Questions tagged [characteristic-p]

Fields of characteristic $p$, i.e., fields for which there is a prime $p$ such that $px=0$ for each $x$. Do not use this tag for questions on characteristic polynomials of a matrix.

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7
votes
1answer
277 views

Does perfect fraction field imply perfect residue field?

Let $A$ be a local integral domain of characteristic $p$. Let $K$ be the fraction field and let $k$ be the residue field of $A$. If $K$ is perfect, is $k$ necessarily perfect? Thoughts: If $A$ is ...
6
votes
1answer
418 views

An Azumaya algebra from a vector bundle, and a construction of Belov-Kanel and Kontsevich

Let $S/k$ be a scheme over a perfect field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. In Automorphisms of the Weyl Algebra, Belov-Kanel and Kontsevich write down the map $$\alpha: H^0(\Omega^1_{S/k}/d\mathcal O) ...
4
votes
1answer
263 views

p-torsion in the Picard group of a regular projective curve

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic $p>0$ and $C$ a regular projective geometrically integral curve over $K$. If $C$ is smooth, then the connected component ${\rm Pic}^0_C$ of the Picard scheme of ...
3
votes
0answers
181 views

How to write down an explicit equation of given degree yielding a smooth hypersurface in a projective space?

Let F be a field of positive characteristic $p$ and let $d,n$ be two positive integers. Can we explicitly write down an equation defining a smooth hypersurface $X_d⊂\mathbb P^n_F$ of degree d ? This ...
11
votes
4answers
378 views

Explicit large finite fields in characteristic $2$

Every finite field of characteristic $2$ ist given by $\mathbb{F}_2[x]/P(x)$ for some irreducible polynomial $P\in \mathbb{F}_2[x]$. For small degree, a simple algorithm gives a way to find $P$. Is ...
5
votes
0answers
80 views

algebraic de Rham cohomology of toric varieties (reference request)

I haven't been able to find anything workable yet, but I'm looking for a reference on the de Rham cohomology of toric varieties, where as many as possible of the following conditions are handled: ...
3
votes
3answers
290 views

Are there characteristic-dependent Betti numbers in characteristic not equal to two?

Let $\Delta$ be a finite simplicial complex on $n$ vertices. Let $S = \mathbb{k}[\mathbf{x}]$ be a polynomial ring over a field $\mathbb{k}$ in $n$ variables and $I$ be the Stanley-Reisner ideal of $\...
1
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0answers
48 views

Do we have $\cap_{P\in S}\left(\mathcal{O}_P+(1-\tau)(K)\right)=\left(\cap_{P\in S}\mathcal{O}_P\right)+(1-\tau)(K)$?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field and let $q$ be its number of elements. Let $(C,\mathcal{O}_C)$ be a geometrically irreducible smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{F}$ and let $K=\mathbb{F}(C)$ be ...
2
votes
0answers
150 views

Is there a proper smooth variety in characteristic $p$ whose Hodge-to-de Rham spectral sequence does not degenerate at $E_1$?

By Deligne-Illusie, such a variety has no lifting to $W_2(k)$. In their paper they state that they do not know if such an example exists. Has this question been answered since then?
7
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1answer
215 views

Weyl algebra as an Azumaya algebra over its centre

Assume that $k$ is an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$. On page 3 (page 6 of the PDF file) of Bezrukavnikov, Mirković, and Rumynin - Localisation of Modules for a semisimple ...
15
votes
1answer
869 views

Reconstruct a variety from its crystalline topos

Let $k$ be a perfect field of positive characteristic. Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected $k$-scheme with a $k$-point. Can we reconstruct $X$ from its small crystalline topos $((X/...
4
votes
2answers
354 views

Katz's proof of Cartier's (descent) theorem

I am trying to understand the proof of Cartier’s theorem on pages 370-371 (pages 17-18 of the PDF file) of Katz’s “Nilpotent connections and the monodromy theorem: applications of a result of ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Composing equal characteristic and mixed characteristic deformations

Suppose $k$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$ and $A$ is a $k$-point on a moduli space of certain objects over $k$. Suppose, moreover, that $A$ deforms to a $k[[t]]$-point $B$...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Frobenius splitting for an excellent, non $F$-finite, $F$-pure hypersurface

Let $p$ be an odd prime. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p$ such that $[k:k^p]=\infty$ (i.e. $k$ is not $F$-finite ) . Also assume that $-1$ is not a square in $k$ . Consider the homogeneous ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Extensions of fraction field and residue field

Let $A \subset B$ be integrally closed local domains, $K(A), K(B)$ be fields of fractions, and $k(A),k(B)$ be residue fields. How to prove $[K(B):K(A)] \ge [k(B):k(A)]$? This question should be easy ...
3
votes
0answers
149 views

Lifting a Frobenius endomorphism under an étale morphism

Let $X$ be a smooth affine scheme over $\mathbb{Z}/{p^2}$ that is a complete intersection, say $X$ is the spectrum of $\mathbb{Z}/{p^2}[x_1,...x_n]/(f_1, ... f_r)$, where $n-r$ is the dimension of $X$....
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Do Neron-Severi groups of smooth projective unirational varieties contain $\ell$-torsion?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective unirational variety over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, and $\ell\neq p$ a prime. My question: can the Neron-Severi group of $X$ contain (non-...
8
votes
1answer
535 views

A variant on characteristic $p$ de Rham cohomology

I was thinking about de Rham cohomology in characteristic $p$, and in particular the recent question about Poincare residues, and I came up with the following construction. Let $k$ be a perfect field ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Do regular (but non-smooth) conics over a discretely valued field of characteristic $2$ admit a regular model over the valuation ring?

Let $K$ be a non-perfect field of characteristic $2$. Let $T \subseteq K$ be a discrete valuation ring. Assume there exist $a,b \in K^{\times}$ such that the projective conic $C$ defined by $$aX^2 + ...
5
votes
1answer
246 views

Singularities of curves that are moving

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, let $d\ge 2$ be an integer and let $f,g\in k[x,y,z]$ be two homogeneous polynomials of degree $d$ without common factor. We want to know what are the ...
5
votes
0answers
193 views

Exact differential forms in characteristic $p>0$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Suppose $1< e_i <p$ for $i=1,2, \ldots, n$ are integers ($n \ge 2$). What are the conditions on the $e_i$'s so that the ...
8
votes
2answers
689 views

Example of a smooth projective family of varieties in characteristic $p$ where the Hodge numbers jump

Let $\mathbb F$ be an algebraic closure of the field of order $p$. Let $S=\textrm{Spec}(\mathbb F[[z]])$ with special point $s$ and generic point $\eta$. I'm looking for an example of a smooth ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Biggest Field Of Characteristic $p$

The Surreal nummbers, $\boldsymbol{No}$, are according to Wikipidia the biggest ordered field, and the Surrcomplex numbers are the biggest field of characteristic 0. Biggest in the sense that every ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

A conjectural formula for the “minimal degree function”, $k\rightarrow d\min(k)$, attached to recursion, $f\rightarrow A(f)$, in char $3$

THE RECURSION: $f\rightarrow A(f)$ $A: t(\mathbb{Z}/3)[t^3]\rightarrow t(\mathbb{Z}/3)[t^3]$ is the $\mathbb{Z}/3$-linear map with $A(t)=0, A(t^4)=t, A(t^7)=t^4$, and $A((t^9)f)=(2t^9)A(f)+(t^3)A((t^...
9
votes
1answer
242 views

Lifting of families of curves to characteristic 0

Let $k$ be a finite field, $X_0$ be a smooth affine variety over $k$ and $C\rightarrow X$ a smooth projective family of curves of genus $\geq 2$. By a result of Elkik we can always lift $X_0$ to a ...
12
votes
2answers
833 views

Residues of $\frac{1}{\prod_{i=1}^n (x-P_i)^{e_i}}$

This is a problem occurring in my research about deformations of $\mathbb{Z}/p^n$-covers over a ring of power series. Given an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, suppose $1< ...
9
votes
1answer
245 views

Existence of certain endomorphism of supersingular elliptic curve

Let $E$ be a supersingular elliptic curve over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic $p$. Let $R = \operatorname{End}(E)$ be its ring of endomorphisms. Then, it is known $R \otimes_{\...
19
votes
1answer
786 views

Lang's Jacobian identity: slicker, elementary proof?

In Jeffrey Lang, A Jacobian identity in positive characteristic, J. Commut. Algebra, Volume 7, Number 3 (2015), pp. 393--409, the following result is proven: Theorem 1. Let $p$ be a prime. Let $\...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

Symmetric power contained in tensor power?

Let $V$ be an $R$-module. Traditionally the symmetric algebra $S(V)$ is defined as a quotient of the tensor algebra $T(V)$, by the ideal generated by all $a\otimes b-b\otimes a$. Can $S^n(V)$ also be ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

A linear algebra problem in positive characteristic

Let $A$ be a symmetric square matrix with entries in $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ for a prime $p$ such that all of its diagonal entries are nonzero. Does there exists always a vector $x$ with all ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Restricted Lie algebras with no nonzero proper restricted subalgebras

Let $L\neq 0$ be a restricted Lie algebra over a field $F$ of characteristic $p>0$. If $F$ is algebraically closed, then it is known that $L$ has no nontrivial restricted subalgebras if and only ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

A generalization of Witt's theorem for quaternion algebra isomorphism

Let $Q$ be a quaternion $k$-algebra (namely, a dimension 4 $k$-central simple algebra). Then it is possible to (canonically) attach a smooth projective conic $C_Q\subseteq \mathbf{P}_k^2$ to $Q$: if ...
4
votes
0answers
247 views

Quaternion algebras in characteristic 2

Let $k$ be a field and let $Q$ be a quaternion algebra over $k$. It is well known that, if $\mathrm{char}\,k\neq 2$, one can define $Q$ as the $k$-algebra of dimension $4$ generated by elements $x,y$ ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Indecomposablity in purely inseparable extensions

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p$ (e.g. the separable closure of $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$) and consider the extension $k(x)/k$ where $x^p\in k$ but $x$ does not. Consider a (finitely generated) ...
7
votes
3answers
556 views

Lefschetz fixed-point theorem for the Frobenius map

Where can one find a proof of Lefschetz fixed-point theorem for the Frobenius map on elliptic curves over algebraic closures of $F_{p}$ ? This could immediately follow if their coholomogies (for the ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

On families of supersingular abelian surfaces over the projective line

Let $k=\mathbb{F}_q$. I recently learned that there are non-isotrivial families $f:X\to \mathbb{P}^1_k$ of supersingular abelian surfaces. In particular, the Kodaira-Spencer map of this family is non-...
5
votes
0answers
169 views

Map associated to linear system onto curve is morphism

In Mumford's first paper on Surfaces in char $p$ [1], part 2 Step (II), he wants to show that, given an indecomposable curve of canonical type $D$ on a smooth projective surface $F$ with $p_g(F)=0, ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

A short proof for simple connectedness of the projective line

The Riemann-Hurwitz formula implies that the projective line $\mathbb{P}^1_K$ over any algebraically closed field $K$ is simply connected (i.e., $\pi_1^{et}(\mathbb{P}^1_K) = 1$; equivalently, if $\...
12
votes
0answers
755 views

A slick proof (?) of Zariski-Nagata purity in characteristic $p$

I am trying to understand the MathSciNet review written by Mark Kisin of the paper "Almost etale extensions" of Faltings. There Kisin illustrates Faltings' approach to the almost purity theorem with ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Restriction of separable map

If $f: X\to Y$ is a separable map between varieties that is a bijection on closed points, is it true that $f$ remains separable when restricted to an integral subscheme $Z\subset X$? If we drop the ...
2
votes
0answers
217 views

Does the sheaf of locally exact differential forms splitting in positive characteristic

Let k be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>2$, $X$ a smooth projective curve of genus $g>1$ over $k$, and $F_X:X\rightarrow X$ be the absolute Frobenius morphism. Let $B^1_X$ be ...
5
votes
0answers
368 views

Torsionfree crystalline cohomology implies torsionfree etale cohomology?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W=W(k)$ be the ring of Witt vectors of $k$. Assume that the crystalline cohomology $H^2_{...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

Smoothability of stable curves in mixed characteristic

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with residue field $k$ algebraically closed of characteristic $p$ and fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $C$ be a stable curve (in the sense of Mumford-Deligne) ...
2
votes
0answers
257 views

Examples of semi-stable models of curves

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero and residue field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Assume $k$ is algebraically closed. I want to produce examples of ...
3
votes
1answer
387 views

Harish-Chandra isomorphism for characteristic $p$

I am trying to understand the proof of Theorem 1 from this paper V. Kac and B. Weisfeiler (Indag. Math. 1976, DOI link). Theorem 1. Let either $p\neq 2$ or $\varrho\in X(\mathscr{T})$. Then $\gamma(...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Purely inseparable $k$-rational dominant maps between an absolutely irreducible $k$-surface and $\mathbb{P}^2$

Let $X$ be an absolutely irreducible surface over an algebraically closed or finite field $k$ of characteristic $p$. Is it true that the following conditions are equivalent? There is a purely ...
12
votes
0answers
628 views

Elkies' supersingularity theorem in higher dimension (in terms of the associated Newton polygon)

Elkies' supersingularity theorem: Given an elliptic curve $E$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, there are infinitely many primes $p$ such that $E$ is supersingular over $\mathbb{F}_p$. I have seen another post on ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Automorphisms of Lie algebra of type $A_5$ modulo its center in characteristic 2

Let $L$ be classical Lie algebra of type $A_5$ over field of characteristic 2; let $M$ be the quotient $L/Z(L)$ modulo its center $Z(L)$. What about the group of automorphisms of M? Does anybody ...
4
votes
0answers
234 views

Application of Frobenius splitting in characteristic $0$

In general, Frobenius splitting only defines on field of characteristic $p$ (algebraically closed) field. I am reading Brion and Kumar's book and I can see that there are geometric results can be ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Reference for de Rham cohomology in positive characteristic

It is known in characteristic $0$ that (algebraic) de Rham cohomology is a Weil cohomology theory. However, in characteristic $p > 0$ it isn't, if only because it has mod $p$ coefficients, whereas ...

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