Questions tagged [conjectures]

for question related to conjectures.

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5
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1answer
320 views

Is there an even number $a$ such that $a^{2^{n}}+1$ is prime for infinitely many $n$?

Is there an even number $a$ such that $\{n: a^{2^{n}}+1 \text{ is prime} \}$ is an infinite set? Let $a$ be even. Is there infinitely many $n$ such that $a^{2^{n}}+1$ is composite?
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71 views

A special case of Frankl's conjecture. A question about known results

Let's recall a Frankl's conjecture. Consider a finite family of finite sets $\mathcal{F}$, such for every pair of sets $A\in \mathcal{F}$ and $B\in\mathcal{F}$, we have $A\cup B\in\mathcal{F}$(the ...
3
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0answers
159 views

Counting primes, twin primes, cousin primes: unusual approach, connection to some conjectures

I am investigating the following sieve-like algorithm. Let $S_N=\{1,\dots,N\}$. For all primes $p$ with $p_0\leq p \leq M$, we remove from $S_N$ the following elements: all numbers $n\in S_N$ such ...
-1
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1answer
415 views

Questions about the abc conjecture [closed]

Question. Is there an integer $n_0 \geq 2$ such that $$\left\{\frac{c}{rad(abc)^{n_0}}: a, b >0,\; c=a+b,\; \gcd(a, b)=1\right \}$$ is bounded? The abc conjecture can directly deduce this ...
4
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1answer
184 views

Lemoine-Lozada circles

I made some rookie attempt to define the 4th Lemoine circle recently. The alternative name for this circle was suggested yesterday. Further investigation revealed a family of circles associated with ...
1
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1answer
289 views

Conjecture about primes [closed]

Let $n_0$ be an integer (positive or negative). Are there infinitely many primes $p$ such that $p + n_0 = {2^r} · q,$ $ r ≥ 0,$ $ q ≥ 3 $ is prime? When $n_0 = 2$, this conjecture is the twin prime ...
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0answers
191 views

Counting twin primes with a sieve-like algorithm

The sequence A002822, denoted as $S$, represents all the twin primes except $\{3, 5\}$. Other than that exception, $k$ and $k+2$ are twin primes iff $(k+1)/6\in S$. Let $S(N)$ be the subset of $S$ ...
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1answer
331 views

Are there infinitely many $n$ such that $n!-1$ and $n!+1$ are prime numbers? [closed]

Are there infinitely many $n$ such that $n!−1$ and $n!+1$ are prime numbers?
12
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1answer
3k views

The 4th vertex of a triangle?

I was immensely surprised and amused by the idea of the fourth side of a triangle that was introduced by B.F.Sherman in 1993. 'Sherman's Fourth Side of a Triangle' by Paul Yiu is available here. ...
4
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145 views

Heuristics for the very little torsion in the cohomology of Shimura variety

Consider the following statement which is a part of Conjecture 1.3 in the paper titled "The asymptotic growth of torsion homology for arithmetic groups" authored by N. Bergeron and A. ...
5
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2answers
264 views

The 4th Lemoine circle

The first and second Lemoine circles are well-known to geometers. According to this article the third Lemoine circle has been first discovered by Jean-Pierre Ehrmann in 2002. It is worth noting that ...
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0answers
414 views

Langlands program and complexity theory

Back when I was an undergraduate, I spent some time reading the about the modularity conjecture, but the details are fuzzy now. One of the motivations I imagined for the Langlands program was for ...
17
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1answer
2k views

Conjectures or Results?

There is a paper (not accepted for publication yet) that contains several conjectures. Some of these conjectures were proven recently. The referee of the original paper requires to substitute the ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Why is the Simple Zeros Conjecture said to be stronger than the Riemann Hypothesis?

Let the "Simple Zeros Conjecture (SZC)" be the statement that all zeros of the Riemann zeta function are simple. I have often heard of the statement that the SZC is stronger than the Riemann ...
6
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1answer
227 views

Statement of classical Ramanujan-Petersson conjecture

I'm preparing for an expository talk on some topics in the representation theory of reductive p-adic groups, including tempered representations and Whittaker models, and as motivation I wanted to ...
9
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1answer
401 views

Status of a conjecture of Hirzebruch

I was reading a paper from 1994 which claimed that the following statement was a conjecture of Hirzerbruch: If a complex surface X is homeomorphic to either $S^2 \times S^2$ or $\mathbb{C}P^2 \# \...
18
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3answers
2k views

Is it a reasonable way to write a research article assuming truth of a conjecture?

I have found a conjecture in a research article (published in a good journal) on number theory, which is not well known but very reasonable. Let me be clear that, there is no counter-example that vote ...
18
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1answer
2k views

More mysteries about the zeros of the Riemann zeta function

Update on 12/26/2020: I added the Appendix at the bottom: simplified formula for $|\zeta(s)|^2$, when $\frac{1}{2}<\Re(s)<1$. Update on 1/5/2020: I added the section "more interesting ...
2
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2answers
525 views

On the nearest-square function and the quantity $m^2 - p^k$ where $p^k m^2$ is an odd perfect number

This question has been cross-posted from this MSE question and is an offshoot of this other MSE question. (Note that MSE user mathlove has posted an answer in MSE, which I could not completely ...
2
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0answers
92 views

A conjectured upper bound for the mean value of prime divisors inside prime gaps

In 1969 C.A. Grimm stated this interesting conjecture: the prime gap $\,G_n=\{x\in N:p_n\lt x\lt p_{n+1}\}\,$ contains at least $\,\#G_n=(p_{n+1}-p_n)-1=g_n-1\,$ distinct prime divisors, that is if $\,...
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2answers
315 views

Easy to explain conjectures that are still unsolved [duplicate]

Mathematics has many open conjectures which are ridiculously hard to even understand. But this is not always the case. An example is: Collatz conjecture. I would like to see some more examples. So ...
9
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1answer
676 views

Prove that there are no composite integers $n=am+1$ such that $m \ | \ \phi(n)$

Let $n=am+1$ where $a $ and $m>1$ are positive integers and let $p$ be the least prime divisor of $m$. Prove that if $a<p$ and $ m \ | \ \phi(n)$ then $n$ is prime. This question is a ...
1
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1answer
299 views

What groups should I test my conjecture on? [closed]

I have a conjecture that a certain criterion is enough for two groups to be isomorphic. I tested it on all pairs of groups up to size 12, and it worked like a charm. I know, however, that groups are ...
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0answers
393 views

Collatz conjecture in all its variants

There are all kinds of execution variants to the collatz conjecture for when hitting an odd number: $3n+1$ or $3n+3^a$ or $1.5n + 0.5$ or $1.5n + 1.5$... . The assumption is: proving any of them will ...
5
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1answer
224 views

Inductively computing Mersenne primes / perfect numbers?

For two sets $A,B$ set $A+B = \{a +b | a \in A,b \in B\}$. Let $(x_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ be independent variables. Let $\sigma(n)$ be the sum of divisors of $n$. Set $\hat{\phi}(1) = \{x_1\}$ and ...
9
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1answer
353 views

$π(x+y) - π(x) ≤ c·y/\ln(y)$ for some constant $c$?

(I posted this question on Math SE but it has had no answer for a year now so I would like to ask if anyone here can provide one.) Thinking about the prime number theorem, I wondered whether it is ...
4
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1answer
329 views

The action of the unitary divisors group on the set of divisors and odd perfect numbers

Let $n$ be a natural number. Let $U_n = \{d \in \mathbb{N}\mid d\mid n \text{ and } \gcd(d,n/d)=1 \}$ be the set of unitary divisors, $D_n$ be the set of divisors and $S_n=\{d \in \mathbb{N}\mid d^2 \...
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0answers
392 views

Does the equation $\sigma(\sigma(x^2))=2x\sigma(x)$ have any odd solutions?

This question was posted in MSE in early August 2020. It did garner several upvotes, but did not receive any responses. I have therefore cross-posted it here, hoping that it gets answered. Let $\...
5
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2answers
289 views

Conjecture about minimal number of edge crossings in complete bipartite graphs

I am interested in the status of the conjecture about the minimum number of edge crossings $cr(K_{m,n})$ in a drawing of the complete bipartite graph $K_{m,n}$. The Wikipedia article https://en....
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1answer
172 views

"Halfway" approach to Landau's 4th problem (special case of Bateman-Horn)

Landau's 4th problem asks if $n^2 + 1$ is prime for infinitely many $n \in \Bbb{Z}$. It is known that $n^2 + 1$ can only be divisible by Pythagorean primes, and that for any $p$ congruent to $1 \pmod ...
17
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0answers
747 views

Numbers of the form $x^2(x-1) + y^2(y-1) + z^2(z-1)$ with $x,y,z\in\mathbb Z$

Roger Heath-Brown conjectured that any integer $k\not\equiv\pm4\pmod9$ can be expressed as $x^3+y^3+z^3$ with $x,y,z\in\mathbb Z$ in infinitely many different ways. Also it is well-known that some ...
6
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1answer
938 views

Is there any relationship between Szemerédi's theorem and Sunflower conjecture?

I have observed some similar things between a reformulation of the Sunflower conjecture (see also conjecture 1.3 in Improved bounds for the sunflower lemma) and Szemerédi's theorem such that for ...
8
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1answer
993 views

Is new $n$-conjecture as follows correct?

Given a positive integer $P>1$, let its prime factorization be written as$$P=p_1^{a_1}p_2^{a_2}p_3^{a_3}\cdots p_k^{a_k}.$$ Define the functions $h(P)$ by $h(1)=1$ and $h(P)=\min(a_1, a_2,\ldots,...
9
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1answer
393 views

A constant bizarrely related to the Fibonacci Numbers

For roughly the past month, I have been studying denesting radicals. For example: the expression $\sqrt[3]{\sqrt[3]2-1}$ is a radical expression that contains another radical expression, so this ...
8
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0answers
275 views

A generalization of Feit–Thompson conjecture, for square-free integers

I asked the following question with my account that I have for these sites Mathematics Stack Exchange and MathOverflow. The bounty that I offered in MSE expired without answers. The post that I refer ...
4
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1answer
308 views

About semiprimal representations of $1$

Conjecture $A_1$ : For every $m \in \mathbb N \setminus \{1\}$ there exist mutually different primes $p_{r_1},...,p_{r_m}$ and mutually different primes $b_{w_1},...,b_{w_m}$ and numbers $i_1,...,i_m \...
0
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1answer
439 views

Has Pillai conjecture been proven?

I found the paper https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00698687v9/document which claims the proof of Pillai conjecture. However, it is not mentioned anywhere that it has been proved. It's stated ...
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0answers
370 views

Equivalence of the union-closed sets conjecture that is locally weaker of any use?

Let $F$ be a union-closed family. We call $F$ minimal if for every $x\in \cup(F)$ we find $S\in F$ such that $S\backslash \{x\} \in F$. It is sufficient to proof the union-closed sets conjecture for ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Schur positive expression involving border-strip tableaux

Recall the power-sum expansion of Schur functions, $$ s_\lambda = \sum_\mu \chi^{\lambda}(\mu) \frac{p_\mu}{z_\mu}, $$ in terms of Sn-character. These can be calculated by the Murnaghan-Nakayama rule, ...
9
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1answer
382 views

Conjectured primality test for specific class of $N=4kp^n+1$

Can you provide a proof or counterexample for the following claim? Let $P_m(x)=2^{-m}\cdot((x-\sqrt{x^2-4})^m+(x+\sqrt{x^2-4})^m)$ . Let $N= 4kp^{n}+1 $ where $k$ is a positive natural number , $...
6
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2answers
673 views

Conjectures and open problems in representation theory [closed]

Are there very famous open problems or conjectures in representation theory, or in enumerative geometry, like the volume conjecture in topology?
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0answers
96 views

Variants of Nicholson's inequalities for prime numbers, involving the Lambert $W$ function

The purpose of this post is ask about two closely related/inspired conjectures from inequalities due to Nicholson (see [1]) and Visser [2]. If my reasonings are right should be stronger versions of ...
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0answers
582 views

is there a link with the probabilistic model for prime numbers?

Let $x \in \mathbb{R}_+$ and $k \in \mathbb{N}^{*}$. Let : $$\mathcal{A}(x)=\#\{(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_k) \in \mathbb{P}^k \mid (a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_k \text{ verifying some properties}) \, , a_k \...
15
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1answer
749 views

Arithmetic progressions in stopping time of Collatz sequences

Inspired by the question here, we did a few more simulations of numbers of some specific forms and noticed a pattern. We consider the original $3n+1$ transform where we divide by $2$ if it's even and ...
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1answer
341 views

Published articles in journals about the Firoozbakht's conjecture, whose main goal or focus is the study of this conjecture

I would like to know what articles are in the literature about the known as Firoozbakht's conjecture, see the Wikipedia Firoozbakht's conjecture. Question. What articles have been published in ...
2
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1answer
155 views

On $\sum_{\substack{p\leq x\\p,p+2\text{ twin primes}}}\frac{(\log p)^m}{p}$, on assumption of the first Hardy–Littlewood conjecture

I wondered, inspired in a result from [1] (Proposition 17) what should be the asymptotic behaviour of the sequence, on assumption of the First Hardy–Littlewood conjecture, $$\sum_{\substack{\text{...
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1answer
236 views

Is the conjecture $min(A,B) \le rad(ABC)$ new and correct? [closed]

$\DeclareMathOperator\rad{rad}$Conjecture: If $A, B, C$ are positive integers with $\gcd(A, B)=1$, $\gcd(B, C)=1$, and $\gcd(C, A)=1$, and if $A+B=C$, then $\min(A,B) \le \rad(ABC)$. If the ...
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0answers
41 views

On quasiperfect numbers, $\operatorname{rad}(\sigma(n))=\operatorname{rad}(2n+1)$ and $\operatorname{rad}(\sigma(n)-1)=\operatorname{rad}(2n)$

An integer $n\geq 1$ is said quasiperfect number if the sum of its positive divisors $\sigma(n)$ is equal to $2n+1$. See the Wikipedia Quasiperfect number. The idea of this post is ask about the ...
2
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1answer
394 views

A generalization of Lander, Parkin, and Selfridge conjecture

My question: Are the conjectures as follows correct? Given a positive integer $P>1$, let its prime factorization be written $$P=p_1^{a_1}p_2^{a_2}p_3^{a_3}...p_k^{a_k}$$. Define the ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Have new conjectures generated by the Ramanujan machine been proven?

Recently the following preprint was published with new automatically generated conjectures on generalizes continuous fractions, e.g., for the Euler constant: Raayoni, Pisha, Manor, Mendlovic, Haviv, ...