# Questions tagged [fluid-dynamics]

The fluid-dynamics tag has no usage guidance.

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### Treating 2D NSE with an $L^4$ contraction mapping

For divergence-free initial data $u_0 \in L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$, the two-dimensional Navier Stokes equation is known to have a global mild solution. This fact is classical. However, a written-out proof ...

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### Fluid dynamics textbook discussing Hele-Shaw flow

In this Wikipedia article, Hele-Shaw flow is discussed in some detail. I'd like to find a textbook that discusses Hele-Shaw flow in greater detail. Thanks

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### Schrödinger Bridge for other costs

Stochastic control formulations of the Schrödinger bridge problem between $\mu,\nu$ are well known (e.g Chen et al Eq. 4.23)
$$\inf \limits_{p_t, v_t} \int_0^T \int \frac{1}{2}\lvert v_t\rvert^2 p_t ...

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### Convergence of approximate solution sequence to measure valued solution for incompressible Euler equation

I recently studied the measure valued solution of incompressible Euler equations.
In Majda and Bertozzi's book ‘Vorticity and Incompressible Flow’:
Theorem 12.10. Let $\{v^\epsilon\}$ be an ...

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### Textbook suggestions for rigorous fluid dynamics

I am interested in studying fluid dynamics and am searching for a good introductory textbook. I know just the very basics of fluids on the physics side. For mathematical prerequisites, I have ...

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### Does surface integral preserve the curl operation?

Suppose $V\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be non-empty and at least twice differentiable (Smooth) and let $S$ be the surface that encloses $V$ (for example a sphere). Let $\textbf{F}\in \mathbb{R}^3$ be a ...

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### Can we define the divergence of a stochastic process?

Suppose I have a stochastic process $(X_t)_{t\in \mathbb{R}^d}$ with infinitesimal generator $\mathcal{A}$, for example $\mathcal{A}f(X) = -\mu f'(X) + \frac{1}{2}\sigma^2f''(X)+\lambda \int (f(X')-f(...

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### PDE involving curl

Let $G:\mathbb{R}^3\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^3$ be smooth vector field over $\mathbb{R}^3$. For which vector fields $F:\mathbb{R}^3\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^3$ does the PDE
$$\dfrac{\partial}{\partial t}\...

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### The derivation of Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations

The following procedure is used to derive the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations (Wikipedia: RANS equations)
When we talk about turbulent flows we can represent the velocity of the fluid as:
$$
...

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### Vorticity equation for incompressible 2D fluid dynamics [closed]

I want to ask what advantage of using vorticity equations in fluid dynamics.
Does it help to find large curls? Does it have singularities connected to presence of curls?

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### Critical Reynolds numbers for turbulence in 3D and 2D planar Couette flows

In 3 spatial dimensions, the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are:
$$
\begin{split}
\frac{\partial u_i}{\partial t} + \sum_{j=1}^3 u_j \frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} &= - \frac{\partial p}...

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### Riemann, fluid dynamics, and critical lines

Marcus du Sautoy, in the section Riemann's Final Twist (pp. 278-80) in his book The Music of the Primes, discusses a discovery of Jon Keating of a connection in Riemann's Nachlass between Riemann's ...

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### Does the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation have a smooth solution if the initial vorticity is smooth and $p$ integrable for any $p$?

Consider the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation on $(0,T)\times \mathbb{R}^3$ for fixed $T>0$.
If the sequence of mollified initial vorticities $(\omega_0^{\nu})_{\nu}$ is uniformly bounded in $...

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### Why are solenoidal fields called solenoidal?

A solenoidal tangent field, mathematically speaking, is one whose divergence vanishes. They are also called incompressible. I understand why they are called incompressible — a fluid flow is called ...

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### Viscous stress equation in Newtonian fluid

In this Wikipedia entry, it is said that for the incompressible isotropic case of Newtonian fluid, the viscous stress equation is
$$
\tau_{i j}=\mu\left(\frac{\partial v_{i}}{\partial x_{j}}+\frac{\...

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### How I can distibute values over the computational cells?

I am an engineering student and I try to solve the fluid equations over a given set of computational cells. I have a mathematical question about a field I am currently studying, precisely the ...

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### Similarity in Navier-Stokes equation and convolution in finite abelian groups?

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group, $X = (x_g)_{g \in G}$ be a vector of variables.
Set for $g \in G$:
$$\tau_g(X) := \frac{1}{|G|} \sum_{\rho \text{ irred. }} \chi_{\rho}(-g) \exp(\sum_{s \in G} \chi_{...

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### Compressible Ebin-Marsden?

In Ebin and Marsden's paper Groups of Diffeomorphisms and the Motion of an Incompressible Fluid, there is a footnote on the first page indicating that non-homogeneous cases and the case of ...

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### Generalising results on superfluid Kubo formulas

In a 2014 article by Chapman, Hoyos and Oz, the authors study non-equilibrium fluid dynamics and describe a method for deriving Kubo formulas for thermal transport coefficients of superfluids (the ...

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### Radial-energy decomposition of a velocity field in 2D: is anyone able to show that the lemma below is true (…or false)?

In the book “Vorticity and Incompressible Flow” by Majda and Bertozzi, there is the following lemma.
Lemma 3.2. Any smooth incompressible vector field $v$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with vorticity
$$\omega=\...

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### Algebra properties regarding Gevrey spaces: closed under multiplication

In page 24 of the paper Landau Damping: Paraproducts and Gevrey Regularity, the authors claimed an algebra property of Gevrey spaces, the formula (3.14), without giving a proof. So I'm asking for a ...

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### Existence and Uniqueness of lifting Hele-Shaw problem

I am researching for the existence and uniqueness of solutions for the equation in figure below
enter image description here
$$\nabla\cdot u = \frac{\dot b(t)}{b(t)} \text{ in }\Omega(t) \tag{1}$$
The ...

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### Variational principle for relativistic gas dynamics

I know quite a lot of Variational principles (VP) yielding systems of classical mechanics. By a VP, I mean something like
$$\delta{\cal L}[U]=0$$
where ${\cal L}$ is a functional and the field belongs ...

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### Compactly supported transverse traceless tensors

Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemanian manifold (or $\mathbb{R}^n$ if you prefer). A TT-tensor is a symmetric 2-tensor $\sigma_{ab}$ satisfying
$g^{ab} \sigma_{ab} \equiv 0$ ($\sigma$ is trace free),
$\nabla^a ...

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### Zermelo's Navigation Problem [closed]

I am trying to solve Zermelo's Navigation Problem.
One of the cases I'm looking at is when the river's current is a function of the $x$-position only.
From what I learned in Fluid Mechanics courses, I ...

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### Regularity in Navier Stokes from $L^2$ bound on vorticity

How would one show that if $\omega$ is the vorticity associated to $\partial_t u+u\cdot \nabla u -\nu \Delta u +\nabla p=0$ (with smooth, compactly supported initial data) and
$$\omega\in L^\infty([0,...

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### Flow induced by differentiable velocity field is differentiable

Let $E$ be a $\mathbb R$-Banach space, $\tau>0$ and $v:[0,\tau]\times E\to E$ such that$^1$ $$x\mapsto t\mapsto v(t,x)\tag1$$ belongs to $C^{0,\:1}(E,C^0([0,\tau],E))$. This is enough to ensure ...

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### Explanation for why an ideal fluid doesn't have increasing entropy?

The equations of motion for a very simple ideal fluid (specifically a calorically perfect, monatomic, ideal gas) are \begin{align*}\dot{\rho}+\nabla \cdot (\rho u)=0 \;&\text{(mass conservation)} \...

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### Should water at the scale of a cell feel more like tar?

The Navier-Stokes equations are as follows,
$$\dot{u}+(u\cdot \nabla ) u +\nu \nabla^2 u =\nabla p$$
where $u$ is the velocity field, $\nu$ is the viscosity, and $p$ is the pressure.
Some elementary ...

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### Existence results for Lagrangian solutions to the Incompressible Euler Equation?

It is known that if a function (which we shall call the lagrangian flow, or lagrangian trajectory) $$X:(\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z})^3 \times [0,T] \to \mathbb{R}^3$$ with $X \in H^1_t$ (i.e. has weak time ...

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### Modelling fluid flows with mean curvature flow

A while ago I was wondering if the displacement of fluid described in this blog post
could be modelled with mean curvature flow or some other flow, but when I asked someone in Engineering they replied ...

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### Applications of linear algebra in the design of aircraft [closed]

David Lay mentioned one application of linear algebra in the design of aircraft in the introductory part of chapter 2 of his book:
[...] A computer creates a model of the surface by first ...

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### Help to understand a limit $\varepsilon\rightarrow 0$ computation on a fluid mechanic paper

In Córdoba and Gancedo - Contour dynamics of incompressible 3-D fluids in a porous medium with different densities (page 4) I read that if
$$ v (x_1,x_2,x_3,t)=-\frac{\rho_2-\rho_1}{4\pi} \...

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### Density gradient of Navier-Stokes equations in perforated domain

Question: Is it possible to bound the density gradient $\nabla \rho_\epsilon$ of strong solutions to the compressible NSE uniformly in $L^\gamma$?
Preliminaries: Consider a bounded connected domain $\...

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### Leray projector in $L^{\infty}$ and negative order Besov spaces for the Navier-Stokes equations

I was reading the paper "Norm inflation for the generalized Navier-Stokes equations" which can be found here: https://arxiv.org/abs/1212.3801.
In Lemma 2.1, the authors said for any $\phi \in L^{\...

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### About parametrization of the interface of a fluid

In Navier Stokes Equation, more precisly in the evolution of a fluid interface I have an extension of the function $u$ such that:
$$u(x,t)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \operatorname{P.V.}\int_\Omega\frac{(x-z(\...

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### Cylindrical coordinates in axis symmetric flow

I am getting stuck in a detail in a paper. It's about the axi symmetric Navier Stokes equations
$$u_t - \nu\,\Delta u + u\cdot \nabla u + \nabla p=0$$
We consider in cylindrical coordinates $u=(u^r, u^...

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### On Solving a Fourth-Order Non-Linear PDE

I am presently working on a problem in fluid dynamics where our group is investigating the behavior of temperature and velocity at the leading edge of a flat plate when fluid flows past it. The ...

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### On self-similar methods of transforming the momentum equation to an ode

I have used the steam functions $u = \psi_{y}$ and $v = -\psi_{x}$ to transform the momentum equations to the following form
$$\rho\left(\psi_{y}\psi_{xy} - \psi_{x}\psi_{yy}\right)=-p_{x}+\mu\left(\...

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### Deformation gradient conservation law from Lagrangian to Eulerian formulation

In the following, I use the standard notation for (solid) mechanics and conservation laws, i.e. $F$ the formation gradient, $H$ the cofactor, $v$ the velocity field and $J$ the Jacobian. Moreover, $X$ ...

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### 2D Stochastic Navier Stokes equations with Navier boundary condition

For the 2D Stochastic Navier Stokes equations with Navier boundary condition $$du = (\Delta u - u\cdot \nabla u - \nabla p)dt + \Phi dW$$ where we consider additive white noise here. I want to use the ...

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### Finding Free surface elevation in semi-infinite channel

A semi-infinite channel of finite depth is occupied by an ideal fluid layer initially at rest . the vertical finite end of the channel is fixed and only a part of the horizontal bottom , with finite ...

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### Incompressible Navier-Stokes equation with heat conduction

How does the incompressible Navier-Stokes system read with heat conduction?
Where can I find an existence result for its weak solutions?

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### Navier-Stokes fluid dynamics, Einstein gravity and holography

There was some activity a while ago, like 10 years ago, string theoreists try to relate
the fluid dynamics, for example, governed by Navier-Stokes equation,
to
the Einstein gravity, and its ...

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### Difference between linear and parabolic velocity profiles in Stokes flows of two fluids

For droplet interactions in low-Reynolds number flow, solutions are available when the underlying flow can be written as linear compositions of strain and rotation, see Batchelor & Green (1972a).
...

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### Stationary Navier-Stokes solutions

Are there known nontrivial ($u\neq0$) stationary solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in $\mathbb R^3$ ? Not square integrable of course (that's impossible), but with self-similar amplitudes of ...

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### Estimate of $\Vert \nabla u \Vert_{L^{\infty}(\Omega)}$ of Navier Stokes equations

My question is how to estimate the term $\Vert \nabla u \Vert_{L^{\infty}(\Omega)}$. Here we consider the 2D incompressible Navier Stokes equations:$$u_t -\Delta u+u\cdot \nabla u+\nabla p=f$$ and $$\...

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### A solution to the Navier-Stokes equation that is defined for on $[0,T]$ with $T$ large is global?

Let $u_0 \in \dot{H}^{1/2}(\mathbb{R}^3)$. The Fujita-Kato theorem gives rise to a local unique solution $(t,x) \mapsto u(t,x)$ to the Navier-Stokes equations $$\left\{
\begin{array}{ccc}
\partial _t ...

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### How to define (and compute) the Cartan-Killing form of the group of volume-preserving diffeomorphisms?

This question was raised a while ago in a blog post by Terry Tao on the Euler-Arnold equation and he called it "quite tricky".
Has anyone in the meantime tried to formulate this question precisely, ...

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### Separation property for non-injective flows

Let us consider a non-injective flow $X$ on $\mathbb{R}^d$, i.e. a continuous map $X:\mathbb{R}_+\times \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}^d$ with $X(0,\cdot)=\mathrm{id}$ and satisfying the semigroup ...