# Questions tagged [euclidean-geometry]

Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to the Alexandrian Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the Elements. Euclid's method consists in assuming a small set of intuitively appealing axioms, and deducing many other propositions (theorems) from these.

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### Least number of circles required to cover a continuous function on a $[a,b]$

I asked this question on MSE here. Given a continuous function $f :[a,b]\to\mathbb{R}$, what is the least number of circles with fixed radius $r$ required to cover the graph of $f$? It is easy to ...
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### An unpublished calculation of Gauss and the icosahedral group

According to p. 68 of Paul Stackel's essay "Gauss as geometer" (which deals with "complex quantities with more than two units") , Gauss calculated the coordinates of the vertices ...
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### Dividing a polyhedron into two similar copies

The paper Dividing a polygon into two similar polygons proves that there are only three families of polygons that are irrep-2-tiles (can be subdivided into similar copies of the original). Right ...
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### An inequality in an Euclidean space

For $n\geq 1$, endow $\mathbb{R}^n$ with the usual scalar product. Let $u=(1,1,\dots,1)\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $v\in {]0,+\infty[^n}$ and denote by $p_{u^\perp}$ and $p_{v^\perp}$ the orthographic ...
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### What is the $\inf$ and $\sup$ of the area of quadrilateral given its sides length?

I asked this question on MSE here. Given the length of the sides of a quadrilateral $a,b,c,d$ ( side lengths are given in order around the quadrilateral) the area of the quadrilateral is less than or ...
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### Group generated by two irrational plane rotations

What groups can arise as being generated by two rotations in $\mathbb R^2$ by angles $\not \in \mathbb Q\pi$? If the centers of the rotations coincide, then the rotations commute and generate some ...
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### Geometry in $\mathbb{R}^n$: angle between projections of a rectangle

Consider a hyper rectangle $R$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ defined by $|x_i|\leq M_i$ for all $i\leq n$. Consider a linear affine subspace $L$ of dimension $1\leq k <n$ such that $L\cap R\neq \emptyset$. For ...
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### "On models of elementary elliptic geometry"

While perusing p. 237 of the 3rd ed. of Marvin Greenberg's book on Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries, I learned that it can actually be proven that "all possible models of hyperbolic ...
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### Smallest sphere containing three tetrahedra?

What is the smallest possible radius of a sphere which contains 3 identical plastic tetrahedra with side length 1?
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### Does "perpendicular phase incoherence" satisfy the triangle inequality?

I asked this question at https://math.stackexchange.com/q/4783968/222867, but even after a 200-point bounty, no solution was provided, only some thoughts regarding possible directions. So I'm now ...
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### A projective plane in the Euclidean plane

Problem. Is there a subset $X$ in the Euclidean plane such that $X$ is not contained in a line and for any points $a,b,c,d\in X$ with $a\ne b$ and $c\ne d$, the intersection $X\cap\overline{ab}$ is ...
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### Desargues ten point configuration $D_{10}$ in LaTeX

I want to draw the Desargues configuration $10_3$ in LaTeX using the standard picture environment, which allows only lines with the slopes $n:m$ where $\max\{|n|,|m|\}\le 6$. Is it possible? If not, ...
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### Estimate on the minimum distance from integer points on some fixed hyperplanes to a moving hyperplane

Suppose in $\mathbf{R}^n$ there are $m$ given hyperplanes $\Pi_j:\sum_{i=1}^n c_{i,j}e_i=0$ all of which go through the origin, and all the coefficients $c_{i,j}$ are rational (you can make them all ...
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### Finding a point that minimizes sum of distances to a given set of lines

Given a set $L$ of size $n$ of lines in $\mathbb{R}^d$, find a point $x \in \mathbb{R}^d$ that minimizes: $$\sum\limits_{l\in L}\min\limits_{y\in l} {\lvert \lvert x-y \rvert\rvert}^2$$ I wrote a 1.5-...
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### Was the small Desargues Theorem known to ancient Greeks?

My question concerns the classical Desargues Theorem and its simplest version The small Desargues Theorem: Let $A$, $B$, $C$ be three distinct parallel lines and $a,a'\in A$, $b,b'\in B$, $c,c'\in C$,...
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### Calculating a relaxed Delaunay Triangulation

The triangles of a planar Delaunay Triangulations are essentially characterized by the property that no triangle's corner is inside another triangle's circumcircle; Delaunay Triangulations can be ...
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### Is every triangulation the projection of a convex hull

Question: given the triangulation $T$ of a set $P$ of $n$ points $p_1,\dots,p_n$ in the euclidean plane whose convex hull is a triangle, can we always find a set $Q$ of $n+1$ points $q_0,q_1,\dots,q_n$...
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### A generalization of the Archimedean circle

I proposed a generalization of the Archimedean circle : In this figure $M$ is the midpoint of $AB$, $DE$; $(G)$, $(H)$, $(M)$ are the semicircles. Then two yellow circles are congruent. Question: Is ...
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### Which manhole covers fall through their holes?

Apparently one of the reasons why all manhole covers are shaped like discs is because for any other shape, the manhole cover would fall through its own hole. As stated this is not necessarily a ...
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### Piecewise affine-isometric maps of polytopal graphs into the plane

There are well-known "relatively faithful" representations of the polytopal metric subgraphs $C^n\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ (with the euclidean distance, for all $n\geq 0$) of hypercubes into the ...
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### What sequence maximizes the final distance?

This problem was created by professor Ronaldo Garcia from Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG) and he showed it to me at an event in my university. This problem has a lot of history and he told me he ...
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### $1$-Lipschitz map from hyperbolic to Euclidean plane

I'm trying to find a reference to the following statement. Define a function $f$ from the hyperbolic plane (in the Poincaré unit disc model using polar coordinates) to the Euclidean plane (using polar ...
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### Alternative equivalence results for the constructibility of real numbers

Everyone is aware of the standard result from undergraduate field theory that a real number $\alpha$ is constructible by straightedge and compass if and only if there exists a finite sequence of field ...
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### Minimum diameter of set inscribed in a unit sphere

For a study of the stability of certain maps taking values in a sphere I have the following question. Let $A$ be a subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Suppose $A$ lies in a unit ball, but in no ball of smaller ...
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### Condition to be concyclic [closed]

What condition would you impose upon $n$ points on a plane of which no three points are collinear so that they are concyclic if the distances of each point from the all remaining points are known? (...
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### How many distances are required to calculate all distances among $n$ points in the Euclidean plane?

I want to know all the pairwise distances between points $P_1,P_2,\ldots,P_n$ in the Euclidean plane (or equivalently, I want to reconstruct the set of points up to congruence). Let's say I have an ...
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$\DeclareMathOperator\int{int}\DeclareMathOperator\diam{diam}\DeclareMathOperator\area{area}\DeclareMathOperator\cl{cl}\DeclareMathOperator\ran{ran}\DeclareMathOperator\dom{dom}$This is a tweaked ...