Questions tagged [ap.analysis-of-pdes]

Partial differential equations (PDEs): Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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4
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0answers
21 views

Does the 'reproducing kernel formula' for a bounded open set $U$ define an equivalent norm on the Sobolev space $H^1_0(U)$

We refer to the 'reproducing convolution formula with a kernel' for an open bounded domain $U$ of $R^n$, $n \geq 2$ discussed in the paper of G. Talenti (Annali de Matematica, Dec 1976) on Best ...
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44 views

Examples/applications of parabolic PDEs that are not posed on domains or manifolds

Are there any examples of parabolic PDEs $$u' - Au = f$$ posed in a Gelfand triple setting $V \subset H \subset V^*$ with $V$ and $H$ chosen NOT as spaces of functions (or distributions) over a domain ...
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0answers
36 views

Two types of limits of viscosity solutions

I actually posted this on math.stackexchange but it wasn't getting responses even after a bounty. I thought maybe it is too specialized so I'll post it here. I'm currently reading the user's guide to ...
3
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0answers
54 views

Elliptic equations in semi-infinite strips

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^n$ with smooth boundary. Let $g=(g_{jk})_{j,k=0}^n$ be a Riemannian metric on $\mathbb R^+\times \Omega$ with smooth bounded components. Is there a good ...
3
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56 views

Green operator of elliptic differential operator and radius of convergence

Let $E \to X$ be a hermitian vector bundle over a compact Kähler manifold and let $L$ be a self-adjoint elliptic linear differential operator on $E$. Suppose that $E \to X$ and $L$ are real-analytic. ...
2
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1answer
83 views

An inequality involving fractional Laplacian

I have to prove that for $s\in(0,1)$, $u\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, (i.e. $u$ is a Schwartz function): $$ |(-\Delta)^su(x)|\leq c_{n,s}|x|^{-n-2s},\quad\forall x\in\mathbb{R}^n\setminus B_1(0), $$ ...
5
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1answer
78 views

Examples of applications of hyperbolic conservation laws

I am giving a talk in front of my applied PDE research group on hyperbolic conservation laws, the most basic form of which is the PDE $$ u_t + f(u)_x = 0 $$ where $u$ is the conserved quantity and $f$ ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Positive subharmonic functions with constant integral blowing up at boundary

Say, we're given smooth functions $f_n$, $n=1,2,3,...$ defined on a smooth bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$ satisfying $\Delta f_n\ge 0$ (subharmonic) $f_n\ge 0$ $\int_\Omega f_n=I>0$ ...
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0answers
31 views

Mixed boundary value problems for Heat equation

This might be a very simple question, but basically I am looking for a good reference for studying the heat equation on Riemannian manifolds with boundary, specifically when data is put on lateral ...
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37 views

Well-posedness for a wave equation with degenerate coefficients

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary and consider the following initial boundary value problem: \begin{equation}\label{pf0} \begin{aligned} \begin{cases} t\partial_t(t\partial_t u)-\...
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80 views

Auxiliary spaces/conditions for orbital stability of traveling waves

In the context of orbital stability, probably one of the most used theorem to show the orbital stability of traveling waves is the one from Grillakis-Shatah-Strauss "Stability theory of solitary ...
3
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50 views

Strong maximum principle for a PDE with coefficient in $L^1$

Let $U$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary, $n \geq 3$. Set $N = \frac{2n}{n-2}$. I am interested in the following equation: $$ -\Delta \phi + R \phi + \phi^{N-1} = 0 $$ ...
4
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1answer
266 views

Gradient of a function defined on a Riemannian-manifold

If I have a smooth positive scalar function $h$ defined on a 2-dimensional manifold $M$, then $h:M\rightarrow (0, \infty)$, where the metric of $M$ is $g=\frac{dx^2+dy^2}{y^2}$. $h$ must satisfy the ...
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17 views

Well-posedness of hyperbolic system with constant coefficients in finite domains

I'm studying the PDE $$ \frac{\partial u}{\partial t} + A_x\frac{\partial u}{\partial x} + A_y\frac{\partial u}{\partial y} + A_z\frac{\partial u}{\partial z} = 0 $$ with $A_x, A_y, A_z$ being ...
3
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1answer
131 views

Discovery of norm in PDE

We have seen so many norms we need for PDE. For example, for elliptic PDE, we require a continuous version of $C^k$, i.e. $C^{k,\alpha}$. Roughly speaking, under appropriate norm, we could capture the ...
2
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0answers
74 views

Lions/diPerna type commutator estimates for differential operator in Fokker-Planck type equation

I have a question about a particular commutator estimate as it occurs in the study of Fokker-Planck equations with low regularity data, see e.g. [1,2]. Denote by $\rho_\varepsilon$ some usual ...
6
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2answers
152 views

What part of the subject of model reduction of parametrized PDE is directly related to machine learning?

I'm planning to apply for a postdoc position where the mentor claims to be doing research in combining two very different fields: partial differential equation (PDE) and machine learning (ML), but her ...
5
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2answers
539 views

Arzelà-Ascoli theorem and Hölder spaces

Let $B\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a open ball. Let $\{f_i\}$ be a sequence of functions bounded in the Hölder norm $C^{k,\alpha}(B)$ for a given integer $k\geq 0$ and $\alpha\in (0,1)$. Does there exist ...
2
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0answers
95 views

Does the minimal surface system in the plane have the weak unique continuation property?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbf{R}^2$ be a domain in the plane and suppose that $u : \Omega \to \mathbf{R}^k$ is a smooth function for which the graph of $u$ is a smooth minimal surface in $\Omega \times \...
2
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0answers
213 views

Singularity of L^1-solutions to elliptic PDEs on the puntured ball

Let $\mathbb{B}$ be the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Then it is true that if $u\in L^1(\mathbb{B})$ such that $\Delta(u)=0$ on $\mathbb{B}\backslash\{0\}$, then $\Delta(u)$, as a distribution on $\...
2
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1answer
104 views

Unique solution of a 1-D ODE with a bounded positive right-hand-side

Consider the initial value problem $$\dot x(t) = F(t,x), \quad t \in (0,T)$$ with given initial datum $$x(0) = x_0 \in \mathbb R.$$ More precisely we consider the integral equation $$x(t)=x(0)+\int_0^...
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1answer
95 views

Interpolation inequality $\int_{\mathbb R} u^3 dx \le \int_{\mathbb R} (u')^2 dx + \int_{\mathbb{R}} u^2 dx$ [closed]

Let $u \in C^\infty(\mathbb R)$. Is it true that the following interpolation inequality holds? $$\int_{\mathbb R} u^3 dx \lesssim \int_{\mathbb R} (u')^2 dx + \int_{\mathbb{R}} u^2 dx$$
6
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1answer
90 views

Different ways to prove $L^p$-estimates for the heat equation

Let $p \in (1,\infty)$. We are interested in strong $L^p$-solutions to the heat equation in $\mathbb{R}^n$. $$ \begin{cases} \partial_t u = \Delta u + f \\ u(0) = 0. \end{cases} $$ It is well-...
1
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1answer
118 views

Band limited initial data : regularity for Navier–Stokes equation defined on a torus $\mathbb{T}^m$

Consider the Navier–Stokes equation and the Euler equation defined on a torus (periodic solutions). Let the dimensionality of the space $\mathbb{T}^m$ be $m\ge 3$. Link to the problem (paper "...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Is a specific product function orthogonal to all harmonic functions

Suppose $\Omega=[-1,1]^3$. Let $f:[-1,1]\to \mathbb R$ and $g:[-1,1]^2\to \mathbb R$ be smooth functions and suppose that given any harmonic function on $\Omega$ (i.e. $\Delta u =0$ on $\Omega$), with ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

First order PDE in complex variables?

Consider the equation $$f'(x)+ g(x)f(x)=0$$ This equation is an ODE and has a solution $$ f(x)=C e^{ \int_1^x g(x) \ dx}.$$ Similarly, we can look at complex variables and consider the equation and ...
0
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0answers
68 views

Equation $u_t - u_{tx} - u_{xx} = 0$

Consider the following heat equation with a perturbation given by a second order mixed derivative: $$u_t - u_{tx} - u_{xx} = 0$$ Does this equation have a name? How can one prove a wellposedness ...
13
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2answers
804 views

Reference request: the theory of currents

I am a graduate student and want to study the theory of currents. What is a good reference for a beginner? I should be familiar with the theory of distributions or generalized functions on $\mathbb R^...
3
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0answers
79 views

Determining what happens to the spectrum of Schrödinger operator as boundary condition changes

I recently came across a problem in research, and I'm asking about it here after trying in math stack exchange with no luck. Suppose I have a metric graph $G$ (or even a closed interval, to make ...
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1answer
142 views

Writing Euler's equations in a different combination of variables? without explicit appearance of the variable $p$

The Euler equations are given as $$ \pmb{u}_t +\pmb{u}\cdot D\pmb{u} = Dp$$ $$div\mbox{ }\pmb{u} = 0$$ Where $$u = [u_1,u_2,\ldots u_n]^T$$ Now I want to rewrite these same equations but with a new ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Prove convergence of whole sequence $f_n$ of solutions to a differential problem to a limit $f$ (without uniqueness assumptions)

Let $\{f_n\}_n \subset C^\infty \cap L^2(\mathbb R^N)$ be a sequence of functions that solves a linear differential equation $F_n(f_n, \nabla f_n) = 0$. Suppose that there exists a subsequence $n_k$ ...
4
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0answers
99 views

Definition of homogeneous Sobolev spaces

As we know the inhomogeneous Sobolev space (we only consider $s>0$) $${H}^{s}\left(\mathbb{R}^{n}\right)=\left\{f \in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n):\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}}|\xi|^{2 s}|\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2} \mathrm{d} ...
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0answers
76 views

A Riemann Hilbert problem on the unit square

Let $p_0=0$, $p_1=1$, $p_2=1+i$ and $p_3=i$ be the four vertices of a square $Q$ on the complex plane $\mathbb C$. Let $f \in C^{\infty}_c((0,1))$ and consider the following Riemann-Hilbert problem on ...
2
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0answers
113 views

Mixed partial derivatives of planar functions converging to delta distribution

Given a sequence $(f_k)_{k\in\mathbb{N}}\subset C^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ of strictly positive functions $f_k\equiv f_k(x,y)$ with $\|f_k(x,\cdot)\|_{L^1}=1$ for all $x\in\mathbb{R}$ and such that for each $...
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0answers
45 views

How to prove this integral inequality in a 2-D region?

Let $\Omega$ be a 2D region. Now we have a partial differential equation system describing the characteristics of the region: \begin{align*} \nabla \cdot (h_0^3 P_0 \nabla P_0) &= 0 \\ \nabla \...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

Some question about the spectral function of Laplace operator on $\mathbb{R}^n$

I am studying the paper of Seeley, R., A sharp asymptotic remainder estimate for the eigenvalues of the Laplacian in a domain of (R^3), Adv. Math. 29, 244-269 (1978). ZBL0382.35043. There are some ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Elliptic operators and Leibniz rule

Let $M$ be a manifold. Does it necessarily admit an elliptic operator on $C^{\infty}(M)$ which satisfy Leibniz rule? Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold with the standard Poisson structure on $C^{\...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Reconstructing the metric on $CP^2$ with special one forms

I know that $(z_1,z_2)$ are the affine\inhomogeneous coordinates on the complex projective space $CP^2$. Now I have four one forms $(Y_1,Y_2, Y_3, Y_4)$. I want to rewrite the Fubini Study metric on $...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Boundedness of Riesz potential on Hardy space

I encounter the following claim in one paper: If $(-\Delta)^{\frac14}u\in L^{2,\infty}(\mathbb{R})$, then $u\in BMO(\mathbb{R})$. Equivalently in its dual version, if $u\in \mathcal{H}^1(\mathbb{R})$,...
3
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0answers
70 views

Estimate in vanishing viscosity for the difference $\Vert u^\epsilon - u^\eta \Vert_{L^2(\mathbb R^N)} $

Consider the following advection-diffusion equation $$ \begin{cases} u^\epsilon_t + f(u^\epsilon)_x = \epsilon \Delta u^\epsilon\\ u^\epsilon(0,\cdot) = u_0, \end{cases} $$ How can one prove an ...
2
votes
3answers
220 views

How to show continuity and monotonicity of solutions to this parametrized equation?

Let $1 \le p <2$ be a parameter. Consider the equation $$ \frac{2^{p/2} (1-\sqrt{s})^p-1}{\sqrt{s}}=-2^{p/2-1}p(1-\sqrt{s})^{p-1}. \tag{1} $$ I am rather certain that for each $1 \le p <2$, ...
1
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0answers
66 views

Perturbation in the equation $u_t=\epsilon Pu$, where $P$ is an elliptic partial differential operator

Let $Pu=\sum_{ij} \partial_j(a_{ij}(x) \partial_{i} u)$ be an elliptic operator. Consider the equation $$ (u=u_\epsilon)\\ \partial_t u=\epsilon Pu \text{ in } \mathbb R^+ \times \Omega,\\ u(0,x)=u_0(...
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Showing integrability of a locally integrable function on a bounded domain under some additional assumptions

Suppose $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ is a smooth and bounded domain, and $f:\Omega\to[0,\infty]$ is a given function which is finite almost everywhere and satisfies Assumption A: For all $g\in C_0^1(\...
13
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0answers
194 views

A Green's function for the Laplacian on k-forms

Let $X$ be a compact, oriented, Riemannian $n$-fold. Then we have a Laplacian operator $\Delta = d d^{\ast} + d^{\ast} d$ from $\Omega^k(X)$ to itself. We have the Hodge decomposition $\Omega^k(X) = \...
2
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0answers
102 views

Green's function for Robin boundary condition

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded subset in $\mathbb{R}^n$, $n \ge 3$, with smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$. Assume given $a^{ij} \in W^{2, p}(\Omega)$ with $a^{ij} = a^{ji}$, $f \in L^p(\Omega)$ and $g \in ...
7
votes
0answers
118 views

Gromov's compactness theorem via Sacks-Uhlenbeck and Schoen-Uhlenbeck

Gromov's compactness theorem for pseudo-holomorphic curves, in section 1.5 of "Pseudoholomorphic curves in symplectic manifolds," is very well known. I'm aware of the following two proofs: ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Finding super(sub)-harmonic functions for an elliptic operator

I am looking for a super(sub) harmonic function for an elliptic operator. Let $n$ be a positive integer. We denote by $(\cdot,\cdot)$ and $|\cdot|$ the standard inner product and norm on $\mathbb{R}^n$...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Boundedness of Calderon-Zygmund type operator

I am trying to prove the following fact. Suppose $\varphi\in C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R}^1)$. Define $$T(u)(x):=P.V.\int_{\mathbb{R}^1}\frac{\varphi(x)-\varphi(y)}{|x-y|^{\frac32}}u(y)dy$$ where P.V. means ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Integral inequality with Fractional Laplacian

Is the following inequality true $$ \int_{B_1(0)} f(x) (-\Delta)^\alpha u(x) dx - \frac{1}{|B_1(0)|}\int_{B_1(0)}(-\Delta)^\alpha u(x) dx \cdot \int_{B_1(0)}f(x) dx \ge 0 $$ for a strictly convex $f:\...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Fractional Laplacian and convolution $(-\Delta)^\alpha (u \ast \eta_\epsilon) = (-\Delta)^\alpha u \ast \eta_\epsilon$?

For $u \in L^\infty(\mathbb R)$ and $\eta_\epsilon$ mollifier, it is well-known that for the (distributional) derivative it holds that $(u \ast \eta_\epsilon)' = u'\ast \eta_\epsilon$. Is it also true ...

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