Questions tagged [characteristic-p]

Fields of characteristic $p$, i.e., fields for which there is a prime $p$ such that $px=0$ for each $x$. Do not use this tag for questions on characteristic polynomials of a matrix.

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3
votes
1answer
154 views

Frobenius splitting for an excellent, non $F$-finite, $F$-pure hypersurface

Let $p$ be an odd prime. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p$ such that $[k:k^p]=\infty$ (i.e. $k$ is not $F$-finite ) . Also assume that $-1$ is not a square in $k$ . Consider the homogeneous ...
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0answers
73 views

Extensions of fraction field and residue field

Let $A \subset B$ be integrally closed local domains, $K(A), K(B)$ be fields of fractions, and $k(A),k(B)$ be residue fields. How to prove $[K(B):K(A)] \ge [k(B):k(A)]$? This question should be easy ...
3
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0answers
126 views

Lifting a Frobenius endomorphism under an étale morphism

Let $X$ be a smooth affine scheme over $\mathbb{Z}/{p^2}$ that is a complete intersection, say $X$ is the spectrum of $\mathbb{Z}/{p^2}[x_1,...x_n]/(f_1, ... f_r)$, where $n-r$ is the dimension of $X$....
3
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1answer
129 views

Do Neron-Severi groups of smooth projective unirational varieties contain $\ell$-torsion?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective unirational variety over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, and $\ell\neq p$ a prime. My question: can the Neron-Severi group of $X$ contain (non-...
8
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1answer
486 views

A variant on characteristic $p$ de Rham cohomology

I was thinking about de Rham cohomology in characteristic $p$, and in particular the recent question about Poincare residues, and I came up with the following construction. Let $k$ be a perfect field ...
5
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1answer
151 views

Do regular (but non-smooth) conics over a discretely valued field of characteristic $2$ admit a regular model over the valuation ring?

Let $K$ be a non-perfect field of characteristic $2$. Let $T \subseteq K$ be a discrete valuation ring. Assume there exist $a,b \in K^{\times}$ such that the projective conic $C$ defined by $$aX^2 + ...
5
votes
1answer
231 views

Singularities of curves that are moving

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, let $d\ge 2$ be an integer and let $f,g\in k[x,y,z]$ be two homogeneous polynomials of degree $d$ without common factor. We want to know what are the ...
5
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0answers
182 views

Exact differential forms in characteristic $p>0$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Suppose $1< e_i <p$ for $i=1,2, \ldots, n$ are integers ($n \ge 2$). What are the conditions on the $e_i$'s so that the ...
7
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2answers
526 views

Example of a smooth projective family of varieties in characteristic $p$ where the Hodge numbers jump

Let $\mathbb F$ be an algebraic closure of the field of order $p$. Let $S=\textrm{Spec}(\mathbb F[[z]])$ with special point $s$ and generic point $\eta$. I'm looking for an example of a smooth ...
15
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2answers
982 views

Biggest Field Of Characteristic $p$

The Surreal nummbers, $\boldsymbol{No}$, are according to Wikipidia the biggest ordered field, and the Surrcomplex numbers are the biggest field of characteristic 0. Biggest in the sense that every ...
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0answers
44 views

A conjectural formula for the “minimal degree function”, $k\rightarrow d\min(k)$, attached to recursion, $f\rightarrow A(f)$, in char $3$

THE RECURSION: $f\rightarrow A(f)$ $A: t(\mathbb{Z}/3)[t^3]\rightarrow t(\mathbb{Z}/3)[t^3]$ is the $\mathbb{Z}/3$-linear map with $A(t)=0, A(t^4)=t, A(t^7)=t^4$, and $A((t^9)f)=(2t^9)A(f)+(t^3)A((t^...
9
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1answer
217 views

Lifting of families of curves to characteristic 0

Let $k$ be a finite field, $X_0$ be a smooth affine variety over $k$ and $C\rightarrow X$ a smooth projective family of curves of genus $\geq 2$. By a result of Elkik we can always lift $X_0$ to a ...
12
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2answers
805 views

Residues of $\frac{1}{\prod_{i=1}^n (x-P_i)^{e_i}}$

This is a problem occurring in my research about deformations of $\mathbb{Z}/p^n$-covers over a ring of power series. Given an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, suppose $1< ...
9
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1answer
230 views

Existence of certain endomorphism of supersingular elliptic curve

Let $E$ be a supersingular elliptic curve over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic $p$. Let $R = \operatorname{End}(E)$ be its ring of endomorphisms. Then, it is known $R \otimes_{\...
19
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1answer
714 views

Lang's Jacobian identity: slicker, elementary proof?

In Jeffrey Lang, A Jacobian identity in positive characteristic, J. Commut. Algebra, Volume 7, Number 3 (2015), pp. 393--409, the following result is proven: Theorem 1. Let $p$ be a prime. Let $\...
4
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0answers
71 views

Symmetric power contained in tensor power?

Let $V$ be an $R$-module. Traditionally the symmetric algebra $S(V)$ is defined as a quotient of the tensor algebra $T(V)$, by the ideal generated by all $a\otimes b-b\otimes a$. Can $S^n(V)$ also be ...
18
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1answer
1k views

A linear algebra problem in positive characteristic

Let $A$ be a symmetric square matrix with entries in $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ for a prime $p$ such that all of its diagonal entries are nonzero. Does there exists always a vector $x$ with all ...
6
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1answer
121 views

Restricted Lie algebras with no nonzero proper restricted subalgebras

Let $L\neq 0$ be a restricted Lie algebra over a field $F$ of characteristic $p>0$. If $F$ is algebraically closed, then it is known that $L$ has no nontrivial restricted subalgebras if and only ...
4
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1answer
105 views

A generalization of Witt's theorem for quaternion algebra isomorphism

Let $Q$ be a quaternion $k$-algebra (namely, a dimension 4 $k$-central simple algebra). Then it is possible to (canonically) attach a smooth projective conic $C_Q\subseteq \mathbf{P}_k^2$ to $Q$: if ...
4
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0answers
190 views

Quaternion algebras in characteristic 2

Let $k$ be a field and let $Q$ be a quaternion algebra over $k$. It is well known that, if $\mathrm{char}\,k\neq 2$, one can define $Q$ as the $k$-algebra of dimension $4$ generated by elements $x,y$ ...
2
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0answers
94 views

Indecomposablity in purely inseparable extensions

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p$ (e.g. the separable closure of $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$) and consider the extension $k(x)/k$ where $x^p\in k$ but $x$ does not. Consider a (finitely generated) ...
7
votes
3answers
500 views

Lefschetz fixed-point theorem for the Frobenius map

Where can one find a proof of Lefschetz fixed-point theorem for the Frobenius map on elliptic curves over algebraic closures of $F_{p}$ ? This could immediately follow if their coholomogies (for the ...
4
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2answers
263 views

On families of supersingular abelian surfaces over the projective line

Let $k=\mathbb{F}_q$. I recently learned that there are non-isotrivial families $f:X\to \mathbb{P}^1_k$ of supersingular abelian surfaces. In particular, the Kodaira-Spencer map of this family is non-...
5
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0answers
153 views

Map associated to linear system onto curve is morphism

In Mumford's first paper on Surfaces in char $p$ [1], part 2 Step (II), he wants to show that, given an indecomposable curve of canonical type $D$ on a smooth projective surface $F$ with $p_g(F)=0, ...
16
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2answers
1k views

A short proof for simple connectedness of the projective line

The Riemann-Hurwitz formula implies that the projective line $\mathbb{P}^1_K$ over any algebraically closed field $K$ is simply connected (i.e., $\pi_1^{et}(\mathbb{P}^1_K) = 1$; equivalently, if $\...
12
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0answers
647 views

A slick proof (?) of Zariski-Nagata purity in characteristic $p$

I am trying to understand the MathSciNet review written by Mark Kisin of the paper "Almost etale extensions" of Faltings. There Kisin illustrates Faltings' approach to the almost purity theorem with ...
3
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1answer
171 views

Restriction of separable map

If $f: X\to Y$ is a separable map between varieties that is a bijection on closed points, is it true that $f$ remains separable when restricted to an integral subscheme $Z\subset X$? If we drop the ...
2
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0answers
195 views

Does the sheaf of locally exact differential forms splitting in positive characteristic

Let k be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>2$, $X$ a smooth projective curve of genus $g>1$ over $k$, and $F_X:X\rightarrow X$ be the absolute Frobenius morphism. Let $B^1_X$ be ...
5
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0answers
347 views

Torsionfree crystalline cohomology implies torsionfree etale cohomology?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W=W(k)$ be the ring of Witt vectors of $k$. Assume that the crystalline cohomology $H^2_{...
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0answers
125 views

Smoothability of stable curves in mixed characteristic

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with residue field $k$ algebraically closed of characteristic $p$ and fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $C$ be a stable curve (in the sense of Mumford-Deligne) ...
2
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0answers
236 views

Examples of semi-stable models of curves

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero and residue field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Assume $k$ is algebraically closed. I want to produce examples of ...
3
votes
1answer
363 views

Harish-Chandra isomorphism for characteristic $p$

I am trying to understand the proof of Theorem 1 from this paper V. Kac and B. Weisfeiler (Indag. Math. 1976, DOI link). Theorem 1. Let either $p\neq 2$ or $\varrho\in X(\mathscr{T})$. Then $\gamma(...
2
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0answers
126 views

Purely inseparable $k$-rational dominant maps between an absolutely irreducible $k$-surface and $\mathbb{P}^2$

Let $X$ be an absolutely irreducible surface over an algebraically closed or finite field $k$ of characteristic $p$. Is it true that the following conditions are equivalent? There is a purely ...
12
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0answers
594 views

Elkies' supersingularity theorem in higher dimension (in terms of the associated Newton polygon)

Elkies' supersingularity theorem: Given an elliptic curve $E$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, there are infinitely many primes $p$ such that $E$ is supersingular over $\mathbb{F}_p$. I have seen another post on ...
0
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1answer
76 views

Automorphisms of Lie algebra of type $A_5$ modulo its center in characteristic 2

Let $L$ be classical Lie algebra of type $A_5$ over field of characteristic 2; let $M$ be the quotient $L/Z(L)$ modulo its center $Z(L)$. What about the group of automorphisms of M? Does anybody ...
4
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0answers
229 views

Application of Frobenius splitting in characteristic $0$

In general, Frobenius splitting only defines on field of characteristic $p$ (algebraically closed) field. I am reading Brion and Kumar's book and I can see that there are geometric results can be ...
24
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2answers
2k views

Reference for de Rham cohomology in positive characteristic

It is known in characteristic $0$ that (algebraic) de Rham cohomology is a Weil cohomology theory. However, in characteristic $p > 0$ it isn't, if only because it has mod $p$ coefficients, whereas ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

How do non-trivial global differentials give non-trivial cohomology classes in positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional smooth projective variety over $k$. If $k= \mathbb C$, there is a natural injective morphism of vector spaces $$H^0(X,\...
5
votes
1answer
372 views

Lifting torsors in characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero

Let $R$ be a local integral domain with residue field $k$ such that $R$ is of characteristic zero and $k$ is of characteristic $p>0$. Let $G$ be a smooth finite type affine group scheme with ...
7
votes
1answer
486 views

Mod 2 modular forms in levels 5 and 25--how to account for this Hecke isomorphism?

The space $P1$ of my earlier question 203755 "Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms...", is essentially the space of mod 2 level 3 modular forms. That such a space should appear inside ...
7
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0answers
327 views

Are curves over imperfect fields defined over a smaller field?

Let $C$ be regular projective curve defined over a field $K$. Let $K/L$ be a totally inseparable finite extension. Does there exist a regular projective curve $C'$ over $L$ such that that the pullback ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms--a conjectural Hecke isomorphism

MOTIVATION Nicolas and Serre have analyzed the structure of the space of mod $2$ modular forms of level $1$, viewed as a "Hecke-module". They show that for each $p>2$, the operator $T_p$ acting on ...
2
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1answer
139 views

A question about decomposing mod 2 modular forms of level p^2

Fix an odd prime $p$. Each $f \in \mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ can be written as $f_{+} + f_{-} + f_0$ where each exponent k of $x$ appearing in $f_{+}$ (resp. $f_{-}$, $f_0$) has Legendre symbol $(k/p)$ equal ...
8
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0answers
342 views

Degeneration of wildly ramified local monodromy representations - near or far from Deligne?

Suppose we have a surface $S$ mapping to a curve $C$ and a finite cover $Y/S$ that is ramified at a divisor $D$. For each point $x \in C$ we get a ramified cover of the curve $S_x$, and we can study ...
4
votes
1answer
368 views

Motivic integration in positive characteristic: how much is known?

It seems that in papers on motivic integration people usually assume the base field to have characteristic $0$ (and algebraically closed?). My question is: how much can one prove over a positive ...
13
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2answers
588 views

Is there a proof of Warning's Second Theorem using p-adic cohomology?

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field, $n \in \mathbb{Z}^+$, and $f_1,\ldots,f_r \in \mathbb{F}_q[t_1,\ldots,t_n]$ with $\operatorname{deg}(f_i) = d_i$. Put $d = \sum_{i=1}^n d_i$ and suppose $d< n$...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

Recursions for some binary theta series in characteristic 3

Define $A(0), A(1), A(2) \dots$ in ${\bf Z}/3[[x]]$ as follows. For $n$ in $\bf N$ let $s=3^{2n+1}$. Then $A(n) = \sum a_kx^k$ where $a_k$ is the mod 3 reduction of the number of representations of $k$...
4
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0answers
186 views

Partial differential Equation over characteristic p

I want some references on partial differential equations over characteristic $p$. If we have a first order partial differential equation, how can we check whether there exists polynomials or rational ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Embedded resolution of curves on smooth varieties

As far as I understand, embedded resolution of singularities means the following: given a variety $X$ over an algebraically closed field, and a closed subvariety $Y$, there exists a birational map $f:...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Mumford-Ramanujam examples in characteristic p [and in Arakelov geometry]

For a compact Riemann surface $B$ of genus $\geq 2$, it is a consequence of the Narasimhan-Seshadri theorem that there exist rank-$2$ vector bundles $E \to B$ of degree zero, all of whose symmetric ...

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