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Questions tagged [sp.spectral-theory]

Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

5
votes
0answers
55 views

Laplace Beltrami eigenvalues on surface of polytopes

The recently posted arxiv paper Spectrum of the Laplacian on Regular Polyhedra by Evan Greif, Daniel Kaplan, Robert S. Strichartz, and Samuel C. Wiese, collects numerical evidence for conjectured ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

How to understand the sign periodicity of any conditionally convergent series? [closed]

Given any conditionally convergent series $\sum_{n\geq1} a_n$. I wonder if there is a "standard way/method" to "investigate/estimate" the sign periodicity of $a_n$ by some explicit functions $f(x)$ i....
0
votes
3answers
93 views

Clustering on tree

I am looking for a method that would identify clusters in a tree-like structure. In the figure below you can see a very simple example where one can visually identify distinct branches with a lot of ...
8
votes
1answer
138 views

Spectrum of a first-order elliptic differential operator

Suppose that I have a first-order elliptic differential operator $A: \mathrm{dom}(A) \subset L^2(E) \to L^2(E)$, where $(E,h^E) \to M$ is a hermitian vector bundle and $M$ is a compact manifold. I ...
0
votes
0answers
119 views

Sudden appearance of an eigenvalue of a self-adjoint operator $H = H_0 + \lambda H_1$

In doing some numerical calculation in quantum mechanics, we found something surprising to us. Let the Hamiltonian be $$ H = H_0 + \lambda H_1 , $$ where both $H_0$ and $H_1$ are self-adjoint, and $...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Interesting examples of spectral decompositions of BOUNDED operators with both continuous and discrete spectrum

I would like to have a few basic examples of bounded self-adjoint operators $T$ (more generally bounded normal would be fine) on a Hilbert space $(H,\langle,\rangle)$ for which the following criteria ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

First eigenvalue of the spherical cap

Let $S$ be the round $n$-sphere of radius $R$ in Euclidean space, and let $r$ be the intrinsic distance from the north pole. Further, let $U(r)$ be the spherical cap of intrinsic radius r. (So $U(0)$ ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

Asymptotic expansion of heat operator $e^{-\Delta{t}}$ and $e^{-\mathcal{D}t}$ of Dirac operator

For a closed Riemannian manifold $M$ of $n$-dimension, we consider the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$. It is known that we have an asymptotic expansion for the trace of heat operator $e^{-\Delta{...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

asymptotic behaviour of principal eigenfunctions and Large Deviations

Dear Math Overflowers, I am currently interested in a particular problem involving Large Deviations. I am only going to talk about the PDE side of the problem, but I'll be happy to provide more ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Theta Summable operator with bounded trace

Let $D$ be an unboudned self-adjoint operator on the Hilbert space $H$. We assume that all spectrum of $D$ are eigenvalues and $D$ is theta-summable, i.e. $e^{-tD^2}$ is of trace class for all $t>...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

The effect of random projections on matrices

Let $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a given normal matrix, i.e. $A^TA=AA^T$. Let $P_s\in\mathbb{R}^n$ be a random projection matrix to an $s$-dimensional subspace in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Suppose $\frac{A+...
13
votes
0answers
167 views

Do eigenfunctions determine the geometry of a manifold? If so, do finitely many suffice?

Let $X$ be a smooth, Riemannian manifold. It is known that the geometry of $X$ can be recovered from its heat kernel $k_{t}(x,y)$, using Varadhan's Lemma: $\displaystyle\lim_{t \to 0} t \log k_{t}(x,y)...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Efficient way to compute eigenvalue decomposition for following problem

I have an optimization problem $$\begin{array}{ll} \text{minimize} & Tr(X^TAX) \\ \text{subject to} & X^TX=I \end{array}$$ where $A\in R^{n \times n}$ and it is symmetric positive definite, ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Bounded and sectorial operators

Is there any assumption for a bounded operator to be sectorial ? Is there any characterization of such operators ? Here, the definition of sectorial operators follows the book of Markus Haase: ...
8
votes
2answers
242 views

Matrix rescaling increases lowest eigenvalue?

Consider the set $\mathbf{N}:=\left\{1,2,....,N \right\}$ and let $$\mathbf M:=\left\{ M_i; M_i \subset \mathbf N \text{ such that } \left\lvert M_i \right\rvert=2 \text{ or }\left\lvert M_i \right\...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Characterizing the separability of the Gelfand space of a semisimple commutative Banach algebra

Problem. Is the separability of the Gelfand space of a semi-simple commutative Banach algebra $A$ equivalent to the existence of a countable family $\{\varphi_n\}_{n\in\omega}$ of multiplicative ...
7
votes
2answers
595 views

Eigenvalues of Laplace-Beltrami on half sphere

Let $ \Delta_\theta$ denote the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $S^{N-1}$. The eigenvalues of this are well known. I assume the same is the case of this operator on the upperhalf sphere; say $ S^{N-...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Intuitive proof of Golden-Thompson inequality

Sutter et al. [1] in their paper "Multivariate Trace Inequalities" give an intuitive proof of the following Golden-Thompson inequality: For any hermitian matrices $A,B$: $$ \text{tr}(\exp{(A+B)}) \...
-2
votes
1answer
133 views

sum of positive definite matrix

sum of positive definite matrix $A+B $is positive definite. I want to look at the spectrum of $C=A+B$ can we say the ith largest eigenvalue of $C$ is no less than the ith largest eigenvalue of $A$ i....
5
votes
0answers
52 views

Eigenvalue lower bounds for manifold with positive Ricci curvature

For closed $n$-manifold with Ricci curvature $\ge (n-1)$, it is known that the first eigenvalue $\lambda_1\ge n$ with equality holds if and only if $M$ is isometric to the Euclidean sphere $S^n$. My ...
4
votes
0answers
261 views

Spectral Gap of Elliptic Operator

Under what conditions on $a(x)$ and domain $D$, the spectral gap of the elliptic operator $ \nabla \cdot(a(x)\cdot \nabla)$ defined on $D$, can be controlled? The boundary condition is that the ...
2
votes
3answers
274 views

Non-linear Basis for PDE's

Asked this on stack exchange and got no response, so I'll try here. An idea popped into my head awhile ago while doing a project on non-linear effects of systems of coupled oscillators, but I'm not ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Non-point spectrum for diagonalisable self-adjoint unbounded operator

Given a (separable) Hilbert space H and an unbounded densely defined linear operator $T:{\cal D}(T) \to $H such that ${\cal D}$ is diagonalizable (it means $\exists$ an O.N.B. of H such that all basis ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Hilbert representation of a bilinear form

Let $\sigma:\mathbb{R}^n\times \mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ be a bilinear symmetric form which is non-degenerate in the sense that for every $0\neq u\in \mathbb{R}^n$ there is $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$ with $...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Spectral gap for the Brownian motion with drift on a compact manifold

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary, $X$ a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the Brownian motion $t\mapsto B_t$ on $M$ with drift $X$, so that its generator is $L=\Delta +X$. ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Radial symmetry of the first eigenfunction

Let $M$ be a simply connected space form (i.e. $\mathbb R^n$, sphere, or hyperbolic space) and $B$ be a ball in $M$. Let $\phi$ be the first Laplacian eigenfunction on $B$, with respect to the ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Nodal domains on a surface

What is it known about the topology of nodal domains of eigenfunctions of self-adjoint operators? In particular I'm interested in self-adjoint operators on a complete, non-compact, surface $\Sigma \...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

First eigenvalue for domains in hyperbolic space

I am interested in examples of bounded open subsets of the hyperbolic space, for which the first eigenvalue of the Dirichlet Laplace operator (acting on functions) is known. In Euclidean space several ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

Can this self-adjoint operator have an infinite-dimensional compression with compact inverse?

The following might be quite straightforward, but I very rarely work in detail with unbounded operators, so I thought it would be worth seeing quickly if I have overlooked an example that is obvious ...
2
votes
0answers
181 views

Absence of fixed points

Let $f$ be an arbitrary function in $L^2(0,\infty)$ and consider the function $$(g_f)(y) = \frac{1}{y-x_0} \int_{0}^{\infty} f(x) \frac{xy}{(x^2+y^2+1)} \ dx$$ where $x_0$ is an arbitrary but fixed ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Local-Global Principle in Graph Spectrum

The question is a bit vague, but any ideas/directions will be appreciated. Let us fix an $n$-vertex $d$-regular graph $G=(V,E)$. As I understand it, the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix $A$ of $G$ ...
16
votes
3answers
517 views

Does a spectral gap lift to covering spaces?

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Denote $\Delta_M\ge0$ the unique self-adjoint extension of the Laplace-Beltrami operator in $L^2(M)$ and $\sigma(\Delta_M)\subset [0,\infty)$ its spectrum. ...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

Does the zeta regularized Laplacian determinant measure the volume of some parameter space? How many “spanning trees” on a manifold?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, with Laplacian $\Delta$. If $\lambda_i$ are the nonzero eigenvalues of $\Delta$, we can define the zeta function $\zeta(s) = \Sigma \lambda_i^{-s}$. By analytic ...
4
votes
1answer
250 views

What is $e^{- \zeta_{\Delta} '(0)}$ for a $\Delta$ the Laplacian of a manifold?

For a connected, finite graph $G$, let $\lambda_1, \ldots, \lambda_n$ denote the nonzero eigenvalues of the graph Laplacian. We define $\zeta_G = \Sigma_{i = 1}^n \lambda_i^s$. Then Kirkoffs Matrix-...
2
votes
2answers
101 views

Spectrum of finite-band random matrices?

Let $X_n=(X_{ij})_{1 \leq i,j \leq n}$ such that : $$ \begin{cases} &X_{ij} = 0 \quad \text{if}\quad \vert i - j \vert > k\\ & X_{ij} \sim P_X \quad \text{otherwise} \end{cases}$$ And ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Numerical error on the spectrum of a matrix

Let $Q=(q_{j,k})_{1\le j,k\le N}$ be a (Hermitian) $N\times N$ matrix with complex-valued entries. The matrix $Q$ is given numerically and the absolute error on each entry is bounded above by a (small)...
16
votes
1answer
278 views

Approximate eigenvectors for a set of non-commuting self-adjoint operators

This problem is motivated by finding the right mathematical setting for expressing the compatibility of classical physics with quantum mechanics. Let $\mathcal H$ be a Hilbert space and $S$ a ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

iid random operator and its spectrum

consider an insteresting question: given Banach Space $ \mathcal{B}$, independent identical distribution random operator on $ \mathcal{B}$: $ (T_i)_{i \ge 1} $, where operator space is endowed with ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Simultaneous diagonalization on spaces with constant curvature

I have an operator $C$ that I wish to diagonalize on a Riemmanian manifold $M$ with constant curvature $\Lambda$ $$C = A + B$$ Now I know that these operators $A$ and $B$ commute in flat space, but on ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

What is spectral multiplicity for multiplication operators in general von Neumann algebra set up?

When two multiplication operators $M_{f}$ and $M_{g}$ acting on $L^2(X,\mu) $and $L^2(Y,\nu)$ are unitary equivalent? How multiplicity function look like here? What is the spectral multiplicity in ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

Can one hear the (topological) shape of a drum?

Let $(M,g)$ be a (say closed) Riemannian manifold. One can try to understand the geometry/topology of $(M,g)$ by studying the eigenvalues of the Laplacian (this I guess has two versions: when ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

A nodal theorem in 1D

Consider a 1D zero-energy Schrödinger equation on the half-line, $(-\partial_x^2 + V(x))\psi(x)=0, \quad x \in (0, \infty)$ with a zero boundary condition $\psi(0) = 0$. Is it true that if the zero-...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Spectrum of the product of operators

Let $\mathcal{B}(F)$ the algebra of all bounded linear operators on an infinite-dimensional complex Hilbert space $F$. Let $A,B\in \mathcal{B}(F)^+:=\left\{T\in \mathcal{B}(F);\,\langle Tx, x\...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Discrete spectrum of Schrodinger operator

Assume $\Omega$ is a non-compact region or manifold with dimension $\geq4$. Let $H=-\Delta+V$ be Schrodinger operator. Here $V$ is a (smooth)function. I know that if $V\geq c>0$ or $V\to c>0$,...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Density in the graph norm

Let $T\in B(H)$, where $H$ is a (separable) complex Hilbert space. Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator acting in $H$. We denote by $D(A)$ its domain. We endow it with the graph norm, e.g., $\...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Moment generating function of spectral norm of iid N(0,1) data matrix

Let $W^{p\times p}$ be a normal data matrix with $W_{ij}$ i.i.d. $N(0,1)$. Are there any results on the evaluation, or upper bound for the Moment Generating Function of the spectral norm of W, that is,...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

sensitive perturbation approximation

I was reading paper which associated with perturbation approximation. paper1 paper2. In paper1: $\bar{R}=R+\epsilon C$, first order: when $\Lambda_1\gg\Lambda_2$, $\Delta\Lambda_{max}=\frac{\vec{v}^...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Perturbation of Elliptic operator

Let $\Omega$ be an open region or a non-compact complete manifold, $L$ be an elliptic operator with possibly non vanishing zero-order term, e.g. $-\Delta+q$. Suppose $W$ is an operator such that $W(...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Bound of analytic torsion for a line bundle

Let $E\rightarrow X$ be a line bundle over a compact Riemann surface. Let $\Delta_{E}$ be the Dolbeault Laplacian $\Delta_{\overline{\partial}}$ extended to sections of $E$. Let $g_1, g_2$ be two ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Reference for Weyl's law for higher order operators on closed Riemannian manifolds

I am looking at page 32 (beginning of Chapter 5) here. We are given a formally self-adjoint, metrically defined differential operator $A$ on $(M^n,g)$ of order $2l$ with positive definite leading ...