Questions tagged [riemann-hypothesis]

Questions about the famous conjecture from Riemann saying that the non-trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function all lie on the so-called critical line $\Re(s)=\dfrac{1}{2}$, its various generalizations and the different approaches towards its solution.

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10
votes
1answer
899 views

Normal numbers, Liouville function, and the Riemann Hypothesis

This is a question about whether or not some number $\lambda^*$ is normal in base 2. More specifically, I am wondering if $\lambda^*$ is not normal. Proving it is normal would be next to impossible, ...
1
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0answers
103 views

On primes of specified length and bit pattern

Denote $P(n,k)$ to be the number of primes between $2^n$ and $2^{n+1}-1$ having $k$ number of $1$s in its binary expansion between the $n+1$th binary digit and the least which is always $1$ if $n>1$...
-4
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1answer
315 views

Scaled Riemann zeta function with no zero in the critical strip

Update: I added $exp[i\theta_k(s)]$ in the definition of $\eta^*(s)$ to address some critical convergence issues. Thanks for the contributors who pointed to these issues. Prime numbers are denoted as $...
2
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1answer
140 views

Truncated Euler products, Dirichlet eta function, and convergence issues

Can you prove that the following series does not converge if $\frac{1}{2}<\sigma<1$, no matter how close to $1$ sigma is, and no matter how large $t>0$ is? The series is defined as $$W(\sigma,...
7
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1answer
610 views

The (current) obstructions for a cohomological interpretation of the Riemann zeta function

I am interested in the idea of a cohomological interpretation of the Riemann hypothesis (suggested by Deninger/Connes). I am a beginner in étale cohomology, and I would like to ask the following ...
1
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0answers
120 views

Prove that: $\sum _{c=1}^n \sum _{b=1}^n \sum _{a=1}^n \left(\left([b|c][b|a]\frac{\mu(b)b}{a}\right)-\frac{1}{a b\sqrt{c}}\right)<H_n+n$

In the OEIS there is the quote from Lowell Schoenfeld that the Riemann hypothesis is equivalent to: $$|\psi(n) - n| < \sqrt{n} \log^2(n)$$ From the Euler Maclaurin formula one gets: $$\sum _{c=1}^n ...
4
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1answer
228 views

Can the Lagarias inequality be written as a “kernel inequality”?

The Lagarias inequality, which is equivalent to the Riemann hypothesis, is: $$\sigma(n) \le H_n + \exp(H_n) \log(H_n) =:L(n)$$ for all natural numbers $n$, where $\sigma=$ sum of divisors, $H_n=n$-th ...
4
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0answers
147 views

To which value does this infinite sum of power series coefficients converge?

Context: In this and this paper, J. Arias de Reyna shows that the RH follows when: $$1.2663935... \le \sum_{n=1}^\infty A_n^2 \le 1.2723669...$$ where $A_n$ is the coefficient in the following power ...
0
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1answer
206 views

How differently would we model the distribution of primes if prime gap is larger?

Cramer's conjecture based on his random model provides prime gaps are bound by $O(\log^2p_n)$ where the gap is between $(n+1)$th and $n$th prime. How differently would primes be modeled if gaps of $O(...
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0answers
246 views

Axiom of determinacy as setting for studying rigs with $\operatorname{Aut}(\mathcal{M})\cong\operatorname {Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$?

I read years ago in the great French book "l'aventure des nombres" (Gilles Godefroy, Odile Jacob, 1997) that the axiom of determinacy was incompatible with the axiom of choice. The latter ...
2
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0answers
260 views

Mertens Bound and the Riemann Hypothesis

Let $M(x)$ denote the Mertens function ($M(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{x}\mu(i)$ where $\mu(i)$ is the Möbius function) and let $\Lambda(i)$ denote the Mangoldt function ($\Lambda(i)$ equals $\log(p)$ if $i=p^{m}$ ...
3
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0answers
141 views

Lower bound of the modulus $|\eta(s)|$ of the Dirichlet Eta function if $0.6 < \Re(s) < 0.9$

Let $s=\sigma + it$, with $0.6 < \sigma < 1$ and $\sigma=\Re(s)$. I am trying to get good enough approximations for $\eta(s)$, hoping something useful might come out of it. I stumbled upon a ...
3
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0answers
285 views

On RH in the Clay Institute list

As everybody knows, the Riemann Hypothesis is one of the problems of the millenium raised by the Clay Institute. Looking at the "official formulation" of various problems, say for instance ...
3
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1answer
112 views

A Hadamard product representation for Keiper's $\tau$-function?

In this paper J.B. Keiper defined the following function: $$\tau_k = \sum_{j=1}^k (-1)^j\,{k-1 \choose j-1} \sigma_{j+1} \qquad k \ge 1, k \in \mathbb{N} \tag{1}$$ where $\displaystyle\sigma_r = \sum_{...
0
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0answers
104 views

Some properties of special Dirichlet series, connection to Riemann Hypothesis

The series in question is $$\phi(\sigma,\mu,t; \alpha,\beta,\gamma) = \sum_{n=2}^\infty (-1)^{n+1} \cdot \frac{W\big(\gamma +\alpha t+\beta t\lambda(n)\big)}{n^\sigma (\log n)^\mu}$$ The wave $W$ is a ...
1
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1answer
215 views

On some property of the zeros of $\zeta(s)$ in the complex plane

This property is rather elementary, and not at all specific to $\zeta$, so I am wondering if it has any value in studying the zeros of the Riemann zeta function in the critical strip. It is a well ...
27
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1answer
1k views

Riemann's attempts to prove RH

I read somewhere that Riemann believed he could find a representation of the zeta function that would allow him to show that all the non-trivial zeros of the zeta function lie on the critical line. I ...
2
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0answers
488 views

Why didn't Robin prove the Riemann Hypothesis?

I'm reading Robin's paper, ''Grandes valeurs de la fonction somme des diviseurs et hypoth`ese de Riemann,'' J. Math. Pures Appl. (9) 63 (1984). In particular, Lemma 5 states that $\prod_{p\leq P} (1-p^...
16
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1answer
1k views

More mysteries about the zeros of the Riemann zeta function

Update on 12/26/2020: I added the Appendix at the bottom: simplified formula for $|\zeta(s)|^2$, when $\frac{1}{2}<\Re(s)<1$. Update on 1/5/2020: I added the section "more interesting ...
2
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1answer
305 views

Is there a Riemann Hypothesis criterion utilizing sum of squares of divisors?

Robin's inequality $$\sigma_1(n)<e^\gamma n\log\log n$$ at integers $n>5040$ provides necessary and sufficient condition for Riemann Hypothesis where $\sigma_1(n)=\sum_{d|n}d$ is sum of divisors ...
2
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2answers
611 views

Prove that the real part of this limit converges to $\frac{1}{2}$

Let: $s= 1/3 + 14i$ Prove that the real part of this limit converges to $\frac{1}{2}$: $$\Re\left(\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty}\left(\frac{1}{1-\frac{\sum _{k=1}^n \frac{(-1)^{k-1} \binom{n-1}{k-1}}{\...
2
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0answers
550 views

An interesting sequence of numbers arising from the Riemann hypothesis

A very good coincidence occurred today with me. While just plotting random functions in Mathematica, I entered this command: ...
0
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1answer
284 views

Where can I find the problem by Lagarias?

Jeffrey Lagarias proved, unconditionally, that: $$ \sigma(n)<H_n+2\exp(H_n)\log(H_n)\qquad n>1 $$ This was posed as a problem in: J. C. Lagarias, Problem 10949: A generous bound for divisor ...
3
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1answer
153 views

Error term for the summatory function of $k$-free numbers indicator and RH

I started to read this preprint: https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.03696 In it, the author states that $\sum_{n\leq x}\mu_{k}(n)=\zeta(k)^{-1}x+O(x^{1/k})$ and that under RH, the exponent in the error term ...
2
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1answer
542 views

$\frac{\sigma(n)}{n} < e \ln \ln (n)$ is true?

In Guy Robin, Grandes valeurs de la fonction somme des diviseurs et hypothèse de Riemann, J. Math. Pures Appl. 63 (1984), 187–213 (pdf) we find the following result: If the Riemann hypothesis is true ...
7
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1answer
371 views

Riemann hypothesis for exponential sum

Recently I've heard about the Riemann hypothesis for one-variable exponential sums, which states as For a polynomial $f\in\mathbb{F}_{p^k}[x]$ of degree $d$ and a character $\chi$ of $(\mathbb{F}_{p^...
0
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0answers
117 views

Error term in a sum of prime powers

This question is a follow-up to What is the growth rate of the sum of powers of distinct primes closest to a given a integer? Denoting like the OP $S_{n}:=\sum_{p\leq n}p^{\lfloor\frac{\log n}{\log p}\...
2
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3answers
397 views

Show that the ratio of limits converges to the nearest Riemann zeta zero except when the ratio is a singularity

Let $h(s,n)$ be: $$h(s,n)=\lim_{c\to 1} \, \frac{(-1)^{n-2}}{(n-2)!}\zeta (c)^{n-2} \sum _{k=1}^{n-1} \frac{(-1)^{k-1} \binom{n-2}{k-1}}{\zeta ((c-1) (k-1)+s)}$$ and let $g(s,n)$ be: $$g(s,n)=\lim_{c\...
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0answers
145 views

Is $T(n)=\sum_{k=1}^{n}\frac{\lambda(k)\Lambda(k)}{k} \geq 0$ and what is the upper bound of $T(x)=\sum_{n\leq x} \lambda(n)\Lambda(n) $?

Let $\Lambda(n)$ denote the von Mangoldt function: $\Lambda(n)=\log p$ when $n=p^e$ is a prime power ($e\ge 1$) and $\Lambda(n)=0$ otherwise. and $\lambda(n)$ be Liouville Function, , I'm interested ...
6
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0answers
125 views

Is there a conjectured uniform Lindelof hypothesis for Hurwitz zeta functions

Consider $\zeta(s, a) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} (n+a)^{-s}$ (alternatively, consider its functional equation Dirichlet series $\sum_{n=1}e(a n) n^{-s}$). What is the expected growth-rate of $\zeta(1/2 + ...
7
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1answer
670 views

Is there a collection of evidence and heuristic arguments against the Riemann hypothesis? [closed]

There is undoubtedly an overwhelming collection of evidence for the Riemann hypothesis. However, is there any evidence against it ?
11
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0answers
456 views

On a revised quantum Riemann hypothesis

This post provides a revision of the disproved quantum Riemann hypothesis proposed 2 years ago in this post, where you can refer to have more details about the motivations, the notations and the ...
10
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0answers
447 views

Toward a cyclotomic Riemann hypothesis

For an integer $n \ge 3$, consider the function $$u(n) = \frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log \log n}$$ with $\sigma$ the divisor function. Now consider the sequence (bounded below and decreasing) $$v_n = \sup_{m&...
0
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2answers
457 views

An observation on the Riemann $\xi$ function

Anyone seen these conclusions about the Riemann xi function or see any errors here? With $\xi(s)$ the entire Landau Riemann xi function defined by the Hadamard product representation $$\xi(s) = (1/...
6
votes
3answers
791 views

What is the asymptotic of the irregular blue curve? Is it $(8x)^{1/2}$ or is it something else?

From Terry Tao's post here there is the statement: "Conversely, if one can somehow establish a bound of the form $$\displaystyle \sum_{n \leq x} \Lambda(n) = x + O( x^{1/2+\epsilon} ) \tag{1}$$ ...
0
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0answers
89 views

On the asymptotics of the Chebyshev psi function

Denote by $\psi(x)$ the Chebyshev psi function over prime powers. Assuming the RH, it can be shown via the Riemann explicit formula that $$\psi(x)-x \ll √x |\sum_{|\gamma| < T} \frac{1}{\rho} | +...
2
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0answers
472 views

Explicit formula for $n$th prime in terms of Riemann zeros:

We all know there exists an explicit Formula for prime counting function in terms of Riemann zeros. I'm wondering if similar formula exists for $n$th prime in terms of Riemann zeros? Or any other ...
5
votes
1answer
274 views

Proving a specific case of Robin's Inequality

Edit: It turns out that this is equivalent to the RH which gives the idea that this might a a little difficult to show. As such we could consider an even simpler case in which the number $n$ is ...
7
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0answers
221 views

What is known about “almost orthogonal vectors”?

Motivation: Suppose we have a kernel $k(a,b)$ defined over the natural numbers. Then by the Moore–Aronszajn theorem, we can embedd the natural number $a$ in some Hilbert space $\mathbb{H}$, which we ...
0
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1answer
471 views

On provability of false statements in constructive mathematics [closed]

Lagarias "elementary" reformulation of Robin's theorem is that $$\mathrm{RH}\iff\sigma(n)\leq H_n+e^{H_n}\log(H_n)$$ holds for every $n\geq 1$, where $\sigma(n)$ is the sum of divisors function and $...
4
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0answers
578 views

Has any professional mathematician ever attempted to solve the Riemann hypothesis using only number theory? [closed]

I have often heard people saying that ''all attempts at solving the Riemann hypothesis using number theory have failed.'' But in the literature, i cannot find any failed ''purely number-theoretic'' ...
6
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1answer
546 views

Attempt at applying linear programming to the partial sums of the Möbius inverse of the Harmonic numbers

Let $a(n)$ be the Dirichlet inverse of the Euler totient function: $$a(n) = \sum\limits_{d|n} d \cdot \mu(d) \tag{1}$$ and let the matrix $T(n,k)$ be: $$T(n,k)=a(\gcd(n,k)) \tag{2}$$ It has been ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

Largest observed value of $S(t)$

Let $S(t)$ be the deviation of the number of zeros of the Riemann zeta function up to height $t$ from the expectation. What is the largest observed value of $S(t)$ today? Here is a quote from a ...
10
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0answers
433 views

Bounding $1/\zeta(s)$ given RH

Let $T\geq 0$. Assume RH(T+100), that is, assume that all non-trivial zeros $\rho$ of the Riemann zeta function with $|\Im(\rho)|\leq T+100$ satisfy $\Re(\rho)=1/2$. Can we then give a good upper ...
9
votes
0answers
442 views

On Riesz criteria for Riemann hypothesis:

Marcel Riesz defined a function : $R(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac {(-1)^n x^n} {\zeta(2n)\Gamma(n)}$ The Riemann hypothesis holds if $R(x)= O( x^{1/4 + {\varepsilon}}$) For any $\varepsilon$ We have ...
2
votes
1answer
613 views

On a possible equivalent of Riemann hypothesis

I've read in a Bombieri's paper on official problem statement of Riemann hypothesis for Clay Math institute's millennium problems, a statement and what I understood of it is the following : The ...
21
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the Hilbert–Pólya intuition vindicated in the function field case?

The Hilbert–Pólya conjecture is the name given to the idea that the "reason" or "explanation" for the collinearity of the non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$ is that they are the ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Interpretation of an equivalence to the Riemann hypothesis due to de Reyna and Toulisse in the spirit of a formula from an article

In [1] the authors present an equivalence to the Riemann hypothesis that is the Theorem 6.2. On the other hand I know a statement from [2], in English this is the article Andrew Granville and Greg ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

On the connection between $\pi(x)-Li(x)$ and $\theta(x)-x$

Let $\pi(x)$ be the number of primes $p$ not exceeding $x, \theta(x) = \sum_{p\leq x} \log p$ and $Li(x)$ be the logarithmic integral. Is it true that $$\pi(x)-Li(x) = \theta(x) - x + O(x^{1/2}\log^{...
2
votes
1answer
684 views

Books on complex analysis for self learning that includes the Riemann zeta function?

I am searching for an introductory book in the field of complex analysis for self learning, that would contain the following: Analytic number theory : the connection between complex analysis and ...