The positivity tag has no usage guidance.

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### Spectra of certain totally positive matrices

Let $S$ be the set of $3 \times 3$ matrices $A$ satisfying the following conditions:
All minors are $>0$ (i.e., $A$ is a strictly totally positive matrix);
all principal minors are $>1$, ...

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votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why are quantum groups so called?

I've recently been to a seminar on quantum matrices. In particular the speaker introduced these objects as the coordinate ring of $2$ by $2$ matrices modulo some odd looking relations (see start of ...

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326 views

### Is there a Galois theory for $\mathbb R_{\geq 0}$?

The broadest version of my question is the following:
Where can I find algebrogeometric abstract nonsense that handles "rings" and "fields" like $\mathbb R_{\geq 0}$ in which there is no ...

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votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Diophantine equations over natural numbers [closed]

Are there versatile techniques that are applicable to deciding if a system of multivariate quadratic diophantine equations with one determinantal restriction has solutions over natural numbers?
In ...

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votes

**2**answers

115 views

### Positive Elements of a $\ast$-Algebra

In a $C^*$-algebra ${\cal A}$, a positive element is a one of the form $aa^*$, for some $a \in {\cal A}$. It is known that the set of positive elements is a cone, and that for $a,b$ two non-zero ...

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95 views

### Recursions which define polynomials?

Let $k$ be a positive integer and let
$$h(n,k,q)=\frac{1-(1+q^{k})q^{2k(n-1)+1}+q^{2}}{1-q^{2n-1}}h(n-1,k,q)-\frac{(1-q^{k(2n-3)})(1-q^{2k(n-1)})q^2}{(1-q^{2n-1})(1-q^{2n-3})}h(n-2,k,q)$$
with ...

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votes

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764 views

### Varieties with an ample vector bundle mapping to their tangent bundle

A well-known result of Andreatta and Wisniewski says: Let $X$ be a projective complex manifold whose tangent bundle $T_X$ contains an ample sub-bundle $\mathscr{E}$. Then $X$ is isomorphic to ...

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307 views

### Product of a Schubert polynomial and a double Schubert polynomial

Let $S_u(x)$ be a Schubert polynomial and let $S_v(x;y)$ be a double Schubert polynomial. Then their product can be expressed in terms of the double Schubert polynomials as
...

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votes

**1**answer

206 views

### positive not completely positive maps

In extension to this question
Positive but not completely positive?
I'd like to know, for $k>1$, examples of $k$-positive linear maps of a matrix algebra into itself that are not $k+1$-positive. ...

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164 views

### Non-linear positive map

In the paper titled "Nonlinear completely positive maps" M. D. Choi and T. Ando extended natural definition of completely positive maps ignoring the linearity condition (Aspects of positivity in ...

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112 views

### A weak Perron-Frobenius property for sets of positive matrices

A popular form of the Perron-Frobenius theorem states the following result: if $A$ is a $d \times d$ real matrix all of whose entries are positive, then the spectral radius of $A$ is a simple ...

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votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Non-negative decomposition of a non-negative matrix

Consider a matrix $A\in{\bf M}_{n\times m}({\mathbb R})$, whose entries are non-negative. Let $r$ be the rank of $A$.
It is well-known that $A$ decomposes as $x_1y_1^T+\cdots+x_ry_r^T$ with ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### On primitive type matrix ranks

Given a non-negative matrix $A$, we call $A$ primitive if $A^k$ has all strictly positive entries with some $k>0$. Given primitive $A$, is there relation between smallest $k$ such that $A^k>0$ ...

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votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Notions of positivity for q-polynomials

What are some existing notions of positivity (or nonnegativity) for $\mathbf{R}[q]$ such that all $q$-integers $[n]_q = 1+q+...+q^{n-1}$ are positive, as well as all polynomials that can be expressed ...

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votes

**2**answers

167 views

### Polynomial-time algorithm for determining whether a polynomial is positive on $\mathbb{N}$

Does there exist a polynomial-time algorithm to determine whether a given polynomial $p(n)$ with integer coefficients is positive on $\mathbb{N}$, in the sense that $p(n) \geq 0$ for all ...

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votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Largest area of a compactly supported positive definite function

Consider a continuous function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, supported on $[-1,1]$, of positive type. Assume $f(0) = 1$; what is the "largest area" $\int f\,dx$ that can be achieved?
To be ...

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votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Another kind of the positivity of matrices

For given $n$, the following $n\times n$ complex matrix $M=M^{\dagger}$ is called positive, if
$x^{\dagger}M x\geq 0$
holds for all complex vector $x=(z,z^2,\cdots,z^n)^T$ with arbitrary complex ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...

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vote

**2**answers

758 views

### Big and Nef divisors

In Example 2.2.19 of
Lazarsfeld, Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I,
I found the following statement:
Let $D$ be a divisor on an irreducible projective variety $X$. Then $D$ is nef and big if and ...

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votes

**3**answers

528 views

### Weak Fano and Log fano varieties

A projective smooth variety $X$ is weak Fano if $-K_X$ is nef and big. We say that $X$ is log Fano is there exists a divisor $D$ such that $-(K_X+D)$ is ample and $(X,D)$ is Kawamata log terminal.
Is ...

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votes

**4**answers

285 views

### Exponential of a specific hypergeometric series

This is motivated by this question.
Let $f$ be the hypergeometric series
$ f(x) = 2 x \, _{4}F_3([1, 1, 4/3, 5/3], [2, 2, 2], 27 x) $
which is explictly given by
$ f(x) = \sum_{n \geq 1} ...

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vote

**2**answers

285 views

### Push-forward of a nef bundle

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism between normal varieties. Let $E$ be a vector bundle on $X$ and let us consider its pushforwad $f_{*}E$.
Does anyone know an example where $E$ is nef but ...

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votes

**2**answers

358 views

### Higher degree generalizations of the Hard Lefschetz Theorem

Let $M$ be a $2d$-dimensional manifold. We say that $\omega \in H^2(M)$ has the Hard Lefschetz Property (HLP) if multiplication with $\omega^j$ is an isomorphism $H^{d-j} \to H^{d+j}$. This holds for ...

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votes

**0**answers

177 views

### (Relative) ampleness on algebraic spaces

This is a follow-up (of sorts) to this question.
Let $f : X \to T$ be a proper morphism of schemes. Then the notion of a relative ample (or $f$-ample) line bundle can be defined in several ...

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vote

**1**answer

71 views

### Does every $\alpha$-normal ordered Banach space have minimal upper bounds?

Let $\alpha>0$ and $X$ be an $\alpha$-normal (meaning, for $x,y\in X$,
$0\leq x\leq y$ implies $\|x\|\leq\alpha\|y\|$) ordered Banach space
with closed generating cone $X_{+}$. If $X$ is reflexive, ...

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votes

**1**answer

296 views

### If $L$ is positive, $E\otimes L^k$ is Nakano positive for some $k$

I'm trying to prove the following:
Let $L$ be a positive holomorphic line bundle on a compact complex manifold $X$. For any hermitian holomorphic vector bundle $E$ on $X$, there is $k \in ...

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votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Degree principles for non-symmetric polynomials

A theorem of Timofte says that a symmetric polynomial inequality of degree $d$ holds on $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}$ if and only if it holds for all vectors in $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}$ with at most $\max\{\lfloor ...

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votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Sommese's theorem (generalized Weak Lefschetz) in arbitrary characteristic?

Sommese's theorem is a natural generalization of the Weak Lefschetz; for a smooth projective (connected) $X$, an ample vector bundle $E/X$ of rank $e$, and a section $s:X\to E$ it states that the ...

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128 views

### Quadratic forms over symmetric $3\times3$ matrices

This question is motivated by a technique called compensated compactness (CC), which was elaborated by L. Tartar and F. Murat for the analysis of PDEs. The foreword of CC is a problem about quadratic ...

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votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Positive definite functions on G from Hilbert space vectors?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group. Given a vector $\xi \in l^{2}(G)$, is there any way to naturally construct a positive definite function on $G$ using $\xi$?
This question is rather vague and ...

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votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Mapping a subset of semi-definite matrices through arcsinus

Hi
I am meeting a problem concerning semi-definite positive matrices, and I have no clue concerning them, the classical approaches I know have not given any result, maybe people used to manipulating ...

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votes

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394 views

### What is the physical difference between states and unital completely positive maps?

Mathematically, completely positive maps on C*-algebras generalize positive linear functionals in that every positive linear functional on a C*-algebra $A$ is a completely positive map of $A$ into ...

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113 views

### Proving non-negativity of a hypergeometric type sum

I am trying to prove the following inequality:
$$
\sum\limits_{k=0}^{m}\frac{(a)_k(a+\mu)_{m-k}}{(c)_k(c+\mu)_{m-k}}\binom{m}{k}(m-2k+\mu)\geq{0},
$$
where $(a)_0=1$, $(a)_k=a(a+1)\cdots(a+k-1)$ is ...

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votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Matrices whose inverse is positive

I have recently come across some examples of matrices with a special structure.
I will describe these matrices here and I hope that somebody will be able
to point out a source where I can find more ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

442 views

### Numerically equivalent effective divisors and semiampleness

Recall that a divisor $M$ on a variety $X$ is said to be semiample if $kM$ is base point free for a certain $k > 0$.
Being semiample is not a numerical property (take for example torsion and a ...

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votes

**2**answers

586 views

### When is the norm of all positive operators on an ordered Banach space determined by their values on the positive cone?

I'm trying to investigate the interplay between the norm and cone of positive elements in ordered Banach spaces. In particular, I would like a nice characterization of when the norm of a positive ...

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**0**answers

291 views

### Do there exist weak Lefschetz-type statements that were proved for varieties over complex numbers, but were not proved in finite characteristic?

As far as I understood the situation (reading section 3.5B of Lazarsfeld's "Positivity in algebraic geometry" and also some of the references), some of weak Lefschetz-type statements known rely on ...

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votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Which (reducible) projective varieties could be presented as 'relatively smooth' hyperplane sections of irreducible (normal) ones?

Are there any restrictions known on a (complex reducible) projective variety $Y$ that can be presented as $Z\cap H$, where $Z$ is a normal (or just irreducible) closed subvariety of a smooth ...

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vote

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626 views

### Norm of Cesaro matrix

EDIT (28.11.2013).
This math.SE question about Cesaro operators should also be of interest (it discusses upper bounds; Noam has produced lower bounds below)
Federico's recent question Norm of upper ...

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vote

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674 views

### Positive operators - norm equality

I hope that somebody can help me with the following problem:
Let $A$ be a positive operator on $\mathbf{B}(\mathcal{H})$, ( $\mathcal{H}$ is a Hilbert space) with its spectral measure $E$. Show that ...

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392 views

### Signed factors of harmonic polynomials

Let ${\rm Harm}_n^d$ be the space of real harmonic polynomials in $n$ variables, homogeneous of degree $d$. If $P\in{\rm Harm}_n^d$, then
$$\left(\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...

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**0**answers

250 views

### Positivity of polynomial sequences via generating series

In this question I address
the problem of proving the nonnegativity of a numerical sequence
$a_0,a_1,a_2,\dots$ via generating series technique. In the notation
$A(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n\ge0$ ...

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votes

**3**answers

465 views

### Effective algorithm to test positivity

Let $f(x_1,\ldots, x_n)$ be a real polynomial in several variables. Is there an effective algorithm to test whether $f$ is positive (or nonnegative) on the whole of ${\mathbb{R}}^n$?

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**1**answer

356 views

### volume of big line bundles under finite morphisms

Let $X$, $Y$ be complex projective varieties of dimension $n$, let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a surjective finite morphism of degree $d$ and let $B$ be a big line bundle on $Y$.
Is that true that ...

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### Polynomials with presumably positive coefficients

After seeing that some positivity problems get their solutions on MO,
I am quite enthusiastic of posing my (and not only) problem of positive flavour.
In order to state it, I have to introduce the ...

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vote

**2**answers

552 views

### Nakano semipositivity

Let $X$ be a compact Kaehler manifold.
What is a good, possibly algebraic-geometric, way to think to Nakano semipositivity of holomorphic vector bundles on $X$?
Is the trivial line bundle ...

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votes

**7**answers

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### Nef divisors with few global sections

Are there nef divisors D on a complex projective manifold X such that $h^0(X,D)$ is less than or equal to $\dim X$?
Edit: In fact I'm interested in nef line bundles D, not just divisors.

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### sum of squares in ring of integers

Lagrange proved that every (positive) rational integer is a sum of 4 squares.
Are there general results like this for ring of integers of a number field? Is this class field theory?
Explicity, ...

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### When is a monic integer polynomial the characteristic polynomial of a non-negative integer matrix?

Suppose $P(x)$ is a monic integer polynomial with roots $r_1, ... r_n$ such that $p_k = r_1^k + ... + r_n^k$ is a non-negative integer for all positive integers $k$. Is $P(x)$ necessarily the ...