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Questions tagged [rational-points]

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9
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1answer
284 views

Are there infinitely many real multiplication fields of abelian surfaces over $\mathbb Q$?

Do there exist infinitely many real quadratic fields $F$ such that there is an abelian surface $A$ over $\mathbb Q$ whose ring of endomorphisms, tensored with $\mathbb Q$, is $F$? Do there exist ...
5
votes
4answers
216 views

Lattice points in a square pairwise-separated by integer distances

Let $S_n$ be an $n \times n$ square of lattice points in $\mathbb{Z}^2$. Q1. What is the largest subset $A(n)$ of lattice points in $S_n$ that have the property that every pair of points in $A(n)$...
4
votes
1answer
271 views

Submersion implies many rational points in image?

Let $A \colon V \to W$ be a surjective linear map (defined over $\mathbb{Z}$), inducing a projection $\alpha \colon \mathbb{P}(V) \to \mathbb{P}(W)$. Let $X \subseteq \mathbb{P}(V)$ and $Y \...
6
votes
1answer
263 views

Breaking a morphism with generic fiber $\mathbb{F}_n$

Assume we are working over $\mathbb{C}$, and we have a projective morphism with connected fibers $f: X \rightarrow Z$ whose geometric generic fiber $X_\overline{\eta}$ is isomorphic to a Hirzebruch ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Solving system of multivariable algebraic equations over $\mathbb Q$ by reducing over $\mathbb F_p$

I try to solve the finite system of multivariable algebraic equations with coefficients from $\mathbb Q$. It would be sufficient for me to prove that there is only finite number of solutions over $\...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Rational points of torsors over a separable closure

I already asked this question on Math Stack few days ago ( torsors over a separable closure ), but did not receive any answer, so I post it here. Let $G$ be a smooth linear algebraic group defined ...
2
votes
0answers
246 views

Rational point on variety over function field

This is one of the theorems in Field Arithmetic written by M. Fried and M. Jarden as following which is Proposition 13.4.6 in that monograph: Every field K has a regular extension F which is PAC ...
8
votes
1answer
179 views

Integral complete 4-partite graphs

For given block sizes $a<b<c<d$, consider the complete 4-partite graph $K_{a,b,c,d }$. Can such a graph be integral, i.e. have only integer eigenvalues? It is easy to see that the ...
4
votes
0answers
139 views

Action of the Picard Scheme of an Elliptic Fibration

Suppose that we have a surface $X$ defined over a field $k$ (I am interested in $k$ being a number field) and an elliptic fibration $f: X \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$, i.e. $f$ is proper and almost all ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

Are there nontrivial rational solutions of $x^{n-m}=(1+t^m)/(1+t^n)$?

Let $n-m \ge 2$ be two fixed natural numbers. Are there any nontrivial rational solutions of the equation $$x^{n-m}=(1+t^m)/(1+t^n)$$ for $x$ and $t$? As particular cases the rational solutions of ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the smallest sphere whose surface includes 100 integer points?

Let $S(r)$ be the surface of the origin-centered sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$. A point is an integer point if all its coordinates are integers. What is the smallest radius $r_n$ such that $S(r_n)$ ...
7
votes
1answer
339 views

Why study unirational and rational varieties?

I am new to the study of unirational and rational varieties, but I want to know the motivation for why mathematicians started to study these conditions. The reasons that I could list to study ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

Number of rational points of a singular cubic surface over a finite field

I have a (geometrically irreducible) cubic surface defined over a finite field $F_q$ with three non-$F_q$-rational singularities (defined over the cubic extension of $F_q$). Counting the number of $...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

Counting algebraic points of bounded height

Let $K$ be a number field and $X\hookrightarrow\mathbb P^n_K$ be a projective variety of degree $\delta$ (with respect to universal bundle) and dimension $d$. We denote the set $$S(X;D,B)=\{\xi\in X(\...
6
votes
1answer
200 views

rational points and a local perturbation of an elliptic curve

Let $E_{a,b}$ be an elliptic curve defined by the equation $y^{2}=x^3+ax+b$ where $a,b \in \mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that for $a=a_{0}$ and $b=b_{0}$ the rank of $E_{a_{0},b_{0}}(\mathbb{Q})=1$. question:...
15
votes
2answers
642 views

Determining the Mordell-Weil group of a universal elliptic curve

Let $K$ be a number field and let $K(a,b)$ be the field of rational functions with two indeterminates over $K$. Consider the elliptic curve $E$ over $K(a,b)$ defined by the Weierstrass equation \begin{...
7
votes
1answer
293 views

Rational points on varieties over local fields

In his expanded lecture notes Rational points on varieties, Bjorn Poonen writes the following: REMARK 2.5.3: There is an algorithm that, given a local field $k$ of characteristic $0$ and a $k$-...
8
votes
0answers
141 views

Artin representations appearing in Mordell-Weil groups of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$, and let $K$ be a Galois number field. The Galois group $G=\mathrm{Gal}(K/\mathbf{Q})$ acts on the Mordell-Weil group $E(K)$ and thus on the ...
10
votes
4answers
921 views

Possible groups of K-rational points for elliptic curves over arbitrary fields

It is known that the group $C(\Bbb R)$ has at most two connected components, and the connected component of the identity is isomorphic to $U(1)$ as a topological group (trivially) and $C(\Bbb Q)$ is ...
8
votes
4answers
298 views

Scaling a set of reals to be nearly integers

A version of this question was previously asked on MSE. I'll mention progress below. A geometric construction I'm exploring leads to a set $R$ of $n$ positive real numbers, for example: $$ R = \{ \pi,...
0
votes
2answers
215 views

Does there exist a rational point on the elliptic curve: y^2=x^3+6x^2+x ? If yes, how to find one? (relations to the 'rational distance problem') [closed]

The elliptic curve $y^2=x^3+6x^2+x$ is associated with the Rational Distance problem, which asks whether there exists a point in the plane, that is at rational distances from the four vertices of the ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

Rational points on open subsets of affine space [closed]

Let $k$ be an infinite field. Assume that the index of the algebraic closure $\bar{k}$ over $k$ is strictly greater than $2$. Let $U$ be a non-empty open subset of some affine space over $k$. Is it ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Levi decompositions of k-rational points of linear algebraic groups

Let $k$ be a field with characteristic zero and $G$ be a (connected or not) linear algebraic group defined over $k$. We know that $G$ has a Levi decomposition i.e., $G=R_u(G)\rtimes L$, where $R_u(G)$ ...
11
votes
1answer
609 views

Galois Representations and Rational Points

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are two connected smooth projective varieties over $\mathbb{Q}$ (of the same dimension) that have the same $\ell$-adic Galois representations (up to semisimplification). What is ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Existence of rational points on the image of a proper morphism

Let $K/F$ be a field extension, and let $X$ and $Y$ be affine varieties over $F$. (E.g. they are defined by polynomials over $F$.) Suppose $X$ contains $F$-points. Now view $X$ and $Y$ as $K$-...
4
votes
1answer
333 views

Understanding Siegel's Theorem on integral points

Siegel's theorem states the following: Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over a number field $K$. Let $\tilde C\subset C$ be an open affine subvariety, and $i:\tilde C\hookrightarrow \mathbb{A}^...
6
votes
1answer
155 views

If $X$ is a genus $g\geq 2$ curve over a number field $K$, then is there a bound on $X_L(L)$ for $L/K$ that depends only on $X$ and $[L:K]$?

If $X$ is a genus $g\geq 2$ curve over a number field $K$, then $X(K)$ is finite by Falting's Theorem. My question is how does $X_L(L)$ behave for finite field extensions $L/K$? In particular, is ...
7
votes
1answer
378 views

Does Chabauty-Coleman method give an algorithm for finding rational points?

Let $X$ be a curve of genus $g\geq 2$ over a number field $K$. If $\mathrm{rk} \,\mathrm{Jac}\, X$ is less than $g$ there is a $p$-adic method of bounding $\# X(K)$ due to Chabauty and Coleman (see ...
4
votes
0answers
638 views

Rational points on the unit circle

Is anything known about any of the following questions about rational points on the unit circle? By “double point” I mean an element of $2C$, where $C$ is the group of rational points on the unit ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

Existence of lattices whose circles have bounded number of points

For any plane lattice $\Lambda= \{ mA+nB: m,n \in \mathbb Z \}$, with $A,B$ linearly independent vectors in $\mathbb R^2$, we define the set of the circles in $\Lambda$ as $$\mathcal K(\Lambda) = \...
8
votes
2answers
586 views

An elliptic curve for Ramanujan-type cubic identities?

Given the roots $x_i$ of the depressed cubic, $$x^3+px+q=0$$ with rational coefficients. It can be shown that, in general, one can find rational $u,v$ such that, $$(u-x_1)^{1/3}+ (u-x_2)^{1/3}+ (u-...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Heights of multiples of rational points on elliptic curves

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve, given by some minimal Weierstrass equation (say $Y^2 = X^3 + aX + b$ for some integer $a$ and $b$), and let $P$ be a rational point on $E$ which is not the ...
6
votes
0answers
87 views

Rational $d$-simplices

Define a rational $d$-simplex as a simplex in $\mathbb{R}^d$ such that the measure of all its $k$-dimensional faces, $k \ge 1$, is rational. So a rational triangle has rational edge lengths and ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

How much do I need to learn algebraic geometry to understand arithmetics over number fields

I am at the stage of learning. Mostly, I am attracted by algebraic number theory. Roughly speaking, I am interested in the rational points of algebraic varieties. I am little bit afraid to start to ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

the least point on a variety over a finite field

Let $p$ be a large prime parameter and $V\subseteq \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{F}_p}$ a variety defined over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ with bounded degree and dimension (w.r.t. $p$). Assume that $V$ ...
112
votes
2answers
44k views

Estimating the size of solutions of a diophantine equation

A. Is there natural numbers $a,b,c$ such that $\frac{a}{b+c} + \frac{b}{a+c} + \frac{c}{a+b}$ is equal to an odd natural number ? (I do not know any such numbers). B. Suppose that $\frac{a}{b+c} + \...
2
votes
2answers
400 views

Rational points on towers of curves

Let $\ldots \to X_n \to X_{n-1} \to \ldots \to X_0$ be etale maps between smooth projective curves of genera $g(X_n)>1$, all defined over a fixed number field $K$. By Faltings' Theorem, we know ...
4
votes
3answers
488 views

Conics, rational points and probability

Given a conic $Ax^2+Bxy+Cy^2+Dx+Ey+F=0$ with integers and random coefficients, what is more probable? To find a rational point on the conic or not?
19
votes
5answers
1k views

Rational solutions of the Fermat equation $X^n+Y^n+Z^n=1$

As a generalisation to the equation of Fermat, one can ask for rational solutions of $X^n+Y^n+Z^n=1$ (or almost equivalently integer solutions of $X^n+Y^n+Z^n=T^n$). Contrary to the case of Fermat, ...
7
votes
1answer
334 views

Why are some solutions of these diophantine equations off the usual patterns?

This is inspired by a recent question about complete multipartite integral graphs. I am wondering if more can be said about tripartite integral graphs with block sizes $a<b<c$. It is easy to see ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

F-points of product of closed subgroups vs. product of F-points, F a local field, reference?

Let $F$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb Q_p$, where p is an odd prime. Let $G$ be a connected reductive group defined over $F$. Let $M, H$ be closed $F$-subgroups of $G$ (in particular, I'm ...
19
votes
2answers
922 views

Rational points on the “quintic circle” $x^5 + y^5 = 7$

I suspect that the curve $x^5 + y^5=7$ has no $\mathbb Q$ points, and a brief computer search verifies this hypothesis for denominators up to $10^4$. What techniques can be used to show that there are ...
7
votes
1answer
400 views

What is the exact statement about uniform boundedness of rational points on curves of genus greater than one? Singular points can be unbounded

According to several sources, it is conjectured (or at least believed) that the rational points of curves over the rationals of genus $g > 1$ are uniformly bounded by $g$. E.g. here p. 1. Assuming ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Shortest paths stepping on rational points of height $h$

Q. Do shortest paths walking between rational points of height $h$ ever properly cross themselves? Explaining this question takes a bit of definitional exposition. First, I copy definitions from ...
15
votes
1answer
337 views

Number of height-limited rational points on a circle

Consider origin-centered circles $C(r)$ of radius $r \le 1$. I am seeking to learn how many rational points might lie on $C(r)$, where each rational point coordinate has height $\le h$. For example, ...
5
votes
0answers
136 views

Counting square zero forms over finite fields

Let $p$ be an odd prime and let $R=\Lambda_{\mathbb{F}_p}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be the exterior algebra on $n$ generators over the finite field with $p$ elements. This is a graded-commutative ring. Is ...
5
votes
0answers
235 views

A relative version of Hensel's lemma?

Let $k$ be a $p$-adic field with integer ring $\mathcal{O}_k \subseteq k$, maximal ideal $m_k \subseteq \mathcal{O}_k$ and residue field $\mathbb{F}_q = \mathcal{O}_k/m_k$. Let $X$ be a smooth, ...
1
vote
2answers
180 views

Counting number of $2\times 2$ unimodular matrices of particular type

From set of numbers from $\Bbb S=\{0,1,\dots,m\}$, how many distinct $3\times 3$ unimodular matrices parametrized by $(a,b,c,d,e,f)\in\Bbb S^6$ of following type can one form? \begin{bmatrix} a^2 &...
3
votes
0answers
376 views

Rank of the Jacobian of twists of hyperelliptic curves

Suppose that a hyperelliptic curve $C$ of genus $g \geq 4$ is given by the equation $$\displaystyle C: y^2 = a_0 x^{2g+2} + a_1 x^{2g+1} + \cdots + a_{2g+2} = f(x).$$ The Jacobian variety $J(C)$ of ...
5
votes
1answer
359 views

Transcendental distance sets

Define a set $S \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ as a transcendental distance set if the distance between any pair of distinct points of $S$ is transcendental. For example, $S = \{ k \, \pi \;\mid\; k=1,2,\ldots ...