# Questions tagged [ap.analysis-of-pdes]

Partial differential equations (PDEs): Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

2,396 questions

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### 2d incompressible Euler equations under periodic boundary conditions

It is well known that the 2d incompressible Navier-Stokes equations under periodic boundary conditions always have global smooth solutions, given smooth initial conditions.
I tried searching for a ...

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63 views

### A geometrical problem in terms of a convex function

I wish to know whether the following problem has ever been investigated.
Let $D$ be a convex domain in ${\mathbb R}^d$, with smooth boundary $\partial D$. Let $\vec V:\partial D\rightarrow{\mathbb R}^...

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**1**answer

81 views

### Local Sobolev embedding on complete Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian $m$-manifold, with bounded geometry and $m\geq2$. Suppose $Ric\geq(n-1)\kappa$. Let $B_p(r)$ be a geodesic open ball.
Q Can we find a constant $C=C(\kappa,r,m)$(...

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163 views

### Stone–von Neumann theorem?

The Stone–von Neumann theorem says that given two unitary groups on a Hilbert space $H$ satisfying the canonical commutation relations (CCR)
$$
U(t)V(s) = e^{-i st} V(s) U(t) \qquad \forall s, t
$$
...

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16 views

### Reference request: Numerical methods for Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations with state constraints

I have two questions on numerical methods for solving Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equations with state constraints.
Consider an optimal control problem given by
$$
v(x) = \max_{\{u(t)\}_t} \int_o^\...

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46 views

### Can the rank of harmonic maps decrease far from the boundary?

This is a cross-post.
Let $\mathbb D^n$ be the closed unit disk in $\mathbb R^n$. Let $f:\mathbb D^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a smooth immersion, and let $\omega:\mathbb D^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be the ...

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219 views

### Do non-continuous Sobolev maps pull back closed forms to weakly closed forms?

$\newcommand{\R}{\mathbb R}$
$\newcommand{\N}{\mathbb N}$
$\newcommand{\de}{\delta}$
$\newcommand{\sig}{\sigma}$
$\newcommand{\Average}[1]{\left\langle#1\right\rangle} $
$\newcommand{\IP}[2]{\Average{...

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95 views

### Poisson equation on noncompact manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete non-compact manifold with bounded geometry, such that the Sobolev embeddings hold and $C^\infty_c$-functions are dense in $L^p_k$ space.
For the equation
$$\Delta u=f,$$
...

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26 views

### Quasilinear elliptic problem on fractal domain

Consider the following quasilinear elliptic equation
$$\nabla_x (A(x,u(x),\nabla_x u(x))) + f(u,x) = 0 $$
on a bounded domain $\Omega$, augmented with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary data: $$u|_{\...

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57 views

### Quasilinear elliptic problem: Ellipticity-type conditions

Consider the following quasilinear elliptic equation
$$\nabla_x (A(x,u(x),\nabla_x u(x))) + f(u,x) = 0 $$
on a bounded domain $\Omega$, augmented with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary data: $$u|_{\...

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37 views

### Dirichlet problem and schauder estimate for manifolds

Let $M$ be an n dimensional Riemannian manifold without boundary. Let $U\subset M$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary. Let $f \in C^{\alpha}(U)$, $g\in C^{2,\alpha}(\partial U)$. Consider the ...

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153 views

### Almost orthonormal projection and orthonormal projection in Hilbert space

Let $(e_i)_i$ be a family of vectors in a Hilbert space being almost orthonormal but not quite, i.e.
$$\langle e_i, e_j \rangle \approx \delta_{i,j} + \alpha e^{-\vert i-j \vert} $$
and $\alpha$ is ...

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345 views

### A question of the Schrodinger Semigroup --By B. Simon

The question comes from the paper: B. Simon, Schrodinger Semigroups, Bull. A.M.S., (1982) Vol. 7 (3).
On the Theorem C.1.2(subsolution estimate) of the paper, it says that: If $Hu=0$, where $H=-\...

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68 views

### The difference between the nonlocal and local conditions problems

In some problems involving ordinary differential equations, subsidiary conditions are imposed locally. In some other cases, nonlocal conditions are imposed.
In this paper: Existence and uniqueness ...

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47 views

### Finding Free surface elevation in semi-infinite channel

A semi-infinite channel of finite depth is occupied by an ideal fluid layer initially at rest . the vertical finite end of the channel is fixed and only a part of the horizontal bottom , with finite ...

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82 views

### Analytic approach to geodesic connectedness in Semi-Riemannian manifolds

Can you point out a reference (or references) that deal with analytical methods (rather than methods from differential geometry) for the study of geodesic connectedness on Semi-Riemannian manifolds?

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33 views

### Anisotropic elliptic problems

Where can I find a reference on the following anisotropic problem?
$$(\bullet) \qquad \begin{align*} \nabla_x (A(x) \nabla_x u(x,y)) + \Delta_y(K(y) \ast u(x,y))\end{align*}=0, $$
where $(x,y) \in \...

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57 views

### Elliptic interface problem without conditions on the interface

Consider an open domain $U$ split in two non-overlapping subdomains: $U = U_1 \cup U_2$.
For a model case, consider a ball split in a smaller ball and an anulus.
Consider the following elliptic ...

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36 views

### Local Cancellation in Real Hardy Space

I want to show the following asymtotic estimate in Hardy space over $\mathbb{R}^n$: Let $a\in \mathbb{R}^n$. I want to show the function
$$
f(x)=\mathbb{1}_{B(0,1)}-\mathbb{1}_{B(a,1)}
$$
is asymtotic ...

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67 views

### Biharmonic equation

Let us consider for $0<\alpha\leq V(x)\leq \beta$ and $0\leq K(x)<\gamma$ the equation
\begin{equation}\label{\star}
\Delta^2u+V(x)u=g(x, u)+K(x)u,
\end{equation}
where $|g(x,s)|\leq \varepsilon|...

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43 views

### Inverse Laplacian and convolution in Albeverio's “Solvable Models in quantum mechanics”

I asked this question on math.stackexchange.com two weeks ago but got no answers so far and I got no clues from literature, so maybe someone here knows a reference. I hope it is ok to ask this ...

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97 views

### Green function of a Laplace operator in an annulus

How to find the Green function of Dirichlet laplacian in an annulus?

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39 views

### Existence and uniqueness for semilinear parabolic problem using fixed point approach

Where can I find a proof of existence and uniqueness of solutions for a semilinear parabolic problem
$$u_t -\Delta u +f(t,x,u,\nabla u) =0$$
which is based on a fixed point approach?

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64 views

### Well-posedness of wave equations with time-dependent coefficient

Let us consider the following wave equation
\begin{array}{rrr}
y_{tt}=y_{xx}+a(t,x)y_{t} & \text{in}
& (0,T)\times (0,1), \\
y(0,t)=0\text{ , }y(t,1)=0 & \text{in} & (0,T), \\
y(0,x)...

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159 views

### Obstruction to Navier-Stokes blowup with cylindrical symmetry

Is there a known obstruction to cylindrically symmetric solutions (with swirl) of incompressible 3D Navier-Stokes blowing up in finite time ?
EDIT: in the whole space $\mathbb R^3$, I forgot to say.
...

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31 views

### Parabolic regularity for the 2D Navier-Stokes equations in a bounded domain

Suppose we consider 2D Navier-Stokes equations in a bounded domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb R^2$, together with suitable boundary conditions so that we can consider the vorticity equation: $$\omega_t ...

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41 views

### Elliptic Dirichlet problems with measure boundary data

Can you point out any references on the Dirichlet problem for divergence-type elliptic operators with a Radon measure as boundary data?

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80 views

### Boundary condition for elliptic problems and domain decomposition

This question is motivated by one that has been previously asked on this website: Elliptic problem on a domain split in two subdomains
Consider an open domain $U$ split in two non-overlapping ...

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181 views

### Elliptic problem on a domain split in two subdomains

Consider the following elliptic problem in a split domain:
$$ (\ast) \quad\begin{cases} -\Delta u=f_1 \quad &\text{ in } U_1\\
-\Delta u =f_2 & \text{ in }
U_2\\
u=g & \text{ on } \...

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170 views

### Heuristics for boundary Harnack inequality

What is the heuristic idea of the proof of the boundary Harnack inequality presented in the appendix of Caffarelli's 1998 lectures on the obstacle problem (page 38 here)?

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122 views

### Bounded solution for parabolic equation

Let $\Omega_T=(0,T) \times \Omega$, where $\Omega$ a bounded smooth domain of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $T>0$. Let $a\in L^\infty(\Omega)$ and consider the heat equation
$$u_t=\Delta u + a(x)u, \;\; (t,x)\...

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48 views

### Green's function of time-dependent Stokes equation

It is well known that the Green's function of a standard parabolic equation in a bounded domain, say
\begin{align}
\partial_tG(x,y,t)-\Delta_x G(x,y,t)&=0
&&\mbox{for}\,\,\,(x,t)\in \...

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46 views

### Reference request: Proof of Lemma 3.3 in Linear and Quasi-linear Equations of Parabolic Type

The following lemma in Linear and Quasi-linear Equations of Parabolic Type by Nina Uraltseva, Olga Ladyzhenskaya, and Vsevolod A. Solonnikov.
Lemma 3.3 Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ satisfy a cone ...

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156 views

### The use of dissipation in parabolic equations

I'm considering an equation in Sobolev spaces and stuck at a dissipation term. After constructing my desired Sobolev norm $W^{s,q}$, on the left hand side of the equation, I have $$\Vert \nabla (|\...

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41 views

### Singular integral of the composition of the Hilbert transform and fractional Laplacian

Given $0<s<1$, we can define the Fractional Laplacian by
$$\Lambda^{-s}f(x):=(-\Delta)^{-s/2}(x)=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}|x-y|^{-1+s}f(y)dy$$
or by means of Fourier transform as $$\widehat{\...

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104 views

### Gradient estimate for Poisson equation on manifold

In Gilbarg-Trudinger's book 'Elliptic Partial Differential Equations of Second order', the maximum principle is used to derive the following gradient estimates for Poisson equations on Euclidean ...

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65 views

### Laplace Beltrami eigenvalues on surface of polytopes

The recently posted arxiv paper Spectrum of the Laplacian on Regular Polyhedra
by Evan Greif, Daniel Kaplan, Robert S. Strichartz, and Samuel C. Wiese, collects numerical evidence for conjectured ...

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55 views

### Energy estimates involving test functions for weak solutions of PDE problems

I was reading an article on Arxiv.org about Navier-Stokes system ([Breit]) and I stumble on this sentence on the second page:
"A weak (in the PDE sense) solution satisfying the energy inequality ...

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284 views

### Underdetermined system of linear PDEs

Let $a,b$ two smooth functions from the open square $I^{2}$ in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ to $\mathbb{R}^{4}$. In particular, assume $a(t,u)$ and $b(t,u)$ be linearly independent for all $(t,u) \in I^{2}$.
I ...

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61 views

### Conditions for the embeddig of the space $L^\infty(I, W^{1,2}(U))$ into $L^\infty(I \times U)$

Let $I$ be a compact interval of $\mathbb{R}$ and $U$ be a bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$.
If $f \in L^\infty(I, W^{1,2}(U))$, what (non-trivial) condition ($L^p$-estimate on $f$ or decay-like ...

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56 views

### Local well-posedness of the quadratic NLS on the 1D torus

What is the proof of the local well-posedness of the quadratic nonlinear Schrödinger equation
$\mathrm{i} \,\partial_t u + \Delta u \pm \left|u\right| u = 0$
on the 1D torus in $H^s$ for $s > 1$ (a ...

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45 views

### Exact solution of two coupled transport equations

I want to solve the following system
$$\eqalign{
& y_t = -y_x + z\text{ in }(0,\text{T}) \times (0,1) \cr
& z_t = z_x + y\text{ in }(0,\text{T}) \times (0,1) \cr
& y(0,x) = y_0,\,\,z(...

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64 views

### Reference request: Moving source to initial condition and vice versa in PDE problem

I am trying to find references in the literature that connect solutions of two problems given bellow. They deal with deterministic conservation laws.
Inhomogeneous Cauchy problem:
$$(1) \hspace{1cm} ...

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126 views

### Level Sets of Harmonic Maps

Can anybody point me in the direction of some references in which the level sets of harmonic maps between Riemannian manifolds are studied. (Sorry I am unfamiliar with the area and would like some ...

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297 views

### Can a vector-function $v:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}^n$ be an eigenvector of its own Jacobian matrix?

Good morning,
I've came across this question, which has been puzzling me for some days. Suppose we are given a vector-valued function $v:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}^n$, $v(x)=\left( v_1(x),\dots, v_n(...

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324 views

### fundamental solution of an elliptic PDE in divergence form with non-symmetric matrix

I am looking for the fundamental solution of the following PDE
$$\partial_i (a^{ij}\partial_j u)=f$$
where $a^{ij}(x)$ is a non-symmetric matrix with possibly non-constant coefficients.
I could ...

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**1**answer

94 views

### Interpretation of the Schouten bracket as an integrability condition

The Schouten bracket is an extension of the Lie bracket to multivector fields. Given a multivector field $\Lambda$ the vanishing of the Schouten bracket $[\Lambda,\Lambda]=0$ is referred to as a sort ...

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68 views

### $|\nabla \omega|^2= \alpha \omega^n+ \beta$ - References

I'm interested to know if anyone can give me some information (name, references, etc.) about this PDE
$$|\nabla \omega|^2= \alpha \omega^n+ \beta,$$
where $\omega$ is a scalar function of two or ...

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55 views

### Strichartz estimates for fractional Schrodinger equations

A pair $(q,r)$ is $\alpha-$fractional admissible if $q\geq 2, r\geq 2$ and
$$\frac{\alpha}{q} = d \left( \frac{1}{2} - \frac{1}{r} \right).$$
We take fractional Schrodinger propagator $U(t)=e^{it (...

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156 views

### “Overdetermined” Poisson equation

Consider the PDE $-\Delta u = f$ on a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, where $f \in C^\infty(\bar{\Omega})$. I wish to consider both the boundary conditions $u = 0$ and $\frac{\partial u}{...