# Questions tagged [ca.classical-analysis-and-odes]

Special functions, orthogonal polynomials, harmonic analysis, ordinary differential equations (ODE's), differential relations, calculus of variations, approximations, expansions, asymptotics.

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### Basic Math Question for Data Analysis?

This is probably a really basic question for all you math wizards. I am not even sure how to phrase this question per se. I feel like this should be easy and yet I am questioning my thinking. Here's ...
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### Two questions about an integral involving double product of Bessel functions

Let us define the following integral : $$W_n(r)=r\int_0^{+\infty} J_1(rt)[J_0(t)]^n dt,$$ with $r>0$ a real number and $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and where $J_0(x)$ and $J_1(x)$ are Bessel functions of the ...
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### Lipschitz continuity of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of Hermitian matrices

It is well-known that the eigenvalues (in decreasing order) of a Hermitian matrix $A$ are Lipschitz continuous functions of $A$. Do there exist orthonormal eigenvectors that vary in a Lipschitz ...
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### What is known about discrete versions of the spatially homogenous Boltzmann equation with finitely many (but arbitrarily many) velocities?

Consider a discrete version of spatially homogenous Boltzmann equation with finitely many (but arbitrarily many) velocities $v_i \in \mathbb R^n$ with $i \in I$. Equivalently, consider a system of ...
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### Is TREE(3) really that big? [duplicate]

Grahams number is pretty big and cannot be written. TREE(3) is the length of the largest set of trees with 3 seeds such that the first tree can have 1 seed, second tree, 2 seeds, third tree, 3 seeds ...
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### Closed form of $\prod_{k=1}^{n}\left(\cos(kx)-1\right)$

Is there any closed form of $$\prod_{k=1}^{n}\left(\cos(kx)-1\right)?$$ I failed to find references on this problem in the internet.
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### Joint boundedness of solutions of a family of Sturm-Liouville ODE

Let us fix $0 \neq \lambda \in \mathbb{R}$. Let us consider the following ODE, on $[0,\infty)$: $$y^{\prime \prime} (x) + \frac{r e^{-x}}{(1+e^{-x})^2} y(x) = -\lambda^2 y(x).$$ Here $r \ge 1$ is a ...
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### Eigenvalue pattern

We consider a matrix $$M_{\mu} = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & \mu & 1 & 0 \\ -\mu & 1 & 0 & 1 \\ -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 &-1 & 0 & 0 \end{pmatrix}$$ One easily ...
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### Have any proposals been advanced for the analytic continuation of the divisor function?

While I was working on the evaluation of a certain series, the following limit came up: \begin{align} \lim_{n \to 1} \frac{d(n)-1}{n(n-1)} &= \lim_{n \to 1} \frac{d'(n)}{2n-1} \\ &= d'(1) .\...
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### Small power series “approximating” a Dirac

Does there exist a (sequence of) power series $\sum_{i\geq 0} a_{n,i} x^i$ that is $1$ at $0$ and $0$ at integers from $1$ to $n$, and such that $\sum_{i\geq 0} \vert a_{n,i}\vert n^i=O(n^p)$ for some ...
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### Sequence tending to modulus function

I am looking for a sequence of smooth functions $f_n: \mathbb R^2 \rightarrow \mathbb R$such that the 1.) the nodal set of $f_n$, i.e. $N_n:=f_n^{-1}(0)$ converges to the graph of the absolute value ...
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### Energy levels of double well potential

Consider the (quantum) Hamiltonian on the real line $$H=-\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V(x).$$ Let us assume that the potential $V$ is an even smooth functions with exactly two non-degenerate ...
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### Rouché's Theorem in complex analysis on the relation of the number of zeros and poles of meromorphic functions in a region [closed]

This question is from my son referenced in my earlier question, Need advice or assistance for son who is in prison. His interest is scattering theory . He asked me to post this question: Hello and ...