# Questions tagged [dirichlet-series]

The dirichlet-series tag has no usage guidance.

163
questions

2
votes

1
answer

153
views

### Exceptional zeros of a convolutional inverse

Let $\kappa:\lbrace 1,2,3,\ldots\rbrace\longrightarrow \mathbb Z$
be the convolutional inverse in the Dirichlet ring of $n\longmapsto {n+1\choose 2}$. It is defined by $\kappa(1)=1$ and
by the ...

2
votes

1
answer

129
views

### Is this a valid method of extending convergence of the Maclaurin series for $\frac{x}{x+1}$ from $|x|<1$ to $\Re(x)>-1$?

I originally asked this question on Math StackExchange a few months ago and no answers or even comments have yet been posted, so I'm asking this question again here on Math OverFlow.
This Math ...

2
votes

2
answers

582
views

### An inequality related to Catalan's constant and $\zeta(3)$

Problem :
Show that :
$$\frac{1}{\zeta(3)}<2C-1$$
Where we can see the zeta function and the Catalan's constant .
After a bounty on Maths Stack Exchange there is no satisfying answer .
See https://...

7
votes

2
answers

347
views

### Proving a series for $\pi$ by Plouffe

Simon Plouffe found experimentally a series for $\pi$ that can be written as
$$\frac{\pi}{24} = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n} \left( \frac{3}{e^{\pi n}-1} -\frac{4}{e^{2\pi n}-1} +\frac{1}{e^{4\pi n}-...

0
votes

0
answers

94
views

### Prime races in two competing arithmetic progressions - error bound

I read an article by Andrew Granville on the subject, there's actually quite a bit of recent literature on the topic. My problem is as follows. I have two sequences of primes: $(p_{1,n})$ and $(p_{3,n}...

4
votes

1
answer

216
views

### Zeros of Dirichlet function $L(s,\chi_4)$

I am wondering if there are some know results for the non-trivial roots at ${\rm Re}(s) = \frac{1}{2}$, even maybe a table of the first few roots with $t>0$. This sister function
$$
L_4^* (s,\chi_4)...

3
votes

1
answer

186
views

### Positivity of partial Dirichlet series for a quadratic character?

Let $\chi\colon(\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z})^\times\rightarrow\{\pm1\}$ be a primitive quadratic Dirichlet character of conductor $N$. For any integer $m=1,2,\cdots,\infty$, consider the partial Dirichlet ...

-2
votes

1
answer

105
views

### Convergence of scrambled product for Dirichlet-$L$ function with modulo 4 character

A Dirichlet-$L$ function is typically defined by its series, and its Euler product is a consequence of the definition. Here my approach is the other way around.
I define the function
$$
L_4^*(s) = \...

2
votes

1
answer

81
views

### A sum related to the first moment of quadratic $L$-functions at $s=1$

Let $(\frac{m}{n})$ be the Jacobi quadratic symbol defined for positive squarefree odd integers $n,m$. Does the following sum go to infinity?
$$
\sum_{1\leq n \leq (\log x)^{100} } \mu^2(2n) \sum_{(\...

1
vote

0
answers

125
views

### Error or gap in "Modular Functions and Dirichlet Series", by Apostol

My question concerns Apostol's Chapter 7, Kronecker's Theorem with Applications. It's Theorem 7.11, page 156.
I’m attaching the proof in question. There is a lot going on, but I’ve highlighted the ...

2
votes

0
answers

154
views

### How to best approximate $1/\zeta(s)$ by a finite sum

I would like to approximate $1/\zeta(s)$ for $s=1+it$ by a finite sum:
$$\frac{1}{\zeta(1+it)} = \sum_n \frac{\mu(n)}{n} \eta\left(\frac{n}{x}\right) +
\epsilon(t)$$
with $\eta$ a function of compact ...

6
votes

0
answers

169
views

### Mean value theorem for Dirichlet series of prime support?

Let $\{a_n\}_{1\leq n\geq N}$, $a_n\in \mathbb{C}$. Let $F(s) = \sum_{n=1}^N a_n n^{-s}$. By a mean-value theorem (Montgomery-Vaughan, 1973),
$$\int_0^T |F(i t)|^2 = \sum_{n=1}^N |a_n|^2 (T + O(n)).$$
...

3
votes

0
answers

104
views

### Converse theorem for zeta universality

Voronin's Universality Theorem for $\zeta(s)$ is that the zeta function can uniformly approximate any non-vanishing holomorphic function to any degree of accuracy in the right-half of the critical ...

1
vote

0
answers

102
views

### If the Dirichlet series $L(z,\chi)$ diverges for $\sigma< 1$, does its alternating version converge for some $\sigma_0 < 1$, and conversely?

Here $\chi$ is a completely multiplicative function with $\chi(p)\in\{-1,+1\}$ for any prime $p$, but not necessarily a character. Also $s=\sigma + it$ as usual. The series corresponding to $L(s,\chi)$...

1
vote

2
answers

261
views

### Abscissa of convergence for a very specific Dirichlet series / Euler product

I am interested in the convergence of the following Euler product:
$$
\prod_p \frac{1}{1-\chi(p)\cdot p^{-s}}.
$$
The product is over all primes (in increasing order), with $\chi(p)=+1$ if $p \bmod 4 =...

1
vote

0
answers

89
views

### Bounds and repulsion domains for the Dirichlet eta function $\eta(\sigma+it)$, for fixed $\sigma$

Let $\eta(\sigma+it)$ be the Dirichlet eta function, with $t>0$ (the variable) and $\sigma$ be fixed, with $\frac{1}{2}\leq \sigma <2$. I define the hole $\Omega_T
=\Omega_T(\sigma)$ as the ...

4
votes

0
answers

53
views

### Number of cosets by quaternion order

Let $D$ be a quaternion division algebra over $\mathbb Q$ and let $\Lambda\subset D$ be a maximal order.
For $n\in\mathbb Z$ let $\Lambda^{(n)}$ denote the set of all $\lambda\in\Lambda$ with reduced ...

9
votes

1
answer

309
views

### Is $\frac{1}{L(1+it)}$ unbounded?

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character and $L(s, \chi)$ be the corresponding L-function. Is $$\frac{1}{L(1+it, \chi)}$$ unbounded for $t \in \mathbb{R}$? I'm aware that this is true if $L=\zeta$, but I'm ...

14
votes

1
answer

524
views

### Mean value theorem for Dirichlet series - optimize?

Let $a_n\in \mathbb{C}$. We can prove a mean value theorem, meaning an inequality
$$\int_0^T \left|\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n n^{-i t}\right|^2 dt \leq
\sum_{n=1}^\infty (c_0 T + c_1 n + c_2) |a_n|^2.$$
...

12
votes

2
answers

497
views

### Computation of modified Gauss sums

Let $\chi$ be a primitive Dirichlet character of conductor $q$. I want to compute numerically $$G(k)=\sum_{n\bmod q}\chi(n)e^{2\pi i n(n-k)/(2q)}$$
for all $k$ with $0\le k<2q$ with $k\equiv q\...

0
votes

0
answers

128
views

### Dirichlet series associated to divisor function

How can I express the following Dirichlet series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{d_{k}^{2}(n)}{n^{s}}$$ (where $d(n)$-divisor function;$k\geq 1$) in terms of the zeta function?

1
vote

0
answers

164
views

### Zeta functions of schemes of finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$

Let $X$ be a scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$. In Section 11 of my 2008 paper in J. Number Theory, "Ring structures on groups of arithmetic functions," I define an additive analogue $...

0
votes

1
answer

56
views

### What is the critical exponent for irregular function in the Sobolev scale?

When I first saw the definition of general Sobolev spaces with real exponent I immediately got interested in the following problem: pick several of your favourite irregular functions/distributions and ...

5
votes

1
answer

154
views

### Frequency of large values of the Mertens function

It is known that with $M(x) = \sum_{n\le x}\mu(n)$, there are infinitely many $x$ s.t. $|M(x)|\ge x^{\frac{1}{2} - \varepsilon}$ (see Chapter 15 of Montgomery-Vaughan, for example). Is there any way ...

8
votes

0
answers

436
views

### Modern treatment of Delange's Tauberian Theorem

Tauberian theorems abound in the literature. One of the most general, powerful, and versatile is due to Delange, and appears as Theorem I of the paper:
H. Delange - Généralisation du théorème de ...

1
vote

1
answer

228
views

### Generalizing closed form representations related to conjectured analytic formulas for $f_a(x)=\sum\limits_{n=1}^x a(n)$

Consider the summatory function $f_a(x)$ defined in formula (1) below where the related Dirichlet series $F_a(s)$ defined in formula (2) below converges for $\Re(s)\ge 2$.
$$f_a(x)=\sum\limits_{n=1}^...

6
votes

0
answers

591
views

### Generalized prime number theorem and Riemann Hypothesis for non-number math objects

My question is about some math objects (matrices, polynomials) and operators that satisfy a number of properties which can lead to a theory similar to PNT, RH, Dirichlet functions, abscissa of ...

0
votes

1
answer

437
views

### Questions on analytic representations of the Kronecker delta function $\delta(x-1)$ and the Moebius function $\mu(n)$

This question is related to analytic formulas for $a(n)$ where $f_a(x)$ and $F_a(s)$ defined in formulas (1) and (2) below are the summatory function and Dirichlet series associated with $a(n)$.
$$...

0
votes

0
answers

129
views

### Abscissa of convergence of transformed Dirichlet series

Let
$$F(s)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{f(k)}{k^s} \mbox{ and }F^*(s)=\sum_{k=2}^\infty \frac{f(k)g(k)}{k^s},$$
where the infinite sum $\sum f(k)$ diverges, $f(k)$ and $g(k)$ are real numbers, $s$ a ...

7
votes

0
answers

123
views

### Are there natural Dirichlet series whose completions have poles in the region of absolute convergence?

The Selberg class of $L$-functions are Dirichlet series
$$ L(s, f) = \sum_{n \geq 1} \frac{a(n)}{n^s}, $$
satisfying certain properties that can be abbreviated as analyticity, a Ramanujan conjecture, ...

1
vote

0
answers

271
views

### Analytic continuation of Euler product $\phi(s)=\prod_p(1+p^{-s})^{-1}$

I am actually interested in the analytic continuation of $\phi_w(s)=\prod_p(1+w\cdot p^{-s})^{-1}$. Here $w$ is rational, or the imaginary unit multiplied by a rational. Consider for now that $w=1$. ...

6
votes

4
answers

373
views

### Reference for behavior of Artin $L$-functions at $\Re(s) = 1$

Would anyone know a reference that proves the basic facts about Artin $L$-functions at $\Re(s) = 1$? Namely, the non-vanishing and holomorphicity for non-trivial characters.
I assume this was done in ...

2
votes

0
answers

98
views

### An analytic function, asymptotically expandable in a Dirichlet series, is the sum of this series

Let there be a function $F(s)$ that is analytic in some half-plane $\sigma>\sigma_0$ (where $s=\sigma + it $). Let the function $F(s)$ have an asymptotic expansion of the form $F(s)\sim\sum\limits_{...

1
vote

1
answer

232
views

### Continuing an analytic continuation of the Dirichlet $\eta$-function?

The Dirichlet $\eta$-function is defined as:
$$\eta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{n+1}}{n^s} \qquad \Re(s) > 0$$
and has the full analytical continuation:
$$\eta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^N \frac{(-1)^{...

2
votes

1
answer

95
views

### Are there theorems dealing with the "amount of oscillatory divergence" of series?

Are there a set of theorems dealing with "amount of divergence" series?
Let me explain by example. The Dirchlet $\eta$ series $\sum_n (-1)^{n-1} n^{-x}$ converges when $x > 0$. We may say ...

3
votes

0
answers

70
views

### Continuation of $\sum \sigma_\nu(n) a(n) n^{-s}$ for $a(\cdot)$ coming from a half-integral weight form

In some of my work, I've run into a wall trying to understand whether a Dirichlet series has a meromorphic continuation or not. Let $f(z) = \sum_{n \geq 1} a(n) e(nz)$ be a half-integral weight ...

2
votes

0
answers

175
views

### On a generalization of the Möbius function from number theory

Let $\omega$ be a positive real number, and define: $$\mathbf{1}_{\omega}\left(n\right)\overset{\textrm{def}}{=}\left(-1\right)^{n}\binom{-\omega}{n}=\binom{\omega-1+n}{n}$$ for all positive integers $...

12
votes

1
answer

483
views

### Convergence of the series involving Mobius functions $\sum_{k,d} \mu(d) x_{kd}$

(I originally asked this question here, but the problem appears much more difficult than I think after a moment of thought, so I think it might be more suitable to post it here. Please tell me if this ...

2
votes

0
answers

126
views

### Question regarding proof of Mertens' estimates in Montgomery-Vaughan's "Multiplicative number theory"

I have been trying to read Theorem 2.7 of Montgomery-Vaughan's "Multiplicative number theory" volume 1, and there is an issue I have run into: in the proof of subpart (e), when they write
$$\...

2
votes

0
answers

160
views

### Multiplicity of zeros of partial sums of the Dirichlet Eta function

I am studying ways to approach the problem of the multiplicity of zeros of the partial sums of the Dirichlet Eta functions:
$$
\sum_{n=1}^{K}\frac{(-1)^{n-1}}{n^{s_o}} = 0
$$
more in particular, ...

1
vote

2
answers

198
views

### What is the approximation of $\log(|\zeta'(\frac{1}{2}+it)|)$ in Dirichlet polynomial if it is exists?

I have done some search many times on web to find any approximation of $\log|(\zeta'(s))|$ in Dirichlet polynomial but I didn't got it, Probably that $\log(|\zeta'(s)|$ dosn't have a Dirichlet ...

2
votes

2
answers

546
views

### Convergence of Euler product and Dirichlet series in the same half-plane?

I'm crossposting this from math.stackexchange because I think it might be inappropriately research-level for the community over there.
Suppose we have an Euler product over the primes
$$F(s) = \prod_{...

2
votes

1
answer

246
views

### Binomial transform of Dirichlet series

Let $\Theta(s)$ be a Dirichlet series , and let $\beta$ be its abscissa of convergence:
$$\Theta(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\theta(n)}{n^{s}}\;\;\;\;\;\;\Re(s)>\beta$$
And let $\left\{a_{n}\right\}...

9
votes

2
answers

512
views

### Conditions under which $\lim_{s\to1^+}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{a_n}{n^s}=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{a_n}{n}$

I was working with some Dirichlet series and I realized that I have never seen any general conditions under which
\begin{equation}
\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{a_n}{n}=\lim_{s\to1^+}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\...

2
votes

1
answer

377
views

### Moments of Dirichlet $L$-functions on the critical line

I'm looking for a reference for some questions related to the moments of Dirichlet characters on the critical line,
$$ M_k(T;\chi) = \int_T^{2T} |L(1/2+it,\chi)|^{2k}\,dt, $$
where $\chi$ is a ...

1
vote

0
answers

147
views

### Euler product over subsets of primes

It is well known that
$$\prod_p\,(1-p^{-1})=\frac 1 {\zeta(1)}=0$$
Given an arbitrary prime $\,q\,$ is it true that
$$\prod_{q\,|\,p+1}\,(1-p^{-1})=0\;\;\;?$$
Thanks.

2
votes

1
answer

170
views

### Existence of analytic continuation of Dirichlet series corresponding to the indicator sequence of a complement of a special multiplicative set

Let $K/ \mathbb Q $ be a finite Galois extension and let $X$ be a proper non-empty subset of the Galois group $G=Gal(K/ \mathbb Q)$ that is closed under conjugation. Consider a set of integer primes $...

0
votes

1
answer

249
views

### Properties of Dirichlet series

I have a question about convergence and properties of Dirichlet series. it seems a bit interesting and different about the convergences of Dirichlet Series to me.
With $c\in [0,1]$,
$$f(n) = \pm 1,...

0
votes

2
answers

307
views

### What is the dirichlet series of $f(n)=\sum_{d | n}(\log d) / d$ function? [closed]

My opinion is ;
We may use id(d)=d arithmetic function and log*id dirichlet convolution in the question.
i thought that ; when we multiply and divide n with $(\log d) / d$ we obtain
$F(S)=\sum_{n=...

15
votes

2
answers

667
views

### If $\zeta(s)=0$ with $\Re(s)=\frac{1}{2}$, is then $|\hat{\zeta}(s,3)|^2=\frac{1}{2}$?

Helmut Hasse has proved that for $s \in \mathbb{C}-\{1\}$ the Riemann zeta function can be written as:
$$\zeta(s)=\frac{1}{1-2^{1-s}}\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{1}{2^{n+1}}\sum_{k=0}^n(-1)^k\ {n \choose k}...