# Questions tagged [root-systems]

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### The partial orders on the elements of a root system coming from the positive spans of the weights and the roots

Let $(\Delta,V)$ be a root system with a choice of positive roots $\Delta^+$. Denote the $\mathbb{N}_0$-span of the positive roots by $\mathcal{O}^+$, and the $\mathbb{N}_0$-span of the associated ...
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### A property of an irreducible root system

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system. Let $\alpha_k$ be a simple root. I recently observed that the number of positive roots which are bigger than $\alpha_k$ and of height $m$ is same as the ...
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### Is this construction related to the geometric Langlands program perhaps?

Given a complex Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, a choice of Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{h}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ and a dominant integral weight $\lambda$ of $\mathfrak{g}$, there is a natural construction ...
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### The Cartan is a complex vector space but the root system is real?

Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex semisimple Lie algebra with some choice of Cartan subalgebra $\frak{h}$. The dual space $\frak{h}^* = \mathrm{Hom}_{\mathbb{C}}(\frak{h},\mathbb{C})$ is a complex vector ...
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### Pairing a root with the half-sum of positive roots

Let $\frak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra together with a choice of Cartan subalgebra and associated root system $(\Delta, (-,-))$. Also we denote the half-sum of positive ...
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### Disconnected reductive algebraic groups in Sage

All simply connected split simple groups have been implement on Sage and it is possible to find their highest roots, fundamental weights, Dynkin diagrams or compute the tensor of two of their ...
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### About certain elements in the zero weight space of an irreducible representation of the complex simple Lie algebra of type G$_2$

$\newcommand{\fg}{\mathfrak g}\newcommand{\ee}{\varepsilon}$Let $\fg$ be the complex simple Lie algebra of type G$_2$. We consider its root system as follows (though it is probably not necessary to ...
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### Problem in understanding a fact about Belavin-Drinfeld triple

A Belavin-Drinfeld triple associated to a simple Lie algebra $L$ is a triple $(\Gamma_1, \Gamma_2, \tau)$ where $\Gamma_1, \Gamma_2 \subseteq \Gamma$ ($\Gamma$ is a set of simple roots or fundamental ...
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### Sub-coroot lattices

[This is a sequel to the previous question sub-coroot systems, that has been answered! :-) ] Let $T$ be a maximal torus of a compact Lie group $K$, and let $\Lambda \subset {\mathfrak t}$ be the ...
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### Tensor product of fundamental representations

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple complex Lie algebra. Let $V_1,\cdots, V_n$ be the fundamental representations (the irreducible ones with fundamental weights $\omega_1,\cdots,\omega_n$). Take a $k$-...
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### finding positive roots for a polynomial [closed]

I have a polynomial, and I want to get the conditions for the number of positive roots What are the different methods out there to determine these conditions? this is the polynomial: f(g)=A1g^5 + A2g^...
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### Schur polynomials are polynomials but also sequences on a lattice?

Monomial symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables $x_1, \ldots x_n$ form a natural basis for the space $\mathcal{S}_n$ of symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables and are defined by additive ...
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### Non-standard partial orders on root systems

Let $\frak{g}$ be a semisimple complex Lie algebra and let $\Delta$ be its associated root system with $\{\alpha_1, \dotsc, \alpha_l\}$ a choice of positive roots. As we all know - $\Delta$ admits a ...
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### A construction of Weyl-equivariant maps from the space of regular Cartan triples to the space of tuples of complex polynomials (up to scalar factors)

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple Lie group and let $T$ be a maximal torus in $G$. On the Lie algebra level, we have a real Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ and a (particular) real slice, say $\mathfrak{t}$, ...
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### PBW basis for the quantized enveloping Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}_2$

I would like to know if you have any reference where I can find the canonical PBW basis for $U_q(\mathfrak{g}_2),$ computed using the action of the braid group as defined by Luzstig. Alternatively I ...
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### Order ideals of positive root systems and avoiding group elements in the Weyl group

Let $X$ be the poset of positive roots of a finite root system of Dynkin type $Q$. Question 1: In Dynkin type $A_n$, is it true that the poset of order ideals of $X$ is isomorphic to the poset of [2,...
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### A Lie-theoretic question regarding $B\ltimes \mathfrak{g}/\mathfrak{b}$
Consider the symplectic group $\text{Sp}_{2g}(\mathbb{Z})$ over the integers. It has a classical root system $C_g$ and associated root subgroups $U_\varphi$ for $\varphi\in C_g$. These subgroups are ...