# Questions tagged [equidistribution]

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### Difference between "evenly distributed" and "low discrepancy"

It is well known that purely random samples distributed in some ways unevenly. And various grids and lattices are "too regular" and unnatural. So there are many ways to generate evenly ...
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### Effective Hecke Equidistribution

In 1918 and 1920 Hecke introduced his L-functions attached to his Grössencharakteren (Hecke characters) and proved they are equidistributed in a sense to made precise momentarily. One can identify ...
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### Equidistribution on subvarieties of $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$

$\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}$Let $\Gamma_{\infty}$ be a maximal parabolic subgroup of $\SL_n(\mathbb{Z})$. I believe there are various equidistribution theorems, which say that Iwasawa $x$ coordinates ...
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### Cardinality of the set $\#\{ 1 \leq n \leq N: \| \alpha n^2/N \| < 1/N \}$

Let $\alpha \in I$ where $I$ is some closed interval that does not contain $0$. I am interested in upper bound for $$M(\alpha) = \#\{ 1 \leq n \leq N: \| \alpha n^2/N \| < 1/N \}$$ where $N$ ...
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1 vote
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### Is equal natural density on intervals with matching areas but opposite signs sufficient to use fixed-width part sizes for a simple Riemann sum?

Suppose we have a sequence $\theta_n$ which is dense on $\left(0,2\pi\right)$. Furthermore, if $A=(x,y)\subset(0,\pi)$ and $B=(x+\pi,y+\pi)$ for some $x,y$, and if we define the natural density of a ...
571 views

### for which $A\subset \mathbb{N}$ does there exist irrational $\alpha$ for which $\alpha\cdot A \pmod 1$ is not uniformly distributed?

In this question it is discussed that for a set $$A=\{2^n3^m| n,m=0,1,2,\ldots\}$$ there exists an irrational number $\alpha$ such that the set $\alpha\cdot A$ (being naturally enumerated) is not ...
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### Let $(a_n)_{n\in N}=(1,2,3,4,6,8,9,12,\cdots)$ list the set$\{2^n3^m\mid m,n\in N\}$. Find $α$ such that $(a_n)\alpha\pmod1$ is not equidistributed

Let $$(a_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}} = (1,2,3,4,6,8,9,12,16,18,\cdots)$$ be a sequence that is a listing of the set $$\{2^n3^m \mid m,n \in \mathbb{N}\}$$ We need to find an irrational number $\alpha$ such ...
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### Are some numbers more equidistributed than others?

Weyl's theorem says that $n\alpha$ is equidistributed mod 1 for any irrational $\alpha$. One corollary is that, if I consider the fractional part $\{n\alpha\}$ for $n \leq N$, and look at the indices ...
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### Continuous variant of the Chinese remainder theorem

Let $x_1,x_2,\ldots, x_k \in [0,1]$ be irrational numbers. I'm interested in what, if anything, can be said about the values $\{nx_i \bmod 1: n\in \mathbb{N}\}$. Specifically, I'm interested if there ...
360 views

### Behavior of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} (\{n \xi \} - \frac{1}{2})$ for irrational number $\xi$

Consider the series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} ( \{ n \xi \} - \frac{1}{2})$$ where $\{ \}$ denotes the fractional part and $\xi$ is some irrational number. It clearly does not converge but can we show ...
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### Convolution sum of divisor functions

Let $\sigma_0(n)$ be the divisor counting function $$\sigma_0(n) = \sum_{d \vert n} 1.$$ I'm interested in the convolution sum $$S(n) := \sum_{k=1}^{n-1} \sigma_0(k) \sigma_0(n-k)$$ I ran some quick ...
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### Equidistribution of $\{\alpha p\}$ for $p$ in an arithmetic progression

Let $\alpha$ be irrational. A famous theorem of Vinogradov says that $\{ \alpha p\}$ is equidistributed in $[0,1]$ as $p$ runs over all primes. Let $a,q$ be natural numbers with $\gcd(a,q) = 1$. Then ...
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1 vote
This is a question that arose during a conversation with a colleague regarding Landau's fourth problem, which asks whether there are infinitely many primes of the form $n^2+1$. The Conjectured ...