Convergence of series, sequences and functions and different modes of convergence.

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26 views

Calculus limit question [on hold]

enter image description here this formula, why this must be the first item 2x ^ 3 multiplied by 2 One is -5x ^ 5 / (3x ^ 2) (4x ^ 3) another is a -5x ^ 5 / (3x ^ 2) (2x ^ 3) all can be reduction, why ...
3
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1answer
165 views

Fréchet L-Spaces

According to the paper The emergence of open sets, closed sets, and limit points in analysis and topology famous mathematician Maurice Fréchet who introduced the concept of metric spaces has also ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Inequality implies locally uniform convergence of a series

We have the inequality $$\alpha_n(t) \le 4\pi(3\pi)^{1/3} \exp\left\{\int_0^t(1+3F_P(\sigma)) \, d\sigma \right\} \cdot \int_0^t P(\sigma)^2(3CD_1^2)^{1/3}\alpha_{n-1}(\sigma) \, d\sigma$$ for ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Is the set of Cauchy spaces a lattice? [closed]

Is the set of all Cauchy spaces (ordered by set-theoretic inclusion) on some (fixed) set: a join-semilattice? a meet-semilattice? a complete lattice?
2
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1answer
97 views

π based on the perimeter of inscribed polygons [closed]

So, last year I got obsessed with the idea of finding a way to calculate π that wasn't already done. After reading some history, the Greek idea of measuring polygons inscribed within circles and ...
0
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0answers
32 views

On the continuity of Riemann-Liouville integral

For a function $f:(0,1)\to\mathbb{R}$, the Riemann-Liouville integral of $f$ is defined by $$ (I^{1-\nu}f)(t):=\frac{1}{\Gamma(1-\nu)}\int_{0}^{t}\frac{f(s)}{(t-s)^{\nu}}ds, $$ where $\nu\in(0,1)$ is ...
-4
votes
1answer
122 views

Does $\sum_n \frac{\sin n}n$ converge absolutely? [closed]

Using Dirichlet's test, one can prove that $\sum_{n\geq 1} \frac{\sin n}n$ converges. Does it converge absolutely?
7
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2answers
371 views

Famous results about the value of a given limit assuming it exists

Chebyshev got famous showing that if the limit $l:=\lim_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x)}{x/\log x}$ exists, then necessarily $l=1$, constituting a major breakthrough towards a proof of the famous prime ...
4
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2answers
169 views

A particular Diophantine approximation of $\pi/2$

I have asked this question in math.stackexchange without any answer, so I have decided to post it here too. Recently I was playing around with the sequence $$\frac{1}{n\sin(n)},\ n\in\mathbb{N}.$$ ...
1
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0answers
84 views

“Nice” limits of sequences of smooth embeddings

Consider smooth embeddings of a manifold $M$ into some $\mathbb{R}^n$. If a sequence $f_k : M \to \mathbb{R}^n$ of such embeddings converges to some continuous function $f : M \to \mathbb{R}^n$, then ...
9
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2answers
169 views

Does $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converge to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational?

I came across a problem concerning about the convergence of products. I wonder if the complex series $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converges to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational. Of course, ...
8
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1answer
274 views

Berry-Esseen bound for martingale sequence with varying and dependent variances

Let $(X_{1},\ldots,X_{k},\ldots)$ be a martingale difference sequence, i.e. $$ E[X_{k}|\mathcal{F}_{k-1}] = 0 $$ where $\mathcal{F}_{k-1}$ is the $\sigma$-algebra filtration at $k-1$. Let ...
2
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0answers
127 views

On a matrix algorithm involving rank-one projections

Let $\{v_i\}_{i=1}^N$ be a set of $n$-dimensional real vectors spanning $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $p\in [0,1]$ be a rational number and consider the iteration \begin{equation} ...
19
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1answer
291 views

Possible limits of $(1/n) \sum_{k=0}^{n-1} e^{i2\pi \cdot 2^k\alpha}$

I made a throwaway comment on math stackexchange the other day that got me thinking about the following question. Let $$ f_n (\alpha) = \frac1n \sum_{k=0}^{n-1} e(2^k\alpha),$$ where $e(x) = ...
3
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1answer
86 views

How to show monotonocity and the limit? [closed]

Let me reformulate my recent question. Let $n, N$ denote density and cdf of Gaussian distribution. Let us consider its modification, given by density: $$\phi(x) = C\left\{ \begin{array}{lcc} ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Convergence of a triple sum involving the imaginary part of the Riemann zeta function's non trivial zeros

Let $N>0$ an integer, $k>0$ a real parameter and let $\rho = \beta +i \gamma$ a non trivial zero of the Riemann zeta function. For a work I need to find the best possible $k$ such that ...
5
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2answers
173 views

When does the radius of convergence of the product of two $p$-adic power series increase?

Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $R(f)$ the radius of convergence of a power series $f(x) \in \mathbb{C}_p[[x]]$, where $\mathbb{C}_p$ is the completion of the algebraic closure of ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Mapping an arrow from the direct limit of a diagram to the family of arrows from the diagram

Consider the direct limit of an indexed family $\{a_n\}_{n\in \omega}$: $\require{AMScd}$ \begin{CD} a_0 @>>> \ldots @>>> a_n @>>> a_{n+1} @>>> ...
2
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1answer
164 views

Strange limit problem involving $\binom{z}{n} e^{-xn\log n}$ with $z \in \mathbb{C}$

Is the following limit result correct: $$\lim\limits_{x \to 0^{+}}\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty} \binom{z}{n} e^{-xn\log n} = 2^{z}$$ where, $z \in \mathbb{C}$, and the notation $\displaystyle ...
1
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2answers
136 views

Pointwise convergence for continuous functions

Let $f_n:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a sequence of continuous functions converging pointwise, i.e. such that $\forall x\in [0,1]$, the sequence $(f_n(x))_{n\in \mathbb N}$ converges. We set ...
4
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1answer
629 views

When does this interesting sum diverge?

For $x \gt 0,$ what is the greatest $y$ such that $$\sum_ {1\le h^x \le k^y} \frac{1}{h^x k^y}= \infty ?$$ I don't know of any references or methods for this -- not even for $x=1$, for which the ...
1
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1answer
187 views

Convergence of a double sum involving prime numbers

This has been moved from math.stackexchange; I am attempting to prove/disprove convergence of the following sum $$ \lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{1}{n} \sum_{p \leq n} \sum_{k=0}^\infty \ln p ...
5
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1answer
140 views

Rate of Convergence of Borwein Algorithm for computing Pi

In a book "Pi and the AGM" in 1987, authors, Jonathan Borwein and Peter Borwein, introduced a magical algorithm to compute $\pi$. However there is a problem that I couldn't understand and couldn't ...
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108 views

Interplay between CLT and convergence in Total Variation

Given a random variable $X$ with bounded moments such that $E[X] = 0, E[X^2] = 1$, let $F_n$ denote the distribution $\sum\limits_{i=1}^d\frac{X_i}{\sqrt{n}}$ where each $X_i$ is an independent copy ...
6
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1answer
351 views

Factorial-based constant

Am looking for a name for: $$\prod\dfrac{1}{1-\dfrac{1}{n!}}$$ $$=2.529477472079152648180116154253954242$$ Wolfram|Alpha Expanding the formula gives: ...
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105 views

Strong convergence

From this paper: ...
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355 views

Lemma in Scholze-Weinstein

In the paper "Moduli of $p$-divisible groups" by Scholze and Weinstein (see http://math.bu.edu/people/jsweinst/Moduli/Moduli.pdf), one finds the following claim in Lemma 5.2.7: Lemma: Let $K$ be a ...
2
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2answers
321 views

Is $\liminf \frac{\sigma_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}{\phi_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}$ finite for every $k$?

I would like to check if this limit :$$\liminf \frac{\sigma_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}{\phi_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}$$ finite for every $k$? where :$\phi_{k}$ is iterating Euler - totient function ...
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0answers
103 views

On contractive properties of a nonlinear matrix algorithm

I’m stuck in a problem that concerns a nonlinear iterative matrix algorithm. Although the problem is quite complicated to explain I’ll try to describe it in a simple way, neglecting unnecessary ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Almost sure convergence of smallest eigenvector of diagonal matrix

I have that a sequence of random matrices, $M_n$, converges almost surely to a diagonal matrix, $D$, with finite real entries on its diagonal. During convergence, the off-diagonals are not necessarily ...
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35 views

convergence of unconstrained convex optimization

I encounter an optimization problem. The simplified version is like following: Denote function $F(x):\mathbf{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbf{R}$, where $F(x)$ is a smooth lower bounded convex function (i.e. ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Pointwise convergence of polynomials to a function on a compact set K that is 1 on some disc D and zero outside D

Motivation of my question: Let $A$ be a bounded selfadjoint operator with spectral measure $E$ and $x$ a vector. Then it is easily seen that the closed linear span of all $A^nx$ ($n\in\mathbb N$) ...
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59 views

Proving convergence is impossible for a sum of hyperbolic cosines

Suppose that $z$ is some complex value. Is it possible to prove that $$\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{j = 1}^n {\sqrt{n \over j}} \cdot \cosh(z \log {n \over j}-\operatorname{ Arccoth} (2z)) $$ ...
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1answer
103 views

Literature question on the convergence rate of the empirical distribution

Assume that given $n$ i.i.d samples $(X_1, X_2, ..., X_n)$ drawn from $p_X$, an unknown probability mass function defined over a finite alphabet $\mathcal{X}$, one wants to estimate $p_X(x)$ for each ...
3
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2answers
173 views

Uniform Convergence of Moment Generating Function

In the article, "The Empirical Moment Generating Function" by Csörgö, the author defines the empirical moment generating function for a sample of $n$ variables $X_1,X_2, \dots, X_n$ as: $$ ...
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260 views

Does the limit of this product over primes converge for all $\Re(s) > \frac12$?

Numerical evidence suggests that: $$\displaystyle F(s):= \lim_{N \to \infty}\, \ln^s\left(p_N\right)\, \prod_{n=1}^N \left(\dfrac{\left(p_n-1\right)^s}{p_n^s-1} -\frac{1}{p_n^s}\right)$$ with $p_n$ ...
3
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2answers
153 views

Lower bound for Euler's function

Euler function is defined, for $|x|\le 1$, as follows: $$\phi(x)=\prod_{i=1}^\infty(1-x^i)$$ Upper bounds for $\phi$ can be simply derived from ending the product early, e.g. ...
5
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1answer
267 views

The limit of the following product? What is the closed form of the value?

Assume that $P_n$ is the $n$'th prime: Please help me solve the following $$\lim_{k\to\infty} {k}\prod_{n=1}^k \frac{P_{2n-1}}{P_{2n}}$$ I am not really sure quite where to start here as I am ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Convergence of generalized inverses

During the reading about Fisher–Tippett–Gnedenko theorem (it can be found easily on wiki - I don't have enough reputation to post more links), I've got stuck, trying to understand more deeply one of ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Uniform convergence of 2-norm of a multinomial vector

Let $(X_1,X_2,\ldots,X_k)$ be distributed according to a multinomial distribution with parameters $(n;p_1,p_2,\ldots, p_k),$ i.e. $$P(X_1=n_1,\ldots,X_k=n_k) = {n\choose n_1,n_2,\ldots,n_k} ...
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110 views

Notion of convergence on a dense subset

My motivation for this question is as follows. Consider the set $D$ of cadlag functions on $(0,1)$ and its subset $D^\uparrow$ of non-decreasing cadlag functions. Each $f \in D$ has at most countably ...
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1answer
155 views

limit and combinatorics

Given $x \in (0,\frac{1}{2})$ and $y \in (0,\frac{1}{2}]$, what is the value of the following limit: $\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\sum_{k=0}^{n}{n \choose k}|x^{n-k}(1-x)^{k}-y^{n-k}(1-y)^{k}|?$ When ...
3
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1answer
124 views

Weak convergence of random variables in $L^2$ and vague convergence

Dumb question: Let $X_n:\Omega \to \mathbf{R}$ be a sequence of $L^2(\Omega,\Sigma,\mathbf{P})$ random variables that has a weak limit $X$ in $L^2$. Suppose also that $\mu_n$, the distributions of ...
2
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0answers
188 views

Is this limit of a sequence of sets correct? [closed]

The following calculation of a limit of a sequence of sets according to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limit_superior_and_limit_inferior has been claimed to be wrong in MSE ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Large deviation for Brownian path on $[0,\infty)$

It seems strange to me that all we can find about Schilder's theorem in the literature is on a finite interval of Brownian path. If we equip the space of continuous function starting from $0$, ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Rate of convergence of ergodic averages related to irrational rotation

Let $\alpha$ be an irrational number, consider the basic dynamical system $T^{n}(0) = \{n \alpha\}$ where $\{.\}$ denotes the fractional part. Let $a < b$ be two numbers in $[0, 1]$. Then by ...
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61 views

Optimal condition for the weak convergence of the jacobian determinant

Whenever $n<q,$ it is known that given a sequence $\{ u_{k} \}$ which is weakly convergent in $W^{1,q}(U)$ one has that the Jacobian determinants $\text{det} Du_{k}$ converge weakly in ...
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2answers
102 views

Special filters in the algebra of regular open sets of a topological space

Let $\mathrm{r}\mathscr{O}$ be the family of open domains (regular open sets) of a topological space $\langle X,\mathscr{O}\rangle$, that is: $$A\in\mathrm{r}\mathscr{O}\iff ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Is there a way to find $\limsup$ and $\liminf$ for ergodic processes almost surely?

Let $\{X_k\}$ be an ergodic process. I know that if $f$ is a smooth real valued function then by Birkoff's ergodic theorem, $$\lim_{n\to \infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=1}^n f(X_k)=\mathbb{E}(f(X_1))\ ...
2
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0answers
123 views

Convergence rate of Pearson correlation matrix

I am interested in (rather sharp if not the finest) tail/concentration bounds for the Pearson correlation matrix: let $X_1,\ldots,X_N \sim \mathcal{N}(0,1)$ be correlated random variables; let ...