# Tagged Questions

**0**

votes

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21 views

### Mixed PDE/finite difference equation

I have the following mixed pde/finite-difference equation for $f(t,x,y)$:
$a x^2 f_{xx} + bxf_x + f_t - bxy + c\sinh(d\delta) = 0$
subject to $f(T,x,y)=0$, $x>0,\ t\geq 0,\ y\in\mathbb Z$,
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Critical case of Sobolev Embedding

I got stuck in the following lemma:
Lemma: Let $B$ be the unit ball in the 4 dimensional Euclidean space. Suppose that $u\in W^{2,2}(B)$, then $e^{u}\in L^{q}$ for any $q>1$.
As we know this is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### Is the Lopatinski-Shapiro condition invariant under diffeomorphism?

If a PDE (eg. the heat equation with Robin BCs, or the elliptic version) on a bounded smooth domain $U$ satisfies the Lopatinski-Shapiro condition (for a definition see eg. Wloka), and if $T:U \to W$ ...

**0**

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**0**answers

21 views

### how can we extend this result [duplicate]

Let $T_{a},a\in C$ be a closed operator defined on $D$ subspace of $L^{2}(R)$ onto $L^{2}(R)$ $(T_{a}: D\rightarrow L^{2}(R) )$ with
$D$ contains a Schawrz space $S$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### a solution of nonlinear wave equation

I am looking for a solution for the following wave equation:
$u_{xx}+u_{yy}=F(x,y)u_{tt}$
where
$F(x,y)=\sqrt{E(x,y)/P(x,y)}$
and $E(x,y)$, $P(x,y)$ are linear functions.
Is there any analytic ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Applications of the Weak and Weak$^*$ topologies to PDEs?

Chapter $3$ of Functional Analysis, Sobolev Spaces and Partial Differential Equations by Haim Brezis constructs and explains the Weak and Weak$^*$ topologies over a Banach Space $E$.
The most ...

**2**

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**0**answers

56 views

### Strengthening of the local smoothing estimates for the free Laplacian

The classical local-smoothing estimates for the free Laplacian asserts that:
$$\Vert e^{-it\Delta}f\Vert_{L^2((-\infty,+\infty)\,;\,H^{1/2}(B))}\leq C_B\cdot\Vert f\Vert_{L^2}$$
where ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

104 views

### Symplectic formulation of compressible Euler equation

It has been widely known that the compressible Euler equation can be cast into the Hamiltonian form. For example, in the book "Dubrovin B A, Fomenko A T, Novikov S P. Modern geometry—methods and ...

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98 views

### Wave kernel for the circle $S^1$ - Poisson Summation Formula

Question : How could I compute the (wave) kernel from the fact I have already found (wave) trace on unit circle?
The definitions are related to the page $25$ of the following pdf.
As the ...

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**0**answers

58 views

### Order of vanishing of Laplace's equation with potential

Consider the equation $-\Delta u + V u = 0$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions on the bounded domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, where $V$ is a smooth potential. Let $V \leq 0$, and bounded on ...

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**0**answers

133 views

### Isothermal coordinates

Is there an application or interest in studying the isothermal surfaces where the metric is $ds^2=E∗(du^2+dv^2)$ and where $E>0$ is an harmonic function?
I know that this metric is a special kind ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

+100

### Derivation of a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories

Let
$d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$
$\mathcal V_t\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be the bounded domain occupied by an incompressible Newtonian fluid at time $t\ge 0$
$\Phi_t:\mathcal V_0\to\mathcal V_t$ such that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### On the principal eigenvector of an elliptic operator

Suppose I have an open domain $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and an elliptic operator $L$ acting on all square-integrable $C^2$ functions $\rho:U\to \mathbb{R}$ which converge to zero at $\partial U$:
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

425 views

### Unexpected regularity of the distance from a $C^2$ submanifold

Let $\Gamma$ be a $C^2$ compact submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the distance function $\delta$ from $\Gamma$. It is well known that, for sufficiently small $\varepsilon>0$, $\delta$ is ...

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**0**answers

48 views

### Is $\Delta u+f\in (H^1(\Omega))^*$ with $u\in H^1_0(\Omega)$ and $f\in L^2(\Omega)$?

Let $\Omega$ be an open bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $\partial \Omega$ being $C^2$. Suppose $u\in H^1_0(\Omega)$, $f\in L^2(\Omega)$ and $\nu>0$. It is said in the Navier-Stokes Equations ...

**5**

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**0**answers

153 views

### Dual of $BV_0(\Omega)$

It is previously pointed out in Dual or pre-dual of BV that the dual of $BV_c(\Omega)$ (BV functions with essentially compact support in $\Omega$) are so called strong charges, i.e. distributions for ...

**3**

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**0**answers

72 views

### Donnelly-Fefferman growth of eigenfunctions

Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\lambda^2$, $\varphi_\lambda$ represent eigenvalues and eigenfunctions respectively of the Laplacian $\Delta$, that is, $-\Delta \varphi_\lambda ...

**3**

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**0**answers

74 views

### Is a harmonic function with injective boundary conditions an immersion outside a negligible set?

This question is a strengthening of this question.
Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensional, connected, compact Riemannian manifold with boundary. Assume we are given an immersion $f \colon M \to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Bounded solutions for Schrödinger equation at the edge of the essential spectrum

Let $V:R^d\to R_+$ be with a compact support. The Schrödinger operator $H_a=-\Delta - a V$ acting in $L^2(R^d)$ has then (at most) finitely many negative eigenvalues. Denote the number of negative ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

62 views

### Solution to inhomogenous PDE

Given the equation $(1-\Delta)u=f$ for $f \in S(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (rapidly decreasing functions) we get by taking the Fourier transform that
$u = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Hyperbolic PDE from total derivative?

Given a density function $p(t, \boldsymbol{x})$, where $t$ is time and the vector $\boldsymbol{x}$ represents a point in $n$ dimensional space, a hyperbolic PDE describing the time evolution of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

108 views

### The Yamabe problem and $\phi^4$ scalar field theory?

The other day I happened to be browsing this page on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_gap
In the middle of the page is the equation $$\square\phi+\lambda\phi^3=0$$ where $\square$ is the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### Easy Garding Inequality

Easy Garding Inequality states that if $a=a(x,\xi)$ is a symbol in $S=\{a\in C^{\infty}||\partial_{\alpha}a|<C_{\alpha} \hspace{2mm} \forall \alpha\}$ with $a\geq \gamma >0 $ on ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### Maximum Principle for Elliptic Equation with Mixed Boundary Conditions

Given the equation
$$ -\nabla\cdot(a_{ij}\nabla u)=0$$
with mixed boundary conditions
$$ u|_{\partial\Omega_D}=u_D,\quad \frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu}|_{\partial\Omega_N}=0$$ and appropriate ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### upper bound on derivatives of a function defined on an arc

This is a simple question I asked in math.SE last month but unfortunately no one gives any comment. So I decided to try some luck here.
You can skip examples below and read from "General setting" at ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### High dimensional partial differential equation

I encountered the following partial equation. Let $f(z,x_1,\cdots,x_n)$ be a function with $n+1$ entries.Let $a_i,b,c$ be constants.
$$
\sum_{i=1}^n ...

**0**

votes

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49 views

### Convexity condition of matrices

In studying the viscoelastic theory of elastodynamics, I encounter a problem on the convexity condition of matrix functions. It has been known that for the energy function $E=E(v,F) = \frac{1}{2} v^2 ...

**0**

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**0**answers

79 views

### Continuity of solutions of nonlinear elliptic PDEs

Consider the nonlinear 2nd order elliptic PDE $$\sum_{i, j} a_{ij}(x, t) \partial_i\partial_j u + \sum_k b_k(x, t) \partial_k u + c u = F(u), \quad x \in \mathbb{R}^n, t \in [0, \infty).$$
Here ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### Fluid dynamics of a rotating liquid droplet

I'm looking for an analytical solution of the Navier-Stokes equation with the following boundary conditions: a liquid is held inside a spherical shell, which is rotating at a constant rate, and is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### The reproducing kernel for harmonics on compact manifolds

Page 39, proposition 1.1.3 here, http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~cis610/sharmonics.pdf clearly explains how for every ``level" (the parameter $k$ in the proposition) one can construct a function ("kernel") ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Existence and uniqueness of solutions for a system of first order PDEs [closed]

Which results can be applied and which conditions are needed, to ensure the existence and uniqueness of the solutions of the first order of PDEs:
A$\dfrac{\partial}{\partial ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Motivation for some operators in the dyadic model of Navier Stokes equation

What's the motivation for cascade operator $C_{u}, C_{d}$ (and then the dyadic version of operator $B=(u\cdot \nabla)u$), which is
$(C_{u}(u,v))_{Q} = 2^{\frac{5}{2}j}u_{\tilde{Q}}v_{\tilde{Q}}$,
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Inverse trace theorem for partial trace

A general result is that for a lipschitz bounded domain $\Omega$ in $R^n$, for $u^*\in W^{1-\frac{1}{p},p}(\partial\Omega)$, $1<p<\infty$, there exists $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ such that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

37 views

### The decay rate of the spectrum of the Gaussian kernel on compact manifolds

It seems that the $k^{th}$ largest eigenvalue of the intergral operator induced on $S^n$ by the Gaussian kernel, $e^{-\frac{\vert \vec{x} - \vec{y} \vert _2^2}{2\sigma^2}}$ decays as $k^{-k}$. This is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

53 views

### leray schauder fixed point and schauder fixed point

I have seen these 2 fixed point theorem and I think the condition of Leray Schauder fixed point theorem is very strong and we require to consider the fixed point of $u=\sigma Tu$ $\forall \sigma ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### A continuity/bootstrap argument

I am trying to understand how one can prove the following assertion using a continuity argument:
Let $0<\epsilon<\epsilon_0$. Let $I=[t_0,R]$ be a compact interval. Suppose that $S:I\to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Converse to Lichnerowicz Vanishing Theorem?

The Lichnerowicz vanishing theorem says that if on a compact 4-dimensional spin manifold there exists a metric whose scalar curvature $R>0$, then there are no harmonic spinors; $$D\psi=0 \implies ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

66 views

### $C^{1,2}$ regularity of (weak) solutions to the heat equation

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain (smoother if needed), and consider the heat equation
$$u_t - \Delta u = 0$$
$$\frac{\partial u(t,x)}{\partial \nu(x)} = a(t,x) - b(t,x)u(t,x)$$
$$u(0) = ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Definitions of Hilbert Bundles

I have some doubts regarding definitions and conventions on Hilbert Bundles. Some authors like Peter Kuchment (Floquet Theory for Partial Differential Equations) and Serge Lang (Differential and ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### Deformation of the covariant Laplacian

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle (with compact structure group $G$).
Fix a connection $A$ in $P$ and consider a nearby connection $B$, which is in Coulomb gauge ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### How to learn concepts of Functional Analysis which are common in PDE

I am a master student and working in PDE area. I am trying to gain deep understanding of some of the concepts in functional analysis which are common tools in PDE research, such as weak*-topology, ...

**0**

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**0**answers

59 views

### Find a estimate for quasilinear parabolic equation

I am studying quasilinear parabolic operator:
$Pu=-u_t+u_{xx}+a(x;t;u,u_x)$ where $(x,t)\in \Omega=(0,\pi)\times(0,T)$ and $za(x,t,z,0)\le kz^2+b$
Suppose that $u$ satisfies: $P(u)=0$ in $\Omega.$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Strong maximum principle for heat equation. Positivity of solution

I have a non-negative solution $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1) \cap H^1(0,T;(H^1)')$ of the heat equation
$$u_t-\Delta u =0$$
on bounded $C^1$ domain $\Omega$, with the boundary condition
$$\frac{\partial ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### On the set of times such that $e^{-it\Delta}f\not\in L^6(\mathbb{R}^3)$

Let $e^{-it\Delta}$ the flow of the free Schrodinger equation on $L^2(\mathbb{R^3})$. The (endpoint) Strichartz estimates implies that, given $f\in L^2(\mathbb{R^3})$, $e^{-it\Delta}f\in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Eigenfunction basis of Laplacian on a manifold

It is a well known result that for $\Omega$ bounded open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$, there exists a basis of $C^\infty$ eigenfunctions of the Laplacian for $L^2(\Omega)$. It is also known that there exists ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Interior regularity for elliptic operators with non smooth coefficients

I need a pretty standard interior regularity result for a second order elliptic operator of the form
$$
-\nabla^b \cdot (A(x) \nabla^b v)+c v=f,
\qquad
\nabla^b=\nabla+ib(x)
$$
where $A(x)$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### About eigen-functions of the Gaussian kernel

If I look at the Guassian kernel function $e^{- \frac {\vert x - y\vert_2^2 }{2 w^2 } }$ for $x, y \in \mathbb{R}$. Then w.r.t the Gaussian measure $N(\mu,\sigma)$ I believe it is true that this has a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### $L^\infty$ estimate on heat equation with a lower order term

Let $u$ be the weak solution on a smooth bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ (for $n \leq 3$) of
$$u_t - \Delta u = f$$
$$u(0) = u_0$$
$$\partial_\nu u = 0 \quad\text{on $\partial\Omega$}$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Simplify proof for rapidly decaying functions

I want to show the following theorem in a lecture:
Let $F \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{C}^{k}, \mathbb{C})$ such that $F(0)=0.$
Let $G: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{C}^{k}$, $x \mapsto ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### What is known for harmonic map flow in dimension > 2?

I have been reading about harmonic map flow for maps from a Riemann surface. I presume a lot of the results are specific to 2D as the conformal invariance of the energy is crucial to the arguments. ...