# Questions tagged [ca.classical-analysis-and-odes]

Special functions, orthogonal polynomials, harmonic analysis, ordinary differential equations (ODE's), differential relations, calculus of variations, approximations, expansions, asymptotics.

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### Laplace transform

\begin{cases}\mathbb{D}_{t}^{\beta} u(x, y, t)=-a(x)\left(u_{x}(x, y, t)+u_{y}(x, y, t)\right)+\ell(x, y, t, u(x, y, t)), & x>0, y>0, t>0 \\ u(x, y, 0)=0, & x>0, y&...
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### Asymptotics of a strange oscillatory function

Consider the function $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ defined by $f(x)=\sum_{n\geq 1}\sin(x/n^2)$. It is easy to see that $f(x) = O(\sqrt{x})$ for large real $x$. Is it true that $f(x)>0$ for $x>0$...
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### Regularization for Newtonian n-body collisions in $\mathbb{R}^3$

In working with binary collisions in the Hamiltonian formulation of the Newtonian $n$-body problem, two common regularization techniques that deal with binary collisions are the Levi-Civita technique, ...
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### Energy of harmonic maps from $\mathbb R^2$ to $S^2$ is quantized

Assume that $U:\mathbb R^2\to S^2=\{y\in\mathbb R^3:|y|=1\}$ is a smooth solution of the equation $\Delta U+|\nabla U|^2U=0$ in $\mathbb R^2$ with $\int_{\mathbb R^2}|\nabla U|^2\,dx<+\infty$. ...
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### Sets of integers "a little less dense" than the set of prime numbers

Given a set $A \subseteq \mathbb{N}$ of positive integers, put $$S_A: \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}, \ \ \ \ N \mapsto \sum_{n \in A \cap \{1, \dots, N\}} \frac{1}{n}.$$ There are obvious ...
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### Electrostatic potential energy of point-charges at primes up to $x$

Given a positive real (or integral) number $x$ we consider the electrostatic potential energy of equal point charges at all primes up to $x$ given by $$E(x)=\sum_{p_1<p_2\leq x}\frac{1}{p_2-p_1}$$ ...
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### Characterization of an integral operator with a Bessel kernel

I am considering the following integral operator: $$K(\sigma)(\theta)=\int_0^{2\pi} \sigma(\theta') J_0(|e^{i\theta}-e^{i\theta'}|)\,d\theta',$$ where $J_0$ is the Bessel function of order $0.$ I am ...
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### Fourier integral operators and parametrix

Consider the classical wave equation in a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, assuming vanishing of the function and its normal derivative on the boundary. Question: Is there an expression for the ...
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### An integral involving Riemann xi function

Let $z(t)$ and $w(t)$ be some complex functions of the real variable $t$ with $z(t)$ tending to some complex number as $t \rightarrow 1$ and $w(t)$ tending to $0$ as $t \rightarrow1$ I'm looking at ...
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### Bound on $L^1$ norm of solution of two-point boundary value problem

This has to be known, but I have not been able to find it in the literature (probably due to not being too familiar with two-point boundary value problems). I have a function $u:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ ...
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### How to derive a lower bound of a MinMax inequality?

Let $x_5,\cdots,x_n\in[0,\alpha]\cup[-\pi,\alpha-\pi]$ where $\alpha$ is a fixed angle $\in(0,\pi/2)$. The goal For a fixed $(A_{ij})_{1\leq i\leq 4,5\leq j\leq n}\in\{-1,+1\}$, verify whether it ...
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### Admissibility condition of wavelet functions

After a badly formulated question, I decided to make a new post searching for help. The basic problem is the follows: I have a wavelet function $\psi(t)$ (real or complex) and would like to compute (a)...
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### Solving 'impossible' integrals with a new (?) trick

The following identities have been suggested based on formulas in a previous question of mine. If complex $\theta_1=\cos^{-1}(p)$ and $\theta_2=\sec^{-1}(p)$, where $p\in(-1, 0) \cup (1, \infty)$, ...
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### Godunov splitting convergence research

The approximation of Godunov splitting on certain differential equations is known to be first order accurate. In 2011, a paper has also shown that it is first order accurate for nonlinear ordinary ...
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### What are the local maxima and minima of $\frac{\sin(nx)}{\sin(x)}$

FYI: I asked this question here couple of days ago but got no answer yet. $n$ is an integer We know the global maximum of the function $\sin(nx)/\sin(x)$ is $n$ (thanks to this question), but what are ...
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### Growth rate of elementary sequences

We consider three sequences $(x_n),(y_n),(z_n)$, where $(x_n) \in \ell^1$ is positive and the other two sequences are merely assumed to be positive, i.e. $y_n,z_n \ge 0$ where $0<z_n<z_{n+1}$ is ...
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### Given a radial symmetric function $f$, the estimate of |$\Delta ^ {m/2}f$| in $R^{2m}$ by induction

This question might be a little strange; my order of Laplacian is related to the dimension of the space. Actually, I’m reading a result which is obtained by induction; it is the absolute value of ...
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### Extremum placement for two-variable function

While teaching Calculus 2, one of my students asked me the following Given 3 points $x_1$, $x_2$, $x_3$. Whether there exists one function $z = f(x,y)$ which has exactly 2 extremum and 1 saddle point:...
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### Upper bound estimation for second-order variable-coefficient ODE

I'm tackling a second-order linear ordinary differential equation with variable coefficients $a(t)$ and seek advice on estimating the upper bound of $y(t)$ s.t $|y(t)|\le M$. The equation in question ...
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### Can I accurately approximate solutions for m for any k being an integer : $\sum_{n=1}^{k+1} \frac{k ! m^{(k-n+1)}}{(k-n+1) !}-\frac{k !}{2} e^m = 0$

I had noticed that when approximating solutions for $m$ to the above equation for a given $k$, as $k$ grows larger, the solutions $m$ takes the form $m\approx k+c$ where $c$ is some constant. I'm ...
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### Eigenvalues of the modified Mathieu equation with normalizable solution

The Mathieu equation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathieu_function) is $y''+(a-2q\cos(2z))y=0$. The modified Mathieu equation is obtained by replacing $z$ with $\pm iz$: $$y''-(a-2q\cosh(2z))y=0.$$ ...
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### Euler's proof of $\frac{\pi}{6}=1-\frac{1}{2}-\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{6}-\cdots$

Euler proved $$\frac{\pi}{6}=1-\frac{1}{2}-\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{6}-\cdots$$ where the reasoning of the signs thus is prepared, so that of the second may be had as $-$, prime ...
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