# Questions tagged [orthogonal-polynomials]

A familly of orthogonal polynomials is a sequence of polynomials in one variable, one in each degree, such that any two of them are orthogonal with respect to some fixed scalar product on the space of polynomials. They are closely related to continued fractions and useful in harmonic analysis. There are many different families of orthogonal polynomials, among which one can cite Hermite polynomials, Laguerre polynomials, and Jacobi polynomials.

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### Bounds on coefficients $c_i$ of Chebyshev expansion $f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^{n} c_kT_k(x) : [-1,1] \mapsto [-1,1]$

Let $n$ be a given positive integer and let $f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^{n} c_kT_k(x)$, where $c_i \in \mathbb{R}$, $0 \leq i \leq n$. If $|f(x)| \leq 1$, for $|x| \leq 1$, is it possible to get the maximum ...
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### Deduce Sheffer's classification of orthogonal polynomials of A-type 0

Theorem 1.9 in Daniel Galiffa and Tanya Riston's paper, An elementary approach to characterizing Sheffer A-type 0 orthogonal polynomial sequences, 2015, presents without proof Isador Sheffer's ...
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### Are the “generalized Catalan numbers” of Dumitrescu–Mulase the "moments" of some "multivariate Wigner semicircle distribution"?

The classical Catalan numbers $$C_n = \frac{1}{n+1} \binom{2n}{n},$$ well-known for their numerous combinatorial interpretations (the second volume of Stanley's Enumerative Combinatorics famously ...
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### Complex Hermite polynomial orthogonality on weighted space

Consider the "probabilist's" Hermite polynomials given by $$H_n(x)=(-1)^ne^{\frac{x^2}{2}}\partial_x^ne^{-\frac{x^2}{2}}.$$ These polynomials trivially extend to functions of $w\in\mathbb{C}$...
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### Integral involving associated Laguerre polynomial and Bessel function

In a quantum mechanics problem I encountered the following integral \begin{equation*} \int_0^\infty t^{\nu+1}J_\nu(\beta t)L_{\mu-\nu}^{2\nu}(t)e^{-t/2}dt\,, \end{equation*} where $L$ denotes the ...
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### Orthogonal Polynomials and Sturm Liouville operators

Classical Orthogonal polynomials (e.g., Hermite, Legendre) are eigenfunctions of Sturm Liouville operators. For example, define $L[u]=u''-xu'$, then the $n$-th order Hermite polynomial satisfies \$...
Let $${p_n}(x) = \sum\limits_{j = 0}^{n } {{{( - 1)}^{n - j}}p(n,j){x^j}}$$ be orthogonal polynomials satisfying $${p_n}(x) = (x - {s_{n - 1}}){p_{n - 1}}(x) - {t_{n - 2}}{p_{n - 2}}(x)$$ with ...
Let us define the basis of polynomials given by: $$\begin{array}\ P_0=1, \\ P_1=x, \\ P_2=x(x-1), \\ P_3=x(x-1)(x-2), \\ P_4=x(x-1)(x-2)(x-3), \ldots\\ \end{array}$$ I would like to know if this ...