Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

**7**

votes

**2**answers

538 views

### Eigenvalues of Laplace-Beltrami on half sphere

Let $ \Delta_\theta$ denote the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $S^{N-1}$. The eigenvalues of this are well known. I assume the same is the case of this operator on the upperhalf sphere; say $ S^{N-...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Intuitive proof of Golden-Thompson inequality

Sutter et al. [1] in their paper "Multivariate Trace Inequalities" give an intuitive proof of the following Golden-Thompson inequality:
For any hermitian matrices $A,B$:
$$
\text{tr}(\exp{(A+B)}) \...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### sum of positive definite matrix

sum of positive definite matrix $A+B $is positive definite. I want to look at the spectrum of $C=A+B$
can we say the ith largest eigenvalue of $C$ is no less than the ith largest eigenvalue of $A$ i....

**5**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Eigenvalue lower bounds for manifold with positive Ricci curvature

For closed $n$-manifold with Ricci curvature $\ge (n-1)$, it is known that the first eigenvalue $\lambda_1\ge n$ with equality holds if and only if $M$ is isometric to the Euclidean sphere $S^n$. My ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### Spectral Gap of Elliptical Operator

Under what conditions on $a(x)$ and domain $D$, the spectral gap of elliptical operator $ \nabla \cdot(a(x)\nabla)$ defined on $D$, can be controlled?
The boundary condition is that the solution at ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

186 views

### Non-linear Basis for PDE's

Asked this on stack exchange and got no response, so I'll try here.
An idea popped into my head awhile ago while doing a project on non-linear effects of systems of coupled oscillators, but I'm not ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Non-point spectrum for diagonalisable self-adjoint unbounded operator

Given a (separable) Hilbert space H and an unbounded densely defined linear operator $T:{\cal D}(T) \to $H such that ${\cal D}$ is diagonalizable (it means $\exists$ an O.N.B. of H such that all basis ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Why is $E$ closed? [migrated]

I am reading through the following statement and proof in Aupetit’s A Primer on Spectral Theory
He provides the following proof:
Towards the end of the proof, Aupetit says that the set $E$ as ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Hilbert representation of a bilinear form

Let $\sigma:\mathbb{R}^n\times \mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ be a bilinear symmetric form which is non-degenerate in the sense that for every $0\neq u\in \mathbb{R}^n$ there is $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$ with $...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Spectral gap for the Brownian motion with drift on a compact manifold

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary, $X$ a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the Brownian motion $t\mapsto B_t$ on $M$ with drift $X$, so that its generator is $L=\Delta +X$. ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

108 views

### Radial symmetry of the first eigenfunction

Let $M$ be a simply connected space form (i.e. $\mathbb R^n$, sphere, or hyperbolic space) and $B$ be a ball in $M$. Let $\phi$ be the first Laplacian eigenfunction on $B$, with respect to the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Nodal domains on a surface

What is it known about the topology of nodal domains of eigenfunctions of self-adjoint operators?
In particular I'm interested in self-adjoint operators on a complete, non-compact, surface $\Sigma \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### First eigenvalue for domains in hyperbolic space

I am interested in examples of bounded open subsets of the hyperbolic space, for which the first eigenvalue of the Dirichlet Laplace operator (acting on functions) is known. In Euclidean space several ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Can this self-adjoint operator have an infinite-dimensional compression with compact inverse?

The following might be quite straightforward, but I very rarely work in detail with unbounded operators, so I thought it would be worth seeing quickly if I have overlooked an example that is obvious ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Absence of fixed points

Let $f$ be an arbitrary function in $L^2(0,\infty)$ and consider the function
$$(g_f)(y) = \frac{1}{y-x_0} \int_{0}^{\infty} f(x) \frac{xy}{(x^2+y^2+1)} \ dx$$
where $x_0$ is an arbitrary but fixed ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Local-Global Principle in Graph Spectrum

The question is a bit vague, but any ideas/directions will be appreciated.
Let us fix an $n$-vertex $d$-regular graph $G=(V,E)$. As I understand it, the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix $A$ of $G$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Does a spectral gap lift to covering spaces?

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Denote $\Delta_M\ge0$ the unique self-adjoint extension of the Laplace-Beltrami operator in $L^2(M)$ and $\sigma(\Delta_M)\subset [0,\infty)$ its spectrum. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Does the zeta regularized Laplacian determinant measure the volume of some parameter space? How many “spanning trees” on a manifold?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, with Laplacian $\Delta$. If $\lambda_i$ are the nonzero eigenvalues of $\Delta$, we can define the zeta function $\zeta(s) = \Sigma \lambda_i^{-s}$. By analytic ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### What is $e^{- \zeta_{\Delta} '(0)}$ for a $\Delta$ the Laplacian of a manifold?

For a connected, finite graph $G$, let $\lambda_1, \ldots, \lambda_n$ denote the nonzero eigenvalues of the graph Laplacian. We define $\zeta_G = \Sigma_{i = 1}^n \lambda_i^s$.
Then Kirkoffs Matrix-...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

99 views

### Spectrum of finite-band random matrices?

Let
$X_n=(X_{ij})_{1 \leq i,j \leq n}$ such that :
$$ \begin{cases}
&X_{ij} = 0 \quad \text{if}\quad \vert i - j \vert > k\\
& X_{ij} \sim P_X \quad \text{otherwise}
\end{cases}$$
And ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Numerical error on the spectrum of a matrix

Let $Q=(q_{j,k})_{1\le j,k\le N}$ be a (Hermitian) $N\times N$ matrix with complex-valued entries. The matrix $Q$ is given numerically and the absolute error on each entry is bounded above by a (small)...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Approximate eigenvectors for a set of non-commuting self-adjoint operators

This problem is motivated by finding the right mathematical setting for expressing the compatibility of classical physics with quantum mechanics.
Let $\mathcal H$ be a Hilbert space and $S$ a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### iid random operator and its spectrum

consider an insteresting question:
given Banach Space $ \mathcal{B}$, independent identical distribution random operator on $ \mathcal{B}$: $ (T_i)_{i \ge 1} $, where operator space is endowed with ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### Simultaneous diagonalization on spaces with constant curvature

I have an operator $C$ that I wish to diagonalize on a Riemmanian manifold $M$ with constant curvature $\Lambda$
$$C = A + B$$
Now I know that these operators $A$ and $B$ commute in flat space, but on ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### What is spectral multiplicity for multiplication operators in general von Neumann algebra set up?

When two multiplication operators $M_{f}$ and $M_{g}$ acting on $L^2(X,\mu) $and $L^2(Y,\nu)$ are unitary equivalent? How multiplicity function look like here? What is the spectral multiplicity in ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Can one hear the (topological) shape of a drum?

Let $(M,g)$ be a (say closed) Riemannian manifold. One can try to understand the geometry/topology of $(M,g)$ by studying the eigenvalues of the Laplacian (this I guess has two versions: when ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### A nodal theorem in 1D

Consider a 1D zero-energy Schrödinger equation on the half-line,
$(-\partial_x^2 + V(x))\psi(x)=0, \quad x \in (0, \infty)$
with a zero boundary condition $\psi(0) = 0$.
Is it true that if the zero-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Spectrum of the product of operators

Let $\mathcal{B}(F)$ the algebra of all bounded linear operators on an infinite-dimensional complex Hilbert space $F$.
Let $A,B\in \mathcal{B}(F)^+:=\left\{T\in \mathcal{B}(F);\,\langle Tx, x\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Discrete spectrum of Schrodinger operator

Assume $\Omega$ is a non-compact region or manifold with dimension $\geq4$. Let $H=-\Delta+V$ be Schrodinger operator. Here $V$ is a (smooth)function.
I know that if $V\geq c>0$ or $V\to c>0$,...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Density in the graph norm

Let $T\in B(H)$, where $H$ is a (separable) complex Hilbert space. Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator acting in $H$. We denote by $D(A)$ its domain. We endow it with the graph norm, e.g., $\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

68 views

### Moment generating function of spectral norm of iid N(0,1) data matrix

Let $W^{p\times p}$ be a normal data matrix with $W_{ij}$ i.i.d. $N(0,1)$. Are there any results on the evaluation, or upper bound for the Moment Generating Function of the spectral norm of W, that is,...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### sensitive perturbation approximation

I was reading paper which associated with perturbation approximation. paper1 paper2.
In paper1:
$\bar{R}=R+\epsilon C$, first order: when $\Lambda_1\gg\Lambda_2$, $\Delta\Lambda_{max}=\frac{\vec{v}^...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Perturbation of Elliptic operator

Let $\Omega$ be an open region or a non-compact complete manifold, $L$ be an elliptic operator with possibly non vanishing zero-order term, e.g. $-\Delta+q$. Suppose $W$ is an operator such that $W(...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

35 views

### Bound of analytic torsion for a line bundle

Let $E\rightarrow X$ be a line bundle over a compact Riemann surface. Let $\Delta_{E}$ be the Dolbeault Laplacian $\Delta_{\overline{\partial}}$ extended to sections of $E$. Let $g_1, g_2$ be two ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Reference for Weyl's law for higher order operators on closed Riemannian manifolds

I am looking at page 32 (beginning of Chapter 5) here. We are given a formally self-adjoint, metrically defined differential operator $A$ on $(M^n,g)$ of order $2l$ with positive definite leading ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### The connection between the (inverse) Rayleigh quotient and discreteness of the spectrum

Let $T:D(T)\rightarrow H$ be a (densely-defined) self adjoint operator. If $0\not \in \sigma(T)$, then $T$ is invertible, and we know that if $T^{-1}$ is compact, then $T$ has discrete spectrum. I ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Finite rank perturbations of matrices - eigenvalues and eigenvectors

Assume we know the spectral decomposition (eigenvalues and eigenvectors) of a $n\times n$ matrix $A$. Consider a finite rank perturbation of $A$ of the form $B=UV^{T}$ where $U$ and $V$ are $n\times ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Eigenvalue and eigenvector of ergodic Markov operator for continuous space Markov chain

As we know that the transition matrix $P$ of a Markov chain with finite space is a stochastic matrix, and from Perron-Frobenius Theorem, we know that the spectral radius of the matrix $P$ is $1$, and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Is the square root of curl^2-1/2 a natural (Dirac-)operator?

In current computations on a particular $3$-dimensional Riemannian manifold, a first order differential operator $D:\Gamma^\infty(TM,M)\to \Gamma^\infty(TM,M)$ acting on vector fiels shows up, with ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Generalizing the Fourier isomorphism between Sobolev spaces and weighted $L^2$ spaces to (locally) compact groups?

Motivating examples:
Let $V$ be a real vector space with Haar measure $dv$. The fourier transform induces the following topological isomorphism: $$H^s(V,dv) \cong L^2(V^*,(1+|v^*|^2)^sdv^*)$$
The ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Proof of Jacobson's lemma in operators theory

Let $A$ and $B$ be two bounded linear operators on an infinite-dimensional complex Hilbert space $H$.
Why the non-zero points of the spectrum of $AB$ coincide with those of the spectrum of $BA$?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Spectrum of Laplacian depending on boundary conditions [closed]

Consider a compact domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary for simplicity. Consider the Laplacian operator with zero Dirichlet boundary conditions on $\Omega$. It is well-known that $...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Harmonic functions on $(M,g)$ closed, induce an embedding in Euclidean space

In Hajime Urakawa's monograph The Spectral Geometry of the Laplacian on page 41, we make an assumption that I can't quite justify on my own. The following is our setup:
Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Exponential decay for wave equation in even dimensions

Consider the wave equation
$$
u_{tt} = \Delta_x u - q(x)u, \quad x \in\mathbb R^d, \; t > 0,\tag{1}\\
u(0,x) = u_0(x) \in H^1_\text{comp}(\mathbb R^d),\\
u_t(0,x) = u_1(x) \in L^2_\text{comp}(...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

96 views

### Lower bound of the spectrum of a Schrodinger operator on a bounded domain

I am trying to look for references on estimate of the lower bound of the spectrum of a Schrodinger operator $-\Delta + V$ on a bounded domain in three-dimensional space. For simplicity, we can take ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Reference request: The resolvent is analytic in the resolvent set

I am busy reading through Taylor's paper Spectral Theory of Closed Distributive Operators.
On page 192, he defines the resolvent and spectrum of $T$:
Later on in the paragraph, he then proceeds by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Stability of Schrodinger operators on bounded domains

Consider a Schrodinger operator $H=H_0+V$, where $H_0$ is a $L_2$ realization of the negative Laplace operator $-\Delta$ with homogeneous Neumann boundary condition on a bounded, smooth domain $\Omega\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

47 views

### Deriving the time evolution of the reflection coefficient for 1d cubic NLS

Update: I have found that the detailed answer to my questions is contained in the book "Solitons: an introduction" by P.G. Drazin and R.S. Johnson. Generally speaking, this seems to be a great book ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Does asymptotic behavior guarantee uniqueness?

Suppose $w$ is a solution of
$$\frac{d^2}{dx^2}w+\{u(x)+k^2\}w=0$$
with asymptotic condition
$$\lim_{x\rightarrow \infty}w(x)e^{ikx}=1$$
and $u\in L^1_1(\mathbb{R})=\{f:\int_\mathbb{R}(1+|x|)|f|dx<...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Doubt in proof of $\lim_{n \to \infty} [\lambda R(\lambda, A)]^n = P.$

I have a doubt in proof of Lemma $4.7$ of this paper.
Lemma: Let $A$ be a closed operator on a complex Banach space $E$ and assume that $0$ is an eigenvalue of $A$ and a pole of the resolvent $R(\...