Questions tagged [global-fields]

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Do we have $\cap_{P\in S}\left(\mathcal{O}_P+(1-\tau)(K)\right)=\left(\cap_{P\in S}\mathcal{O}_P\right)+(1-\tau)(K)$?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field and let $q$ be its number of elements. Let $(C,\mathcal{O}_C)$ be a geometrically irreducible smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{F}$ and let $K=\mathbb{F}(C)$ be ...
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0answers
38 views

self dual character of local fields and global fields

There are two concepts of self dual character, one is for global and another is for local. Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic number field, and a Hecke character $\chi : \mathbb{A}_K^{\times}/K^{\...
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1answer
392 views

Rings of $S$-integers are finitely generated as rings

Let $K$ be a global field (number field or algebraic function field over a finite field), $\mathcal{V}$ the set of $\mathbb{Z}$-valuations on $K$, $S \subseteq \mathcal{V}$ a finite set. The ring of $...
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1answer
104 views

Dedekind criterion for function fields

Let $p$ be a prime, $f\in \overline{\mathbb F}_p[x]$ a polynomial of degree $>1$ and $t$ be transcendental over $\mathbb F_p$. Let $i\geq 0$ and let $M=\overline{\mathbb F}_p(t)(\alpha)$, where $\...
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39 views

How explicitly write a projective transformation between the conics over the univariate function field?

Consider the quadratic forms $$ Q_1 = x^2 + y^2 - (t^2+1)z^2,\qquad Q_2 = x^2 + y^2 - z^2 $$ over the rational function field $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$, where $p > 2$ is a prime such that $t^2 + 1$ is ...
4
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1answer
150 views

Sums of squares in global fields (Reference Request)

There is a result due to Siegel that, for a number field $K$, any totally positive element of $K$ is the sum of four squares of $K$. This is discussed in another question (sum of squares in ring of ...
4
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1answer
195 views

Quadratic equation over a global field of characteristic 2

Let $F=\mathbb F_{2^n}(t)$, and let $f=x^2+ax+b\in F[x]$. Is there any necessary and sufficient condition for $f$, depending on its coefficients, to have a root in $F$? I'm not interested in finding ...
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2answers
226 views

Does a $K_{\upsilon}$-point of a variety $V$ give a point of $V$ in $K_{(\upsilon)}=K^{sep}\cap K_{\upsilon}$ for a global field $K$?

Let $K$ be a global field and $\upsilon$ a place of $K$. Let $K_{\upsilon}$ denote the completion of $K$ at $\upsilon$ and $K_{(\upsilon)}:=K^{sep}\cap K_{\upsilon}$ the henselization (which is the ...
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2answers
517 views

Why is $K_{\upsilon}|K$ separable for a global field $K$?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange but maybe it fits here better. If not, I apologize in advance and will remove the question. Let $K$ be a global field and $\upsilon$ a prime of $K$. Then ...
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0answers
127 views

Are elliptic global function fields totally imaginary?

Let $K/\mathbb{F}_{q}(X)$ be a global function field extension of degree $2$, having minimal polynomial $Y^{2}=f(X)$, where $f(X)$ is a degree 3 polynomial in $X$ with coefficients in $\mathbb{F}_{q}$,...
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1answer
431 views

Reference for: Every local field can be realized as the completion of a global field

It is well known that every local field (i.e. nondiscrete topological field locally compact with respect to the topology) is the completion of some global field. I know the argument, a nice ...
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0answers
113 views

Property of a derivative in global field

Before posting I want to make it clear that I posted the same question in stack exchange awhile ago (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1533814/property-of-derivative-in-a-local-field) but didn'...
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0answers
519 views

Explicit description/calculation of norm group of ideles of characteristic $p$ global field

I posted the same question earlier in stack exchange, (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1130391/algebraic-proof-of-2nd-inequality-of-global-class-field) thinking it is most definitely not a ...
5
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1answer
229 views

Compactness of adelic quotients for unipotent groups over global fields

Let $K$ be a global field, $\mathbb{A}_K$ the ring of adeles, and $U$ a unipotent algebraic group over $K$. Why is $U(\mathbb{A}_K)/U(K)$, when endowed with the quotient topology, compact?
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304 views

Global Artin reciprocity law from Local class field theory

Let $K=\mathbb F_q((t)), p -$ prime ideal in $K$, $\psi_p$ be the local Artin map$K_p^* \to Gal(K_p^{ab}/K_p)=G_p \subset Gal(K^{ab}/K)$. Then I define global Artin map $\psi_K$as product of $\psi_p$, ...
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3answers
2k views

Elliptic Curves over Global Function Fields

I am currently thinking about a problem, and I feel that by knowing more about elliptic curves over extensions of $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$, for $q$ a power of $p$ say, might lead to insight. I am also ...
60
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2answers
4k views

Is there a “purely algebraic” proof of the finiteness of the class number?

The background is as follows: I have been whittling away at my commutative algebra notes (or, rather at commutative algebra itself, I suppose) recently for the occasion of a course I will be teaching ...
16
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4answers
1k views

Dimension of central simple algebra over a global field “built using class field theory”.

If $F$ is a global field then a standard exact sequence relating the Brauer groups of $F$ and its completions is the following: $$0\to Br(F)\to\oplus_v Br(F_v)\to\mathbf{Q}/\mathbf{Z}\to 0.$$ The ...
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1answer
530 views

Can algebraic number fields be generalized in a similar way to function fields in 1 variable over a finite field?

Global fields consist of finite extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$ (algebraic number fields) and finite extensions of $\mathbb{F}_q(x)$ (function fields in 1 variable over a finite field). The latter are ...
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9answers
12k views

Learning Class Field Theory: Local or Global First?

I've noticed that there seem to be two approaches to learning class field theory. The first is to first learn about local fields and local class field theory, and then prove the basic theorems about ...
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2answers
581 views

Evidence for $Q^{\operatorname{solv}}$ being pseudo-algebraically-closed

This is a follow-up to the following answer: Solvable class field theory in which it is stated as a "folklore" conjecture that the maximal solvable extension of Q is pseudo algebraically closed (...
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5answers
5k views

Global fields: What exactly is the analogy between number fields and function fields?

Note: This comes up as a byproduct of Qiaochu's question "What are examples of good toy models in mathematics?" There seems to be a general philosophy that problems over function fields are easier to ...