\pi i nx }$?

Let $f \in L^2([0,1])$ . Then Carleson's Theorem states that
$$\lim_{N\to \infty} \sum_{|n|<N} \langle f,e_n\rangle e_n(x)=f(x),\quad\text{a.e. } x\in[0,1],$$
where $\{e_n\}$ is the Orthonormal ...

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125 views

### Bounds on the L^1 norm of a discrete Fourier spectrum

I am dealing with a function $f$ of the form
\begin{equation}
f(t):=\sum_{k=1}^Na_ke^{\mathrm{i}\phi_k t}
\end{equation}
and I have a promise that
\begin{equation}
0\leq f(t)\leq C\;\;\;\text{for all}...

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**1**answer

79 views

### Multidimensional improper Riemann integrals with oscillatory kernels: Existence

I have asked this question three weeks ago here
https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2998601/does-this-oscillatory-integral-exist/2998930#2998930
but received no relevant answers.
Let $n\geq 2$ ...

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283 views

### Fourier transforms and nontrivial vector bundles

We know that in arithmetic, geometry and analysis, Fourier transforms of various forms show up. For example, we have the classical Fourier transform, Fourier-Mukai transforms in the setting of ...

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**1**answer

213 views

### What are the almost periodic functions on the complex plane?

The almost periodic functions on the real line can be characterized as uniform limits of trigonometric functions. I was wondering whether a similar definition exists on the complex plane (a locally ...

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**1**answer

218 views

### Is $\frac{\sin |\xi|}{|\xi|}$ in range of Fourier Transform for $n \ge 3$?

Does there exist $f \in L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ s.t., $\displaystyle \widehat{f}(\xi) = \frac{\sin |\xi|}{|\xi|}$ in case of dimension $n \ge 3$?
It is known that for $n = 2$, the function $\displaystyle ...

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**1**answer

149 views

### Positive-definiteness of radial sinc function in three dimensions

In dimension one, it is well known that $\mathcal{F}\chi_{(-1,1)}=\frac{\sin{x}}{x}$. This implies, in particular, that $\frac{\sin{x}}{x}$ is a definite positive function. I wonder if a similar ...

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**1**answer

284 views

### Poisson summation formula for number fields

Poisson summation formula is widely used in many parts of the litterature, its classical formulation for sums over integers as well as its adelic version. What is its corresponding form for more ...

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875 views

### Differentiability of Fourier series

Consider the function defined by the Fourier series
$$ f(x;\alpha) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^\alpha} \exp(i n^2 x ) , $$
where $\alpha >1 $.
For what values of $\alpha $ is $f$ ...

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66 views

### Speed of divergence series

Given a positive sequence $\{a_k\}$ and an $s>0$ such that $\sum_{k=1}^\infty k^sa_k = \infty$, but $\sum_{k=1}^\infty k^s a_k/(\log k)^2 = 1$. For any $t\in [0,b]$, where $b$ is a fixed number, ...

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121 views

### A basis of the Banach space $L^p(\mathbb T^\omega)$ consisting of characters

Problem: For $1<p<\infty$, $p\ne 2$, has the complex Banach space $L^p(\mathbb T^\omega)$ got a Schauder basis consisting of characters of the compact topological group $\mathbb T^\omega$?
(...

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**1**answer

202 views

### The discrete Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality

Let $p>1$, $q>1$, $0<\lambda<1$ be such that
$\frac{1}{p}+\frac{1}{q}+\lambda=2$. Suppose that
$(a_{k})\in \ell^{p}(\mathbb{Z})$ and $(b_{k})\in \ell^{q}(\mathbb{Z})$.
It is known ([1,2,3]...

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**1**answer

86 views

### Accurate estimate/lower bound for the l2 approximation error of trigonometric polynomial approximation

This is a restated version of my original very broad question.
Let $P$ be probability a measure on an interval $[a,b]$ ($-\infty<a<b<\infty$) that's dominated by Lebesgue measure. Let $\...

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**1**answer

134 views

### Why do we consider some weakening frames like K-frames, frame sequences, and upper semi-frames?

I have found some applications of the Frame Theory in engineering sciences like signal processing, image processing, data compression, sampling theory, optics, filter-banks, signal detection.
As we ...

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**1**answer

107 views

### $L^2(X) \cong L^2(X',\xi)$

Recently, I read a notes about Sakellaridis and Venkatesh conjecture. It mentions a technique called "unfolding" and gives an example:
Let X=A\G, X'=N\G, where G=PGL(2), A={
$\left[\begin{array}{...

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**1**answer

68 views

### Maximum Magnitude Deviation between DFT and DTFT

This is a cross-post from signal processing forum as it was not conclusive.
Let $x[n]$ be a finite-length sequence with length $N$. The continuous DTFT $X(\omega)$ is then
$$
X(\omega) = \sum_{n = 0}^...

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510 views

### Which bounded sequence can be realized as the Fourier Series of a probability measure on the circle?

Given a finite Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{S}^1 = \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$, define its Fourier coefficients by
$$ \hat\mu(n) = \int e^{2i\pi nx} d\mu(x) \qquad\forall n\in \mathbb{Z}.$$
Clearly, $(...

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**1**answer

95 views

### A question about the convolution theorem

I have the following "argument" about Fourier series, which I know is wrong because it yields a ridiculous conclusion. However, I don't know where the mistake is, and need to know which step is the ...

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**1**answer

119 views

### Does zero Fourier dimension imply there is no Rajchman measure?

Let $K\subset R^d$ be a compact set. It is well known that its Fourier dimension is defined by
$$\dim_F K=\sup\{s\ge 0: \exists \mu \in M_1(K) s.t. \hat{\mu}(x)=O(|x|^{-s/2})\}(|x|\to\infty),$$
where $...

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342 views

### Fast convolution of sparse functions

Let $F:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{Z}$ be a step function with at most $k$ discontinuities, at given rationals $a_1<a_2<\dotsc<a_k$. Let $g:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{Z}$ be given as a linear ...

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349 views

### Connections between martingales and Fourier analysis

I have had this strange feeling recently that somehow, the theory of martingales we study in probability, and the theory of Fourier analysis are very alike. But I am not able to formalize my thoughts.
...

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81 views

### On smoothness of a function and decay of its Fourier transform

I am not sure that this question is research level, but it was not answered at MSE for several days, so I place it here.
I am interested in a quantitative version of the principle that smoothness of ...

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**1**answer

430 views

### Functions belong to $L^{\frac{2n}{n+1}}$ whose Fourier transforms are infinite on $S^{n-1}$

I'm looking for functions $f\in L^{\frac{2n}{n+1}}$ such that $\hat{f}=\infty$ on $S^{n-1}$. Is there any explicit expression of such kind of examples?
This seems to be a well-known result, but I can ...

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73 views

### Is the ratio of two distinct zeros of a Bessel function of the first kind an irrational number?

Let $J_1$ be the Bessel function of the first kind with parameter $\alpha=1$. Namely, $J_1$ satisfies the differential equation for $y$ given by $x^2y''+xy'+(x^2-1)y=0$ and $J_1(0)=0$.
Is it true ...

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**1**answer

120 views

### Relationship between “Radial” Fourier transform and Fourier transform, especially at infinity

Let $\phi:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function with compact support.
What is the relationship between
$$
\widehat{\phi}(k) = \int e^{-2\pi i x \cdot k} \phi(x) dx, \quad k \in \...

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38 views

### Multi-parameter stationary phase asymptotic expansion

I am looking for an asymptotic expansion of the oscillatory integral of the form
$$\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}f(x)\exp(i(\lambda_1\phi_1(x)+\dots+\lambda_k\phi_k(x))dx,$$
as $\lambda_i\to \infty$ ...

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143 views

### Extremal polynomial majorants of $\log{|f|}$: a multivariate extension of a theorem of Carneiro and Vaaler

Carneiro and Vaaler have proved, as an application of their work on Beurling-Selberg extremal majorants, that for any non-zero complex polynomial $f(z) \in \mathbb{C}[z]$, the infimum value of the ...

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**1**answer

256 views

### Detecting if a series represents a rational function

A lemma by Kronecker states that the series $f(z):= \sum_{i=0}^{\infty} c_i z^i$ represents a rational function if and only if for every $m \gg 0$ the determinant of the following matrix is equal to ...

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**1**answer

106 views

### Uniqueness of solution to system of integral equations

Given the following system of integral equations for an integrable function $f(x)$:
For all integers $k \ge 1$ holds
$\int_{0}^{2\pi} [f(x)]^k e^{(ikx)} dx = 0$.
If $f(x)$ is real-valued and non-...

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**0**answers

78 views

### Initial value theorem for Fourier transform

Initial value theorem states that for a bounded function $f(t) = O(e^{ct})$ and an existing initial value, one-sided Laplace transform $F(s) = \int\limits^\infty_{0^-}f(\tau)e^{-s\tau}\mathrm{d\tau}$ ...

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**2**answers

173 views

### Fourier transform of a generalized function on the plane

Is there an explicit formula for the Fourier transform of the generalized function of 2 variables
$$\frac{1}{x+y^2+i0}?$$
Remark. Equivalent question: consider the Schroedinger equation one the ...

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105 views

### Convolution theorem on a non-abelian Lie group

Let $\mathrm{G}$ be a compact (simple, if it helps) non-abelian Lie group and let $\hat{\mathrm{G}}$ be its unitary dual of (equivalence classes) of irreducible unitary representations. Defining the ...

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**1**answer

390 views

### Nonlinear Schrödinger equation with discrete Laplacian

In the paper "Global existence and scattering for rough solutions of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbb{R}^3$" by Colliander, Keel, Staffilani, Takaoka and Tao it is argued in the beginning ...

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**1**answer

193 views

### Calculus of variation with discontinuous solutions?

I'm thinking of the following question:
Consider a function $f: U\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ where $U=[0,L_1)\cup(L_1,L]$, and an energy functional $$F=\int_{U}\Big (\frac{\mathrm{d}f}{\mathrm{d}x}\Big)^2\...

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**2**answers

170 views

### Characterizing pseudo-differential operators as a subalgebra of continuous endomorphisms of tempered distributions

I'm aware that the following question is at best a refined version of at least 2 questions which are already on this site. I think it is justified however in that it is more precise and has some new ...

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**1**answer

70 views

### The minimum of the maximum of a sequence of sinc functions

I apologise if this is trivial or well known to be impossible:
Can one find a finite set of integers $2\leq a_1<a_2<\ldots<a_m<\infty$
such that for the function defined as
$$
f_{a_1,\...

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**0**answers

52 views

### Star-convex curve and Fourier series

Let x(t) be a periodic function on [0, 2$\pi$].
I am interested in finding criteria in terms of the Fourier coefficients of x(t), such that the parametric curve $\left\{ x\left( t\right) ,\dot{x}\left(...

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**0**answers

72 views

### Conditions for Poisson summation (for discontinuous functions)

Let $G$ be an locally compact abelian group with $\Gamma$ a discrete cocompact subgroup. I'm looking for precise conditions by which Poisson summation formula holds. That is, for some function $f$ on $...

**13**

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**1**answer

437 views

### A question on the sine function

The Fejer-Jackson-Gronwall inequality involving the sine function is as follows:
$$\sum_{k=1}^n\frac{\sin kx}k>0\quad\text{for all}\ n=1,2,3,\ldots\ \text{and}\ 0<x<\pi.$$
Here I ask the ...

**4**

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**1**answer

171 views

### $L^1$ norm of Littlewood polynomials on the unit circle

A Littlewood polynomial is a polynomial with coefficients from $\{ 1, -1\}$ and the set of Littlewood polynomials with degree $n$ is denoted by $\cal{L}_n$.
I'm interested in a "good" lower bound on ...

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**0**answers

114 views

### A combinatorial proof of the Harrow--Kolla--Schulman theorem

Let $Q^n := \{0,1\}^n$ be the Hamming cube with the Hamming metric. (Recall that the Hamming is defined by the distance $d(x,y) := \# \{ i : x_i \neq y_i \}$.
For integers $0 \leq k \leq n$, define a ...