# Questions tagged [integer-sequences]

For questions about sequences of integers. References are often made to the online resource oeis.org.

373
questions

16
votes

2
answers

2k
views

### Does this sequence ever end?

This may help: A080670 A195265
Define $f(n)$ as this:
Take a number $n$, and split it into its prime composition using $^$ and $×$. Now remove all $^$ and $×$, you get a new number, this is $f(n)$ (...

6
votes

0
answers

224
views

### Searching for a proof of the pattern and identification of integer coefficients for the A329369

Please see the update given below. Everything you need to know from the old version of the question are the functions $a(n), \ell(n), s(n), t(n), r(n)$.
Let $a(n)$ be A329369 (i.e, number of ...

5
votes

0
answers

269
views

+50

### On $s$-additive sequences

For a non-negative integer $s$, a strictly increasing sequence of positive integers $\{a_n\}$ is called $s$-additive if for $n>2s$, $a_n$ is the least integer exceeding $a_{n-1}$ which has ...

1
vote

1
answer

150
views

### Correctness of the algorithm for the A329369, A347205 and related sequences

Let $a(n)$ be A347205. It is enough for us to know that
$$
a(2^m(2k+1)) = \sum\limits_{j=0}^{m}a(2^jk), \\
a(0) = 1
$$
Let $b(n)$ be A329369. It is enough for us to know that
$$
b(2^m(2k+1)) = \sum\...

1
vote

0
answers

132
views

### Conjecture: $x^4+1$ is never Wieferich prime

Related to this question and Alexander Kalmynin's answer.
For natural $n$ define $J(n)=(2^{n-1}-1) \bmod n^2$
and if $n$ is power of two define $J(2^n)=1$ (this is artificial, just to
avoid triviality ...

6
votes

1
answer

343
views

### Test for pair of odd primes $(p, 2p^2-1)$

Let $a(n)$ be A106483 (i.e., primes $p$ such that $2p^2-1$ is also prime).
Let $b(n)$ be an integer sequence such that $b(n) = B$ after the whole transformation where we start with $A = n$, $B = 1$, $...

6
votes

1
answer

357
views

### On A057985 and A287066

Let $a(n)$ be A057985 (i.e., start with $0$ and repeatedly substitute: $0 \to 01$, $1 \to 12$, $2 \to 0$).
Let $b(n)$ be A287066 (i.e., start with $1$ and repeatedly substitute: $0 \to 01$, $1 \to 12$...

1
vote

1
answer

64
views

### Sequence derived from transform of a given vector (with Fibonacci as partial sums)

Let F_n be A000045 (i.e., Fibonacci numbers). Here
$$
F_n = F_{n-1} + F_{n-2}, \\
F_0 = 0, F_1 = 1
$$
Let $\operatorname{wt}(n)$ be A000120 (i.e., number of ones in the binary expansion of $n$). ...

2
votes

1
answer

111
views

### Sequence that sums up to A224071

Let $a(n)$ be A224071 (i.e., number of Schroeder paths of semilength $n$ in which there are no $(2,0)$-steps at level $1$). Here
$$
a(n) = \frac{1}{2(n+1)}\sum\limits_{k=0}^{n}(k+1)((-1)^{\left\...

2
votes

0
answers

54
views

### bijection from vectors with non-negative integer integer entries to integers

I have the following question. Given a natural number $N$ we construct a set $K$ of vectors of infinite length with non-negative integer entries with a given sum $N$. For example, for $N=3$ the set $K$...

2
votes

2
answers

225
views

### Negated Fibonacci and the floor function

Let $F_n$ be A000045 (i.e., Fibonacci numbers). Here
$$
F_n = F_{n-1} + F_{n-2}, \\
F_0 = 0, F_1 = 1, \\
F_{-n} = (-1)^{n-1}F_n
$$
I conjecture that
$$
F_{-n} = \left\lfloor\frac{n+1}{2}\right\rfloor ...

1
vote

0
answers

69
views

### Some ideas about parking functions and integer partitions

We know that a integer partition of $\lambda=(\lambda_1, ..., \lambda_m)$ of $n$ satisfying $\lambda_1\geq \cdots \geq \lambda_m$ and $\sum_{i=1}^m\lambda_i=n$. Let $\mathcal{P}(n)$ be the set of ...

2
votes

1
answer

214
views

### Small solutions of $x^2-a^3 y^2=\pm 1$

We are interested in small integer solutions to the Pell equation:
$$x^2-a^3 y^2=\pm 1 \qquad (1)$$
Where in $\pm 1$ you can chose either sign.
$(x^2,a^3 y^2)$ are consecutive powerful numbers.
$abc$ ...

0
votes

0
answers

186
views

### On a A057985 without recursion

Let $a(n)$ be A057985 (i.e., start with $0$ and repeatedly substitute: $0\to01, 1\to12, 2\to0$).
Let $\operatorname{wt}(n)$ be A000120 (i.e., number of ones in the binary expansion of $n$). Here
$$
\...

7
votes

1
answer

500
views

### Suitable closed form for the A079501

Let $a(n)$ be A079501 (i.e., number of compositions of the integer $n$ with strictly smallest part in the first position).
The sequence begins with
$$
1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 5, 8, 12, 19, 28, 45, 70, 110, ...

2
votes

1
answer

107
views

### Recursion for the Chebyshev transform of $m^n$

Let
$$
R(n, q, m) = R(n-1, q+1, m) + \sum\limits_{j=0}^{q} (-1)^{q-j}R(n-1, j, m), \\
R(0, q, m) = (m-1)^q
$$
I conjecture that $R(n, 0, m)$ is a Chebyshev transform of $m^n$.
Examples of Chebyshev ...

2
votes

0
answers

156
views

### Interesting conjecture by Sequence Machine

Let $a(n)$ be A344960 (i.e., position of binary complement of $n$-th word in A341258). By definition, in order to calculate $a(n)$, we need to know A341258. Below we will correspond this sequence with ...

4
votes

0
answers

115
views

### Do all nonnegative integers appear in A051521?

For every positive integer $n$, $\tau(n)$ is the number of divisors of $n$. If we list the ratio of each positive integer $n$ to $\tau(n)$，they form a rational sequence
1,1,3/2,4/3,5/2,3/2,…
Because $\...

12
votes

4
answers

1k
views

### Six consecutive positive integers with certain shape

Are there 6 consecutive positive integers, where each of them is a square or the product of a prime and a square ?
If they exist, one of those six integers A will be the product of 2 and a square of ...

2
votes

0
answers

29
views

### joint rank sequences

An algebraic question I have been working on led me to a sequence that appears in OEIS as A186355: "adjusted joint rank sequence of $(f(i))$ and $(g(j))$ with $f(i)$ before $g(j)$ when $f(i)=g(j)$...

0
votes

0
answers

59
views

### Pairs of permutations such that $p(n)<2^k$ iff $n<2^k$

Let $p(n)$ be an arbitrary permutation of natural numbers such that $p(n)<2^k$ iff $n<2^k$.
Let $q(n)$ be an inverse permutation of $p(n)$.
Let
$$
\ell(n)=\left\lfloor\log_2 n\right\rfloor
$$
...

5
votes

0
answers

86
views

### Formula and smallest solution for the A260711

Let $a(n)$ be A260711 without initial $0$ (i.e., numbers of the form $x^2 - y^2$ with $x > y$ where $x$ and $y$ are odd, $x + y$ is a power of $2$).
The sequence begins with
$$
8, 16, 32, 48, 64, ...

1
vote

0
answers

63
views

### On a numbers $k$ with specific $2$-adic valuation

Let $a(n)$ be A002326 (i.e., multiplicative order of $2 \operatorname{mod} 2n+1$).
Let $b(n)$ be A179382 (i.e., the smallest period of pseudo-arithmetic progression with initial term $1$ and ...

0
votes

0
answers

95
views

### Formula for individual term of the Proth numbers

Let $a(n)$ be A080075 i.e. Proth numbers: of the form $k2^m + 1$ for $k$ odd, $m \geqslant 1$ and $2^m > k$.
The sequence begins with
$$
3, 5, 9, 13, 17, 25, 33, 41, 49, 57, 65, 81, 97, 113, 129
$$...

2
votes

0
answers

72
views

### Possible subsequence of the A110978

Let $a(n)$ be A110978 i.e. odd integers that are nonprime, such that there exist two factors of each number that when multiplied together in binary base, do not ever require the use of a "carry&...

2
votes

1
answer

229
views

### An integer sequence related to Pascal’s triangle

We need someone expert in binomial coefficients (subject 11B65) to recognize the integer sequence generated by an iterative formula we have encountered while working on a project about Pascal’s ...

5
votes

1
answer

195
views

### Does every integer appear in the modular sum sequence?

$\newcommand{\N}{\mathbb{N}}$Let $\N$ denote the set of non-negative integers. We inductively define a sequence $a:\N\to\N$ by:
$a(0) = 0, a(1) = 1$ and
$a(n) = \big(\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}a(k)\big)\text{ ...

1
vote

0
answers

120
views

### On a Fibonacci and binary

Let F(n) be A000045 i.e. Fibonacci numbers. Here
$$
F(n) = F(n-1) + F(n-2), \\
F(0) = 0, F(1) = 1
$$
Let
$$
\ell(n) = \left\lfloor\log_2 n\right\rfloor
$$
Let
$$
T(n, k) = \left\lfloor\frac{n}{2^k}\...

1
vote

1
answer

135
views

### Strongly regular binary sequences

Let $\mathbb{N} = \{0,1,2,\ldots\}$ denote the set of non-negative integers. If $n\in\mathbb{N}$ we let $[n] = \{0,\ldots,n-1\}$. For $A
\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ we let $$\mu^+(A) = \lim\sup_{n\to\infty}\...

0
votes

0
answers

61
views

### Linear recurrences in coefficients of powers of quotients of polynomial rings

It is known that linear recurrences with constant coefficients
can be computed via powers in $\mathbb{Z}[x]/f(x)$.
We believe that this generalizes to quotients of multivariate polynomial
rings.
Let $...

2
votes

2
answers

192
views

### On the primality of $j(n)=\varphi(p_n+1-n)+1$ when $j(n) \equiv 19 \pmod {100}$

Related to Power of primes.
Let $p_n$ denote n-th prime and $\varphi$ the totient function.
For natural $n$, define $j(n)=\varphi(p_n+1-n)+1$.
For $n$ up to $10^9$ if $j(n) \equiv 19 \pmod {100}$
then ...

2
votes

1
answer

262
views

### Curious sequences of polynomials

Given an integer $k\geq 2$, and $k+1$ invertible initial
values $s_0,s_1,\ldots,s_k$ in some commutative ring $\mathcal A$
we set
$$s_{n+1}=\frac{\sum_{j=1}^ks_{n+1-j}^2+q \sum_{j=1}^{k-1}s_{n+1-j}s_{...

2
votes

1
answer

99
views

### Natural density of thickly syndetic set

A syndetic set $S$
is a subset of the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$ or integers $\mathbb{Z}$, having the property of "bounded gaps": that the sizes of the gaps in the sequence of natural ...

1
vote

1
answer

256
views

### A problem similar to the $3x+1$-problem [closed]

Let $n$ be a fixed positive integer. Define the function $f_n(x)$ as follows:
$$f_n(x)=\left\{\begin{aligned}&2x-1,\quad x\leq n;\\&2(x-n),\quad x> n.\end{aligned}\right.$$
and for $l\in\...

0
votes

0
answers

53
views

### Stolarsky representation from Zeckendorf representation with some pairs of bits inverted

Let $a(n)$ be A200714 i.e. Stolarsky representation interpreted as binary to decimal integers.
Let $b(n)$ be A003714 i.e. Fibbinary numbers (Zeckendorf representation interpreted as binary to decimal ...

2
votes

1
answer

174
views

### An upper bound on coefficients of some integer sequences

Given $\lambda>0$ let $B=B(\lambda)$ be the smallest integer
such that there exist infinite integer sequences
having values in $\lbrace 1,2,\ldots,B-1,B\rbrace$ and satisfying
the following ...

0
votes

0
answers

81
views

### Partitions in A237981

Let $T(n,k)$ be A237981 i.e. array: row $n$ gives the NW partitions of n; see Comments. Here by $T(n,k)$ I mean $k$-th partition in $n$-th row.
Let
$$
\ell(n) = \left\lfloor\log_2 n\right\rfloor
$$
...

2
votes

2
answers

199
views

### An identity for the ratio of two partial Bell polynomials

Let $B_{\ell,m}(x_1,x_2,\dotsc,x_{\ell-m+1})$ denote the Bell polynomials of the second kind (or say, partial Bell polynomials, (exponential) partial Bell partition polynomials). I knew that
the ...

1
vote

0
answers

108
views

### Can the ideas of convex optimization be used to prove a bound?

If we define $\lambda(n)=\lfloor \log_2(n) \rfloor$ and $v(n)$ as the binary digit sum of positive integer $n$ we can make a toy example of what I think is the most important conjecture in addition ...

0
votes

0
answers

68
views

### Recursions for the A111528

Let $T(n,k)$ be A111528 i.e. square table, read by antidiagonals, where the g.f. for row $n+1$ is generated by
$$
xg_{n+1}(x) = \frac{1}{n+1}\left(1+nx - \frac{1}{g_n(x)}\right), \\
g_0(x) = \sum\...

3
votes

0
answers

116
views

### Sequence which is related to the binary expansion of $n$ and partition numbers

Let $p(n)$ be A000041 i.e. the number of partitions of $n$ (the partition numbers).
Let
$$
\ell(n)=\left\lfloor\log_2 n\right\rfloor
$$
Let $\operatorname{wt}(n)$ be A000120 i.e. number of $1$'s in ...

8
votes

4
answers

496
views

### "Upside-down unimodal" sequences in combinatorics

Recall a sequence $a_0,\ldots,a_n$ of positive integers is unimodal if $a_0 \leq \cdots \leq a_m \geq \cdots \geq a_n$ for some $0 \leq m \leq n$. Unimodal integer sequences are abundant in ...

13
votes

1
answer

667
views

### When is $\mathrm{gcd}(k,p^k-1)=1$ true?

Let $p$ be a prime. Is there a classification of the numbers $k \geq 1$ such that $\gcd(k,p^k-1)=1$? If not, can we at least produce an explicit infinite subset? What is known about these $k$?
For the ...

4
votes

0
answers

142
views

### The smallest sequence without differences among Fibonacci numbers

Given a subset $\mathcal S\subset \mathbb N\setminus\{0\}$
of (strictly) positive integers, we can consider subsets
$A$ of $\mathbb N$ (or $\mathbb Z$) with no differences in
$\mathcal S$.
Examples: ...

0
votes

1
answer

104
views

### Permutation of the natural numbers from operation related to binary expansion of $n$

Let
$$
\ell(n) = \left\lfloor\log_2 n\right\rfloor
$$
Let $T(n,k)$ be a $(k+1)$-th bit from the right side in the binary expansion of $n$. Here
$$
T(n, k) = \left\lfloor\frac{n}{2^k}\right\rfloor \...

2
votes

0
answers

199
views

### Not a twin prime pair test using $\gcd$ only

Let $m$ be an odd positive integer such that $m=2k+1$, $k\in\mathbb{N}$.
Let $v$ be a vector of $n$ positive integers. Let $v(i)$ be the $i$-th element of the vector. Then we start with $v(i)=m(i+1)-2$...

0
votes

0
answers

77
views

### Constructing a pair of complementary sequences with the perfect differences

Let $F_n$ be A000045, i.e. Fibonacci numbers. Here
$$
F_n = F_{n-1} + F_{n-2}, \\
F_0 = 0, F_1 = 1
$$
Let $g(n,m)$ be A257961. Here
$$
g(n, m) = mF_{n-1} \operatorname{mod} F_n
$$
Let
$$
\varphi=\...

0
votes

0
answers

62
views

### Simple non-recursive formula for inverse permutation to A316385

Let
$$
\ell(n)=\left\lfloor\log_2 n\right\rfloor
$$
Let
$$
f(n)=n+2^{\ell(n)+1}
$$
Let $a(n)$ be A316385, i.e. lexicographically earliest sequence of distinct positive terms such that for any $n > ...

3
votes

0
answers

68
views

### Sequence that sum up to A343685

Let $a(n)$ be A343685 i.e.
$$
a(n)=2na(n-1)+\sum\limits_{j=0}^{n-1}\binom{n}{j}(n-j-1)!a(j), \\
a(0)=1
$$
Here the exponential generating function $A(x)$ satisfy
$$
A(x)=\frac{1}{1-2x+\log(1-x)}
$$
...

3
votes

1
answer

225
views

### Min problem on integers

Let $n$ be any integer greater than $2^{10^6}$. Given any $s\le (\log_2 n)/1000$ integers $1=q_1\le q_2\le \cdots q_{s-1}\le q_s=n$. Prove that
$$\min_\ell\left(\sum_{i=1}^\ell q_i\right)\left(\sum_{i=...