Questions tagged [sieve-theory]

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Upper bound for the number of coprimes to primes below $x$ in an arbitrary interval of length $x$?

Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a subset of the primes up to $x^{{1/2}-o(1)}$ and let $S(T,T+x;\mathcal{E})$ be the number of integers in the interval $(T,T+x]$ that are coprime to the primes in $\mathcal{E}$. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
233 views

Best available bounds for $\pi(Y)-\pi(Y-X)$?

I don't know much (anything) about sieves, but as I read the section on the Selberg upper bound sieve from Greaves's Sieves in Number Theory, there is a theorem 4 which says that If $Y\ge X \ge 2$, ...
0 votes
0 answers
181 views

Relation between sieve wheel and Sundaram sieve

I made this sieve for prime numbers, which I briefly describe: We consider $\quad p=r+modulus \cdot k \quad$ with $\quad modulus=p_1*p_2* \cdots *p_m$ and then we choose an appropriate reduced ...
1 vote
0 answers
66 views

Large sieve inequality-like sum without the square

Let $S(\alpha) = \sum_{n\leq N} w(n) e^{2\pi i \alpha n}$ for some function $w$ defined on $\mathbb{R}$. Suppose $\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_R$ are real numbers that are $\delta$-spaced modulo $1$, for ...
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0 votes
0 answers
48 views

On the upper bound estimation of $D(N)$ in Chen Jingrun's theorem

What are the current research results on the estimation of the upper bound of $D(N)$ in Chen Jingrun's theorem? Including but not limited to Chen Jingrun's improvement 7.8342 and Wu Jie's improvement ...
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2 votes
1 answer
143 views

What fraction of the values of a quadratic polynomial can be prime?

I have an explicit, monic quadratic polynomial $P(x)$ and an integer $m$. Can I bound the number of prime values in $P(0), P(1), \ldots, P(m)$? A reference would be appreciated, if available. An ...
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9 votes
1 answer
454 views

Status of current research in Sieve Theory

I have done a course in Sieve Theory from the notes of Prof. Rudnick. Before this, I did 2 courses in Number Theory from the 2 volumes of Apostol. I don't have any guidance by professor as I am living ...
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5 votes
2 answers
626 views

Specific application of Cauchy-Schwarz and Large Sieve

Im reading a paper by Matomaki here, and the following is stated (I'm paraphrasing): "By the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality and the large sieve, we have $$\sum_{q \leq Q}\frac{q}{\phi(q)}\sum_{\...
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2 votes
1 answer
210 views

Sieve theory through variational principles

Disclaimer: I'm just starting to read Sieve Methods by Halberstam and Richert, so my present knowledge of the subject is close to zero, but it made me wonder if some connection to physics could exist, ...
0 votes
0 answers
121 views

Conjecture on a sieve of Flavius Josephus

Flavius Josephus's sieve: Start with the natural numbers; at the $k$-th sieving step, remove every $(k+1)$-st term of the sequence remaining after the $(k-1)$-st sieving step; iterate. Some examples: ...
14 votes
1 answer
313 views

Unpublished result of Rosser in Sieve Methods book

Erdős and Selfridge (1971) state that the following is "implied by an unpublished result of Rosser" which they claim appears in a forthcoming book on sieve methods by Halberstam and Richert. ...
4 votes
1 answer
189 views

Remainder terms of congruence sums in sets of positive density

Let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathbb{N}$ be an infinite sequence with positive density, in the sense that $$ \tag{1} \lim_{x\to\infty} \frac{|\mathcal{A} \cap x|}{x} = c > 0, $$ and define the ...
10 votes
0 answers
266 views

Are there are any attempts utilising sieve theory to attack the general $a p \pm 1$ problem?

It is currently an open question if there are infinitely many primes $p$ such that $2p + 1$ is prime (Sophie Germain primes) or that at least one of $24p \pm 1$ is prime. Could Zhang's method, or the ...
1 vote
1 answer
205 views

Least number coprime to a given integer

For a positive integer $n$ let $$f(n):=\min\{m\in \mathbb N: m>1, \gcd(m,n)=1\} .$$ Equivalently, $f(n) $ is the smallest prime not dividing $n$. Is there any upper bound literature for this? It is ...
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3 votes
0 answers
219 views

Numbers made up of primes from a given set

Take a set $\mathcal P$ of primes and denote by $\langle \mathcal P\rangle $ the set of all natural numbers composed of primes from $\mathcal P$. If \[ \sum _{p\in \mathcal P}\frac {1}{p}\] converges ...
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5 votes
0 answers
268 views

Counting primes, twin primes, cousin primes: unusual approach, connection to some conjectures

I am investigating the following sieve-like algorithm. Let $S_N=\{1,\dots,N\}$. For all primes $p$ with $p_0\leq p \leq M$, we remove from $S_N$ the following elements: all numbers $n\in S_N$ such ...
13 votes
1 answer
669 views

Large sieve inequality for sparse trigonometric polynomials

Let $S(\alpha) = \sum_{n\leq N}f(n) e^{2\pi i \alpha n}$ for some arithmetic function $f$. Suppose $\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_R$ are real numbers that are $\delta$-spaced modulo $1$, for some $0 < \...
2 votes
0 answers
59 views

Order of magnitude on lower bounds for primes in intervals

I have been looking at the literature on sieve theory which proves theorems similar to the following: For all $x > x_0$ the interval $[x - x^{\theta}, x]$ contains prime numbers. For example, I ...
3 votes
0 answers
218 views

Counting twin primes with a sieve-like algorithm

The sequence A002822, denoted as $S$, represents all the twin primes except $\{3, 5\}$. Other than that exception, $k$ and $k+2$ are twin primes iff $(k+1)/6\in S$. Let $S(N)$ be the subset of $S$ ...
5 votes
0 answers
118 views

On Ford's "The distribution of integers with a divisor in a given interval"

Let $H(x,y,z)$ denote the number of positive integers of size at most $x$ which have a divisor in the range $(y,z]$. In his famous "The distribution of integers with a divisor in a given interval&...
6 votes
1 answer
500 views

The history and original paper of the Rosser–Iwaniec sieve

I'm trying to find Rosser's original paper where he introduces his eponymous sieve. I've already found https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0505521 (where the reference isn't given, but where it is indicated ...
11 votes
2 answers
640 views

Improving the error term in a classic sieving problem

I'm new to asking questions on MathOverflow, so forgive me if this question is not the kind of thing to be asked here. Let $q$ be a positive integer and let $N$ be an integer with $1 \leq N \leq q$. ...
8 votes
1 answer
206 views

How does the bound in the large sieve depend on the norm on the lattice?

I've been reading about the large sieve inequality in Serre's "Lectures on the Mordell-Weil theorem", which states it in the following setting, which I've simplified a bit here: Suppose $\...
-1 votes
1 answer
219 views

A number theoretical identity of exponential sum

I try to understand a number theoretical identity used by Jan-Christoph Schlage-Puchta in this answer. He defined the function $$S(\alpha)=\sum_{n\leq N}\Lambda(n) e(n\alpha)$$ where $\Lambda(n)$ is ...
3 votes
0 answers
156 views

Kubilius model in higher sieve dimension?

The Kubilius model, based on the fundamental lemma of sieve theory, let us approximate the probability of events depending on the variables $X_p$, $p\leq y$, where $X_p=1$ if $p|n$ ($n$ a random ...
0 votes
1 answer
199 views

"Halfway" approach to Landau's 4th problem (special case of Bateman-Horn)

Landau's 4th problem asks if $n^2 + 1$ is prime for infinitely many $n \in \Bbb{Z}$. It is known that $n^2 + 1$ can only be divisible by Pythagorean primes, and that for any $p$ congruent to $1 \pmod ...
3 votes
1 answer
160 views

Sieving by composite moduli

A traditional sieve gives a bound on the number of integers $n$ in an interval (say $I=[0,N]$) such that $$n\not\in S_p \mod p$$ for every prime $p$ in a set $\mathcal{P}$, where $S_p\subset \mathbb{Z}...
11 votes
2 answers
953 views

What is the significance of Friedlander-Iwaniec and related theorems?

On p.177 of Number Theory Revealed: A Masterclass by Andrew Granville, the author states that "One can ask for prime values of polynomials in two or more variables." (though he later ...
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0 votes
0 answers
130 views

Prime factors of $p-1$

It is one of the consequences of Sieve theory is that number of primes $p\leq x$ such that all prime divisors of $p-1$ are greater than $p^{\varepsilon},$ is $\gg \frac{x}{\log^2x}.$ In particular, ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
348 views

References of research papers which lead to starting of Sieve Theory

Question - I am thinking to present one or two papers on Sieve Theory in my masters thesis. I will also present 3 other papers on Riemann Zeta Function which I have studied earlier . But I have no ...
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1 vote
0 answers
92 views

Sieve Theory uniform bound in Richert's Lectures on Sieves

I'm not sure how suitable this question is, but I have had no response on Mathematics Stack Exchange. My original question is here: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3402938/uniformity-...
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0 votes
0 answers
150 views

Prime counting function estimate sieve of Eratosthenes-Legendre

I'm trying to arrive at estimate 1.17 (page 21) of Koukoulopoulos lecture notes [https://dms.umontreal.ca/~koukoulo/documents/notes/sievemethods.pdf] $$\#\{n \leq x : p|n \Rightarrow p > \sqrt{x}\}...
3 votes
1 answer
389 views

Primes with given Hamming weight

If I understand correctly, in the following thread Are There Primes of Every Hamming Weight? two users of the site claim that it has been already proven that, for every sufficiently large $n \in \...
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14 votes
1 answer
841 views

Why do Maynard-Tao weights succeed?

I'm attempting to understand why the Maynard-Tao weights are successful in proving bounded gaps between primes, but the GPY weights are not. These two posts do an excellent job in giving an overview ...
3 votes
0 answers
101 views

Friedlander-Iwaniec Flipping moduli

I am reading section 12 (Flipping Moduli) of the paper "The polynomial $X^2+Y^4$ captures its primes" by Friedlander and Iwaniec. At page 997, just below equation (12.7) we start estimating the ...
3 votes
2 answers
286 views

Sieve bound for the sum of two squares

Let $$S(n) = \sum_{p \le n} b(n-p),$$ where $b(a)=1$ is $a$ is a sum of two squares of positive integers and $b(a)=0$ otherwise. Trivially by PNT we have $$S(n) \le \sum_{p \le n}1 \ll \frac{n}{\log n}...
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5 votes
1 answer
166 views

Almost-prime values attained by a product of quadratic polynomials

Let $F(x) = \prod_{i=1}^{k} (a_i x +b_i)$ be a product of $k$ linear polynomials, where $a_i,b_i$ are integers. Under very reasonable conditions, it is known that a constant $C_k$ exists with the ...
2 votes
0 answers
116 views

Almost-prime values attained by polynomials, with extra conditions

Given integers $a_1,\ldots,a_k>0$ and $b_1,\ldots,b_k$, consider the polynomial $f(x) = \prod_{i=1}^{k} (a_i x +b_i) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$. Suppose that $\{ a_i x+b_i\}_{i=1}^{k}$ are pairwise ...
1 vote
0 answers
176 views

Sieving beyond threshold

This is a follow-up to the question here: Sum of divisors below threshold. User "Lucia" gave an excellent answer there, and probably the question below is very closely related. Still, since I am not ...
2 votes
1 answer
183 views

Sieving modulo non-prime residue classes

Let $n$ be a positive integer, and consider the set $\{1, \dots, n\}$. If we remove from this set all the numbers $a$ which satisfy $$ a \equiv 0 \mod d $$ for at least one divisor $d$ of $n$ (...
8 votes
1 answer
752 views

Sum of divisors below threshold

Let $\sigma(n)$ denote the sum of divisors of $n$, that is, $$ \sigma(n) = \sum_{d | n} d. $$ It is known that $\sigma$ can have values as large as order $n \log \log n$. However, obviously the sum is ...
3 votes
1 answer
534 views

Use of weights in the GPY's and Tao-Maynard's work on the twin prime conjecture

I am going through James Maynard's paper, Small Gaps between Primes, and have a number of questions regarding his approach. First, I am wondering why uses weights in his approach. While I generally ...
2 votes
0 answers
111 views

Sieving the values of an arithmetic sequence which is infinitely many times $1$

I have a sequence of positive integers $a_n$ which assumes infinitely many times the value $1$. I want to estimate the cardinality of the following set: $$\#\{n\leq x : a_n>1 \text{ and } (a_n, \...
8 votes
0 answers
235 views

Which continuous function is optimal for sieving?

In 1968, Barban and Vehov considered [1] the problem of determining for which continuous functions $\rho:\mathbb{R}^+\to [0,1]$ satisfying certain properties ($\rho(t)=1$ for $t\leq U_0$, $\rho(t)=0$ ...
7 votes
1 answer
293 views

Proportion of numbers with prime divisors from restricted set

Let $X$ be large, and let $\mathcal{P} \subset \{1, \dots, X\}$ be a set of primes. What is a good upper bound for $$ \sum_{\substack{1 \leq n \leq X,\\ p \nmid n \text{ for all }p \in \mathcal{P}}} 1....
1 vote
1 answer
303 views

Some questions about some examples in "sieve methods" in the book "Opera de Cribro" by Friedlander and Iwaniec

I am reading the book "Opera de Cribro - John B. Friedlander, Henryk Iwaniec" and in pages 5,6 I do not understand why and how they chose $X$, $A(x)$, $A_d(x)$, $g(p)$ and $r_d(x)$. any hints will be ...
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6 votes
0 answers
184 views

admissible tuples vs. prime tuples

Let $\rho^\ast(x)$ denote the maximal length of an admissible sequence in $[1,x]$, i.e. of a sequence which does not cover all the residue classes modulo any $n\geq 2$. Hensley and Richards (1974) ...
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7 votes
1 answer
431 views

Examples of the large sieve inequality where a constant larger than 1 is needed

Let $S(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{N-1} a_n e^{2 \pi i n x}$ be a trigonometric polynomial of length $N$. The analytic/harmonic large sieve inequality in its sharpest form states that $$ \sum_{r=1}^R |S(x_r)|^2 ...
  • 11.2k
2 votes
0 answers
154 views

Lattice Sieving in Number Field Sieve

I am currently going through Pollard's article on Lattice Sieving and have a few confusions. Firstly, how to figure that $C$ and $D$ in the two-dimensional array so that every $(c,d)$ pair corresponds ...
3 votes
1 answer
325 views

Squarefree values of polynomials at prime arguments

This is a reference request. Assume that $f_1,\ldots,f_r \in \mathbb{Z}[t]$ are non-zero linear polynomial. Letting $\mu$ be the M\"{o}bius function, is there any work on $$ \sum_{p\leq x} \prod_{i=...
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