# Questions tagged [riemannian-geometry]

Riemannian Geometry is a subfield of Differential Geometry, which specifically studies "Riemannian Manifolds", manifolds with "Riemannian Metrics", which means that they are equipped with continuous inner products.

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### What is wrong with the derivation?

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and $T$ a symmetric $(1,1)$-tensor field, i.e., $\langle T(X),Y\rangle = \langle X,T(Y)\rangle $. For convenience, denote $$\Delta_Tu=\sum_i\langle \nabla_{e_i}\...

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### If the total space of circle bundle over hyperbolic manifold admits Riemannain metric of non-positive sectional curvature?

If the total space of circle bundle over higher genus surface admit Riemannian metric of non-positive sectional curvature?
I wish to use the result about the question and find Leeb's work 3-...

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### Flat solvmanifolds?

I am trying to look for some reference for solvmanifolds and come up with a paper by A. Morgan tilted "The classification of flat solvmanifolds". I know there is a complete classification of flat ...

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### Do we have estimate like $\int_\gamma \alpha \le |\alpha| \cdot |\gamma|$?

Let $(X,g)$ be a compact smooth Riemannian manifold. It is known that $H^1(X, \mathbb R)\cong \mathrm{Hom} (\pi_1(X), \mathbb R)$, namely there is a natural pairing
$$
H^1(X) \times \pi_1(X) \to \...

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86 views

### Differentiating Riemannian logarithmic map

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, geodesically complete, and assume logarithms are well defined and smooth.
Let $c: I\to M $ be a smooth path in $M$, and $x\in M$. Can we say something about $$\...

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### Minimizing geodesics in incomplete Riemannian manifolds

Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, not necessarily complete. Let $x$ be a point in $M$, and let $r>0$ be such that the exponential map $\operatorname{exp}_x$ is defined on an open ball $B=B(0,r)...

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### Conformally flat homogeneous spaces

Let's say we have a homogeneous space $H\backslash G$.
Is it possible to tell whether this homogeneous space admits a conformally flat metric just from its group structure?
I am particularly ...

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### Diffusion generators with gradient vector fields

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a second order operator on an $n$-dimensional smooth manifold $M$, expressed in Hörmander form as
$$\mathcal{A}=X_0+\frac{1}{2}\sum_i^kX_i^2,$$
where $X_0,X_1,...,X_k$ are ...

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### Elliptic regularity on compact manifold without boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian compact manifold without boundary, and $\Delta$ is the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$. Is there any result on the elliptic regularity like this:
For any $u\in H^1(M)$, ...

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### Is there Brownian motion on Alexandrov spaces?

It is well known that there is a notion of Brownian motion on smooth Riemannian manifolds.
I am wondering if there is a more general notion of Brownian motion on finite dimensional Alexandrov ...

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### Simple application of Bochner--Weitzenböck type formulas

I am looking for a cool and simple (but not worn-out) application of Bochner--Weitzenböck type formulas which could be used as a motivation.
What is your favourite example?
P.S. Here is one which ...

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### Existence of a certain kind of compact spin manifold with boundary

For a compact spin Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$ without boundary, $n \not\equiv 3\mod 4$, it is well-known that the Dirac operator associated with a fixed spin structure $S\rightarrow M$ has real, ...

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### Vector-valued forms in Riemannian geometry

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. I want to find a vector-valued $2-$form
$T$ such that, for any vector fields $X,Y,Z$ on $M$,
$$
g(T(X,Y),Z)=g(T(Z,X),Y)\,.
$$
As a motivation, consider the ...

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### The developing map of conformally flat manifold

There is one sentence I don't understand in some paper.
"A simply connected and conformally flat three mainifold can be conformally immersed into $S^3$" by the means of a developing map.
Is any ...

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### Symplectic connections are (locally) Levi-Civita connections

I was wondering... Is every symplectic connection $\nabla$
on some symplectic manifold $(M,ω)$ the Levi-Civita connection of some metric $g$ on $M$? What about the local statement?

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### Sectional curvature of leaves of foliation

Given a $k$- dimensional foliation $F$ of a riemannian $n$-manifold $M$, with the property that the leaves of the foliation have constant sectional curvature $s$, for some $s$, is it true that $M$ ...

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### Deforming metrics from non-negative to positive Ricci curvature

Given a closed Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with non-negative Ricci curvature and $dim\geq 3$, when can we deform the metric to a positive Ricci curved one?
I know it's impossible in general due to ...

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### Smooth functions on sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function defined on the unit sphere $S^2$. Assume $u$ has two local maxima, two local minima, and two saddle points (a total of 6 critical points). Does there exist a plane $P$ ...

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### Killing vector fields of a conformally flat Riemannian metric

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function and let's consider the conformally flat Riemannian metric $g = e^f \delta_{ij} dx^idx^j$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Is it true that the Killing ...

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### Trace free Codazzi Tensor on Hyperbolic manifolds

Does there exist trace free nontrivial symmetric Codazzi Tensor on closed manifold with constant sectional curvature -1?
I know, locally all Codazzi Tensors on closed manifold $(M, g)$ with constant ...

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### An upper bound for the number of singularities of a transversal vector field isometric to the zero field

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. We equip the tangent bundle $TM$ with the Sasaki metric $g_s$.
A smooth vector field $X:M \to TM$ is called a transversal vector field if $X(M)$ is transverse ...

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### Positive Ricci curvature on fiber bundles

My advisor and I are working on Ricci curvature and an anonymous referee pointed out the following conjecture:
Let $F\hookrightarrow M\stackrel{\pi}{\to}B$ be a fiber bundle from a compact manifold ...

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### Eigenfunctions of square root of Laplacian in an arbitrary Riemannian manifold?

Please forgive me for my inability to pose a mathematics question properly.
In one dimension the eigenfunctions of Laplacian (simply double derivative) are also eigenfunctions of its square root (...

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### The converse to the positive mass theorem

Let $(M^n,g)$ be an asymptotically flat manifold of decaying-order $\tau>\frac{n-2}{2}$, the positive mass theorem states that if the scalar curvature $S_g$ is non-negative, then the ADM mass $m_g$...

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### Einstein warped product manifold Ricci flat

Let $(M,g)=(N,\ddot{g})\times f(B,\bar{g})$ be an Einstein warped-product manifold Ricci flat (i.e. $Ric=\lambda g$ with $\lambda=0$) where $f:N \rightarrow (0, \infty)$ (positive scalar function) and ...

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### Generalization of Bieberbach's second theorem

Let $F_0$ and $F_1$ be compact flat manifolds of dimensions $k$ and $m$, respectively, where $k \geq m$. Suppose $f : \pi_1(F_0) \to \pi_1(F_1)$ is a surjective homomorphism. Consider the covering ...

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### Exponential decay of resolvent kernel

For the integral kernel of the Laplacian $\Delta$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, consider the resolvent $R(\lambda) := (\lambda - \Delta)^{-1}$ and let $R(\lambda; x, y)$ be its kernel, which is a smooth function ...

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### Orthonormal vector fields on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. We equip the tangent bundle $TM$ with the Sasaki metric $g_s$.
Assume that $X: M \to TM$ is a vector field on $M$.
We say that $X$ is an orthonormal vector field ...

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### Lichnerowicz-Obata theorem for symmetric 2-tensor

Let $(S^n/\Gamma,g)$ be the standard space-form with constant sectional curvature, where $\Gamma \subset O(n+1)$ is a finite group. If there exists a nonzero transverse-traceless symmetric 2-tensor $h$...

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### The Hausdorff dimension of the union of singular orbits and exceptional orbits

Suppose we have a compact connected Lie group $G$ acting as isometries on a compact manifold $M^n.$ Then is it necessarily true that the Hausdorff dimension of the union of singular and exceptional ...

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### Lie group actions on $S^n$ with some invariant hypersphere but no totally geodesic ones

Does there exist a compact connected Lie group $G$ acting smoothly as isometries on the standard sphere $S^n$ for some $n\ge 3$, so that no totally geodesic hypersphere $S^{n-1}$ is $G$-invariant, but ...

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### Gaussian curvature of a surface does not take the constant value 1?

I came across this very complex equation (calculating the Gaussian curvature of a surface):
\begin{align*}
1 \not\equiv &-\frac{m}{2}\Bigl(\frac{3}{2}C+Su^{-1}-Tu^{-1}+2+Qu^{-1}\Bigr)\\
&\...

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### Can scalar curvature and diameter control volume?

Scalar curvature can control the volume of geodesic ball locally, however, it can not bound the diameter. As far as I know, the example for a manifold with a large scalar curvature and volume has ...

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### Does an 8 dimensional compact Riemannian manifold contain an embedded minimal hypersurface?

It is well know that if $(M^{n+1},g)$ is a compact Riemannian manifold and $n \leq 6$ then there exists a smooth, embedded minimal hypersurface $\Sigma^n$ in $M$ (infinitely many such $\Sigma$, even)
...

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### A geometric rank of Riemannian manifolds

There are various ranks which have been assigned to a smooth manifold. The following ranks are two examples of such ranks:
The maximum number of global independent vector fields which can be defined ...

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### Second variation in saddle Finsler surface

Setting : Consider a two dimensional surface in $ (\mathbb{R}^n,\|\ \|)$.
Here we define a function $f: \mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow
\mathbb{R}^n$ s.t. $L(v)(X)=\langle f(v),X\rangle$ where $\langle\ ,\...

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### Convexity of curves in Riemannian surfaces

It is known that a curve $f:[0,2\pi]\to \mathbf{R}^2$ is convex if $\partial_t (\arg f'(t))\ge 0$. My question is: does this statement have an analogue in the setting of Riemannian surfaces instead of ...

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### geodesic balls in the conformal change

Consider a compact smooth Riemannian manifold $(\mathcal{M}, g)$. We consider a conformal change of the metric. Let $\tilde{g}=\phi g$, where $\phi$ is smooth and positive. Moreover, it satisfies $...

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### Sectional curvatures under simple maps

Suppose that we have a submanifold $X$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with the induced Euclidean metric, whose sectional curvatures we have a handle of (say, they are lower bounded by some $\kappa$).
Is there a ...

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### When $\int_M \exp(-d_M(x,y)^2/t) dvol(y)$ becomes constant for a Riemannian manifold $M$?

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed and connected Riemannian manifold. $d_M$ is its geodesic metric and $dvol_M$ is its standard volume measure. For each $t>0$, define a map $f:M\rightarrow\mathbb{R}_{>0}$ ...

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### Log-concavity of areas of level sets

Suppose $f: \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth convex function.
Consider the level sets of the function, namely $M_s = \{x: f(x) = s\}$.
Is it true/known that the surface areas of $M_s$ are ...

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### Solutions to $\Delta u\ge u^2$

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Suppose that $u$ is a nonnegative solution to $\Delta_gu\ge u^2$. Does it follow that $u$ must be identically 0?
I know that the answer to above ...

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### Some hypersurface has a positive second fundamental form potentially

Notation : $r^2=x^2+y^2$.
Exercise : Define $$F_\sigma (x,y)= (f_\sigma
(x,y),\frac{x^2-y^2}{2},xy)$$ where $$f_\sigma (x,y)=(1- \sigma^2
r^2)(x-\sigma x^3,y-\sigma y^3)$$
Define $ G_\sigma: \mathbb{...

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### Why might the Lawson minimal surface $\xi_{1,2}$ have a Morse index 9?

In page 15 of the article New Applications of Min-max Theory, Andre Neves said that: a wishful thinking would suggest the Lawson minimal surface $\xi_{1,2}$ in the 3-sphere to have a Morse index 9, ...

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### Weak elliptic maximum principle on manifolds without strict ellipticity

This question is not to be confused with the similarly titled question here.
In the above lined question, I gave a complete answer, but noticed that things are apparently not so simple in the ...

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### Moduli space of flat connections over a Riemann surface

If I understand correctly, in the Refs below:
We can see that the moduli space of SU($N$) flat connections over a torus, is equivalent to a complex projective space $\mathbb{P}^{N-1}$
Namely,
$$
M_{\...

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### Do manifolds with non-negative Ricci curvature allow bi-Lipschitz embeddings into Euclidean spaces?

QUESTION: Let $n$ be a natural number. Is it true that there exist $N(n), D(n) > 0$ such that any complete $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold of nonnegative Ricci curvature can be embedded into $N$...

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### Do eigenfunctions determine the geometry of a manifold? If so, do finitely many suffice?

Let $X$ be a smooth, Riemannian manifold. It is known that the geometry of $X$ can be recovered from its heat kernel $k_{t}(x,y)$, using Varadhan's Lemma: $\displaystyle\lim_{t \to 0} t \log k_{t}(x,y)...

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### Lorentzian analogue to Thurston geometries

Is there an analogue to the eight Thurston geometries for Lorentz metrics?
If so, how many "disctinct" geometries are there in the Lorentzian case?
And which closed 3-manifolds admit metrics which ...

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### Classification of Euclidian-like Klein geometries in spirit of Erlangen program

All we know about Erlangen Program approach to geometry. The main idea is to consider Lie Group $G$ acting transitively on smooth manifold $M$ (e.g. nLab). I really like such style of thinking, but ...