# Questions tagged [fluid-dynamics]

The fluid-dynamics tag has no usage guidance.

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### Finding Free surface elevation in semi-infinite channel

A semi-infinite channel of finite depth is occupied by an ideal fluid layer initially at rest . the vertical finite end of the channel is fixed and only a part of the horizontal bottom , with finite ...

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74 views

### Incompressible Navier-Stokes equation with heat conduction

How does the incompressible Navier-Stokes system read with heat conduction?
Where can I find an existence result for its weak solutions?

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180 views

### Navier-Stokes fluid dynamics, Einstein gravity and holography

There was some activity a while ago, like 10 years ago, string theoreists try to relate
the fluid dynamics, for example, governed by Navier-Stokes equation,
to
the Einstein gravity, and its ...

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**1**answer

48 views

### Difference between linear and parabolic velocity profiles in Stokes flows of two fluids

For droplet interactions in low-Reynolds number flow, solutions are available when the underlying flow can be written as linear compositions of strain and rotation, see Batchelor & Green (1972a).
...

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180 views

### Stationary Navier-Stokes solutions

Are there known nontrivial ($u\neq0$) stationary solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in $\mathbb R^3$ ? Not square integrable of course (that's impossible), but with self-similar amplitudes of ...

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114 views

### Estimate of $\Vert \nabla u \Vert_{L^{\infty}(\Omega)}$ of Navier Stokes equations

My question is how to estimate the term $\Vert \nabla u \Vert_{L^{\infty}(\Omega)}$. Here we consider the 2D incompressible Navier Stokes equations:$$u_t -\Delta u+u\cdot \nabla u+\nabla p=f$$ and $$\...

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81 views

### A solution to the Navier-Stokes equation that is defined for on $[0,T]$ with $T$ large is global?

Let $u_0 \in \dot{H}^{1/2}(\mathbb{R}^3)$. The Fujita-Kato theorem gives rise to a local unique solution $(t,x) \mapsto u(t,x)$ to the Navier-Stokes equations $$\left\{
\begin{array}{ccc}
\partial _t ...

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306 views

### How to define (and compute) the Cartan-Killing form of the group of volume-preserving diffeomorphisms?

This question was raised a while ago in a blog post by Terry Tao on the Euler-Arnold equation and he called it "quite tricky".
Has anyone in the meantime tried to formulate this question precisely, ...

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92 views

### Separation property for non-injective flows

Let us consider a non-injective flow $X$ on $\mathbb{R}^d$, i.e. a continuous map $X:\mathbb{R}_+\times \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}^d$ with $X(0,\cdot)=id$ and satisfying the semigroup property $X(t,X(...

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91 views

### Does Helmholtz's decomposition give an over-determined rotational flow?

From Helmholtz's decomposition,
$v=v_{\scriptscriptstyle IR} +v_{\scriptscriptstyle R} $
where $\nabla\times v_{IR} =0$ and $\nabla\cdot v_R=0$
when apply this to the linearized Navier-Stokes ...

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214 views

### References on thin film equation: derivation and properties

Where can I find
a derivation of the thin film equation
$$u_t = - \mathrm{div} (u^m\nabla\Delta u)$$ from a physical model?
a good introduction to its properties (e.g. conserved quantities and ...

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119 views

### Hadamard-Rybczynski problem

HR problem deals with a spherical fluid viscous drop falling in a different fluid under influence of gravity. The outer fluid is of uniform speed $U$ in direction of gravity, far away from the drop. ...

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205 views

### Steady Euler flows with compact support?

What is known about (3D) steady incompressible Euler flows with compact support?
(Looking for results in a field you are not familiar with sure is tough.
I had a hope to find clues ...

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65 views

### Torque term coming from added mass effects,

I'm studying a quasi-steady force model (for a 2D problem) published in a fluids journal, and one of the torque terms is a bit perplexing: the term is a product of a difference of added mass ...

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173 views

### Long wavelength instability: Linear Vs nonlinear phenomenon

I am looking into stability for certain nonlinear PDE on $\mathbb{R}$ around a specific steady solution, $f_0(x)$. The nonlinear Cauchy PDE is given by:
$\dfrac{\partial f(x,t)}{\partial t}=\mathbf{N}...

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110 views

### Time discretization of the variational formulation of the Navier-Stokes equation

Let
$T>0$
$I:=(0,T]$
$d\in\mathbb N$
$\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be nonempty and open, $$\mathcal V:=\left\{\phi\in C_c^\infty(\Lambda,\mathbb R^d):\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$$ and $$V:=\overline{...

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48 views

### Time discretization of the (stochastic) Navier-Stokes equation

Let
$d\in\mathbb N$
$\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be nonnempty and open
$\langle\;\cdot\;,\;\cdot\;\rangle:=\langle\;\cdot\;,\;\cdot\;\rangle_{L^2(\Lambda,\:\mathbb R^d)}$
I've found a thesis where ...

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76 views

### If $H$ is the closure of the set of solenoidal smooth vecor fields in $L^2$ and $P_H$ denote the orthogonal projection onto $H$, then $P_HH_0^1⊆H_0^1$

Let
$d\in\mathbb N$
$\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be open
$\mathcal V:=\left\{\phi\in C_c^\infty(\Lambda,\mathbb R^d):\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$ and $$H:=\overline{\mathcal V}^{\left\|\;\cdot\;\right\...

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90 views

### Is $(u\cdot\nabla)v\in H^1$, if $u,v\in H^2$?

Let
$d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$ with
$\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be bounded and open with $\partial\Lambda\in C^1$
In Lemma 6.1 of Navier-Stokes Equations and Nonlinear Functional Analysis by Roger ...

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351 views

### Definition of the nonlinear part of the drift in a (stochastic) Navier-Stokes equation

Let
$T>0$
$d\in\mathbb N$
$\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be bounded and open
$\mathcal V:=\left\{v\in C_c^\infty(\Lambda)^d:\nabla\cdot v=0\right\}$, $$V:=\overline{\mathcal V}^{\left\|\;\cdot\;\...

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144 views

### Reformulation of the classical Navier-Stokes equation as a semilinear evolution equation and corresponding mild solutions

Let
$d\in\mathbb N$
$\lambda^d$ denote the Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb R^d$
$\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be open
$\mathcal V:=\left\{v\in C_c^\infty(\Lambda)^d:\nabla\cdot v=0\right\}$, $$V:=\...

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66 views

### Books on turbulent compressible fluid (gas) in heated channel

It's been a while I got my hands dirty with simulation of hydrodynamics and it was mostly incompressible and laminar. Now, I need to model turbulent flow in channel with additional external heating ...

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184 views

### Showing nonlinearity of PDEs arising from physics by mathematical argument alone

Roger Temam writes in SOME DEVELOPMENTS ON NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20th CENTURY:
A remarkable property of the Navier-Stokes equations is that they are
one of the very ...

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73 views

### Lattice Boltzman derivation for vorticity eqn $\omega_{t}+ v\cdot \nabla \omega=\mu \Delta \omega$

So as showed by Frisch et al. (a), the 2D Euler equation $$v_{t}+ v\cdot \nabla v=\mu \Delta v$$ can be derived by the Hexagonal-placed automaton (for low velocity).
I am curious about the existence ...

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94 views

### Derive a SPDE of evolutionary type for $u$ from ${\rm d}X(t)=u(t,X(t)){\rm d}t+\xi(t,X(t)){\rm d}W(t)$

Let
$U$ and $V$ be separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces
$\iota:U\to V$ be a Hilbert-Schmidt embedding
$Q:=\iota\iota^\ast$
$(e_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ be an orthonormal basis of $U$
$(\Omega,\mathcal A,\...

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### Recast a finite-dimensional multiparameter SDE as an infinite dimensional SDE

In another question, I've asked how we can derive a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories.
More concretely, I want to obtain a SDE of type as ...

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227 views

### Domain of the Stokes operator

Let
$\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be open ($d\in\mathbb N$)
$\mathcal D:=C_c^\infty(\Omega)^d$ and $$\mathfrak D:=\left\{\phi\in\mathcal D:\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$$
$\mathcal H:=\overline{\mathfrak ...

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302 views

### A question about intuition of fluid limit in queuing system

This is a question about intuition in understanding the fluid limit queuing system.
Assume we have a sequence of queuing systems $\{S^N\}_{N=1}^{\infty}$ with N servers and each server has unit ...

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242 views

### Derivation of a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories

Let
$d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$
$\mathcal V_t\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be the bounded domain occupied by an incompressible Newtonian fluid at time $t\ge 0$
$\Phi_t:\mathcal V_0\to\mathcal V_t$ such that $\...

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67 views

### Hyperbolic PDE from total derivative?

Given a density function $p(t, \boldsymbol{x})$, where $t$ is time and the vector $\boldsymbol{x}$ represents a point in $n$ dimensional space, a hyperbolic PDE describing the time evolution of the ...

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84 views

### Fluid dynamics of a rotating liquid droplet

I'm looking for an analytical solution of the Navier-Stokes equation with the following boundary conditions: a liquid is held inside a spherical shell, which is rotating at a constant rate, and is ...

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77 views

### Motivation for some operators in the dyadic model of Navier Stokes equation

What's the motivation for cascade operator $C_{u}, C_{d}$ (and then the dyadic version of operator $B=(u\cdot \nabla)u$), which is
$(C_{u}(u,v))_{Q} = 2^{\frac{5}{2}j}u_{\tilde{Q}}v_{\tilde{Q}}$,
$(...

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141 views

### Vorticity form of Euler equation: What about harmonic part?

Suppose the co-closed 1-form $\eta$ is a solution to Euler's equation on a domain with non-trivial harmonic 1-forms (say the 2-torus; let's leave boundaries out of this). Let $\eta = \psi + h$ where $\...

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91 views

### Can Gradient be controlled by Curl and Divergence in Morrey spaces

In $L^p(\mathbb{R}^3)$, it holds for $1< p< \infty$ and $\mu\in C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^3)$,
$$\|\nabla\mu\|_p\leq C \left( \|\operatorname{div} \mu\|_p + \|\nabla\times\mu\|_p \right).$$
So, how ...

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**1**answer

106 views

### Linearized stream function

I am trying to work through a paper Instability in Parallel Flows Revisited by Friedlander and Howard, and there are a couple steps in the beginning that I do not understand. I apologize in advance ...

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154 views

### How much energy will be released in the explosion when one shoots a superelastic billiard ball into a collection of still superelastic billiard balls?

Consider the following scenario. Let $\alpha>1$. Suppose whenever two superelastic balls collide at speed $\gamma$ they bounce off each other at speed $\gamma\cdot\alpha$ (i.e. $\alpha$ is the ...

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97 views

### Question on the local existence theory for the classical solution for the incompressible fluid dynamics equation

For the incompressible fluid dynamics system
\begin{equation}
\begin{split}
&\nabla\cdot v=0,\\
&\dfrac{\partial v}{\partial t}+v\cdot \nabla v+\nabla p=A(S,D)v,
\end{split}
\end{equation}
...

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569 views

### Surjectivity of curl

Let: $\mathbb R^3\ni x\mapsto v(x)\in\mathbb R^3$ be a vector field with null divergence belonging to the Schwartz class such that
$$
\int_{\mathbb R^3} v(x) dx=0.
$$
Is it true that there exists a ...

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171 views

### A decomposition of incompressible vector fields

In Andrew, Majda- Vorticity and incompressible flow page 93, there is a theorem which is not proved:
Take a smooth incompressible (free divergence) vector field $v$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$.
Call $w$ its ...

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**1**answer

175 views

### Interpretation for a condition in fluid dynamics

I have been working with some mathematical models in biology and fluid mechanics. My problem is about
the interpretation of a condition that I found for a vector
representing the velocity of a fluid. ...

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395 views

### Stokes operator without Dirichlet boundary condition

Let $\Omega$ be a domain, then the following stokes operator is quite well known:
$\mathcal{H} \rightarrow \mathcal{V}_{\sigma} $
$f \rightarrow u$ such that $ - \Delta u = f $
where $\mathcal{...

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74 views

### Finite element convergence rates for mixed problems [closed]

I've coded up a Stokes Flow problem using finite elements and am in the process of verifying that it works. I'm just not sure what convergence rate I should be expecting as I globally refine the mesh.
...

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118 views

### Reynolds operator from the potential theoretic point of view

In the book "Conditional Measures and Applications", it was pointed out that "Reynolds operators have not yet been studied from the potential theoretic point of view ." Have there been any research ...

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177 views

### Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the
Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first
order system
$$
u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u)
$$
for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...

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156 views

### Is a certain set of periodic solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equations closed generically?

I would be interested to know if a certain set of periodic solutions for
the two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations is closed generically.
Many similar (yet not identical) set-ups can be found in the ...

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7k views

### Otelbayev's approach to Navier-Stokes [closed]

Recent news post that Mukhtarbai Otelbayev from Eurasian National University has shown existence of strong solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation in the article
"Existence of a strong solution of ...

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240 views

### Looking for good conferences / workshops on applications of renormalization group methods [closed]

I am looking for conferences and/or workshops, where people working on different problems using renormalization group methods come together to share their results and experience.
As I have noted, ...

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160 views

### What does the renormalization group flow corresponding to a turbulent subrange with a broad band forcing look like?

In a renormalization group analysis of turbulent flows, such as for example done by Barbi and Münster here who derive an action for the Navier-Stokes equations, insert it into the Wilson equation, and ...

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234 views

### Doubt on Morrey spaces of measures according to T. Giga and Y. Miyakawa

I'm reading 'Navier-Stokes flow in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with measures as initial vorticity and Morrey spaces' (a paper of Giga and Miyakawa) but there is something that I don't understand about the ...

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370 views

### Reference request: Spectral analysis of advection diffusion PDE

As the title says, I am looking for a authoritative reference/monograph on this topic. My interest is in spectral properties of this PDE, and
NOT on existence/uniqueness etc. which is usually the ...