Questions tagged [norms]

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inequivalent norms [closed]

I am thinking about the following question: Let $X$ be a Banach space, say separable, e.g., $l_p$ or $c_0$. When can I say that there exist inequivalent complete norms on $X$?
2
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1answer
183 views

Separable Banach spaces isometric to quotient of a Banach space

We know that every separable Banach space is isometrically isomorphic to a quotient space of $(\ell^1,\|.\|_1)$. We also know that the norm defined by $\|x\|=(\|x\|_1^2+\|x\|_2^2)^{1/2}$ for all $x\in ...
1
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1answer
141 views

Does kernel regression preserve monotonicity?

Consider the Kernel regression estimator: $$\hat{y}(x)=\frac{\sum_{i=1}^n{K(x-x_i)y_i}}{\sum_{i=1}^n{K(x-x_i)}},$$ where $x,x_1,\dots,x_n\in\mathbb{R}^d$, $y_1,\dots,y_n\in\mathbb{R}$, where $K:\...
1
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1answer
163 views

Conditions such that norm of matrix vector can be written as the derivative of the norm of the vector for some convex fonction

Problem statement: Let $A$ be a matrix $\mathbb{R}^{d \times d}$, I want to find some conditions on $A$ such that there exists a differentiable convex function $f: \mathbb{R_{+}} \rightarrow \mathbb{...
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0answers
108 views

Is this an error in Loomis and Sternberg?

In Loomis and Sternberg's Advanced Calculus section 3.3 Continuity, they make this comment (just before Theorem 3.2, [pp. 128-129 in my copy): A linear map $T : V \rightarrow W$ is bounded below by ...
6
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1answer
272 views

Cartesian product of Banach spaces: all norms such that the inclusion is an isometry are equivalent?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an arbitrary (typically infinite-dimensional) Banach space with norm $\|\cdot\|_{\mathcal{A}}$ and let $\mathcal{A}^{n}$ be its Cartesian product. I came across the following ...
2
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1answer
66 views

When does the map from a normed vector cone to its double dual preserve norms?

If $V$ is a normed vector space then the natural map from $V$ to its double dual $V''$ is norm-preserving as follows from Hahn-Banach theorem. This is well-known. Now assume that P is just a vector ...
2
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0answers
132 views

Is the union of l^p a Banach space under some norm?

As a set of sequences, take the union of $\ell^p$, $p\geq 1$. As $p$ increases, the $\ell ^p$ space is larger, with strict inclusion. However, this infinite union is strictly contained in $c_0$, ...
4
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0answers
188 views

analytic approximations of the min and max operators

Question: What is the state of the art on analytic approximations of $\min$ and $\max$? My hunch is that numerical analysts probably have a better solution than the one I propose here. For any $\...
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0answers
46 views

Reference request for a notion of $L^p$ norm of a one-form

I'm looking for a definition of $L^p$ norm for 1-forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$, with $n\geq1$. The first idea that I had was to set $$ \left\Vert\omega_kdx^k\right\Vert_p:=\sum_{k=1}^n\left\Vert\omega_k\...
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0answers
74 views

Spectral norm of difference of quadratic matrices restricted to a subspace

Say that we have two matrices $X$ and $Y$ of dimensions $(T \times N)$ with $N < T$ and $rank(X)=rank(Y)=N$. Furthermore, define a $(T \times k)$ dimensional matrix $D$ with $k<N$ and $rank(D)=k$...
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1answer
52 views

Sequence converging to different limits with respect to two different _complete_ norms

Do there exist a real vector space $X$ complete with respect to norms $|\cdot|$ and $\|\cdot\|$ and a sequence $(x_n)_{n\in \mathbb N} \subset X$ such that there exist $x,y\in X$: $x\ne y$, $|x_n - x|\...
6
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1answer
405 views

Operator norm of square root of matrix vs original

If I have a nonsymmetric matrix whose operator norm is $\leq 1$ and square root it, does its operator norm remain below $1$? More formally, I want to know whether there is always at least one square ...
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0answers
48 views

What is the distance of a particular root to the farthest one with respect to it as a function of a compacting factor?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{2} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function defined as $$f := 2a_{1}(x - x^{p}) + 2a_{2}(x - x^{p})\sum_{k \in K}||x_{k} - x^{p}_{k}||^{2} + \dfrac{2a_{3}}{\alpha}\sum_{j \in J}\dfrac{...
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1answer
73 views

Holder inequality for a general rectangular matrix

Let $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ and $p,q \in \mathbb{R}^{+}$ such that $\frac{1}{p}+\frac{1}{q}=1$. I am interested to prove the following: $$ \|A\|_{p}=\|A^T\|_q$$ I have tried using Holder ...
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0answers
61 views

What is the closed-form solution to this double-sum norm function?

Given two points $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^2$, one defines the Euclidean distance $f: \mathbb{R}^2\times\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{\ge 0}$ as follows. $$f(A,B) := \Vert A-B \Vert : = \sqrt{(A_{x}...
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0answers
108 views

Lower bound on the intersection of $\ell_1$ $n$-balls

Let $B_1$ and $B_2$ be two balls in $\mathbb{R}^n$ in $\ell_1$ norm, with distance $d$ and radius $R$. Is there a lower bound on the volume of the intersection between the two n-balls? (assuming the ...
5
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1answer
197 views

What does the image of the integer lattice under a norm look like?

The question that I shall ask here has arisen in the context of Diophantine approximation. I find it rather interesting, and I have no idea how to answer it. Any help, advice, or suggestions for ...
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0answers
172 views

Generalization of Ostrowski's Theorem

Let $\Lambda$ be a totally ordered set with two binary operations $+$ and $\cdot$ on it, such that: 1) $+$ is associative, has a unit $0$, and is symmetric. 2) $\cdot$ is associative, has a unit $1$,...
2
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1answer
184 views

A problem in Bushnell and Henniart's book, “The local Langlands conjecture for GL(2)”

On page 123 of Chapter 5 in Bushnell and Henniart's book The Local Langlands Conjecture for GL(2), they state an elementary property of tamely ramified extension of local fields, which is as follows, ...
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0answers
47 views

Infer vector norm inequality from dominance in components

Let $p,q \in \mathbb{R}^n$ be non-negative, ordered vectors, i.e. $p_1 \geq p_2 \geq \dots \geq p_n \geq 0$ and similarly for $q$. Let $$ ||x||_r := \left(\sum_i^n |x_i|^r \right)^{1/r} $$ for $(0,\...
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1answer
199 views

How to calculate or estimate RKHS norm? [closed]

I am working with GP-UCB and need to calculate RKHS norm as in Theorem 6 of Srinivas et.al 2012. I found on page 3 column 1 like: The induced RKHS norm $||{f}||_k=\sqrt{<f,f>}_k$ measures ...
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1answer
112 views

Density of norm-attaining operators

By Bishop-Phelps theorem we know that for a real Banach space, the set of all norm attaining bounded linear functionals is norm-dense in $X^*$, the topological dual of $X$. We also know that in ...
14
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1answer
508 views

What are the applications of the Mazur-Ulam Theorem?

Every bijective isometry between normed spaces is affine. This well-known and beautiful statement, the Mazur-Ulam Theorem, was proved in 1932, but the proof has been simplified and polished in years, ...
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0answers
96 views

“Hoelder conjugate” version of the Johnson-Lindenstrauss transform

A variation of the well-known Johnson-Lindenstrauss transform (JLT) asserts that for $x_1,\ldots,x_m\in\mathbb{R}^n$ there exists a linear transformation $A:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^k$ with $k=\...
4
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1answer
97 views

Expected supremum of normalised random walk

Let $X^i\in \mathbb R^d$ be iid. random variables for $i=1$ to $n$. Assume $\mathbb E[X^i]=0$ and the covariance matrix $\mathbb C[X^i] = \mathbb E[X^iX^{iT}] = I$ is the identity matrix. Define $S^k=...
7
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3answers
694 views

Norms as Points in $C(X)$

$\newcommand\abs[1]{\lvert{#1}\rvert}$Let $X$ be a compact hausdorff space, and put $C(X)$ for the $\mathbb{R}$-algebra of continuous maps from $X$ to $\mathbb{R}$. For each point $x$, there is a ...
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0answers
59 views

How to derive formula (10) norm to obtain formula (11) in Uncorrelated Group LASSO?

In Uncorrelated Group LASSO, Eq. (10) and Eq. (11) are as follows: $J_2(W)=f(W)+\alpha Tr(W^TFW)$. (10) $F_{ii}=\sum_{g}\frac{(I_{G_{g}})_i||W_{G_g}||_{2,1}}{||W_{G_g}^i||_2}$. (11) where $w_{...
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1answer
68 views

Matrix inequalities for the moment of the fixed Shatten norm

Let $A_i, i=1, \ldots, N$ be real (or complex) matrices of the same dimension. Let $r_i, i=1, \ldots, N$ be independent Rademacher random variables. The following inequality gives a bound on the ...
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0answers
94 views

$L^1$ norm of oscillatory integral operator

My question is about the $L^1_x$ norm of an oscillatory integral like $$ \int_{\mathbb{R}^n} e^{i(y\cdot x+\lambda \phi(y))}f(y)dy,$$ where $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$, $f\in C^{\infty}_c(\mathbb{R}^n)$ ...
2
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0answers
28 views

Find the point that minimizes the summation of L_\infty norms to three given points

Given three points $\omega_1$, $\omega_2$, $\omega_3 \in \mathbb{R}^d$, how can I find the point $\omega \in \mathbb{R}^d$ such that the summation of its $\ell_\infty$ distances to these three points ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Upper-bounds for a vector equation

Let $a$, $c$, $d$, $v \in \mathbb{R}^n$ are vectors, and $A, B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ are matrices. Suppose that $ v = Ac-d $, and $a = ABc- \|B\| d$ where $\| B \|$ is the maximum value of the ...
6
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1answer
226 views

Area of $n$-sphere contained outside $\ell_1$ ball

For a given $r>1$, what is the surface area of $\mathbb S^{n-1}$ (the sphere of radius 1 in $\mathbb R^n$) which is contained outside of the $\ell_1$ ball of radius $r$? Or equivalently, if $X\sim ...
3
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1answer
359 views

Relation between Frobenius norm, infinity norm and sum of maxima

Let $A$ be a sequence of $n \times n$ matrices so that the Frobenius norm squared satisfies $\|A\|_F^2 \simeq n$ and the infinity norm squared is $\|A\|_{\infty}^2 = 1$. Is the following true? $$\...
5
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1answer
2k views

Relation between Frobenius, spectral norm and sum of maxima

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ matrix so that the Frobenius norm squared $\|A\|_F^2$ is $\Theta(n)$, the spectral norm squared $\|A\|_2^2=1$. Is it true that $\sum_{i=1}^n\max_{1\leq j\leq n} |A_{ij}|^2$ ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Gowers norms and three-term arithmetic progressions in the mean

Let $f:\mathbb{Z}^+\to \mathbb{C}$ be bounded. Say we are interested in studying how $f$ behaves in short three-term arithmetic progressions. It is very well-known that we can bound $$\sum_{h\leq H} \...
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1answer
96 views

Relationship between $2 \to 2$ norm and $\infty \to 2$ norm [closed]

I am wondering what are the best known relationship between $\|A\|_{2\rightarrow 2}$ and $\|A\|_{\infty\rightarrow 2}$ and how tight it is. E.g., the trivial result is that for matrix $A$ with ...
1
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1answer
148 views

Minimal value of matrix norm induced by a norm

Let $X$ be a finite dimensional Banach space and define a matrix norm $\| \cdot \|_{X}$ by $$ \| A \|_{X} = \sup_{x \ne 0} \frac{\|A x\|_{X}}{\|x\|_{X}} $$ where the matrix $A$ is interpreted as an ...
4
votes
1answer
334 views

Bound for type of correlation measure

Assume you have a finite, discrete probability distribution for a joint random variable and such that $P(X=i,Y=j) = p_{i,j}$ for $i \in \{1, \dots, |X|\},j \in \{1, \dots, |Y|\}$. The marginal ...
7
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1answer
227 views

Absolute value on tensor product of fields

Suppose that we have the Laurent series fields $F_1:=\mathbb F_p((X))$ and $F_2:=\mathbb F_p((Y))$. Equip $F_1$ with the $X$-adic multiplicative absolute value $|\cdot|_1$, i.e. define $|X|_1=\dfrac{...
4
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1answer
265 views

How sensitive are probability distributions to noise?

I'm trying to prove a result but I'm stuck at the very end of it: I'm having troubles understanding how noise propagates when considering a probability distribution. In other words, if I inject some ...
1
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1answer
155 views

Characterizing a norm on sequences

Let $\{a_i\}$ be a sequence of reals such that $|a_i|\geq|a_{i+1}|$ for all $i$, and consider the following norm: $$\|\{a_i\}\| = \sup_k \frac{1}{\sqrt{k}}\sum_{i=1}^k |a_i|~.$$ One can see that -- ...
7
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2answers
314 views

Proving an infinite norm minimization problem has finite support (non-convex p-norms)

Consider an optimization problem over infinite variables: $$ \begin{align} \min_{x}~& {\left\lVert{x}\right\rVert }_p \\ \text{s.t}~& \left\langle x, a_n\right\rangle \ge 1~,~\forall n=1,\...
0
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1answer
357 views

Total variation norm estimate

I have the following question concerning an estimate of the total variation norm. Let $\mu$ be a bounded Borel measure on $\mathbb{R}$ and denote by $\mu_t$ the measure defined by $\mu_t(\Omega):=\mu(\...
0
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1answer
227 views

Does this norm have a specific name? Banach space? References?

Let $(X,\mathscr{B},\mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space. Let $\gamma$ be a probability measure on $L_2(\mu)$ with $\mathrm{supp} \, \gamma = L_2(\mu)$ and existing first moment. Then $$ f \...
6
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0answers
242 views

Find a condition such that the spectral radius for a special matrix is smaller than 1 (or a matrix norm smaller than 1)

We need a help to find a reasonable condition such that the spectral radius for a special matrix $\mathbf{J} \otimes\hat{\mathbf{G}}\hat{\mathbf{W}} + \mathbf{I}\otimes\mathbf{\hat{H}}$ is smaller ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

Largest eigenvalue of product of orthogonal-projection rank-1 perturbation

Suppose I have a symmetric positive definite matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ with $n$ linearly indepedent columns $a_1,...a_n$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. All columns $a_i$ has norm 1, but they are not ...
0
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2answers
279 views

Existence of p=-infinity norm [closed]

Given a vector $\mathbf {x} =(x_{1},\ldots ,x_{n})$ the p-norm is defined as $$ \left\|\mathbf {x} \right\|_{p}:={\bigg (}\sum _{i=1}^{n}\left|x_{i}\right|^{p}{\bigg )}^{1/p} $$ for $p \geq 1$. For $...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Sequence in *-algebra with different limits for two C*-norms?

The following question looks simple, but the answer is not obvious for me: Let $S$ be a $*$-algebra and $\left\Vert \cdot \right\Vert _{1}$, $\left\Vert \cdot \right\Vert _{2}$ $C^*$-norms on $S$ ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Is continuity preserved under norm operations

Let $F$ be a continuously differenable function over $\mathbb{R}$. Let $\Omega$ be a bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Assume that for every $w\in L^2(\Omega)$ then $v(x)=F(w(x))$, $x\in \Omega$, is ...

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