# Questions tagged [integration]

Questions related to various forms of integration including the Riemann integral, Lebesgue integral, Riemann–Stieltjes integral, double integrals, line integrals, contour integrals, surface integrals, integrals of differential forms, ...

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### Prove that the regularized incomplete beta function monotone with each of its parameter

Consider the regularized incomplete beta function $I_x(a, b)$ with $x \in [0,1]$ and $a, b > 0$. I am hypothesizing that the function is monotone decreasing with respect to $a$ and monotone ...
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### Generalization of the triangle inequality to complex exponents: What is $P\left(\left| x^{a+bi} + y^{a+bi} \right| \ge \left|z^{a+bi}\right|\right)$?

Let $x \le y \le z$ be the length of the sides of a triangle whose vertices are uniformly random on the circumference of a circle. In this question, it was proved that if $a \ge 1$, then the ...
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### If $(a,b,c)$ are the sides of a triangle, then the probability $P(ax + by \ge c) = \frac{4}{\pi^2}\chi_2(x) + \frac{4}{\pi^2}\chi_2(y)$

Posting this question in MO since it is unanswered in MSE Let $(a,b,c)$ be the side of a triangle. In its most general linear form, the triangle inequality can be expressed as: Does $ax + by \ge c$ ...
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### Maximal-type inequality for a Borel probability measure supported on a subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$

Let $\mu$ be a Borel probability measure on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$ for $d\ge 1$ which is moreover supported on the unit sphere $$S=\{\phi\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^d): \| \phi\|_{ L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)}=1\}.$$ Let ...
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### Find the area of the region enclosed by $\frac{\sin x}{\sin y}=\frac{\sin x+\sin y}{\sin(x+y)}$ and the $x$-axis (comes from a probability question)

This question resisted attacks at MSE, so I am posting it here. Here is the graph of $\dfrac{\sin x}{\sin y}=\dfrac{\sin x+\sin y}{\sin(x+y)}$. Find the area of the region enclosed by the curve and ...
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### Conjectured closed form of $\int\limits_0^1 \frac{\ln y \operatorname{Li}_2 (-y)}{1-y^2} \, dy$

Let's state with $\psi^{(1)}$ the trigamma. Calculate the order: $$\mathcal{S} = \sum_{n=1}^\infty (-1)^{n-1} (\psi^{(1)}(n))^2$$ (Cornel Ioan Valean) I uploaded this question here https://math....
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### Demonstrating bound on integral

I found this question on another forum and it got me interested because of how tight the bound is: prove that $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\arctan(x)}{x^2 + 4}\,dx > \frac{\pi}{4}.$$ The difference ...
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### Integration in polynomial time

The work of Friedman and Ko and Müller guarantee the polynomial time computability of the integrals of analytic functions inside the circle of convergence. But do algorithms have practical value? Is ...
### Techniques for computing integrals on $G/K$
Edit: I originally tried writing a simpler question, but to make more clear what I want I wrote the general question below Let $G$ be a compact group with compact subgroup $K\subseteq G$ (everything ...