# Questions tagged [irrational-numbers]

An irrational number is a real number that cannot be expressed in the form $\frac{n}{m}$ where $n$ and $m$ are integers.

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### Distribution of the first occurrence of a maximum (record) run of zeros in the digits of a normal number (say $\pi$)

If the question was stated to appeal to the general public, it would be something like this. For a number such as $\pi$ or $\sqrt{2}$, the digits in base $b$ appear to be randomly distributed. We are ...
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### Rational Peano curves

An rr function (i.e. rational rational function) is a quotient $$\frac fg\,:\, \Bbb Q\ \to\ \Bbb Q\cup\{\infty\}$$ such that $\ f,g\,\in\,\Bbb Z[X],\$ where $\ g\ne 0.$ QUESTION Do there exist ...
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### If $x^x=2$ then is $x$ expressible using elementary functions?

I have a curious question. Let $x∈\mathbb{R}^+$ such that $x^x=2$. I am aware that the Gelfond–Schneider theorem implies that $x$ cannot be algebraic. However, is it still possible that $x$ can be ...
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### The irrational numbers α such that n odd and m=⌊nα⌋ odd implies ⌊mα⌋ odd

This post is the analogous of that one (about $\sqrt{2}$) but with a much stronger expectation here. We observed, and then this comment of Lucia proved, that for $\phi$ the golden ratio, if $n$ ...
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### Real number which is different from all rationals [closed]

By diagonalization, it is possible to construct a real number $r \in [0,1]$ such that for every rational $q \in [0,1]$, there exists an index $i \in \mathbb{N}$ such that $r_i \neq q_i$ (where $x_i$ ...
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### Subsets of particular values of $\zeta'(k)$ that contain irrational numbers

We consider the set of elements $\zeta'(2),\zeta'(3),\zeta'(4),\zeta'(5),\ldots$ where $\zeta(z)$ is the Riemann zeta function and $\zeta'(z)=\frac{d}{dz}\zeta(z)$ its derivative. Thus we consider ...
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### Is $\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{S(n)}{n!}$ an irrational, where $S(n)$ denotes the sum of remainders function?

For each integer $n\geq 1$ we consider the arithmetic function $$S(n)=\sum_{k=1}^n n\text{ mod }k,\tag{1}$$ the sum of remainders function, the arithmetic function A004125 from the OEIS. Example. We'...
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### Examples for a Golomb's result, and rationals as $\sum_{n\geq 1}\frac{|G_n|}{P(n)}$, where $G_n$ are Gregory coefficients and $P(x)$ a polynomial

After I was stuying the first pages of a chapter of the book [1], in particular the statement of Corollary 10.3 and its proof, I wondered what can be interesting examples of irrational numbers that ...
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### Looking for a proof that $\pi$ is irrational using a series representation for it

This have been asked on MSE but got no answers. I'm searching for a proof that $\pi$ is irrational using a series representation for $\pi$, but can't find it. However, on this wikipedia page show'...
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### Is it possible to know if $\log(\pi)$ is irrational or not since the $\log$ function is the inverse of the $\exp$ function?
I'm interested in knowing more about the question if $f(\pi)$ is rational or not, where $f$ is some well-known function. For example, $\cos(\pi) =-1$ is rational, while ${e}^{\pi}$ is irrational as ...
I am conducting a little research on checking if a number, written in positional numeral system is irrational. Let $h^p_n$ be the most right non-zero digit of number $n!$ written in numeral system ...