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Questions tagged [fa.functional-analysis]

Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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41 views

Transformation of Fourier Transform

Suppose that $f$ is a function with a Fourier transform, and that $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function such that $g\circ f$ has a Fourier transform also. Is there an expression ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Growth rate of bounded Lipschitz functions on compact finite-dimensional space

Let $\mathcal X$ be a metric space of diameter $D$ and "dimension" (e.g doubling dimension) $d$. Let $L \in [0, \infty]$ and $M \in [0, \infty)$ and consider the class $\mathcal H_{M,L}$ of $L$-...
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0answers
26 views

Potential for a Monotone Operator

[Cross-posted from math.stackexchange] I have a question about understanding the proof of Theorem 4.11 in the paper A Potential Theory for Monotone Multivalued Operators (accessible here). The ...
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0answers
28 views

Optimal transport between Gaussian mixtures and their centers

I have a question about bounding the Wasserstein loss between a continuous Gaussian mixture and a discrete uniform distribution of its centers. In particular, let $P=\frac 1 k \sum_{i=1}^k \mathcal{N}(...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Smooth structure on the space of sections of a fiber bundle and gauge group

Let $\xi$ be a fiber bundle $F\hookrightarrow E\to B$ (where every space is smooth, T2 and second countable), let $\Gamma(\xi)$ be the space of smooth sections. We can complete $\Gamma(\xi)$ with ...
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0answers
70 views

Hilbert-Schmidt Operators

I am reading Brezis's book : Functional Analysis, Sobolev Spaces and Partial Differential Equations and trying to solve an exercise on Page 499. The question is as follows: Assume that $\Omega = (0, 1)...
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0answers
58 views

Conditions for the embeddig of the space $L^\infty(I, W^{1,2}(U))$ into $L^\infty(I \times U)$

Let $I$ be a compact interval of $\mathbb{R}$ and $U$ be a bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. If $f \in L^\infty(I, W^{1,2}(U))$, what (non-trivial) condition ($L^p$-estimate on $f$ or decay-like ...
6
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1answer
136 views

Can smoothness of curves into a convenient locally convex vector space be tested with just a dense subspace of the dual?

Let $E$ be a (Hausdorff) locally convex vector space (from now on just "lcs" for short). We say that $E$ is convenient (also called locally complete, Mackey-complete or $c^\infty$-complete) if, given ...
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0answers
74 views

Weak closure of subsets of the unitary sphere of a Banach space

Assume that $(X,\|\cdot\|)$ is a Banach space with $\|\cdot\|$ strictly convex. Define $S=\{x\in X:\|x\|=1\}$. Suppose that $\varepsilon>0$ and $x_0\in S$ and define $$ B_\varepsilon=\{x\in X:\|x-...
5
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1answer
80 views

Examples of non-isomorphic $C^\ast$ algebras with isomorphic quasi-state spaces

Let $A$ (resp. $B$) be a unital $C^\ast$-algebra, $\mathcal{Q}(A)$ (resp. $\mathcal{Q}(B)$) the compact convex subset of $A^\ast$ equipped with the $\sigma(A^\ast, A)$ (resp. $\sigma(B^\ast, B)$) ...
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0answers
124 views

Computing Bohr Radii

The Bohr radius $R$ for $\mathcal{H}(\mathbb{D})$ is defined as $$R = \sup\limits_{0<r<1} \left\{ r\ |\ \sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty}|a_k|r^k \leq |f|_\mathbb{D} \text{ for all }f(z)=\sum\limits_{k=...
4
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1answer
81 views

Semi-continuous fields of C*-algebras having dimension one on a dense set

Given a Hausdorff, locally compact space $X$, let us consider a semi-continuous field $\{A_x\}_{x\in X}$ of C*-algebras over $X$, such that $A_x$ is one-dimensional for every $x$ in a dense subset $D$ ...
2
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0answers
95 views

Interesting examples of spectral decompositions of BOUNDED operators with both continuous and discrete spectrum

I would like to have a few basic examples of bounded self-adjoint operators $T$ (more generally bounded normal would be fine) on a Hilbert space $(H,\langle,\rangle)$ for which the following criteria ...
4
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0answers
55 views

Notions of $\beta$-Hölder smoothness when $\beta\in (1,2]$: are they equivalent?

I posted the following question on StackExchange a few months ago (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2898620/notions-of-beta-h%C3%B6lder-smoothness-when-beta-in-1-2-are-they-equivalent), but ...
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0answers
36 views

Uniqueness of solution of Volterra Integral Equation with deviating argument

In the context of a physics problem, I am looking at a linear integral equation 2nd kind Volterra equation with deviating (centrosymmetric) argument in the unknown $u(t) \in L^2[a,b]$: \begin{equation}...
2
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2answers
115 views

Continuous embedding of the Skorohod space D(0,1) into L^2(0,1)

Let $D(0,1)$ be the Skorohod space with the Skorohod topology, i.e. the space of real-valued càdlàg-functions on $[0,1]$ with topology induced by the metric $$d(f,g) = \inf_{\varphi \in \Lambda} \left\...
2
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0answers
62 views

k-rank numerical range of an operator

Let $T\in\mathscr{B(\mathcal{H})}$ where $\mathcal{H}$ is an infinite dimensional seperable Hilbert Space and $k\in\mathbb{N}\cup\{\infty\}$. Now we define k-rank numerical range of $T$ denoted by $\...
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0answers
49 views

Convolution with an analytic semigroup

Let $e^{At}$ denote an analytic semigroup on Hilbert space $X$ generate by $A:D(A)\to X$. Also, let $f\in L^1(0,\tau;X)$. I want to show that the convolution $$ g(t)=\int_0^t e^{A(t-s)}f(s)ds$$ ...
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0answers
34 views

Extension of a result about measurable, additive functionals

Let $W$ be a set, and let $v$ be a finitely additive probability measure on $2^W$. Equip $2^W$ with the Borel sigma-algebra $\mathcal{B}$ generated by the sub-basic sets of the form $\{a: w \in a\}$ ...
4
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2answers
339 views

If the closed unit ball of Banach space has at least one extreme point, must the Banach space the be a dual space?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. By Banach-Alaoglu and Krein-Milman Theorems, one can show that if $X$ is a dual space, then $X$ must have at least one extreme point of the closed unit ball. I am ...
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0answers
80 views

On functions obtained from Gaussian Quadrature integration

Fix an integer $n \ge 2$. Let $x_1,...,x_n$ s and $w_1,...,w_n$ s be the Gauss Quadrature nodes and weights respectively in the interval $[0,1]$ (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaussian_quadrature) . ...
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0answers
45 views

Existence of a function satisfying some integral conditions

I need help to prove the existence of a real function $h(x) \in C^1$ with condition that near zero $h(x) \sim \ln(x)$ and near infinity $\lim h(x)_{x \to \infty} = \infty$ such that following ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Taylor spectrum of commuting operators

Taylor spectrum of commuting operators Fom the following paper (M. Ch—o, H. Motoyoshi, B. Na¡cevska Nastovska: On the joint spectra of commuting tuples of operators and a conjugation) we have Let ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Relation between Optimal Transport Cost and Difference between Topological Invariants?

I was working on some mathematics of Wasserstein GAN and found out a seemingly interesting research problem but I am not quite sure whether it has already been studied in some recent literature of ...
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0answers
93 views

Is this basis a Schauder basis?

Let $G$ be a torsion free group. Let $\alpha$ be an element in $\mathbb CG$, the group algebra of $G$, with $\|\alpha\|_1=1$ and assume that $\{1,\alpha,\alpha^2,\dotsc\}$ is linearly independent, $(...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

“Compactness in Measure” in Function Spaces

In Chapter 4.9 of the book "Measures of Noncompactness and Condensing Operators" (Vol. 55 of Operator Theory: Advances and Applications), the authors mention the property "compactness in measure". ...
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1answer
135 views

Riesz representation theorem for Hilbert-to-Hilbert mappings [closed]

Assume $\phi:\mathbb{H}_1\rightarrow \mathbb{H}_2$ is a continuous linear mapping between two real Hilbert spaces $\mathbb{H}_1$ and $\mathbb{H}_2$. If $\mathbb{H}_2=\mathbb{R}$, then the Riesz ...
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0answers
41 views

Can we extract information from signature (rough path theory) to construct part of signal?

This question is related to rough path theory. Consider we have obtained signature obtained from a set discrete data points postulating linear from one data point to another. Such signature are used ...
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0answers
59 views

Continuity of the positive part of a linear functional

Let $X$ be a vector space containing a convex cone $C$ which induces a (pre) order on $X$ by $x \geq y \Leftrightarrow x-y\in C$. Given a sequence of linear functionals $x^*_n:X\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Is a Gaussian measure on a Hilbert space determined by the coarser topology induced by the covariance operator?

I have a basic question about Gaussian measures on a Hilbert space: Let $\mu$ be a non-degenerate Gaussian measure on a Hilbert space $(H_0,\left\langle \cdot,\cdot \right\rangle_0)$. Then the ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Optimal control theory of PDEs

This is a somewhat openly phrased question because I am not quite sure what has been done in that direction. Imagine one has two evolution equations $$\partial_t u = p(x,\partial_x,f)u$$ $$\...
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0answers
51 views

Estimate on the difference between the measure of the sublevels of two functions in terms of their $L^1$ distance

Fix $R\gg 1$. How can I estimate the difference between the Lebesgue measures $$\mathscr{L}^N(\{x \in \mathbb{R}^N \cap B_R(0): f(x)>0\} - \mathscr{L}^N(\{x \in \mathbb{R}^N \cap B_R(0): g(x)>0\...
3
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1answer
212 views

What are the almost periodic functions on the complex plane?

The almost periodic functions on the real line can be characterized as uniform limits of trigonometric functions. I was wondering whether a similar definition exists on the complex plane (a locally ...
3
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2answers
98 views

Product of concave functions and harmonic mean

I discovered something interesting, and I would like to know whether it is a known result or not. Say that a function $f: \Omega \subset \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R_+^*}$ is $\alpha$-concave if $...
3
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0answers
54 views

Uniform homeomorphism of Frechet nuclear spaces

Given a Frechet space X which is uniformly homeomorphic with a nuclear (Frechet) space, does it follow that X is also nuclear?
3
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3answers
124 views

Sum of subspaces is closed iff inclination is positive

It is a well-known result in functional analysis that the sum $M+N$ of two subspaces of a Banach space with $M\cap N=0$ is closed if and only if the inclination $$\widehat{(M,N)} := \inf_{x\in M, \|x\|...
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1answer
51 views

Reference on vector-valued convex conjugate

The following definition of convex conjugate is taken from Wiki: Let $X$ be a real topological vector space, and let $X^*$ be the dual space to $X.$ Denote the dual pairing by $$\langle \cdot ,...
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1answer
63 views

Looking for a very particular kind of non-convex functions

I want some examples (hopefully parametric families!) of non-convex functions which satisfy the following properties simultaneously, It should be at least twice differentiable. It should have a ...
2
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0answers
91 views

Is $\ell_2(A)$ a Hilbert C$^*$-module with Opial property?

If $A=Mat_{n\times n}(\mathbb{C}) $, Is $\ell_2(A)$ a Hilbert $A$-module with Opial property? Opial property: If ($w-\lim x_n=0 $) then $ (\liminf \lVert x_n\rVert<\liminf \lVert x_n-y \...
2
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0answers
63 views

Inclusion of convex polytopes and embedding from $\ell_2$ to $\ell_\infty$

I would like to dig deeper into the problem posted Probability that a convex shape contains the unit ball: If you pick n points uniformly at random from the surface of a d dimensional sphere of ...
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0answers
55 views

A complicated integral / a complicated Laplace transform involving the error function

For some reason I am interested in solving a complicated integral, which is $$\int_0^\infty (x+1)erf\left(\frac{-c_1+c_2x}{b}\right)e^{-c_3x^2-c_4x}dx,$$ where all $c_i$ are positive real numbers and $...
1
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1answer
123 views

Convolution with Schwartz class function

Let $f, g\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb R)$ (Schwartz class function), $\delta_0$ (dirac delta distribution). Consider distribution as follows: $$H(x, y)= f(x)g(x)\delta_0(y)-f(y)g(y)\delta_0(x), \ (x, y\...
3
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0answers
64 views

Dixmier traces, Wodzicki residue and residues of zeta functions

Let $M$ be an $n$ dimensional closed manifold and consider an elliptic, pseudodifferential operator $P$ of order $-n$. Here are some facts which I had learned so far: 1. There exists a density defined ...
2
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0answers
23 views

Funk transform of density supported on an embedded curve

A Funk transform is a certain invertible linear transformation on the space of square-integrable functions on $S^2$. I think its domain can be extended to include densities supported on embedded ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Does a closed right ideal of a C$^*$-algebra have a C$^*$-algebra?

$A$ is an infinite dimensional C$^*$-algebra and $J\subset A$ is a closed right ideal. $A$ and $J$ are infinite dimensional(as a vector space). I want to find an infinite dimensional C$^*$-algebra ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views
+50

Meaning of Alberti rank-one theorem

Heuristically what does Alberti's rank-one theorem imply about the structure of a $\mathrm{BV}$ vector field $\boldsymbol{b}$? Is it rigorously fair to say that the level lines of $\boldsymbol{b}$ ...
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0answers
92 views

Mackey topology characterising property

Let $V$ be a topological $k$-vector space. Let $V^{\star}$ denote the space of all linear functionals $V \rightarrow k$ and $V' \subset V^{\star}$ the subspace of all continuous linear functionals. ...
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0answers
78 views

Can we have Levy area for N dimensional process?

Consider a two dimension Brownian motion $(X_t,Y_t)$ and we can consider Levy's area as $\int_0^t X_sdY_s-\int_0^t Y_sdX_s$. Is there a equivalent area for N dimensional Brownian motion, if so what ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

On the continuity and injective-ness of Gauss quadrature scheme for numerical integration, with weight function identically $1$

Fix an integer $n\ge 2$. Let $[a,b]$ be an interval and $f: [a,b]\to \mathbb R$ be a continuous function and for $x_1,...,x_n$ being the Gaussian Quadrature nodes in $[a,b]$, and Gaussian Quadrature ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Connectness of $K$ and the existence of non-trivial $M$-summands on $C_0(K)$

For a locally compact Hausdorff space $K$, we denote by $C_0(K)$ the Banach space of continuous functions from $K$ to $\mathbb R$ which vanish at infinity equipped with the usual supremum norm. For ...