Questions tagged [class-field-theory]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Image of extension ideal classes homomorphism in ideal class group under Artin map in class field theory

Let $K/P$ be a finite extension of number fields and $\epsilon_{K/P}:[\mathfrak{a}] \in Cl(P) \rightarrow [\mathfrak{a}.\mathcal{O}_K]\in Cl(K)$ be the ideal class transfer homomorphism. It's well ...
12
votes
2answers
338 views

Conceptual explanations of the class numbers for the first few $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{p})$ with odd conductor

It's known that the class number of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{p})$ is $1$ for all primes $p<229$. Question: What would it be like for conceptual explanations of $h(\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{p}))=1$ for the first ...
0
votes
0answers
364 views

Necessary and sufficient condition for a prime to be represented by an arbitrary positive definite binary quadratic form $ax^2+bxy+cy^2$

Given an arbitrary (but fixed) positive definite primitive integral binary quadratic form $g(x, y)=ax^2+bxy+cy^2$, and let $m$ be an arbitrary integer. We will denote the discriminant of $g$ by $D=D_g=...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Theory of extensions of non-archimedian local fields

I'm searching for a recommendable reference dealing with theory of non-Archimedean local fields where I can find proofs of the following claims about finite extensions $L/K$ of non-Archimedean local ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

How is class of composition of two quadratic fields is related class numbers of quadratic field?

Let $K_1=\Bbb Q(\sqrt{d_1})$ , $K_2=\Bbb Q(\sqrt{d_2})$ and $K=\Bbb Q(\sqrt{d_1},\sqrt{d_2})$.Suppose $h_1,h_2,h$ be class number of $K_1,K_2,K$ respectively. (i) Can we express $h$ in terms of $...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Commutativity in local class field theory

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$, and $L,M$ be finite Galois extensions of $K$ such that $L\subset M$. Let $\phi_L\in Z^2(\text{Gal}(L/K),L^\times)$ such that $[\phi_L]$ is a generator ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Does Langlands use the geometric Frobenius or the classical Frobenius in his papers?

In several of Langlands' papers: Representations of Abelian Algebraic Groups, On Artin's L-functions, On the Functional Equation of Artin's L-functions, Langlands takes a finite Galois extension $K/F$ ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

The definition of Langlands' L-function $L(s,\pi,r)$ in the case of $\operatorname{GL}_1$

Let $G$ be a split reductive group over a $p$-adic local field $k$. For $\pi$ an unramified representation of $G(k)$, and $r$ a finite dimensional representation of the L-group $^LG$, Langlands ...
1
vote
2answers
186 views

Computing the class group of a quadratic function field

I am asking for a reference in which I can find tools to answer questions like the following: Let $K=\mathbb{F}_q(X)$ be a rational function field over the finite field with $q$ elements. Let $E/K$ be ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Hilbert class field tower

Let $K$ is a number field,and $H_{K}^{i},i=1,2,\cdots$ be its Hilbert class field tower,suppose it is finite,and let $L=H_{K}^{n}$ is the top of the tower. Must $L$ be galois over $K$?
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Henselian valued fields for characteristic $0$: a characterization

Let $K=K(v)$ be a valued field of characteritic $0$ with non trivial valuation $v:K\rightarrow\mathbb{R}\cup\{\infty\}$. I'm looking for a proof of following characterization of Henselian property: $...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

class group size of cyclotomic field subextension

In the following, let $\mathbb{Q_1}$ denote the subfield of degree $p$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ in the $p^2$- cyclotomic extension. What is the best known upper bound for the size of its class group, $\text{...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Anticyclotomic extensions via ideles

Let $ K $ be an imaginary quadratic field with ring of integers $ \mathcal{O} $. Let $ \mathcal{O}_{n} = \mathbb{Z} + n \mathcal{O} $ be the order of conductor $ n $. There is an associated extension $...
3
votes
2answers
273 views

The kernel of the global class field theory homomorphism

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. Then there is a surjective homomorphism $\theta:C_K\to G_K^{ab}$ from the idele class group to the abelianization of the absolute Galois group of $K$ (...
1
vote
1answer
282 views

A type of principal ideal theorem of class field theory for ramified primes

Let $K$ be a number field and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Also let $p$ be a prime number, $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal of $\mathcal{O}_K$ and $\zeta_{m}$ be a primitive mth root of ...
5
votes
0answers
104 views

$p$-torsion of class groups

Let $p$ be a fixed odd prime and $\ell$ be another prime such that $\ell \equiv 1 \pmod{p}$. Consider the number field $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p)$ and its extension $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p, \zeta_\ell)$. Note ...
-1
votes
2answers
193 views

On the determination of ambiguous ideal class of the extension $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_5,\sqrt[5]{m})/\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_5))$

let $L=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[5]{n},\zeta_5)$ and $K=\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_5)$ the $5^{th}$ cyclotomic fields, we now that $[L:K] = 5$ and $ GAl(L/K) =\langle\sigma\rangle$ so we call $\mathcal{A}$ an ambigous ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

The field generated by the torsion points of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve with complex multiplication by an order $\mathcal O$ in an imaginary quadratic field $K$. Let $H=K(j(E))$ and $$L_N=K(j(E),E[N])=H(E[N]).$$ It is not hard to prove that $...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

The completion of a ray class field

I'm reading some papers doing computations on global class field theory. And the class field theory in those papers is ideal-theoretic. Here is a question. Given a base field $k$ and a modulus(cycle)...
9
votes
0answers
407 views

How many ways are there to teach class field theory?

I will soon have to teach class field theory (I do not know whether it will be local or global yet:)) to postgraduate students. I wonder, which approaches to this subject(s) exist now. I definitely ...
3
votes
0answers
120 views

Using the Hilbert symbol to find nice field extensions

Let $p$ and $q$ be (not necessarily distinct) odd primes and let $F=\mathbb{Q}_p(\mu_q)$. The $q^{th}$ Hilbert symbol induces a non-degenerate alternating form $$(\cdot,\cdot)_q:F^\times/(F^\times)^q\...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

generator of ring class field extension

everyone! I have another questions. Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-3})$ be an imaginary quadratic field and let $p\equiv 8\mod 9$ be a prime. Denote $H_{3p}$ and $H_{p}$ for the ring class field of $K$ with ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

Values of Grössencharacter attached to CM elliptic curve

I am trying a cross-post here, as my previous post on stackexchange was not as fruitful as I hoped. The link to the older post is: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3327269/values-of-...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Definition of a Lubin Tate group

Let $L$ be a $p$-adic number field, $\mathcal{O}_L$ its ring of integers, $\pi$ a uniformizer of $L$ and $q$ the cardinality of its residue field. Let $\varphi(t)\in \mathcal{O}_L[[t]]$ be a ...
3
votes
0answers
169 views

Abelianess of $K(j(E))$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve with CM by an order in the imaginary quadratic field $K$. Is there some easy way how to prove that the extension $K(j(E))/\mathbb Q$ is abelian? Update In general, the ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Terminology about ramification

Let $K$ be a totally real (finite) number field. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$ containing the primes above a prime number $p$. Let $K_S$ be the maximal abelian extension unramified outside $...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

A version of weak approximation with S-integers

Let $k$ be a finite field. Let $K$ a finite extension of $k(t)$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. Let $$K_S = \prod_{v\in S} K_v$$ where $K_v$ is the completion of $K$ at $v$. For $v\in S$, ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

augmentation ideal and $\rho$-isotopic spaces

These are two questions regarding Rubin`s paper - Global units and Ideal class groups in Inventiones 1987. The two questions are from section 3. Let $p$ be a rational prime and $K \subset E \subset F$...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Dihedral extension of $\mathbb Q$ with small discriminant

Let $K$ be a fixed quadratic number field, say $K=\mathbb Q(\sqrt 5)$. For any integer $n \geq 3,$ I would like to build a number field $D_n$ such that $D_n/\mathbb Q$ is Galois, with Galois group ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there an elementary proof that there are infinitely many primes that are *not* completely split in an abelian extension?

I'm currently in the middle of teaching the adelic algebraic proofs of global class field theory. One of the intermediate lemmas that one shows is the following: Lemma: if L/K is an abelian ...
48
votes
1answer
2k views

Class field theory - a “dead end”?

I found the claim in the title a bit astonishing when I first read it recently in an interview with Michael Rapoport in the German magazine Spiegel (8 February 2019). And I was wondering how he comes ...
21
votes
0answers
664 views

Class field theory and the class group

Let $k$ be a finite abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. Class field theory states that $k$ corresponds to some open subgroup of finite index $U_k \subset \mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}}^*/ \mathbb{Q}^*$ where $...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

Are there “elementary” proofs of the openness of norm subgroups and of the norm limitation theorem?

Let $K$ be a local field and $L/K$ be a finite extension. Let $L^{ab}$ be the maximal abelian subextension of $K$ in $L$. Write $N_L$ (resp. $N_{L^{ab}}$) for the image of the norm map from $L$ (resp. ...
4
votes
0answers
287 views

Reference request: ramified and local geometric class field theory

There are lots of references on global unramified geometric class field theory (following Deligne's $\ell$-adic sheaves approach). There are also some notes talking about how to extend Deligne's ...
12
votes
0answers
224 views

sequences in non-abelian group cohomology

In general, if we have a (pro-)finite group $G$ and a sequence of (continuous) non-abelian $G$-modules $$1\rightarrow A\rightarrow B\rightarrow C\rightarrow 0,$$ such that the image of $A$ lies in the ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

What is the image of $-1$ by the local reciprocity map?

Consider the Weil group $W$ of $\mathbb{Q}_p$, that is, the subgroup of those elements of $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_p/\mathbb{Q}_p)$ mapping to an integer power of Frobenius. Class field ...
10
votes
0answers
259 views

Easy cases of Herbrand's theorem

$\def\QQ{\mathbb{Q}}\def\ZZ{\mathbb{Z}}$ I recall Herbrand's theorem about class groups of cyclotomic fields: Let $p$ be an odd prime, let $\zeta$ be a primitive $p$-th root of $1$ and let $K = \QQ(\...
4
votes
0answers
188 views

Class fields without class field theory

Is there an English reference for the analytic construction of the Hilbert class field of an imaginary quadratic field without using class field theory? I am in particular interested in a proof of the ...
7
votes
1answer
250 views

Do we need the Weber function to generate ray class fields of imaginary quadratic fields of class number one?

I'm a bit confused by the role of the Weber function in generating ray class fields of imaginary quadratic fields of class number one. More specifically, let $K$ be such a field and $E$ an elliptic ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Finite generation for a restricted ramification idele module

Let $k$ be a number field, let $\bar k \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ be a fixed algebraic closure of $k$, and let $S$ be the set of infinite primes of $k$. Denote by $k_S$ the maximal extension of $k$ inside $...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

non $p$ part of the class group and analogous results

Washington had proven in 1978 that for $q$ a prime ($q \neq p$), if $q^{e_n}$ exactly divides the class number of $\mathbb{Q}_n$, ie the $n$-th layer in the cyclotomic $\mathbb{Z}_p$ extension, then $...
6
votes
0answers
127 views

$p >2$ is a prime, any facts about congruence relation between the class number of $Q(\sqrt p)$ and $Q(\sqrt-p)$?

Let $p$ be an odd prime. This is a question about the class number of $Q(\sqrt p)$ and $Q(\sqrt-p)$,which we denote by $h(p)$ and $h(-p)$ respectively. While doing my research on number theory I came ...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

When does a number field have $p$-rank greater than $n$?

Consider $F/\mathbb{Q}$, a number field. Let $S$ be a finite set of primes of $F$ containing the Archimedean primes. Let $n$ be any natural number and $L_n$ be a finite extension of $F$ such that $\...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Decomposition of $\widehat{k^{\times}}$ occuring in local class field theory

Let $k$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ very often we use the isomorphism that $Gal(\overline{k}/k)^{ab} \simeq \hat{(k^{\times})}$ given by local class field theory. My question would be do ...
6
votes
1answer
302 views

Are all totally ramified $\mathbb{Z}_p$-extensions of local fields come from (relative) Lubin-Tate formal groups?

The setup is as follows: $k/\mathbb{Q}_p$ is a finite extension, $\mathfrak{p}$ is the maximal ideal of $\mathcal{O}_k$, $q=\#(\mathcal{O}_k/\mathfrak{p})$ $k'/k$ is a finite unramified extension of ...
10
votes
0answers
237 views

What are the possible bad reductions for an abelian variety of dimension $g$ and a maximal endomorphism ring?

Perhaps the most basic fact about abelian varieties with CM is they have an everywhere potential good reduction (Serre-Tate). On the face of it it might appear that there isn't much more to be added ...
3
votes
0answers
210 views

The closed subgroup of the idele corresponding to the maximal elementary $p$-extension of a global field

I want to know whether for any global number field $k$, the closed subgroup of the idele corresponding to the maximal elementary $p$-extension ($p$ is a prime number) is $k\ J^p$. The critical point ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Kummer congruences for totally real number fields

There is a generalization of the Kummer congruences to totally real number fields with characters due to Deligne-Ribet. For example, see the exposition here, more precisely see Theorem 2.1. What is ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

$[J_F : P_FN_{E/F}J_E] = 2$ for quadratic extensions of global fields of characteristic 2?

Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of global fields. Denote by $J_F$ the idèle group of $F$, by $P_F$ the subgroup of principal idèles and by $N_{E/F} : J_E \to J_F$ the norm map between idèles. In ...
3
votes
0answers
125 views

Reference for: power residue symbols are Hecke characters

Notation. Let $n$ be a positive integer, let $\mu_n\subseteq \mathbb C$ be the set of $N$-th roots of unity, let $K$ be a number field containing $\mu_n$, let $R$ be the ring of integers of $K$, let $...

1
2 3 4 5 6