# Questions tagged [factorization]

For questions about factorization, the decomposition of mathematical objects (e.g. natural numbers, polynomials) into products of smaller objects (e.g. primes, lower degree polynomials).

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### Order of elements $\gamma$ and $1-\gamma$ in $\mathbb{F}_q$

I'd like to find if possible the orders possible for $1-\gamma$ given a $\gamma\in\mathbb{F}_q$ of given order $\mathcal{o}$ (where $q=p^f$). Which is clear is that these order have the same degree (...
1 vote
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### Order of roots for a polynomial $P\in\mathbb{F}_p[T]$

Let $P\in\mathbb{F}_p[T]$ (not supposed irreducible). All roots $\xi$ of $P$ have a certain order $k$ such that $\xi^k=1$. Question: is it possible to know the order of the roots of the given ...
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1 vote
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### What is the factorization algebra/space of an affine W algebra?

The affine vertex algebra $V_k(\mathfrak{g})$ factorizes, i.e. comes from a factorisation space, the Beilinson Drinfeld Grassmannian. Similarly, lattice vertex algebras have a factorization analogue. ...
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### Number of different factorizations

I define $\nu(n)$ the number of different factorizations for an integer $n$. I know there are papers about $\delta(n)$ the number of dividers for an integer $n$ (Landau, Euler, Dirichlet) but I still ...
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### Factoring higher-order differential operators

I have been researching various methods for solving differential equations. In particular, I want to better understand the factoring approach. For example, if we want to solve a general second order ...
1 vote
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### Hensel's lemma, Bezout's identity, and the integers

Factorization in the ring $\mathbb{Z}[x]/(x^2+1)\mathbb{Z}[x]\cong \mathbb{Z}[i]$ is well known. For instance, $5$ and $13$ (and any prime $\equiv 1\pmod{4}$) are no longer prime. The factorization ...
1 vote
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### Factorization of argmax

We consider a function $f(s_{1:p}, a_{1:p})$, where $p>1$ is an integer, $s_{1:p}$ denotes $(s_1,\ldots,s_p)^\top \in R^p$, and $a_{1:p}$ denotes $(a_1,\ldots,a_p)^\top \in R^p$. Question: What is ...
317 views

### Positive divisors of $P(x,n)=1+x+x^2+ \cdots + x^n$ that are congruent to $1$ modulo $x$

This is a follow-up question to Positive integer solutions to the diophantine equation $(xz+1)(yz+1)=z^4+z^3 +z^2 +z+1$ Let \begin{equation} P(x,n)= 1+x+x^2+ \cdots + x^n, \end{equation} \begin{...
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### A diophantine equation involving partial sums of exponentials similar than the equation in Fermat's Last Theorem

I'm curious about the following diophantine equation from my invention: I don't know if this is in the literature, I wrote it using creativity in an attempt to write a variant of the equation in ...
186 views

### $2$-adic valuation of Schur $P$-functions in the power-sum basis

For a partition $\lambda$, let $P_\lambda$ be the Schur $P$-functions (case $t=-1$ of Hall-Littlewood symmetric functions) and let $p_\lambda=p_{\lambda_1}p_{\lambda_1}\cdots p_{\lambda_k}$ be the ...
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### Next smooth number

I want to find the next $n \in \mathbb{N}$ such that $$s < n = \prod_{p_i \in \mathbb{P}_B} {p_i}^{a_i}$$ Where $\mathbb{P}_B$ is the set of primes not greater than $B$ I know that we can generate ...
1 vote
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1 vote