# Questions tagged [ds.dynamical-systems]

Dynamics of flows and maps (continuous and discrete time), including infinite-dimensional dynamics, Hamiltonian dynamics, ergodic theory.

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**1**answer

72 views

### Increasing union of embedded submanifold is immersed manifold

While working on the proof of the stable manifold theorem, I came across a problem that I'm not able to really grasp. Given some Anosov map $f: M \to M$ on a compact Riemann manifold $M$, one can ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Shannon entropy of $p(x)(1-p(x))$ is no less than entropy of $p(x)$

If $p(x)$ is a discrete probabilistic density function, one could construct another discrete probabilistic density function proportional to $p(x)[1-p(x)]$ with a corresponding partition function to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

78 views

### Quantitative bound on irrational rotation recurrence time

Given an irrational $a$, the sequence $b_n := na$ is dense and equidistributed in $\mathbb S^1$ where we view $\mathbb S^1$ as $[0, 1]$ with its endpoints identified.
Given a point $p$ in $\mathbb ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### $C^1$-foliation are absolutely continuous

Brin & Stuck defined in Introduction to dynamical system two notions:
That of a absolutely continuous foliation : given any foliated chart $U$ on some Riemannian manifold $M$ (with foliation $W$),...

**10**

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187 views

### Can the orbit with respect to a rotation on the torus hit an algebraic variety infinitely often?

Question: Does there exist a $d$-tuple $\alpha = (\alpha_1,\dots,\alpha_d) \in \mathbb{R}^d$ (with $1,\alpha_1, \dots,\alpha_d$ linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}$) and an algebraic variety $V \...

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18 views

### Splittings for generic flows on a vector bundle

Question: Consider a smooth vector bundle $\pi:V\to B$ and the space $\mathcal{F}$ of $C^k$ linear flows $\Bbb{R}\times V \to V$ endowed with the strong $C^k$ Whitney topology. Is it true that for all ...

**1**

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25 views

### Rotation rates for a linear flow on a vector bundle

The following linear ODE on $\Bbb{C}$
$\dot{z} = (a + i b)z$
has solutions $z(t) = e^{(a+ib)t} z(0)$. Hence the real part $a$ captures expansion rate and the imaginary part $b$ captures rotation ...

**5**

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64 views

### Gradient flows on Hilbert manifolds

I would like to know if gradient flows of Morse-Bott functions on a Riemannian manifold always converge towards a unique critical point, provided that the flow line is bounded.
To be more precise, a ...

**2**

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**2**answers

48 views

### Lower bound of positive entropies of automorphisms on tori

Let $A$ be an automorphism on tori $\mathbb{T}^d$. It is well known that the topological entropy
$$
h(A)=\sum_{\lambda} \max\{0, \log|\lambda| \}
$$
where $\lambda$ goes through all eigenvalue of $A$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### On Krieger's Embedding Theorem

This is Theorem 10.1.1 of Lind & Marcus's book, An Introduction to Symbolic Dynamics and Coding. They say that is "straightfordward" to go from
Let $X$ a shift of finite type and $Y$ a mixing ...

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54 views

### What's equal the below power nested radical?

The same copy of this question is montioned here in SE with no convinced Answer , I want to know what MO will say about the below nested radical as a power form
it is well known that
$$\frac{2}{\...

**3**

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**0**answers

53 views

### Flow of zeros in the shifted exponential generating function?

Given a sequence $a_n$ (of real numbers, described more fully below), one may define the exponential generating function (on the complex plane) as $E(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n z^n/n!$. The derivatives $...

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27 views

### limit derivative convex function exist

Let $U$ be an open convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $f(y,t)$ are real continuous convex function on $U$. We assume that $x_{n}\rightarrow x$ and $f(x_{n},t_{n})$ is diffrentaible with respect to $...

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54 views

### Time-varying perturbations of continuous-time hyperbolic orbits

My question is the following: Assume that the flow of an autonomous ODE $\dot{x} = f(x)$ ($f$ is $C^1$) has a periodic hyperbolic orbit $\varphi^t(x_0)$, $\varphi^{t+T}(x_0) = \varphi^t(x_0)$. Then ...

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83 views

### Final time maps of IVP's approximating functions $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$

I originally posted this question on the Mathematics StackExchange and got told to consider putting it on here, on MathOverflow. I will word the question a bit differently:
Let $X$ be a compact $k$-...

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82 views

### Bifurcations due to a nonlinearity parameter

Suppose we want to analyze the behavior of the system
$$\dot{\mathbf{x}}=\mathbf{f}(\mathbf{x},t;\varepsilon),\quad \mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^n,\quad t\in\mathbb{R}^+,\quad\varepsilon\in\mathbb{R}^+,
$$
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Topological amenability vs amenability of an action

Let $G$ be a discrete group and let $X$ be a compact, Hausdorff space.
Assume that $G$ acts on $X$ by homeomorphisms.
Consider the following two definitions:
[$C^*$-algebras and finite dimensional ...

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vote

**0**answers

80 views

### stochastical stable

Given dynamic $f: S^1 \to S^1$ with Lebegue measure $dm$ on $S^1$. Assume it has unique SRB probability measure $\frac{d\mu_f}{dm} dm $. Given left shift space $([-\epsilon, \epsilon]^{\otimes \...

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158 views

### Hyperbolic group with boundary $S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian via bounded cohomology?

Question: Is there an approach to $\partial G \cong S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian using bounded cohomology of $\mathrm{Homeo^+} (S^1)$? If not is there a reason to believe it wouldn't work, or maybe ...

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votes

**0**answers

95 views

### A generalized Furstenberg's $\times p,\times q$-conjecture

Let $p,q$ be two positive integers such that $\frac{\log p}{\log q}\notin\mathbb{Q}$. Furstenberg's $\times p,\times q$ conjecture says that the only ergodic nonatomic $\times p,\times q$-invariant ...

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48 views

### Relations between Omega, Local Indicable and Right Orderable groups

We know that the set of Right-Orderable groups $RO$, is contained in the set of $\Omega$- groups (Read it from "A Note on Group Rings of Certain Torsion-Free Groups" Burns-Hale).
A Group $G$ is a ...

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38 views

### Solutions of nonlinear equations with multiple parameters

In the course of analysing a particular three dimensional nonlinear dynamical system, I find the need to solve a nonlinear equation of the form:
$$ \mathcal{M}(x, \lambda) := x - f(x, \lambda_1, \...

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votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Distribution of $\{cn^a\}$

Assume that $1<a<2$ and $c\ne 0$ is a real number. What is known about the distribution of the sequence $cn^a$ modulo 1? Say, is it true that for certain $\theta<1$ (depending on $a$ and $c$) ...

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25 views

### Universality for scale-dependent systems?

Researchers looking at critical points of dynamic systems often think of these systems as belonging to universality classes, so that the behaviour of the system at its critical point only depends on ...

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**1**answer

314 views

### Do solenoids embed into Möbius strips?

I found a strange attractor which looks a lot like a solenoid. The attractor continuum is the closure of a continuous line which limits onto itself, and it is locally homeomorphic to Cantor set times ...

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votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Free ergodic probability measure-preserving actions of the free group

Let $(X,\mathcal{B},\mu)$ be a standard Borel probability space. Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group.
An action of $\Gamma$ on $X$ is:
essentially free if for all $g \in \Gamma \setminus \{e \}$,...

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vote

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79 views

### size of local strong stable manifold is measurable

Let $M$ be compact manifold. suppose $f:M\rightarrow M$ is $C^{2}$.
There is a continuous splitting of the tangent bundle $TM=E^{ss}+E^{s}+E^{u}$ invariant under the derivative $Df$ of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

452 views

### Given any finite relation $R$ what is the cardinality of $\langle R\rangle=\{\underbrace{R\circ R\cdots \circ R}_{n\text{ times}}:n\in\mathbb{N}\}$?

Given any finite relation $R$ if we let $\circ$ denote relation composition and define $R^n=\underbrace{R\circ R\cdots \circ R}_{n\text{ times}}$ then does there exist an explicit formula for the ...

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81 views

### Supremum over all invariant Borel probability measures of the ergodic averages ratio of rates

Let $M$ a two-dimensional compact manifold and $f:M\to M$ a diffeomorphism $C^r$, $r\geq 2$ and $f(x,y)=(mx,\lambda y)$ where $m:M\to \mathbb{R}$ and $\lambda:M\to \mathbb{R}$ ,$\lambda<1<m$.
...

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70 views

### Is the Mandelbrot set weakly self-similar?

A subset $F$ of an Euclidean space $E$ will be called weakly self-similar if for all $x \in F$ there is $\epsilon_x>0$ such that for all positive $\epsilon \le \epsilon_x$ there are $y \in F$, $\...

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vote

**1**answer

57 views

### Lotka Volterra existence of Caratheodory solution

I strive to prove that the following system of differential equations:
$$\begin{cases} x'=x-u(t)xy\\ y'= -y+u(t)xy \\ x(0)=x_0>0\\ y(0)=y_0>0 \end{cases}$$
has a unique Caratheodory solution ...

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votes

**2**answers

219 views

### Newton method and Siegel disks

I am looking for a degree 3 polynomial $P$ whose associated Newton's method $z \mapsto z - P(z)/P'(z)$ has a Siegel disk. Is there an explicit example of such polynomial $P$?

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votes

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198 views

### Random reflections unexpectedly produce banded distributions

Start with $p_1$ a random point on the origin-centered unit circle $C$.
At step $i$, select a random point $q_i$ on $C$, and a random mirror line
$M_i$ through $q_i$, and reflect $p_i$ in $M_i$ to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Lipschitz property of holonomies fails when stable leaves $W^s(x)$ inside the leaves $W^{ss}(x)$

Let $M$ be compact manifold. suppose $f:M\rightarrow M$ is $C^{2}$.
There is a continuous splitting of the tangent bundle $TM=E^{ss}+E^{s}+E^{u}$ invariant under the derivative $Df$ of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Irreducible but not completely irreducible

Consider a product of i.i.d. $d\times d$ random matrices $A_{i}$
(with $\mathbb{E}\log\left\Vert A_{i}\right\Vert <\infty$).
Let $F:M\times \mathbb R^d\to M\times \mathbb R^d$ be a linear cocycle, ...

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votes

**1**answer

172 views

### continuity entropy with respect gibbs measures

Let $X=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$. For simplicity I consider Bernoulli measures on $X$ only.
Let $f:X\to \mathbb{R}$ be Holder continuous. The measure $\mu$ is a Gibbs measure with potential $f$ if there ...

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vote

**1**answer

37 views

### Marginal stability of discrete linear time-invariant system

I have a question about marginal stability of a system:
\begin{equation}
\mathbf{x}[k] = \mathbf{A}\mathbf{x}[k-1]
\end{equation}
I would adapt the definition of marginal stability from this ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Stable commutator lengths of pseudo-Anosovs

Does anyone have an example of a pseudo-Anosov mapping class for which the stable commutator length is known exactly?

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votes

**1**answer

81 views

### stationary measure for linear cocycle(random transformation matrices)

Let $(M,\mathcal B, \mu)$ be a probability space which $M=\{A_{1},A_{2},...,A_{N}\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ ($A_{i} \in GL(d ,\mathbb{R})$) and $\mu=p^{\mathbb{N}}$. Let $F:M\times \mathbb R^d\to M\times \...

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115 views

### How was the pair of pants introduced [closed]

There are many results mentioned pairs of pants, and it seems to be a classical model. Why are the pairs of pants so useful?
For example, does it have any application if we estimate the perimeter or ...

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**2**answers

302 views

### Minimal, uniquely ergodic but not Lebesgue-ergodic?

So here's my question:
Does there exist a minimal diffeomorphism of class at least $\mathcal{C^2}$ of a compact manifold X which is
minimal
uniquely ergodic with unique probability measure $\mu$
...

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votes

**2**answers

388 views

### Geodesics on hyperbolic surfaces whose closures have arbitrary Hausdorff dimension

Consider the geodesic flow on $X = \Gamma \backslash \text{PSL}(2,\mathbf{R})$, the unit tangent bundle of a hyperbolic surface, where $\Gamma$ is a lattice.
I have heard that, for any real number $\...

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vote

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29 views

### definition of mixing component

definition of ergodic component: consider stationary dynamical system $(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu, T)$, each ergodic component is $m(\cdot)=\mathbb{E}_{\mu}^{\mathcal{I}}\mathbf{1}_{(\cdot)}$, $\mathcal{I} $...

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87 views

### Is $\partial M_d$ continuously determined by $d$?

This question is inspired by a question on math.stackexchange:
https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1707291/is-the-generalized-mandelbrot-set-a-fractal-in-the-d-dimension/2575089
The animation ...

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91 views

### How many two-dimensional space filling Hilbert-like curves are there?

I'm interested in filling 2d square with space filling, non-self-intersecting, locality preserving, self-similar curves, like Hilbert curve. I found interesting work concerning three dimensional case ...

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**1**answer

61 views

### Does differentiating an integro-differential equation results in equivalent stability of the solution?

I have a dynamical system in the form of an integro-differential equation which I want to analyze in terms of stability. To demonstrate my problem consider the following integro-differential equation:
...

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59 views

### Clarification needed on vector field conditions in Smale's “On gradient dynamical systems”

I previously posted the question on MSE but I haven't received an answer. I'm now posting it here in a slightly revised form.
In S. Smale's, “On gradient dynamical systems,” Ann. of Math. (2), vol. ...

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votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Renyi's theorem on mixing

I have been trying to understand the proof of Renyi's characterization of (strongly) mixing transformations:
A measure preserving transformation $T \text{ is strongly mixing iff for every measurable }...

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**0**answers

216 views

### Periodic orbit for certain Hamiltonian on the tangent bundle

In this question a nontrivial periodic orbit is a periodic orbit which is not a singular point.
Let $p: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a ...

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**3**answers

635 views

### Has dynamics on $G/\Gamma$ ever been used to prove interesting things about $\Gamma$?

Fix a Lie group $G$ and a discrete subgroup $\Gamma \subset G$. Homogeneous dynamics is about studying the actions of subgroups $H \subset G$ on the quotient $G/\Gamma$.
Does anyone know of an ...