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Questions tagged [determinants]

Questions about the determinant of square matrices or linear endomorphisms. Also for closely related topics such as minors or regularized determinants.

19
votes
1answer
247 views

Determinants of binary matrices

I was surprised to find that most $3\times 3$ matrices with entries in $\{0,1\}$ have determinant $0$ or $\pm 1$. There are only six out of 512 matrices with a different determinant (three with $2$ ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Does $(p-1)^2$ divide $\det[(\frac{i^2+cij+dj^2}p)]_{0\le i,j\le p-1}$ when $(\frac dp)=-1$?

Let $p$ be an odd prime. As in my paper, for $c,d\in\mathbb Z$ let us define $$[c,d]_p:=\det\left[\left(\frac{i^2+cij+dj^2}p\right)\right]_{0\le i,j\le p-1},$$ where $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ is the Legendre ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

On the determinant $\det[(\frac{i^2+dj^2}p)]_{0\le i,j\le(p-1)/2}$ with $(\frac dp)=-1$

Let $p$ be an odd prime. For $d\in\mathbb Z$ we define $$T(d,p):=\det\left[\left(\frac{i^2+dj^2}p\right)\right]_{0\le i,j\le(p-1)/2},$$ where $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ is the Legendre symbol. By (1.17) of my ...
-4
votes
0answers
132 views

On the determinant $\det[(i^2+dj^2)(\frac{i^2+dj^2}p)]_{1\le i,j\le(p-1)/2}$ with $p$ an odd prime

Let $p$ be an odd prime, and let $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ be the Legendre symbol. We define the determinant $D(d,p)$ by $$D(d,p):=\det\left[(i^2+dj^2)\left(\frac{i^2+dj^2}p\right)\right]_{1\le i,j\le(p-1)/2}...
3
votes
0answers
204 views

Determinant and Inverse of a Toeplitz matrix

Let $T(n,k)$ be a $n \times n$ symmetric Toeplitz matrix, where all the entries of first $k$ super-diagonal (and sub-diagonal), last $k-1$ super-diagonal (and sub-diagonal) are ones, and rest of the ...
7
votes
2answers
269 views

An upper estimate for $|\det(A+B)|$

If $A$ and $B$ are $n\times n$ matrices, then it easily follow from the definition of the determinant by sum over permutations, and from the Young inequality that $$ |\det (A+B)|\leq C(n)(\Vert A\Vert^...
3
votes
1answer
313 views

A series of conjectures on $\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p)$ (III)

As in Question 319254, for an odd prime $p$ and integers $c,d$ we define $$S_p(c,d):=\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}\left(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p\right),$$ where $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ is the Legendre symbol. In my ...
9
votes
2answers
535 views

Certain matrices of interesting determinant

Let $M_n$ be the $n\times n$ matrix with entries $$\binom{i}{2j}+\binom{j}{2i}, \qquad \text{for $1\leq i,j\leq n$}.$$ QUESTION. Is this true? There is some evidence. The determinant $\det(M_{2n+1})...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

On $\det[x+(\frac{i\pm j}p)]_{1\le i,j\le(p-1)/2}$ for primes $p\equiv 3\pmod 4$

I have made the followng conjecture on the basis of my computation. Conjecture. For any prime $p\equiv3\pmod4$ with $p>3$, we have $$\det\left[x+\left(\frac{i+j}p\right)\right]_{1\le i,j\le(p-1)/2}...
7
votes
1answer
180 views

Determinant of “skew-symmetric” matrices

For $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and $m=\lfloor\frac{n}2\rfloor$, consider the $n\times n$ skew-symmetric matrix $A_n$ where each entry in the first $m$ sub-diagonals below the main diagonal is $1$ and each of ...
6
votes
3answers
309 views

Expected determinant of random symmetric matrix with different Gaussian distributions of the diagonal and non-diagonal elements

Consider a random matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{N \times N}$ where the elements are random gaussian variables. The mean and variance of the elements are different on the diagonal and the off-diagonal: $\...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

A Putnam problem with a twist

This question is motivated by one of the problem set from this year's Putnam Examination. That is, Problem. Let $S_1, S_2, \dots, S_{2^n-1}$ be the nonempty subsets of $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$ in some ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Volume interpretation of number of perfect matchings in bipartite planar graphs

Permanent of biadjacency of bipartite graphs is the number of perfect matchings. In the case of planar graphs we can obtain an orientation with sign changes and get away with computing the determinant ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Understanding proof of q-theta function expression

In arXiv:math/0309252v4 at the bottom of page 11, the following result is proposed $$ b_1 \theta(b_0 b_1^{\pm};p) \frac{z^{-1}\theta(z^2;p)}{\theta(b_0 z^{\pm};p)\theta(b_1 z^{\pm};p)} = (p;p)^{-2}\...
12
votes
1answer
253 views

Is there a Giambelli identity with dual representations?

For natural numbers $a,b$ with $b\leq n-1$, let $V_{ (a|b)}$ be the irreducible representation of $GL_n$ with highest weight vector $(a+1, 1^b, 0^{n-b-1})$ where the exponentiation denotes repetition. ...
7
votes
0answers
99 views

A generalization of matrix minors to non-integer values

I am interested to know if there exist a notion of $k$-minors of a real square matrix, for non-integer positive values of $k$ One approach I thought of was to use the fact that the $k$-minors are (...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Does $\det[\lfloor(i^2+j^2)/p\rfloor]_{1\le i,j\le(p-1)/2}$ vanish for each prime $p>7$ with $p\equiv3\pmod4$?

Let $\lfloor x\rfloor$ be the floor function. QUESTION: Does the determinant $$D_p=\det\left[\left\lfloor\frac{i^2+j^2}p\right\rfloor\right]_{1\le i,j\le(p-1)/2}$$ vanish for each prime $p>7$ with ...
7
votes
0answers
119 views

Determinants associated to orthogonal polynomials

Let $${p_n}(x) = \sum\limits_{j = 0}^{n } {{{( - 1)}^{n - j}}p(n,j){x^j}} $$ be orthogonal polynomials satisfying $${p_n}(x) = (x - {s_{n - 1}}){p_{n - 1}}(x) - {t_{n - 2}}{p_{n - 2}}(x)$$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

Is there an easy way to find the sign of this determinant without calculating it directly?

There exist real numbers $A_x, A_y, B_x, B_y, C_x, C_y, D_x$ and $D_y$. Is there an easy way to find the sign of following determinant without calculating it directly? BTW, the determinant appears ...
8
votes
3answers
204 views

Determinant of a block matrix with many $-1$'s

For an array $(n_1,...,n_k)$ of non-negative integers and non-zero reals $a_1,...,a_k$, define a block matrix $M$ of size $n=n_1+\cdots+n_k$ as follows: The main diagonal has blocks of sizes $n_i$ and ...
12
votes
1answer
238 views

Determinant of a matrix filled with elements of the Thue–Morse sequence

Let $n$ be a positive integer. Suppose we fill a square matrix $n\times n$ row-by-row with the first $n^2$ elements of the Thue–Morse sequence (with indexes from $0$ to $n^2-1$). Let $\mathcal D_n$ be ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

A symmetric bilinear form and a Plücker identity

It turns out that a special case of something I'm working on gives, as a corollary, a rather 19th-century-looking elementary statement about the rank of a certain symmetric matrix. I thought I would ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Is there a formula for the determinant of a block matrix of this kind?

I am looking for an expression that gives the determinant of a matrix of the form \begin{bmatrix} A & B & 0 & \dots & 0 & C \\ B & A & B & & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & ...
9
votes
1answer
250 views

A binomial determinant formula: a new variant

In a previous MO question, the OP asks a proof for $\det_{1\leq i,j\leq n}\left(\binom{i}{2j}+\binom{-i}{2j}\right)=1$. Subsequently, Gjergji Zaimi generalized the problem to $$\det_{1\le i,j\le n}\...
7
votes
1answer
179 views

The determinant of a $4\times4$ matrix associated to some specific polynomial as follow

Let $f\in \mathbb{R}[x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4]$ defined by $$f_a(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4)=\prod_{1\leqslant i<j\leqslant4}(x_i-x_j)^{2a_{ij}}$$ where $a=(a_{12},a_{13},a_{14},a_{23},a_{24},a_{34})\in \mathbb{N}^6$. ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Reference request for some determinants of binomial coefficients

Let $C_{n}=\binom{2n}{n}\frac{1}{n+1}$ be a Catalan number. I am interested in books or papers where the following identities occur: $$\det\left(\binom{i+j+1}{i-j+1}\right)_{0 \leq i,j\leq {n-1}}=C_{n}...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Determinant of a rank r perturbation

In the following paper: Restricted Rank Modification of the Symmetric Eigenvalue Problem: Theoretical Considerations on page 79, Golub et al. have the following set of equations: $f(\lambda) = \...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

integral kernel function for the SU(N) group

It is well know that the Haar probability measure for the $U(N)$ group, given by $$ \begin{align} dX_{U(N)} & = \frac{1}{N!(2\pi)^N} \begin{vmatrix} 1 & 1 ...
6
votes
0answers
141 views

Which polynomials in the minors of a matrix are invariant under conjugation?

$\newcommand{\Cof}{\operatorname{cof}}$ This is a cross-post. Let $1<k<n$ be a fixed integer. I am trying to understand "what can be said" about the $k$-degree minors of a linear map $T:V \to ...
7
votes
3answers
306 views

Distribution of sum of two permutation matrices

Determinant and permanent of sum of two $n\times n$ permutation matrices can be arbitrarily different. What is the distribution of determinant of sum and difference of two $n\times n$ permutation ...
7
votes
1answer
265 views

Block matrices and their determinants

For $n\in\Bbb{N}$, define three matrices $A_n(x,y), B_n$ and $M_n$ as follows: (a) the $n\times n$ tridiagonal matrix $A_n(x,y)$ with main diagonal all $y$'s, superdiagonal all $x$'s and subdiagonal ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

Evaluate a curious determinant with Legendre symbol entries

Let $p$ be an odd prime and let $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ be the Legendre symbol. R. Chapman's conjecture on the exact value of the determinant of $$C_p:=\left[\left(\frac{i-j}p\right)\right]_{0\le i,j\le (p-...
7
votes
1answer
395 views

A new determinant question for primes $p\equiv3\pmod4$

Let $p$ be an odd prime, and let $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ denote the Legendre symbol. Motivated by my question http://mathoverflow.net/questions/310301, here I introduce the matrices $A^+_p$ and $A^-_p$ ...
13
votes
0answers
271 views

A determinant problem for primes $p\equiv 1\pmod4$

Let $p$ be an odd prime, and let $A_p$ denote the matrix $$[a_{ij}]_{1\le i,j\le (p-1)/2},$$ where $$a_{1j}=\left(\frac jp\right),\ \ \text{and}\ \ a_{ij}=\left(\frac{i^2+j^2}p\right)\ \text{for}\ i&...
13
votes
3answers
769 views

Is $-\det\big[\big(\frac{i^2+j^2}p\big)\big]_{1\le i,j\le (p-1)/2}$ always a square for each prime $p\equiv 3\pmod 4$?

Let $p$ be an odd prime and let $S_p$ denote the determinant $$\det\left[\left(\frac{i^2+j^2}p\right)\right]_{1\le i,j\le (p-1)/2}$$ with $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ the Legendre symbol. By Theorem 1.2 of my ...
5
votes
0answers
160 views

Determinant arising in a problem from probability

Consider the determinant: $$\Delta:= \left|\begin{array}{cccc} A_{j_1} & A_{k_1} & A_{j_1}A_{k_1} & 1 \\ A_{j_2} & A_{k_2} & A_{j_2}A_{k_2} & 1 \\ A_{j_3 } & A_{k_3 } &...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Determinant and restriction of scalar

Let $E/F$ be a finite separable extension of fields, and $V$ a finite dimensional vector space over $E$. Let $T\in\operatorname{End}_EV$ be a linear operator on $V$, and let $\det(T)$ be its ...
16
votes
1answer
574 views

Lang's Jacobian identity: slicker, elementary proof?

In Jeffrey Lang, A Jacobian identity in positive characteristic, J. Commut. Algebra, Volume 7, Number 3 (2015), pp. 393--409, the following result is proven: Theorem 1. Let $p$ be a prime. Let $\...
3
votes
0answers
285 views

Evaluating a HUGE determinant

Fix a $k\times k$ positive definite symmetric real matrix $Y=(Y_{pq})$. Denote by $I_p$ the $p\times p$ identity matrix, $0_{p\times q}$ the $p\times q$ zero matrix, and $\delta_{pq}$ the Kronecker ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Generalization of a determinant with Lucas numbers and totient functions

Let $\gcd(a,b)$ denote the greatest common divisor function. H. J. S. Smith proved that $$\det\left[\gcd(i,j)\right]_{i,j=1}^n=\prod_{k=1}^n\varphi(k),$$ where $\varphi(k)$ denotes Euler's totient ...
16
votes
2answers
404 views

Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix with entries $\dbinom{n+1}{2j-i}$ for $i, j = 1, 2, \ldots, n$

Let $n$ be a nonnegative integer, and let $B$ be the $n \times n$-matrix (over the rational numbers) whose $\left(i, j\right)$-th entry is $\dbinom{n+1}{2j-i}$ for all $i, j \in \left\{ 1, 2, \ldots, ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Is there a fast algorithm to test positivity of all principal minors of non-symmetric matrix?

I have a matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ with positive eigenvalues. In the symmetric case, Sylvester's criterion implies that all the principal minors are positive. In the non-symmetric case, ...
10
votes
0answers
432 views

multi-dimensional integral of modified Vandermonde determinant

I'm looking for suggestions on how one might try to compute the following $(N-1)$-dimensional integral: $$I_N= \frac{1}{(2\pi)^{N-1}(N-1)!} \int\cdots\int \\ \begin{vmatrix} 1 ...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

lower bounding the absolute value of a determinant

In a problem that I'm working on currently, the following question came up and I feel this should be fairly elementary, but I couldn't prove it myself/couldn't find a reference. Any pointers or ...
9
votes
2answers
368 views

Prove that the matrix $[\Gamma(\lambda_{i}+\mu_{j})]$ is nonsingular

Let A is a $n\times n$ matrix given by \begin{align*} a_{ij} = [\Gamma(\lambda_{i}+\mu_{j})] \end{align*} where $0 < \lambda_{1} < \ldots < \lambda_{n}$ and $0 < \mu_{1} < \ldots < \...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Decomposition of Determinant of Sub-Matrices of a Matrix

Consider an $n \times n$ matrix $\bf A$ over a field. Let $\bf A$ is constructed by the product of $n \times n$ matrices $B_i$, for $1\leq i \leq m$ which means $$ {\bf A}=\prod_{i=1}^m\, {\bf B}_i\, ...
8
votes
0answers
361 views

Determinant as a Hamiltonian

Are there two symplectic structures $\omega_1, \omega_2$ on $M_{2n}(\mathbb{R})$ such that the function $Det:M_{2n}(\mathbb{R})\to \mathbb{R}$ is completely integrable with respect to $\omega_{1}$...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

How to prove positivity of determinant for these matrices?

Let $g(x) = e^x + e^{-x}$. For $x_1 < x_2 < \dots < x_n$ and $b_1 < b_2 < \dots < b_n$, I'd like to show that the determinant of the following matrix is positive, regardless of $n$: ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Quasi-symmetric functions and determinants

In the field of symmetric functions, determinants show up all the time. For example, Jacobi-Trudi, Giambelli identity, definition of Schur polynomials as a quotient of determinants, and so on. This ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Is the map $A \to \bigwedge^{k}A $ from matrices above rank $k$ proper?

$\newcommand{\End}{\operatorname{End}}$ Let $V$ be a $d$-dimensional real vector space. ($d \ge 3$). Fix an odd $2 \le k \le d-1$. Define $H_{>k}=\{ A \in \End(V) \mid \operatorname{rank}(A) > ...