# Questions tagged [sp.spectral-theory]

Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

940
questions

4
votes

1
answer

73
views

### Multiplicity of Laplace eigenvalues and symmetry

Let $S$ be a smooth closed connected hyperbolic surface. On $S$ we have the Laplace operator $\Delta$, whose eigenvalues form a discrete sequence
\begin{equation}
0=\lambda_0<\lambda_1\leq \...

3
votes

0
answers

121
views

### On the spectrum of Fokker–Planck with linear drift

The paper by Liberzon and Brockett, "Spectral analysis of Fokker–Planck and related operators arising from linear stochastic differential equations." SIAM Journal on Control and ...

0
votes

0
answers

42
views

### Computing the eigenvalues of $A+E$ where $A$ is an upper triangular matrix whose diagonal entries are all zero and $E$ is a rank one matrix

Let us consider the backward-shift matrix $B=(b_{ij})\in M_n(\mathbb{R})$ whose entries are given by $b_{k,k+1}=1$ and the other entries are all 0. We also consider $X=(x_{ij})\in M_n(\mathbb{R})$ ...

3
votes

1
answer

186
views

### The definition of simple eigenvalue

This question was posted a long time ago on the mathexchange, but I didn't get any answers there, and despite having discussed it with some colleagues, I don't think I have a definitive answer.
I am ...

0
votes

0
answers

83
views

### Given $\sigma(AB-BA) = \{0\}$, what can be said about $\sigma(A)$ and $\sigma(B)$?

Let $\mathcal H$ be a separable Hilbert space, and $\mathfrak B(\mathcal H)$ denote the algebra of bounded linear operators on $\mathcal H$. Furthermore, let $A,B \in \mathfrak B(\mathcal H)$ be two ...

3
votes

0
answers

63
views

### How do I show countable additivity of (proposed) spectral measure in the proof of the spectral theorem?

I'm currently writing a Bachelors thesis based on the following paper:
Douglas, R., & Pearcy, C. (1970). On the spectral theorem for normal operators. Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge ...

0
votes

0
answers

12
views

### Spectral universality of sample covariance from unit sphere

If $x_1,\dots,x_n\sim \mu$ are mean-zero iid samples in $R^d$ that are drawn from unit sphere, with covariance $E x x^\top = I_d,$ and $C_n:=\frac1n \sum_i^n x_i x_i^\top$ is the sample covariance, ...

3
votes

0
answers

79
views

### Positive definitness of $f(|x|^\gamma)$, $0<\gamma<1$

Let $f(x)$ be a positive definite function on $x \in R^d$. Assume $f(x)$ is radial ,
so $f(x)$ is a function of $|x|$, let's say $g(|x|):=f(x)$. How can I show that
$g(|x|^\gamma)$ is positive ...

1
vote

0
answers

106
views

### Quiver representations and the standard matrix decompositions

Many matrix decompositions - like the Jordan Normal Form, the SVD, the spectral theorem, the Takagi decomposition - have the property that they express a matrix $M$ as the form:
$$M = A D B$$
where $D$...

3
votes

1
answer

147
views

### On a compact operator in the plane

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^2$ be a bounded domain with a smooth boundary. Let $$\bar{\partial}= \frac{1}{2} ( \partial_{x^1} + i \,\partial_{x^2}),$$
and let $G: L^2(\Omega)\to H^2(\Omega)$ be the ...

1
vote

0
answers

23
views

### On spectral representation of solutions to wave equations with impulse initial data

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a bounded domain with a smooth boundary that contains the origin. Let us consider the following classical linear wave equation
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial^2_t u -\...

0
votes

0
answers

51
views

### The limit spectral distribution of the random matrix $(\hat{\Sigma}_1+\hat{\Sigma}_2)^{-1}\hat{\Sigma}_1$

Let $S_1$ and $S_2$ be the collection of i.i.d. copies of $X\sim\mathcal{N}(0,I_p)$, where $|S_1|=n_1,|S_2|=n_2$. Let $\hat{\Sigma}_1$ and $\hat{\Sigma}_2$ be the covariance matrix using samples in $...

2
votes

0
answers

67
views

### On Dirichlet eigenfunctions of a domain

Given any bounded domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^n$, $n\geq 2$, with a Lipschitz boundary, let $\{(\lambda_k,\phi_k)\}_{k\in \mathbb N}$ be the Dirichlet eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of $-\Delta$ ...

4
votes

1
answer

112
views

### Existence of a domain with simple Dirichlet eigenvalues

Let $g$ be a smooth Riemannian metric on $\mathbb R^3$ that coincides with the Euclidean metric outside a compact set $K$. Does there exist some domain $\Omega$ with smooth boundary such that $K \...

3
votes

0
answers

118
views

### Is there a space of smooth functions dense in the domain of Coulomb-like potentials in dimension two?

Let $V : \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be compactly supported, bounded away from the origin, and obey
$$ |V(x)| \lesssim r^{-\delta_0}, \qquad 0 < |x| \le 1, \qquad r : =|x|,$$
for some $0 < \...

4
votes

0
answers

104
views

### Eigenvalues of Schrödinger operator with Robin condition on the boundary

Let $(M^2,g)$ be a compact Riemannian surface with boundary and let $L = \Delta_g + q$ be a Schrödinger operator, where $\Delta_g = -\operatorname{div} \nabla$ is the Laplacian with respect to the ...

0
votes

0
answers

48
views

### Commutativity of spectral projection with linear opeartor

For $A \in L(X)$, with A a being a closed operator and $X$ is a Banach space (with bounded $\sigma(A)$), define
$\mathbb{P} = \frac{1}{2 \pi i} \int_\gamma R(\lambda,A) \, d\lambda$ to be the spectral ...

3
votes

1
answer

131
views

### Must solutions to the time-independent Schrodinger equation that have discrete or negative eigenvalues be square-integrable?

This is a very straightforward question (although the answer may not be!) about a ubiquitous textbook physics situation. I assume that the answer is probably well-known, but I asked it on both Math ...

0
votes

1
answer

60
views

### Orthogonality to a one parameter family of eigenfunctions

Let $\rho>0$ be a smooth realvalued function such that $\rho=1$ outside the unit interval $(-1,1)$. For each $t>0$, let us denote by $\{\lambda_n(t)\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$ and $\{\phi_n(t;x)\}_{n=1}^{...

2
votes

0
answers

32
views

### A mapping property for fractional Laplace--Beltrami operator

Suppose that $g$ is a smooth Riemannian metric on $\mathbb R^3$ that is equal to the Euclidean metric outside the unit ball. Let us define the fractional Laplace--Beltarmi operator on $\mathbb R^3$ of ...

0
votes

0
answers

108
views

### About the proof of Lebesgue decomposition theorem for Hilbert spaces

Let $\mu$ be a Borel measure on $\mathbb{R}$. By the Lebesgue decomposition theorem, there exists measures $\mu_\text{pp}$, $\mu_\text{ac}$ and $\mu_\text{sing}$ such that $\mu = \mu_\text{pp}+\mu_\...

2
votes

0
answers

47
views

### Examples of elementary group of isometries of the ideal boundary of hyperbolic plane

A Riemannian manifold $(X,g)$ is called Hadamard manifold if it is complete and simply connected and has everywhere non-positive sectional curvature. An example of such a manifold would be the ...

1
vote

0
answers

70
views

### Uniqueness of Borel functional calculus for unbounded self-adjoint operators

I was reading these short notes on the Borel functional calculus where the author discusses the uniqueness property of this calculus for both bounded and unbounded self-adjoint operators.
When it ...

2
votes

1
answer

100
views

### Existence of eigen basis for elliptic operator on compact manifold

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. Let $E$ be a vector bundle over $M$ equipped with a Hermitian (or Euclidean) metric on its fibers. Let $D$ be a linear elliptic differential operator acting ...

3
votes

1
answer

203
views

### Spectral Radius and Spectral Norm for Markov Operators

My question concerns differences between the spectral radius $\rho$ and norm $\| \cdot \|$ of Markov operators in infinite-dimensional Banach spaces. This is far from my area of expertise, that is ...

0
votes

0
answers

29
views

### Uniqueness of solution to abstract wave equation with unsigned energy

Let $H$ be a self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space $(\mathcal{H}, \langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle$). Suppose the spectrum of $H$ in $(-\infty, 0)$ consists of only finitely many eigenvalues $\mu^2_k &...

7
votes

0
answers

157
views

### Spectral decomposition of $\Gamma\backslash X$

Let $X$ be a reasonable manifold of non-positive curvature (could be $\mathbb{H}^n$, symmetric or locally symmetric space, homogeneous Hadamard manifold etc.), and let $\Gamma$ be a reasonable group ...

3
votes

1
answer

120
views

### $\tau$-measurable operator

Problem: Let $M$ be a semifinite von Neumann algebra with a faithful semifinite normal trace $\tau$. Let $m$ be a positive element in $M$ and let $e_{(0,\infty)}(m)$ be the spectral projection of $m$ ...

1
vote

0
answers

35
views

### $L^2$ norm of a kernel with a variable width

Suppose you have a kernel operator on a torus, with a kernel of a spatially varying width $\epsilon(x)$, which might be zero at certain points. That is to say, for some approximate identity $\psi_h(x)$...

3
votes

1
answer

133
views

### Characters of algebra of Schwartz functions

Consider the (non-unital) $\mathbb{C}$-algebra (point-wise multiplication) of $\mathcal{S}$ of Schwartz functions on $\mathbb{R}$.
Question: Does there exist some character (non-zero multiplicative ...

1
vote

0
answers

44
views

### What do you call this class of matrices with a unique positive eigenvalue associated to a graph?

I am looking for the name of a class of symmetric matrices $M\in\Bbb R^{n\times n}$ that I can associate to a (finite simple) graph $G=(V,E)$ with $V=\{1,...,n\}$ and that have the following ...

8
votes

2
answers

227
views

### Is the $n/2$-th heat kernel coefficient topological?

I have asked the same question on math.SE, without much success so I'm trying my luck here too.
Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional manifold, with $n$ even and consider the heat kernel of the Laplacian on $...

1
vote

0
answers

42
views

### The spectral measure of the integral of an operator-valued function with respect to a projection-valued measure

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space, $T$ a bounded self-adjoint operator, and $F:\left[a,b\right]\to\mathcal{B}\left(\mathcal{H}\right)$ such that for any $t\in\left[a,b\right]$, $F\left(t\right)$ is ...

0
votes

0
answers

18
views

### How to calculate the power transformation of a spectral density function

There is a problem I have been trying to solve for a while. Let $X_t$ be a stationary (univariate) time series. The spectral density of the moving average process $$X_t=\sum^{\infty}_{j=-\infty}a_je_{...

4
votes

1
answer

141
views

### Spectrum near zero of $-\partial^2_x + V : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$, where $V = O(|x|^{-2 - \delta})$

Let $H = -\partial^2_x + V(x) : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be a one dimensional Schrödinger operator, where the potential $V$ is real-valued, belongs to $L^\infty(\mathbb{R})$, and, as $|x| \...

1
vote

1
answer

56
views

### Show $A_0 + S$ is invertible, where $S$ is the Riesz projection of bounded $A_0$

Let $A_0$ be a bounded linear operator on a Hilbert space $H$. Suppose $0$ is an isolated point of the spectrum of $A_0$. Let $S$ be the corresponding Riesz projection, namely,
$$S = -\frac{1}{2\pi i} ...

0
votes

0
answers

114
views

### Question on possibility of uniquely defining the FRFT via certain properties

I was working around with the fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) when the mathematics undergrad found out, by brute-force computations, that the derivative of the FRFT with respect to the parameter ...

5
votes

1
answer

149
views

### Domains with discrete Laplace spectrum

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a domain. Assume that the Laplacian $-\Delta=-(\partial^2/\partial x_1^2+\cdots+\partial^2/\partial x_n^2)$ has a discrete spectrum on $L^2(\Omega)$ (i.e., we are ...

3
votes

0
answers

134
views

### Spectrum of large Hilbert matrices

Let $x_k>0$ be a increasing sequence of real numbers, such that
$$\sum_0^\infty\frac1{x_k}<+\infty.$$
Let us form the (infinite) Hilbert matrix $A\in{\bf Sym}({\mathbb N};{\mathbb R})$ with
$$a_{...

2
votes

1
answer

182
views

### Spectrum of $(Jx)_n =i((2n+1)x_{n+1}-(2n-1)x_{n-1})$ on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$

I've been working on the spectrum of the closure of the operator $J: \mathcal{D}(J)= \mbox{span}\{ e_n: n \in \mathbb{Z}\} \subseteq \ell^2(\mathbb{Z}) \to \ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ defined for $x=(x_n)_{n \...

2
votes

0
answers

78
views

### On Fredholm alternative for Neumann conditions

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $f \in L^2(\Omega)$. It is well known that if $\lambda$ is a Dirichlet Laplacian eigenvalue, then the equation $$\begin{cases}
-\Delta ...

4
votes

1
answer

475
views

### Left and right eigenvectors are not orthogonal

Consider a compact operator $T$ on a Hilbert space with algebraically simple eigenvalue $\lambda$. Is it then true that left (the eigenvector of the adjoint with complex-conjugate eigenvalue) and ...

4
votes

1
answer

99
views

### Uniform decay of operator norm for smooth family of operators

Let $\mathscr{H}$ be a Hilbert space and let $\mathbb{R} \to B(\mathscr{H}), r \mapsto S_r$ be a continuous (or smooth) family of operators, where $B(\mathscr{H})$ is the space of bounded operators on ...

0
votes

0
answers

111
views

### Eigenvalue multiplicity of tensor product of positive operator with itself

Let $H$ be a separable complex Hilbert space and let $A\in B(H)$ be positive with $||A||=1$ and have eigenvalue 1 with multiplicity 1. Suppose $A=T^*T$ for some $T\in B(H)$. Denote the spectrum of $A$ ...

0
votes

0
answers

43
views

### A question about approximation in Gaussian Sobolev space

Let $\gamma_d$ be the standard Gaussian measure in $\mathbb R^d$, and let $W^{1,2}(\mathbb R^d,\gamma_d)$ be the Gaussian Sobolev space on $\mathbb R^d$. Fix $f_0 \in W^{1,2}(\mathbb R^d,\gamma_d)$.
...

7
votes

0
answers

128
views

### Hölder continuity of spectrum of matrices

Endow $\mathbb{C}^{d \times d}$ with the norm induced by the Euclidean norm on $\mathbb{C}^d$. It is well-known (to those who know it well, I guess) that the spectrum $\sigma(A)$ of a matrix $A \in \...

0
votes

0
answers

21
views

### Minimizing $\|Ax\|_2^2$ over the simplex for a very fat matrix

Suppose I have a really fat $mxN$ matrix (with $N>>m$). I want to find an $x$ in the simplex (i.e $x’1=1$ and $x_i\geq 0$) that minimizes $\|Ax\|_2^2$.
The only operations I can practically do ...

9
votes

1
answer

660
views

### Counterexamples to weak dispersion for the Schrödinger group

Let $A$ be a selfadjoint operator on some Hilbert space $H$, let $U(t)=e^{itA}$ be the corresponding continuous group, and let $f\in H$ be orthogonal to all eigenvectors of $A$. Are there examples ...

0
votes

0
answers

22
views

### Generalization of covariance of random (eigen)vectors to $k-$variance

Recently I got interested in "random Gaussian eigenvectors": Fix a large matrix $A\in \text{GL}_d(\mathbb{C})$ and denote the orthogonal projector to a fixed eigenspace by $P$. One can ...

3
votes

0
answers

168
views

### Where could a paper on a unification of matrix decompositions be published?

I've got a paper which shows that when the spectral theorem (as a statement that every self-adjoint matrix can be unitarily diagonalised) is naively generalised to $*$-algebras other than the complex ...