The closed-form-expressions tag has no usage guidance.

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### Approximation of semicontinuous functions by continuous (or smooth) functions with closed form

I'm looking for a sequence $(f_{\epsilon})_{\epsilon>0}$ of continuous (or smooth) functions approximating a semicontinuous function $f$.
Here, for approximation, pointwise convergence is fine.
For ...

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37 views

### Is it possible to get an integral with a power, exponential, incomplete gamma and bessel function in closed form?

Is it possible to get the integral below into closed-form? I have tried using integration tables but I haven't found anything that matches. Is there any other representation for the incomplete gamma ...

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210 views

### When is there a closed form for $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{P(n)}{Q(n)}$?

This is a follow up on a previous question of mine.
Out of curiosity, I am wondering more generally when a closed form exists for
$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{P(n)}{Q(n)}$$
where $P$ and $Q$ are ...

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113 views

### Solution to $(A+x^2)e^x=B$ with Lambert W function

Is it possible to obtain a analytical solution for $(A+x^2)e^x=B$, where we want to solve for $x$ with $A,B$ as constants?

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184 views

### On the search for an explicit form of a particular integral

Let $f$ be integrable over the interval $(0, 1)$, and
$$I_n = \int_0^{1} x^n f(x) \, \mathrm{d}x.$$
Suppose $f(x) = f(1-x)$; we can then show that
$$I_n = \sum_{k=0}^{n} \binom{n}{k} (-1)^k \, ...

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242 views

### Convergence of expansion for fractional iteration

I was reading about tetration here. The site mentions that the convergence of the expansion for fractional iteration is unproven. However, I was interested in reading more literature about convergence ...

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### PDF of points at the intersection of a sphere and hyperboloid in n dimensions

I'm studying a statistical mechanics problem and I have two conserved quantities:
$$ E = \sum_{k=0}^{M} \left[ a_1^2(k) + a_2^2(k) + b_1^2(k) + b_2^2(k)\right] $$
$$ H = \sum_{k=0}^{M} 2 k \left[ ...

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58 views

### Can these integrals be represented in closed form?

Prevuously asked at Mathematics but received no answer.
This paper in the formula F.3.6 (page 271) gives the following formula for the derivative of Hurwitz Zeta function:
$$\frac ...

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67 views

### Partial Vandermonde Circulant Determinant Expression

Consider following partial Vandermonde type, circulant matrix
$\begin{bmatrix}
x_1 & x_2 & 0 & \dots & 0 & x_n\\
x_1^2 & x_2^2 & x_3^2 & \dots & 0 & 0\\
\vdots ...

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116 views

### Closed form for convolution of two-dimensional Gaussian with characteristic function of a disk

Is there a closed form expression for the convolution of a two-dimensional (elliptical) Gaussian function with the characteristic function of the interior of an ellipse?
The motivation is that I have ...

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**1**answer

134 views

### Is it possible to get an equation with two exponentials and a bessel function in closed form?

Is it possible to get the equation below into closed form? I have tried using integration tables but I haven't found anything that matches. Are there any other methods to achieve a closed form ...

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87 views

### The hypertriangular function of $n$

I'm looking for papers or recent results on the hypertriangular function of $n$:
$$H_t(n)= \displaystyle\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n} k^k$$
This is A001923 in the OEIS.
I don't have much experience with ...

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324 views

### Does this equation has a closed-form solution for $t$? ($(1-p)\sum_{i=0}^{n}t^i = p\sum_{i=0}^{n}(1-t)^i)$)

We are given $n\in \mathbb N^+$ and $p\in[\frac{1}{2},\frac{n+1}{n+2}]$.
Our goal is to find $t\in[0,1]$ such that
$$(1-p)\sum_{i=0}^{n}t^i = p\sum_{i=0}^{n}(1-t)^i$$
Is there a closed-form ...

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311 views

### What summations of elementary trig functions are known to have (elementary) closed forms?

I've been trying to find a closed form of $\displaystyle \sum_k{\tan{(k)}}$ that contains only elementary functions, and I think I may be onto something. But rather than reinvent the wheel, I want to ...

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### Is it possible to express $\int\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x+1}}}dx$ in elementary functions?

I asked a question at Math.SE last year and later offered a bounty for it, but it remains unsolved even in the simplest case. So I finally decided to repost this case here:
Is it possible to express ...

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**1**answer

387 views

### Conjectured closed form for definite integral

Let $K(x)$ be the complete elliptic integral of the first kind
(the argument is the parameter $m = k^2$).
Let $$ A = \int_0^1 \arcsin(K(x)) dx$$
With precision $1000$ decimal digits $\Re A = ...

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395 views

### Sum of series $a^{i^2}$

Is there any closed form known for the expression $\sum_{i=1}^\infty a^{i^2}$ where $|a|<1$? Thanks!

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### Random walk by simplex vertices

I apologize if this question is well-known, but I was unable to find it mentioned anywhere.
There exists a bug which moves around in $r$-space. The bug begins at the origin of this $r$-space. If the ...

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289 views

### Permutations of letters under some conditions

Let $W(p,q,r,s)$ be the number of permutations of the letters which satisfy the following conditions :
Condition 1 : The letters are consist of $P,Q,R,S$.
Condition 2 : The number of letter ...

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181 views

### Infinite series - analytical solution

Analytical Solution is required for:
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty (2n+1)\exp(-n(n+1)x),$$
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty (2n+1)^2\exp(-n(n+1)x),$$
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty n(n+1)(2n+1)\exp(-n(n+1)x),$$
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty ...

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170 views

### Generic way to solve f(x+1) - f(x) = g(x) when g(x) is given [closed]

All
I have been looking around for a general way to solve the problem of $f(x+1) - f(x) = g(x)$, where $g(x)$ is given. Has this problem been studied before?
If there does not exist such a general ...

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448 views

### sum of integral part of n/k

Is there any direct formula or algorithm better than the brute force (O(n) algorithm by iterating from 1 to n) way to calculate the sum
\begin{equation}
S = \sum\limits_{i=1}^n [{\frac{n}{i}}]
...

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190 views

### looking for f(x) in f(x) = a.exp((x-f(x))/b) [closed]

not a math expert, but this problem is really bugging me. whichever way i turn it, i cant find an expression for f(x) which satisfies
f(x) = exp(( x - f(x)) /b ).
I can also express the problem as ...

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334 views

### Convergence and Closed Form of an Integral Involving Bell Numbers

1. Does the following integral converge ?
$$\int_0^\infty \frac{b(x)}{B(x)} dx$$
where
$$b(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{n^x}{n^n} \qquad and \qquad B(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{n^x}{n!}$$
2. ...

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### multivariate integral calculation in closed form

I am looking for a closed form for the below integral but since I don't have the necessary backgrounds I am not able to solve it: i know the final solution is in the form of modified Bessel functions ...

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### Integrate the exponential of sum of circular differences?

Given positive integer $N$ and parameters $T>0$, $a$, $b$, what is
$\int_{t_1=0}^T \cdots \int_{t_N=0}^T e^{a(t_1+\cdots+t_N)+b(|t_1-t_2|+\cdots+|t_{i-1}-t_i|+|t_N-t_1|)} dt_1 \cdots dt_N$ ?
Any ...

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241 views

### An elementary expression for $_3F_2(1,1,9/4;2,2;-1)$

Consider the following series:
$$S=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n\ \Gamma\left(\frac{5}{4}+n\right)}{n^2\ \Gamma(n)}.$$
It can be expressed in terms of a hypergeometric function:
...

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### Estimate the scale of the power series with Poisson pdf/pmf-like terms

I would like to have an estimate for the series
$$P(t) = \sum\limits_{k = 0}^\infty (e^{-t}\frac{t^k}{k!})^m,$$
where $e$ is the base of natural logarithm, $k!$ is the factorial of the integer $k$, ...

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278 views

### Any closed form for series like $F(x)=\Sigma_{i=p}^{\infty}x^p$,p is prime$?

Any closed form for series like $$F(x)=\Sigma_{i=2}^{\infty}x^p,\text{p is prime}$$ or $$F(x)=\Sigma_{i=0}^{\infty}x^{i!}$$?
More generally,we can obtain a power series from decimal expansion of a ...

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### How closed-form conjectures are made?

Recently I posted a conjecture at Math.SE:
$$\int_0^\infty\ln\frac{J_\mu(x)^2+Y_\mu(x)^2}{J_\nu(x)^2+Y_\nu(x)^2}\mathrm dx\stackrel{?}{=}\frac{\pi}{2}(\mu^2-\nu^2),$$
where $J_\mu(x)$ and $Y_\mu(x)$ ...

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### Is this combination of generalized polygamma and dilogarithm actually zero? $\Im\;\psi^{(-2)}(1+i)+\frac1{4\pi}\text{Li}_2(e^{-2\pi})-\log\sqrt{2\pi}+\frac{5\pi}{24}+\frac12$

I encountered this quantity in my calculations and tried to simplify it. Approximate numeric calculations suggested it could be zero (more precisely, it is certainly less than $10^{-4\times10^3}$ in ...

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### Fitting algebraic expression to a number [algorithm]

I know that it may turn out useless, but this is precisely the reason why I'm asking.
Does any one know of an existing piece of code that would find me the best approximation to a given irrational ...

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### Is there a closed form expression/series expansion for $\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} e^{az+b^2z^2}\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)dz$ ?

I've been trying to find a closed form expression/series expansion for the following integral without success:
$$F(a,b)=\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} ...

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809 views

### $\int^{\infty}_{0}x^{r +s- 1}(1 + x)^{-s}(1 + x^2)^{-\frac{rm}{2}}dx$

I'm trying to solve the integral
$\int^{\infty}_{0}x^{r +s- 1}(1 + x)^{-s}(1 + x^2)^{-\frac{rm}{2}}dx$,
where $s$, $r$ and $m$>1 are positive integers.
My question is whether a closed form ...

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### Experimental mathematics: how are floating point equations discovered/converted to exact equations?

the 2005 AMS article/survey on experimental mathematics[1] by Bailey/Borwein mentions many remarkable successes in the field including new formulas for $\pi$ that were discovered via the PSLQ ...

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197 views

### Expectation under a t-distribution

Given parameters $\lambda, \nu>0$, a covariance matrix $R$, a mean vector $\mu \in R^p$, the Arellano-Valle and Bolfarine's generalized $t$ distribution is given by (see, for example, the book by ...

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201 views

### Growth of a particular sequence

Not sure if this is research level? While analyzing a particular algorithm, I came across the following series:
$\sum_{k=1}^{m-1}\frac{3^{k}}{\prod_{i=1}^{k-1}2^{2^{i}}}$
Is there a closed form ...

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262 views

### an equation in fractions

I have an equation of the form $\sum_{i=1}^{m}{\frac{1}{a_{i}-x}}=\sum_{j=1}^{n}{\frac{1}{b_{j}-x}}$ and would like to express $x$ as a an approximate explicit function of the $a_{i},b_{j},m,n$. Have ...

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199 views

### A certain sum with q by the power of binomial (n 2)

Is there a closed form to the following sum: $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a^nq^{n(n-1)/2}$
for all $a>0$ and $0\lt q\lt 1$ ?

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859 views

### Simplifying finite sum over 1/(ax+b)

Can I simplify:
\begin{equation}
\sum_{x=x_0}^{x_1} \frac{1}{ax+b}
\end{equation}

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### New results on Chow's notion of closed-form numbers?

In an interesting article (available here), Timothy Chow proposes that a closed-form number be defined as an element of the smallest subfield of $\mathbb{C}$ that is closed under $\exp$ and a chosen ...

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### Expectation of a simple function of multivariate gaussians iid rvs

I would like to compute analytically the following expected value:
$$ E\left( \frac{X_i^2}{\sum_j \lambda_j^2 X_j^2}\right) $$
where the $X_i \approx N(0,1)$ are iid.
It seems to be an elementary ...

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617 views

### Sum of subset of geometric series: a^2^n

The formula for 1 + a + a^2 + .... where 0 < a < 1 is $\frac{1}{1-a}$, but what if you wanted to sum only those where the exponent is a power of 2? That is,
$S = a + a^2 + a^4 + a^8 + \cdots$
...