# Questions tagged [ds.dynamical-systems]

Dynamics of flows and maps (continuous and discrete time), including infinite-dimensional dynamics, Hamiltonian dynamics, ergodic theory.

1,549 questions

**1**

vote

**0**answers

41 views

### Global solution of second order ODE defined on riemannian manifold

Consider the differential equation $\nabla \dot X + \frac{3}{t} \dot X + gradf(X) =0$, defined on a riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ ($ \nabla$ is the Levi-Civita connection and $gradf(X)$ is the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

135 views

### On the 2002 paper “Dynamics of polynomial automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}^k$” by Guedj and Sibony

I desperately need to read the paper [1] before meeting a would-be supervisor, but with limited undergraduate knowledge that I have like Aluffi's Algebra and Churchill's Complex Analysis, not even one ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Quasi homomorphism from integers to reals

Reference : Lemma 5.3 from "Groups acting on circle" by Etiyenne Ghys.
Let $f:\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a quasi-homomorphism, i.e $|f(a+b)-f(a)-f(b)|\leq D$ $\forall$ $a$ and $b$ in $\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Absolute oscillator in Langton's Ant

We have a simple (or single) block of Langton's Ants colony which includes two ants looking in the same direction. Their positions can be interpreted as knight's walk. The distances between each next ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### A concept weaker than geodesibility of flows which is possibly useful in limit cycle theory

The main objective of this post is to apply the Gauss Bonnet Theorem to count the number of limit cycles of a polynomial vector field as described in this MO post and its linked MO posts But in this ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

69 views

### Does the following percolation model have a name?

Consider the following model for percolation in an infinite graph: each vertex has a certain region (set of vertices) associated with it, which at the beginning contains only the vertex itself, and ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Geometric bang-bang theorem for nonlinear optimal control

The classical bang-bang theorem is usually stated for linear systems (e.g. Control Theory from the Geometric Viewpoint by Agrachev-Sachkov, p. 209). Sussman proved a nice generalization for systems ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### Is the infinite product map $(∏_{i=1}^{∞}S_{i})×f$ topologically transitive

Let $f:X→X$ be a map. We say that $f$ is topologically mixing if for every open subsets $U,V$ of $X$, there exists $N$ such that for every $n≥N$ the set $f^{n}(U)∩V$ is non-empty.
Let $S : X → X$ and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

+50

### mixing time of Young tower

Given Young tower $(\Delta, m, F)$ with base $\Delta_0$, return map $R$, distortion of $F^R$, g.c.d($R$)$=1$.
This system is exact, so mixing, and implies:
given fixed $\epsilon$, exists $N$, s.t. $...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### Ergodic theorem and products

If $f_n (\omega) = \sum_{i=1}^n f_1 (T^i \omega)$ and $T$ is an ergodic action with respect to the measure $\mu$ then it is know as Birkhoff's theorem that
$$ \lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \frac{f_n}{...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Probabilistic approach for cellular automata

Few months ago my scientific adviser asked me to use probabilistic ideas in such problem :
Consider a matrix NxN. Each element of matrix is a number 1 or 0. We may change all elements of this matrix ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Weighted distribution of irrational rotation

Let $\theta\in [0,1]\setminus\mathbb{Q}$. Let $\alpha_0=\theta$ and $\alpha_1=1$. Let $0<p_0<1$ and $p_1=1-p_0$. For a finite word $I=(i_1, i_2, \dots, i_n)\in \{0,1\}^n$, denote by $I'=(i_1, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Random Young Tower

the following setting is the same as Baladi's paper "ALMOST SURE RATES OF MIXING FOR I.I.D. UNIMODAL MAPS" (2002), define random Young tower ($\Delta_{\omega})_{\omega\in \Omega}$ sharing the same ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### Can a local extremum of a function be an asymptotically stable equilibrium of corresponding gradient dynamics?

Let's first describe the setup: we consider a(say smooth enough) function $f: \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}$ and write it as $(x,y) \to f(x,y)$, where $x \in \mathbb{R}^{d_x}$, $y \in \mathbb{R}^{d_y}$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### How to compute expansion factors for hyperbolic rational maps?

It is a commonly-referenced result about certain rational maps acting on $\mathbb{\hat{C}}$ that they are expanding on a neighborhood of their Julia sets. A sufficient condition to be expanding is ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

305 views

### Is it possible to prove unboundedness of 3rd order ODE?

Consider the 3rd order ODE
$$\dddot{x}+A\ddot{x}-\dot{x}^{2}+x=0$$ where $\dot{x}\equiv \frac{dx}{dt},\ddot{x}\equiv \frac{d^{2}x}{dt^{2}}, etc$. $A$ is a constant.
If we multiply this equation by $\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Irreducible subcontinuum of Lorenz attractor?

In my first question Lorenz attractor path-connected?, some are saying the Lorenz attractor $\mathscr L$ is not path-connected.
But suppose $x$ and $y$ are two points in different path components of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

510 views

### Lorenz attractor path-connected?

Can we tell if the Lorenz attractor is path-connected? By the attractor I do not mean only the line weaving around, but rather its closure.
EDIT: The answer below is unsatisfactory, and possibly ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Under which conditions do ellipsoids have a focal property?

Given an ellipsoid $E$, we consider the trajectories of light inside $E$ assuming that $\partial E$ would be a mirror. In other words, let a light trajectory be piecewise linear path $\gamma:[0,\infty)...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Increasing union of embedded submanifold is immersed manifold

While working on the proof of the stable manifold theorem, I came across a problem that I'm not able to really grasp. Given some Anosov map $f: M \to M$ on a compact Riemann manifold $M$, one can ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Shannon entropy of $p(x)(1-p(x))$ is no less than entropy of $p(x)$

If $p(x)$ is a discrete probabilistic density function, one could construct another discrete probabilistic density function proportional to $p(x)[1-p(x)]$ with a corresponding partition function to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

85 views

### Quantitative bound on irrational rotation recurrence time

Given an irrational $a$, the sequence $b_n := na$ is dense and equidistributed in $\mathbb S^1$ where we view $\mathbb S^1$ as $[0, 1]$ with its endpoints identified.
Given a point $p$ in $\mathbb ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

67 views

### $C^1$-foliation are absolutely continuous

Brin & Stuck defined in Introduction to dynamical system two notions:
That of a absolutely continuous foliation : given any foliated chart $U$ on some Riemannian manifold $M$ (with foliation $W$),...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

205 views

### Can the orbit with respect to a rotation on the torus hit an algebraic variety infinitely often?

Question: Does there exist a $d$-tuple $\alpha = (\alpha_1,\dots,\alpha_d) \in \mathbb{R}^d$ (with $1,\alpha_1, \dots,\alpha_d$ linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}$) and an algebraic variety $V \...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Splittings for generic flows on a vector bundle

Question: Consider a smooth vector bundle $\pi:V\to B$ and the space $\mathcal{F}$ of $C^k$ linear flows $\Bbb{R}\times V \to V$ endowed with the strong $C^k$ Whitney topology. Is it true that for all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

27 views

### Rotation rates for a linear flow on a vector bundle

The following linear ODE on $\Bbb{C}$
$\dot{z} = (a + i b)z$
has solutions $z(t) = e^{(a+ib)t} z(0)$. Hence the real part $a$ captures expansion rate and the imaginary part $b$ captures rotation ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Gradient flows on Hilbert manifolds

I would like to know if gradient flows of Morse-Bott functions on a Riemannian manifold always converge towards a unique critical point, provided that the flow line is bounded.
To be more precise, a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

53 views

### Lower bound of positive entropies of automorphisms on tori

Let $A$ be an automorphism on tori $\mathbb{T}^d$. It is well known that the topological entropy
$$
h(A)=\sum_{\lambda} \max\{0, \log|\lambda| \}
$$
where $\lambda$ goes through all eigenvalue of $A$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### On Krieger's Embedding Theorem

This is Theorem 10.1.1 of Lind & Marcus's book, An Introduction to Symbolic Dynamics and Coding. They say that is "straightfordward" to go from
Let $X$ a shift of finite type and $Y$ a mixing ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### What's equal the below power nested radical?

The same copy of this question is montioned here in SE with no convinced Answer , I want to know what MO will say about the below nested radical as a power form
it is well known that
$$\frac{2}{\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Flow of zeros in the shifted exponential generating function?

Given a sequence $a_n$ (of real numbers, described more fully below), one may define the exponential generating function (on the complex plane) as $E(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n z^n/n!$. The derivatives $...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Time-varying perturbations of continuous-time hyperbolic orbits

My question is the following: Assume that the flow of an autonomous ODE $\dot{x} = f(x)$ ($f$ is $C^1$) has a periodic hyperbolic orbit $\varphi^t(x_0)$, $\varphi^{t+T}(x_0) = \varphi^t(x_0)$. Then ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

84 views

### Final time maps of IVP's approximating functions $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$

I originally posted this question on the Mathematics StackExchange and got told to consider putting it on here, on MathOverflow. I will word the question a bit differently:
Let $X$ be a compact $k$-...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

85 views

### Bifurcations due to a nonlinearity parameter

Suppose we want to analyze the behavior of the system
$$\dot{\mathbf{x}}=\mathbf{f}(\mathbf{x},t;\varepsilon),\quad \mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^n,\quad t\in\mathbb{R}^+,\quad\varepsilon\in\mathbb{R}^+,
$$
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Topological amenability vs amenability of an action

Let $G$ be a discrete group and let $X$ be a compact, Hausdorff space.
Assume that $G$ acts on $X$ by homeomorphisms.
Consider the following two definitions:
[$C^*$-algebras and finite dimensional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

84 views

### stochastical stable

Given dynamic $f: S^1 \to S^1$ with Lebegue measure $dm$ on $S^1$. Assume it has unique SRB probability measure $\frac{d\mu_f}{dm} dm $. Given left shift space $([-\epsilon, \epsilon]^{\otimes \...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Hyperbolic group with boundary $S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian via bounded cohomology?

Question: Is there an approach to $\partial G \cong S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian using bounded cohomology of $\mathrm{Homeo^+} (S^1)$? If not is there a reason to believe it wouldn't work, or maybe ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### A generalized Furstenberg's $\times p,\times q$-conjecture

Let $p,q$ be two positive integers such that $\frac{\log p}{\log q}\notin\mathbb{Q}$. Furstenberg's $\times p,\times q$ conjecture says that the only ergodic nonatomic $\times p,\times q$-invariant ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### Relations between Omega, Local Indicable and Right Orderable groups

We know that the set of Right-Orderable groups $RO$, is contained in the set of $\Omega$- groups (Read it from "A Note on Group Rings of Certain Torsion-Free Groups" Burns-Hale).
A Group $G$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

40 views

### Solutions of nonlinear equations with multiple parameters

In the course of analysing a particular three dimensional nonlinear dynamical system, I find the need to solve a nonlinear equation of the form:
$$ \mathcal{M}(x, \lambda) := x - f(x, \lambda_1, \...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Distribution of $\{cn^a\}$

Assume that $1<a<2$ and $c\ne 0$ is a real number. What is known about the distribution of the sequence $cn^a$ modulo 1? Say, is it true that for certain $\theta<1$ (depending on $a$ and $c$) ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### Do solenoids embed into Möbius strips?

I found a strange attractor which looks a lot like a solenoid. The attractor continuum is the closure of a continuous line which limits onto itself, and it is locally homeomorphic to Cantor set times ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

179 views

### Free ergodic probability measure-preserving actions of the free group

Let $(X,\mathcal{B},\mu)$ be a standard Borel probability space. Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group.
An action of $\Gamma$ on $X$ is:
essentially free if for all $g \in \Gamma \setminus \{e \}$,...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### size of local strong stable manifold is measurable

Let $M$ be compact manifold. suppose $f:M\rightarrow M$ is $C^{2}$.
There is a continuous splitting of the tangent bundle $TM=E^{ss}+E^{s}+E^{u}$ invariant under the derivative $Df$ of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### Given any finite relation $R$ what is the cardinality of $\langle R\rangle=\{\underbrace{R\circ R\cdots \circ R}_{n\text{ times}}:n\in\mathbb{N}\}$?

Given any finite relation $R$ if we let $\circ$ denote relation composition and define $R^n=\underbrace{R\circ R\cdots \circ R}_{n\text{ times}}$ then does there exist an explicit formula for the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Is the Mandelbrot set weakly self-similar?

A subset $F$ of an Euclidean space $E$ will be called weakly self-similar if for all $x \in F$ there is $\epsilon_x>0$ such that for all positive $\epsilon \le \epsilon_x$ there are $y \in F$, $\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### Lotka Volterra existence of Caratheodory solution

I strive to prove that the following system of differential equations:
$$\begin{cases} x'=x-u(t)xy\\ y'= -y+u(t)xy \\ x(0)=x_0>0\\ y(0)=y_0>0 \end{cases}$$
has a unique Caratheodory solution ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### About the limit of transverse intersection

Let $n$ be a fixed positive integer, and let $W^{s}(R_{q})$ and $W^{u}(R_{q})$ be the stable and unstable manifolds of a fixed point $R_{q}$ of a discrete 2-D mapping $f_{q}$. Notice that the sequence ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Newton method and Siegel disks

I am looking for a degree 3 polynomial $P$ whose associated Newton's method $z \mapsto z - P(z)/P'(z)$ has a Siegel disk. Is there an explicit example of such polynomial $P$?

**8**

votes

**3**answers

202 views

### Random reflections unexpectedly produce banded distributions

Start with $p_1$ a random point on the origin-centered unit circle $C$.
At step $i$, select a random point $q_i$ on $C$, and a random mirror line
$M_i$ through $q_i$, and reflect $p_i$ in $M_i$ to ...