Questions tagged [closed-form-expressions]

For questions that specifically ask for determining a closed form of equations, integrals etc.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Closed form for $\sum _{k=1} ^n \frac k 2 \,\operatorname{sgn} \left( \frac 1 {k^2} + \cos \frac {2\pi n} k-1 \right)$

I am looking for the closed form of $$\sum _{k=1} ^n \frac k 2 \,\operatorname{sgn} \left( \frac 1 {k^2} + \cos \frac {2\pi n} k-1 \right) \ .$$ Wolfram Alpha cannot do this for me, so I am forced to ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Closed-form expression for the integral of a Gamma CDF times a Rice PDF

Given the following CDF and PDF \begin{equation} {F_{\gamma_d}}(\gamma_d)=Q\left(\kappa ,0,\sqrt{\frac{{\lambda_d}}{\theta ^2}}\right)~~\text{for $\gamma_d>0$} , \end{equation} \begin{equation} ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Reduction of the general Lauricella hypergeometric function $F_B$ for identical parameters and variables

The Lauricella function $F_B^{n}$ of $n$ variables is defined as $$F_B^{(n)}(a_1, \ldots, a_n, b_1, \ldots, b_n, c; x_1, \ldots x_n) = \sum_{k_1, \ldots, k_n = 0}^\infty \frac{1}{(c)_{k_1 + \ldots + ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Where is the source of the formula $\sum_{j=0}^\infty \bigl(j+\frac{1}{2}\bigr)^{n-1}\frac{2^{j+1/2}}{\binom{2j+1}{j+1/2}}$ for an integer sequence?

The infinite series representation \begin{equation} \frac1\pi\sum_{j=0}^\infty \biggl(j+\frac{1}{2}\biggr)^{n-1}\frac{2^{j+1/2}}{\binom{2j+1}{j+1/2}}, \quad n\ge0 \end{equation} for the positive ...
2
votes
0answers
206 views

Is there a closed form of $ \displaystyle \sum_{k=0}^{\infty}{\frac{\phi^{xk}}{k!_F}}$

where $\phi = \frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$ and $k!_F$ is the fibonorial of $k$, or the product of the first $k$ Fibonacci numbers? My hunch is that, this can be represented as a function in terms of the ...
1
vote
0answers
138 views

How to explicitly obtain an analytic function whose power series coefficients are sums over integer compositions?

Starting with the following differential equation, \begin{eqnarray} x \frac{\partial^3}{\partial x^3} P[h, x] - \frac{\partial^2}{\partial h^2} \left( h \frac{\partial}{\partial h} P [h, x] \right) ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Any known relations to this doubly exponential constant?

Two years back I was working with lacunary series. In my explorations I had derived that the following series is periodic with period 1: $$ f(x)= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \left[ e^{2^{x+n}} \right] + x - \...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Solution to dynamic program-type recursion

I have the following dynamic programming principle-type problem. Suppose that we are given a sequence $\beta_1,\dots,\beta_n\in (0,\infty)$, some target $y\in (0,\infty)$ with $y>\sum_{t=1}^N \...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

How to determine the closed form of this Fourier series?

Consider the Series $$ S(z) \equiv \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}, n \ne 0} \frac{ 1 }{ \sin n\pi \tau \sin 2n \pi \tau } e^{2\pi i n z} \ , \quad \operatorname{Im}\tau > 0 $$ I am trying to find its ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Generalizing closed form representations related to conjectured analytic formulas for $f_a(x)=\sum\limits_{n=1}^x a(n)$

Consider the summatory function $f_a(x)$ defined in formula (1) below where the related Dirichlet series $F_a(s)$ defined in formula (2) below converges for $\Re(s)\ge 2$. $$f_a(x)=\sum\limits_{n=1}^...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Requesting proof of closed form of sum involving Fibonacci and Lucas numbers

$$ \sum_{n=0}^{k+1}\frac{3F_{n+1}-L_{n+1}}{2n!}\frac{(k+1)!}{(k-n+1)!}x^{k-n+1}=(\varphi+x)^k\left(\frac{\sqrt{5}}{5}-\frac{\sqrt{5}-5}{10}x\right)+(\psi+x)^k\left(\frac{\sqrt{5}+5}{10}x-\frac{\sqrt{5}...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

Closed form of $\prod_{k=1}^{n}\left(\cos(kx)-1\right)$

Is there any closed form of $$\prod_{k=1}^{n}\left(\cos(kx)-1\right)?$$ I failed to find references on this problem in the internet.
3
votes
2answers
308 views

About the integral $\int_{0}^{1}\frac{\log(x)}{\sqrt{1+x^{4}}}dx$ and elliptic functions

NOTE: I post this question on math.stackexchange but nobody answered, so I try here. For a work we need to evaluate the following integral $$\int_{0}^{1}\frac{\log\left(x\right)}{\sqrt{1+x^{4}}}dx=\,-...
3
votes
0answers
188 views

Spherical harmonic expansion of a power function

Let $f$ be an even continuous function on the sphere $S^{n-1}$. Find a relation of the spherical harmonic expansion between coefficients of $f^n$ and those of $f$.
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Expression for the single common root

Let $ \mathbb{F} $ be a field, consider the polynomial ring $ \mathbb{F} \left[ x\right] $ and suppose that the polynomials $f,g \in \mathbb{F} \left[ x\right]$ have degrees $2,2^n$, respectively, ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

General formula for the integral w.r.t to Marchenko-Pastur density, of the ratio of degree $\le 2$ polynomials

Question. Is there a closed-form formula (via standard objects like rational functions, radicals, special functions, special numbers like Catalan numbers, etc.) expressing integrals of rational ...
0
votes
2answers
243 views

Closed form for $\sum_{i=1}^n{a^{i^2}}$

Let $a$ be an element of some ring or field, possibly finite. Is there closed form for $\sum_{i=1}^n{a^{i^2}}$? sage and wolframalpha couldn't solve it. If $a$ is primitive n-th root of unity this is ...
5
votes
4answers
323 views

Is this closed-form summation a special case of known Lerch zeta function formulas?

With some Poisson summation manipulations (credit: Michał Pacholski) I have convinced myself of a closed form expression for this conditionally convergent series: $$\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{in\...
7
votes
0answers
250 views

Closed form of the sum $\sum_{r\ge2}\frac{\zeta(r)}{r^2}$

Note: This question has been brought here from MSE. I have been working on various sums involving the zeta function (which come up frequently in my research), and it turned out that many of them had ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Closed-form for recursive "geometric-like" recursion

I asked this question of MSE, but to no avail; alas, here I am. Let $k>0$, $C\geq 1$, $\alpha \in (0,1]$, and let $(x_n)_{n\geq 1}$, be a sequence of real numbers given by the recursion $$ x_{n+1} =...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

An ambitiouser binomial coefficients sum

I asked how to calculate $$\sum_{i = 0}^b(-1)^i\binom{b}{i}\binom{a+b-i-1}{a-i}$$ and got amazing answers. A bit later, however, I figured I needed something rather more complicated: I need to find ...
-1
votes
3answers
194 views

Binomial Coefficients sum [closed]

Any idea on whether or not $$\sum_{i = 0}^b(-1)^i\binom{b}{i}\binom{a+b-i-1}{a-i}$$ has a closed formula on $a$ and $b$ (and on what it is, in case it does)? It is supposed that $b \le a$.
6
votes
2answers
323 views

Closed form for $\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}{\alpha \choose j} {\beta \choose j}x^j$

As stated, I wonder if there is a closed form for the generating function $F_{\alpha,\beta}(x):=\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}{\alpha \choose j} {\beta \choose j}x^j$ where $\alpha,\beta \in\mathbb{N}$. Calling ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

How to solve a QCQP where constraints are balls?

I want to solve the following optimization problem in variables $\theta_1, \theta_2, \dots, \theta_K$ \begin{equation} \begin{aligned} & \underset{\theta}{\text{minimize}} & & \...
7
votes
3answers
316 views

Invertibility of specific function

This is my first post. I'm not a mathematician, just an electronics engineer who loves mathematics. In one of my projects, I arrived at the following function: $$V\left(\varphi\right)=\frac{A\sqrt{\pi-...
6
votes
0answers
108 views

Fourier transformation of a distribution

We have no idea how to tackle the following Fourier transformation of a distribution: $$ \lim_{\epsilon\to0^+}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\mathrm{d} t\int_{\mathbb{R}^{d-1}} \mathrm{d}^{d-1}\vec{r} e^{-\...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Analytically controlling sizes in modular arithmetic to demonstrate Dirichlet pigeonhole application

Given $a,b,c,d\in\mathbb Z$ with $ad+bc=p$ a prime there is an $m\in\mathbb Z$ with $-\lceil1+\sqrt{p}\rceil< r_1,r_2<\lceil1+\sqrt{p}\rceil$ and $$r_1\equiv mac\bmod p$$ $$r_2\equiv mbd\bmod p$$...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

Can $ x \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{k} \Big{(}- \gamma - \psi \big{(}1-\frac{x}{k} \big{)} \Big{)} $ be simplified?

I'm interested in sums of the form $$f_{p} (x) = \sum_{k=2}^{\infty} \zeta(k)^{p} x^{k} .$$ For $p=1$, the following result is known: $$f_{1} (x) = -x \big{(}\psi(1-x) + \gamma \big{)} .$$ (That is, ...
-2
votes
1answer
199 views

Is it possible to express $\int_{0+\epsilon}^{1-\epsilon}\left(\sqrt{1-x^2}^{\sqrt{1-x^2}^{\cdots}}\right) dx$ in elementary functions?

let $\epsilon >0$, I tried to evaluate $\int_{0+\epsilon}^{1-\epsilon}\left(\sqrt{1-x^2}^{\sqrt{1-x^2}^{\cdots}}\right) dx$ , using the fact $x= \cos t$ yield to have integrand using $\sin $ ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Extension of closed-form solvability of polynomial equations of x and exp to rational expressions?

Is my conjecture below true? It's a new conjecture. It's an extension of Lin's theorem in [Lin 1983] which is cited in [Chow 1999] - see both references at the bottom of this page. It seems that Ferng-...
4
votes
2answers
369 views

From Zurab's integral representation for the Apéry's constant to almost impossible integrals

I would like to know if the following integrals are known, or in case that aren't in the literature we can calculate these in closed-form (in terms of elementary and standard functions). I wondered ...
7
votes
2answers
467 views

A second order nonlinear ODE

In my research (in differential geometry) I recently came across the following nonlinear second order ode: $$\frac{f''(x)}{f'(x)}-\frac{2}{x}+\frac{f'(x)+1}{2f(x)-x-1}+\frac{f'(x)-1}{2f(x)+x}=0$$ It ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Why do we not have a closed form expression for counting transitivity?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transitive_relation. Are there any theoretical reasons out there which show us that why do we still not have a closed-form expression for transitivity counting. If you ...
1
vote
1answer
489 views

Find closed-form expression to $f(n)$

For all $n \in \mathbb{N}$, set $f(n)= \begin{cases} \min_{a\in\{\lceil n/2\rceil, \lceil n/2\rceil+1,\dots, n-1\}} \frac 1 4 \binom n a f(a) & \text{if $n\geq 4$}\\ 1 & \text{otherwise} \...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

PDF of $z = \exp(j\varphi)$, where $\varphi \sim \mathcal{U}[-a, +a]$ [closed]

How can I find the PDF of $z = \exp(j\varphi)$, where $\varphi \sim \mathcal{U}[-a, +a]$, $i.e.$, a uniformly distributed r.v.? My difficulty here is that it involves complex numbers and I don't know ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Closed form expression for this Fourier summation?

Consider the function $f:\mathbb{T}^m\to\mathbb{R}$ $$f(\boldsymbol{x}) = \sum\limits_{{\pmb{\eta}\in\mathbb{Z}^m}}\frac{1}{1+\lambda\|\pmb{\eta}\|_{2k}^{2k} } \cos({2\pi \pmb{\eta}\cdot\pmb{x}})$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
296 views

Closed form of $\prod_{i=0}^{N}\big(i!\big)^{{N}\choose{i}}$

I have made a question here about closed form of the following: $$\prod_{k=0}^{N}\big(k!\big)^{{N}\choose{k}}$$ I know that there is a known closed form for, $$\prod_{i=0}^{N}\big(i!\big)=G(N+2)$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
313 views

About $a_n = \frac{a_{n-1}(a_{n-1} + C)}{a_{n-2}}.$

Let $A,B,C > 0$. Put $a_1 = A$ and $a_2 = B$ and, for integer $n > 2$, $$a_n = \frac{a_{n-1}(a_{n-1} + C)}{a_{n-2}}$$ and $$ T = \lim_{k \to \infty} \frac{a_k}{ a_{k - 1}}.$$ Notice the limit ...
11
votes
1answer
384 views

Closed Form for $\sum\limits_{n=-2a}^\infty(n+a){2a\choose-n}^4,~a\not\in\mathbb Z$

Do either $~S_4^+(a)~=~\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^\infty(n+a){2a\choose n}^4~$ or $~S_4^-(a)~=~\displaystyle\sum_{n=-2a}^\infty(n+a){2a\choose-n}^4~$ possess a meaningful closed form expression1 in terms ...
2
votes
2answers
368 views

PDF of $ | \sum_{k=1}^{n}{|h_k||g_k|\exp\left( j \theta_k \right)} |^2$ for small values of $n$ and $Q$?

Given the following function of random variables $$f = \left|\sum_{k=1}^{n}{|h_k||g_k|\exp\left( j \theta_k \right)} \right|^2,$$ where $h_1, \cdots, h_n$ and $g_1, \cdots, h_n$ are i.i.d. random ...
0
votes
2answers
146 views

PDF of $g = \frac{1}{n} \sum_{k=1}^{n}{|h_k|\exp\left( j \theta_k \right)}$?

Given the following function of random variables $$g = \frac{1}{n} \sum_{k=1}^{n}{|h_k|\exp\left( j \theta_k \right)},$$ where $h_1, \cdots, h_n$ are i.i.d. random variables following the complex ...
0
votes
2answers
228 views

PDF of $R$ given that $R^2 = C^2 + S^2$, with $C = \sum_{j=1}^{n}{\cos \theta_j}$ and $S = \sum_{j=1}^{n}{\sin \theta_j}$ for a small $n$

Suppose that $\theta_1, \cdots, \theta_n$ are distributed independently and that $\theta_j$ has probability density function (PDF) $f_j = \frac{1}{2\pi}$ ($i.e.$, the uniform distribution) for $j = 1, ...
6
votes
0answers
180 views

A class of symmetric functions

When attacking a symmetric problem via an asymmetric method, I encountered the following function: $$U_2(n, m) = \sum_{a = 0}^n\binom na (2^a + 2^{n - a})^m.$$ It is easy to see that this function is ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

What is the closed-form solution to this double-sum norm function?

Given two points $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^2$, one defines the Euclidean distance $f: \mathbb{R}^2\times\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{\ge 0}$ as follows. $$f(A,B) := \Vert A-B \Vert : = \sqrt{(A_{x}...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

Proof of non-solvability of general equations of one unknown in elementary terms (finite terms)?

This question relates to the solvability of equations of one unknown in elementary terms (finite terms) according to Liouville and Ritt. Elementary equations and closed-form solutions can be ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Closed form for unusual recurrence

We have for $k>0$, $n>0$, $m\geqslant0$ $$p_k(n,m)=k(n-1)!\sum\limits_{s=0}^{n-1}\frac{p_{k-1}(s+1,m+1)+p_{k-1}(m+1,s)}{s!}$$ also $$p_0(n,m)=\begin{cases} (n-1)!,&\text{$n>0, m=0$}\\ 0,&...
1
vote
0answers
447 views

The mysterious numbers $ \frac{13}{20} $ and $20$?

Let $g(x) = x^6 - 30 x $ Let $h(x) = x^6 $ Let $f(x) = x^2 - 2 $ Let $r$ be a reduced fraction $0 < \frac{p}{q} < 2 $ with integers $p,q > 1$ Let $f_{n+1}(x) = f(f_n(x)) = f_n(f(x)) , ...
5
votes
1answer
488 views

On the integral $\int_0^1\log(x!)dx$ revisited

I was interested in an integral that I known from [1], it is $$\int_0^1 \log(x!)dx.$$ I tried to get such closed-form using myself ideas and symbolic calculations, also with the help of Wolfram ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Expectation of $\left| \frac{(\textbf{x}+\textbf{y})^{H} \textbf{x} }{\| \textbf{x} + \textbf{y} \|^2} \right|^2$, with complex Gaussians?

Given that following two random variables $\textbf{x} \sim \mathcal{CN}(\textbf{0}_{M},\sigma_{x}^{2}\textbf{I}_{M})$ and $\textbf{y} \sim \mathcal{CN}(\textbf{0}_{M},\sigma_{y}^{2}\textbf{I}_{M})$ ...
1
vote
1answer
366 views

On $\zeta(7)$ as the integration of the product of an indefinite integral due to Lobachevskii by a power of the inverse Gudermannian function

In this post I invoke certain function from a post of this site MathOverflow it is [1] (please see further references from the post, authors from the Springer link of the cited literature and answers ...