# Questions tagged [nt.number-theory]

Prime numbers, diophantine equations, diophantine approximations, analytic or algebraic number theory, arithmetic geometry, Galois theory, transcendental number theory, continued fractions

1,531 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7k views

13k views

### How small can a sum of a few roots of unity be?

Let $n$ be a large natural number, and let $z_1, \ldots, z_{10}$ be (say) ten $n^{th}$ roots of unity: $z_1^n = \ldots = z_{10}^n = 1$. Suppose that the sum $S = z_1+\ldots+z_{10}$ is non-zero. How ...
3k views

### Is the conjecture A+B=C following correct?

Is the conjecture on A+B=C following correct ? Conjecture: Let $A, B, C$ be three positive integer numbers such that $A+B=C$ with $\gcd(A, B, C) = 1$. By Fundamental theorem of arithmetic we write: ...
4k views

### What is known about the sum x^{n^2}/n?

It follows from a general theorem of Honda that the formal group with the logarithm $$x+x^{2^s}/2+x^{3^s}/3+x^{4^s}/4+\cdots$$ has integer coefficients. I became interested in it because its $p$-...
1k views

### Hecke equidistribution

For a prime $p\equiv 1\pmod{4}$, we can write $p=a^2+b^2=N(a+bi)$. Therefore $$a+bi=p^{1/2}e^{i\varphi}$$ where $\varphi\in [0,2\pi]$. I know that Hecke proved that $\varphi$ is equidistributed. I ...
16k views

### Which integers can be expressed as a sum of three cubes in infinitely many ways?

For fixed $n \in \mathbb{N}$ consider integer solutions to $$x^3+y^3+z^3=n \qquad (1)$$ If $n$ is a cube or twice a cube, identities exist. Elkies suggests no other polynomial identities are known. ...
5k views

### Which number fields are monogenic? and related questions

A number field $K$ is said to be monogenic when $\mathcal{O}_K=\mathbb{Z}[\alpha]$ for some $\alpha\in\mathcal{O}_K$. What is currently known about which $K$ are monogenic? Which are not? From Marcus'...
9k views

6k views

### Is there an “elementary” proof of the infinitude of completely split primes?

Let $K$ be a Galois extension of the rationals with degree $n$. The Chebotarev Density Theorem guarantees that the rational primes that split completely in $K$ have density $1/n$ and thus there are ...
3k views

### What fraction of the integer lattice can be seen from the origin?

Consider the integer lattice points in the positive quadrant $Q$ of $\mathbb{Z}^2$. Say that a point $(x,y)$ of $Q$ is visible from the origin if the segment from $(0,0)$ to $(x,y) \in Q$ passes ...
### Is it possible to show that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{\sqrt{n}}$ diverges?
Let $\mu(n)$ denote the Mobius function with the well-known Dirichlet series representation $$\frac{1}{\zeta(s)} = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{n^{s}}.$$ Basic theorems about Dirichlet series ...