# Questions tagged [matrix-analysis]

The study of the properties of real and complex matrices that are more close to analysis and operator theory. For instance: the properties of positive definite matrices, matrix inequalities, perturbation analysis, matrix functions, inequalities between eigenvectors and singular values, majorization.

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### Multilinear non-commutative Khintchine inequality

Let $g_1,\ldots,g_k$ be independent standard Gaussians and for each index $(i_1,\ldots,i_k)\in [n]^k$ let $A_{i_1,\ldots,i_k}$ be a $d\times d$ symmetric matrix. Question: Is there a known bound for ...
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### Does this matrix norm inequality have interesting application in other areas of mathematics?

In my new paper, one of the main theorems gives an upper bound for the spectral distance of a general real symmetric matrix to diagonal matrices: Theorem 3. ‎Let $A=[a_{ij}]$ be a real symmetric ...
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### A sine type Chebyshev system

A sequence of real functions $\{\phi_1,\cdots,\phi_n\}$ is called a Chebyshev system on an interval $I\subseteq\mathbb{R}$, if any real linear combination $\sum_{l=1}^n a_l\phi_l$ has at most $n-1$ ...
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### What are the name and inverse of an interesting integer matrix?

It is practicable to compute the matrix inverses \begin{align*} \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 2 & 2^2 \\ \end{pmatrix}^{-1} &=\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 &...
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### How expressive is $e^A$ in the sense of universal approximation?

For any real matrix $B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n},n\ge 2$ and precision $\varepsilon$, is there a real matrix $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ such that $\|e^A-B\|_F<\varepsilon$? ($F$ refers to ...
• 109
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### Positive semidefinite maximum principle

Let $K\in\{\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C},\mathbb{H}\}$. Let $\mu$ be a Borel probability measure on $M_n(K)$ supported on a compact set $C$ of positive semidefinite matrices with $\mathbf{0}\not\in C$. ...
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### What conclusions can I derive from this family of trace inequalities?

Problem. Let $n_1,\ldots,n_s,m_1,\ldots,m_s\ge 0$ be nonnegative integers and set $m := \sum_{i=1}^s m_i$ and $n := \sum_{i=1}^s n_i$. Let $\oplus$ be an operation on matrices which stacks them in a ...
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### Does approximate equality of quantum states imply operator inequality in a large subspace?

Let the trace norm of $X$ be $$\Vert X\Vert_1 := \operatorname{tr} \left(\,(X^\dagger X)^{1/2}\right)$$ and let the operator inequality $A \leq B$ denote that the operator $B-A$ is positive ...
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### When is the sum of matrices (circulant + [super upper triangular]) not diagonalizable?

By the circulant matrix $C \in M_n(\mathbb{R})$, we mean that $$C = \left[\begin{array}{c|c|c|c} e_n & e_1 & \cdots & e_{n-1} \end{array}\right]$$ where $e_1,\dots,e_n$ are the standard ...
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### Sum of holomorphic squares?

Consider a variable $z \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and assume $u(z) \in \mathbb{R}^m$ and $H(z) \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times m}$. Further assume that $H(z)$ is symmetric positive definite for every $z$. Consider ...
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### The eigenvectors of adding a particular rank one matrix to the circulant matrix

Suppose that $e_1, \cdots, e_n$ are the standard vectors of the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let us consider the backward shift operator $T:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}^n$ given by $Te_k=e_{k-1}$ ...
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### Diagonalization of symmetric matrices of functions

I asked this question some time ago in MSE but I didn't recieved any feedback. https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4672664/diagonalization-of-symmetric-matrices-of-functions This problem arised ...
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### Maximizing the norm of a sum of Hermitian matrices

Consider the following problem: Problem: Given $n\times n$-Hermitian matrices $A_1,\dots,A_r$, find $e_1,\dots,e_r\in\{-1,1\}$ such that $\|e_1A_1+\dots+e_rA_r\|_\infty$ is maximized. Here the norm is ...
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### On a matrix trace inequality

Let $\mathcal H(n)$ be the set of $n\times n$ Hermitian matrices, and $\mathcal S(n) \subset \mathcal H(n)$ be the subset of density matrices, i.e., $A \in \mathcal S(n)$ iff $A$ is Hermitian, ...
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