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Questions tagged [oa.operator-algebras]

Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, $C^*-$algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

2
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0answers
60 views

k-rank numerical range of an operator

Let $T\in\mathscr{B(\mathcal{H})}$ where $\mathcal{H}$ is an infinite dimensional seperable Hilbert Space and $k\in\mathbb{N}\cup\{\infty\}$. Now we define k-rank numerical range of $T$ denoted by $\...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Taylor spectrum of commuting operators

Taylor spectrum of commuting operators Fom the following paper (M. Ch—o, H. Motoyoshi, B. Na¡cevska Nastovska: On the joint spectra of commuting tuples of operators and a conjugation) we have Let ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Is this basis a Schauder basis?

Let $G$ be a torsion free group. Let $\alpha$ be an element in $\mathbb CG$, the group algebra of $G$, with $\|\alpha\|_1=1$ and assume that $\{1,\alpha,\alpha^2,\dotsc\}$ is linearly independent, $(...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Extension of a von Neumann algebra by a von Neumann algebra

I asked this question at MSE now I repeat it at MO: Let $A,B,C$ be $3$ unital $C^*$ algebras. Assume that we have the following short exact sequence of $C^*$-algebras: $$0\to A\to C\to B\...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Topology of normal states of a von Neumann algebra

Is the topological space defined on the set of normal states of a von Neumann algebra equipped with a weak*-topology, first countable?
6
votes
1answer
120 views

$*$-algebras, completions, and $K$-theory

What is an example of a $*$-algebra $\cal{A}$, which admits two non-equivalent norms $\| \cdot \|_1$ and $\| \cdot \|_2$, with respect to which we can complete $\cal{A}$ to give two $C^*$-algebras $...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

example of a non-amenable l.c. group such that $C_r^*(G)$ satisfies the UCT

Are there known any examples of non-amenable locally compact (or more restrictive, non-amenable discrete) groups $G$ for which the reduced group $C^*$-algebra $C_r^*(G)$ satisfies the universal ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Does this element belong to all powers of the augmentation ideal of the group algebra.

Let $G$ be a torsion free group, and let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are elements in the augmentation ideal, $I$, of $\mathbb CG$, the group algebra of $G$. Assume that there exists complex numbers $a$ and $...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Free ergodic probability measure-preserving actions of the free group

Let $(X,\mathcal{B},\mu)$ be a standard Borel probability space. Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group. An action of $\Gamma$ on $X$ is: essentially free if for all $g \in \Gamma \setminus \{e \}$,...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Does a closed right ideal of a C$^*$-algebra have a C$^*$-algebra?

$A$ is an infinite dimensional C$^*$-algebra and $J\subset A$ is a closed right ideal. $A$ and $J$ are infinite dimensional(as a vector space). I want to find an infinite dimensional C$^*$-algebra ...
8
votes
1answer
176 views

Maps which are both completely positive and positive

Definition:A linear map $f:\mathbb C^n\to \mathbb C^n$ is called positive if $\langle fa,a\rangle\ge0$ for all $a\in \mathbb C^n$. Equivalently, $f\in M_{n}(\mathbb C)$ is positive if it can be ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Are these kinds of “crossed product” studied?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra acting in a Hilbert space $H$, and let $\rho$ be a representation of a group $G$ on a Hilbert space $K$. Define $M\rtimes_\rho G$ to be a von Neumann algebra acting in ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

About crossed product of the group von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ be a group with a normal subgroup $N$. If $K$ is a field, then it is well known in ring theory that $K[G]\cong K[N]*(G/N)$ ($*$ stands for the crossed product). Do we have such an isomorphism ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Fundamental group and group measure space construction

Let $N$ be a type ${\rm II}$ factor, with trace $\tau$. Consider its fundamental group$$ \mathcal{F}(N)= \{ \tau(p)/\tau(q) \ | \ p,q \text{ non-zero finite projections in } N \text{ and } pNp \simeq ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Convergence of self-adjoint elements in $\sigma$-weak topology

In a von Neumann algebra, if $A_{\alpha}$ converges to $0$ in the $\sigma$-weak topology, do the positive parts $(A_{\alpha})_{+}$ necessarily converge to $0$ in the $\sigma$-weak topology?
6
votes
0answers
124 views

Group $C^*$ vs group von-Neumann algebras

Let $\Gamma$ be a countable (discrete) group (in what follows, make additional assumptions as you wish). Let $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ and $W^*_r(\Gamma)$ be the reduced $C^*$-algebra respectively the reduced ...
2
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0answers
152 views

Anzai flow in noncommutative geometry

Consider Anzai flows (cf. Anzai: Ergodic Skew Product Transformations on the Torus, Osaka Math. J. 3 (1951), 83-99) on the two dimensional torus $T^2$. I would like to know if there exists some ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

Cartan subalgebra and group measure space construction

Let $N$ be a ${\rm II}_1$ factor. A maximal abelian self-adjoint subalgebra (MASA) is a $*$-subalgebra $A \subset N$ such that $A' \cap N = A$. It is called a Cartan subalgebra if moreover $\mathcal{N}...
6
votes
0answers
160 views

A characterisation of certain $C^*$-algebras

I was wondering if there is a characterisation for $C^*$-algebras (unital) for which the bidual does not have any central atoms. It is not sufficient for example to demand that the $C^*$-algebra does ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Strongly Continuous Group Actions on the $ C^{\ast} $-Algebra of Compact Operators on a Hilbert Space

Let $ \mathcal{H} $ be a not-necessarily-separable Hilbert space. Let $ G $ be a locally compact Hausdorff group. It is easy to see that if $ U: G \to \mathbb{U}(\mathcal{H}) $ is a norm-continuous ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Examples of isomorphic W* algebra with non-homeomorphic weak topology

Due to the uniqueness of the predual, a W* algebra, when realized as a von Neumann algebra in any way, always has a unique, well-defined ultraweak (or $\sigma$-weak) topology. The same can be said ...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Commutative direct summands of C*-algebras

I have a question about commutative direct summands of $C$*-algebras. Let $A$ be a $C$*-algebra (with unit) and suppose that its bidual $A^{**}$ has a commutative direct summand, that is, $A^{**}=B\...
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0answers
44 views

A 2- cocycle $\tau$ which is not cyclic but it still satisfies the stability of $\tau(e,e,e)$ for idempotent $e$

I learned the following statement from page $20$ of the book Noncommutative Geometry by Alain Connes: Let $\tau$ be a $2$-cyclic cocyle on a $C^*$ algebra. Then for every smooth curve $e(t)$ of ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

When is $\inf_{n\geq0}x^n\neq0$?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra acting on a Hilbert space $H$. Let $x$ be a positive element of $M$ with $\|x\|=1$. So, $(x^n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ is a decreasing sequence of positive elements and $y:=\...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Unitary element of the group algebra

Let $G$ be a torsion free group. Are unitary elements of $\mathbb CG$ studied? By unitary element I mean an element $\alpha$ in $\mathbb CG$, such that $\alpha^*\alpha=1$? Do the triviality of unitary ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Does this element belong to $\mathbb CG$?

Let $G$ be a torsion-free group. Let $\alpha$ be a symmetric element of $\mathbb CG$, i.e. $\alpha^*=\alpha$, with $\|\alpha\|_1=\sum|\alpha(g)|<1$, so $\beta:=\sum_{n\ge 0}(-1)^n\alpha^n$ is an ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Direct proof of “Nuclear implies $C_{red}^*(G) \cong C^*(G)$”

It is well-known that for a discrete group $G$ the following statements are equivalent: $C_{red}^*(G)$ nuclear $C_{red}^*(G) \cong C^*(G)$ canonically i.e. there exists an *-isomorphism between the ...
24
votes
3answers
644 views

What does it mean for a category to admit direct integrals?

Given an infinite countable group $G$, the category of unitary representations of $G$ admits direct integrals. Namely, given a measure space $(X,\mu)$ and a measurable family of unitary $G$-reps $(H_x)...
3
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0answers
59 views

To what extend can a von Neumann algebra be determined by its projection lattice structure?

Let $ M, N $ be von Neumann algebras, $ P $ (resp. $Q$) the projection lattice of $M$ (resp. $N$). Any isomorphism $ \varphi : M \to N $ on the level of involutive algebras induces an isomorphism $ \...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Sequence in *-algebra with different limits for two C*-norms?

The following question looks simple, but the answer is not obvious for me: Let $S$ be a $*$-algebra and $\left\Vert \cdot \right\Vert _{1}$, $\left\Vert \cdot \right\Vert _{2}$ $C^*$-norms on $S$ ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Behaviour of direct limit with matrices

I am trying to understand direct limits in the category of $C^*$-algebras by self reading. My last question was also related to direct limits. Here is another of my doubts: Let $(A_n,f_n)$ be a ...
3
votes
0answers
98 views

Kernel of multiplication in noncommutative 2-torus

What is $\Omega^1 (A_{\theta})$, that is, what is the kernel of the multiplication map $m:A_{\theta} \otimes A_{\theta} \to A_{\theta}$ where $A_{\theta}$ is the noncommutative 2-torus with parameter $...
5
votes
0answers
148 views

Are these element in a group algebra of a torsion-free group zero divisors?

Let $G$ be an arbitrary torsion-free group. For $x,y\in G$, which of these elements‌ can be decided immediately not to be zero divisors in $\mathbb ZG$ (or in $\mathbb CG$)? $$1+x+y,\quad 4+x+x^{-1}+y+...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Is the norm of the Banach space projective tensor product of finite-dimensional C*-algebras a C*-norm?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two finite-dimensional C*-algebras. Let $\gamma$ denote the projective Banach space tensor product norm on the algebraic tensor product $A\odot B$, so $\gamma(t)=\inf\{\sum_{i}\|...
4
votes
0answers
76 views

informative examples for understanding spectral triples

I am at the beginning of my thesis work and I am trying to understand spectral triples. I can recall the definition but I have no informative examples with which to make sense of it. What are some ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Classification of finite-dimensional real super C*-algebras

The title says it all. I feel like one should be able to find this somewhere, but every time I try to google, I just get results for "super Lie algebras". Does anybody know a reference? I am not so ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Behaviour of Direct limit with quotient and double dual

I am trying to understand direct limit in category of $C^*$ algebras. Is it well known that direct limit behaves well with double dual and quotient of $C^*$ algebras? Any references or ideas? P....
1
vote
1answer
288 views

Topology of state space in von Neumann algebras

What are the sufficient conditions for a von Neumann algebra to have a first countable set of states with respect to the weak * operator topology?
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Non-point spectrum for diagonalisable self-adjoint unbounded operator

Given a (separable) Hilbert space H and an unbounded densely defined linear operator $T:{\cal D}(T) \to $H such that ${\cal D}$ is diagonalizable (it means $\exists$ an O.N.B. of H such that all basis ...
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votes
0answers
61 views

Support size of a zero divisor

Let $G$ and $\mathbb C[G]$ be a torsion free group and its group algebra. Is there a function $f:\mathbb N\rightarrow\mathbb R$, with $\lim_nf(n)=\infty$ such that if $0\neq\alpha,\beta\in\mathbb C[G]$...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Tensor product decomposition of commuting representations

If $\mathscr{X}$ is a Hilbert space, we denote by $\mathrm{GL}(\mathscr{X})$ the group of all bounded operators on $\mathscr{X}$ with bounded inverses. Let $\mathbb{F}_2$ be the free group on two ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

Unbounded version of continuous functional calculus

For a normal operator $T$ on a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$, it is well known that for any continuous complex valued function $f$ on the spectrum of $T$, we have a well-defined operator $f(T) \in B({\cal ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

An example of non trivial projections in a group von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ and $\text{vN}(G)$ be a torsion free group and its group von Neumann algebra. Is there a characterization of non trivial projections in $\text{vN}(G)$? If not, is a certain class of them ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

An analytical zero divisor

Let $G$, $\mathbb C[G]$ and $\text{vN}(G)$ be a torsion free group, it's group ring and group von Neumann algebra, resp.. Let $0\neq\alpha\in\mathbb C[G]$ and $0\neq p\neq1$ is a projection in the ...
9
votes
1answer
127 views

Separability of compact quantum groups

In the theory of compact quantum groups due Woronowicz, we assume usually that the C*-algebra of the compact quantum group is separable. Is the assumption essential in the theory? Will it eventually ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

Hilbert space separability for spectral triples

A spectral triple $({\cal A},{\cal H},D)$ consists of a unital $*$-algebra ${\cal A}$ represented as bounded operators on a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$, together with an unbounded operator $D$ having ...
4
votes
2answers
195 views

Unitaries in Banach *-algebras

We know that the norm of a unitary in a unital $C^*$-algebra is one. Also, in a unital Banach algebra A, $u \in A$ is defined to be a unitary if $\|u\| = \|u^{-1}\| =1$. I tried to prove it for the ...
1
vote
0answers
127 views

Idempotents in Group Algebras

What is known about idempotents in Lie group algebras (such as on the classical Lie groups)? Specifically the self-adjoint ones. Is there anything interesting to say? I haven't been able to find much ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Direct proof a property of hyperstonean spaces

First, let me state some basic facts and definitions for my question. I believe these are well-known among experts working on von Neumann algebras, but let me state them anyway since my question is ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Fredholmness of formal selfadjoint operator $AA^*$ and Fredholmenss of $A$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Hilbert spaces with respective inner products $\langle , \rangle_{X,Y}$. Let $A:X \rightarrow Y$ be a bounded linear operator. Assume there is a non-degenerate sesquilinear product $...