# Questions tagged [fourier-analysis]

The representation of functions (or objects which are in some generalize the notion of function) as constant linear combinations of sines and cosines at integer multiples of a given frequency, as Fourier transforms or as Fourier integrals.

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### Product of Heavisides: calculus vs Fourier transform vs wavefront set

I decided to ask this question here, since I did not get any answer from MSE and perhaps this topic is somewhat far from MSE's topics. I am following the paper here. I am trying to understand how to ...
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### Fourier transform of a Radon measure

Let $\mu$ be a Radon measure on $\mathbb R^d$ with finite total mass: I guess that it is a tempered distribution on $\mathbb R^d$ and thus one may consider its Fourier transform. Now I guess that its ...
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### Alternative to the Sampling Theorem / Invertible transform with sampling criteria

I seek a transform $T$ that operates on real-valued $x(t)$, that Is perfectly invertible Has discrete counterpart with continuous reconstructor Provides conditional reconstruction guarantees ...
1 vote
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### Non-Fourier complete orthogonal basis?

The Fourier Transform (FT) Is orthogonal: inner product of one basis, $e^{j\omega_0}$, with any other basis, $e^{j\omega_1}$, is zero Is invertible: info-preserving, has inverse function Is energy-...
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### Explanation of a step in a work by C. E. Kenig and A.D. Ionescu

I am studying the work Ionescu, A. D.; Kenig, C. E., Local and global wellposedness of periodic KP-I equations, Bourgain, Jean (ed.) et al., Mathematical aspects of nonlinear dispersive equations. ...
1 vote
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### Erdős–Turán inequality for complex numbers

Consider the following set of complex numbers in the upper half plane: $$\{ic_n \pm \gamma_n: 0 \leq n \leq N, \hspace{1 mm} c_0=\gamma_0=0, c_n,\hspace{1 mm} \gamma_n>0\}.$$ Assume that this set ...
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### Min max of a quadratic form of plus-minus ones

Does the following limit exist? $$\lim_{n \to \infty}\, n^{-3/2} \min_{a_{ij}=\pm 1}\max_{x_{j}=\pm 1}\left|\sum_{1\leq i <j \leq n} a_{ij}x_{i}x_{j} \right|$$ There is no any significant ...
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### Is there a characterization of tempered functions whose Fourier transforms are also tempered functions?

A tempered function on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a locally integrable function that is tempered as a distribution, i.e. $L^1_{loc}\cap\mathcal{S}'$ is the space of tempered functions. This MSE question asked ...
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### The main topics (issues, problems) of the Fourier transform

To explain what we are looking for, let's have a quick review on some points in Fourier transform on periodic functions in both continuous and discrete cases. We emphasize that our attention is ...
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### Non-commutative harmonic analysis on the discrete Heisenberg group

Question: Is there a linear map $\mathcal F$ from the Hilbert space of $\ell^2$ functions on the discrete Heisenberg group to some Hilbert space of functions $L^2(\bigcup \{\Omega_n\})$, such that:...
1 vote
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### Probability of two Boolean functions being equal expressed in terms of the maximum Fourier coefficient

This paper by Maslov et al. uses that the probability of two $n$-bit Boolean functions $l(x)$ and $g(x)$ being equal is bound in terms of $\hat{g}_\text{max}$, the largest Fourier coefficient of $g(x)$...
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### Regularity of $|u|^{\alpha}$ when $u$ is Schwartz

Let $0<\alpha<1$. Let $D_x^{\alpha}$ denote the Fourier multiplier given by $\xi\to |\xi|^{\alpha}$. Suppose $u:\mathbb{R}^d\to\mathbb{C}$ is Schwartz (or even just smooth with compact support). ...
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### Growth of the coefficients of the inversion of the $j$-invariant function

We have the $j$-invariant defined as I have that $$j(\tau)=\frac{1}{q}+\sum_{k\geq 0}c_kq^k,$$ where $q=e^{-2\pi t}$ ($\tau=it$) and $c_k\sim e^{4\pi\sqrt{k}}/(k^{3/4}\sqrt{2})$. The inversion ...
What is the the rate of decrease of $|\widehat{f_p}(t)|$ (as $t\to\infty$), where $p\in(0,\infty)$, $$\widehat{f_p}(t):=\int_{\mathbb R} e^{itx}f_p(x)\,dx,$$ and f_p(x):=e^{-1/(1-x^2/p)^p}1(|x|<\...
### Condition on the support of $f$ which ensure that $\widehat{f}$ has a zero-measure nodal region
Suppose that $f\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ is non-zero and compactly supported. Then its Fourier transform $\widehat{f}\neq 0$ is analytic, and in particular the nodal set \$\{\xi\in\mathbb{R}\,s.t.\,\widehat{...