The vector-spaces tag has no usage guidance.

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**1**answer

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### Maximal commutative subrings of the endomorphism ring of a vector space

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a field, and $\mathbf{V}$ a possibly uncountably generated $\mathbb{F}$-vector space. Let $\mbox{End}_\mathbb{F}(\mathbf{V})$ be the endomorphism ring of $\mathbf{V}$. That the ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

422 views

### Pfaffian equals complex determinant?

Let $V$ be a Euclidean vector space and let $V^{\mathbb{C}} = V \oplus V$ be its complexification, with complex structure
$$J = \begin{pmatrix} 0 & -\mathrm{id}\\ \mathrm{id} & 0 ...

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votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Linear space with (Hamel) basis and the axiom of choice

It is true that the axiom of choice is equivalent to the statement that every linear space has a Hamel basis. There are some linear spaces which definitely don't need axiom of choice to possess ...

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**2**answers

112 views

### Different inner products for vector spaces of random variables

The inner product that appears in most books on probability is the covariance $\langle X,Y \rangle = E[XY]$ (considering that $X$ and $Y$ are zero mean real random variables).
Are there other inner ...

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**0**answers

366 views

### Dimensions of dual vector spaces

Let $V_F$ be an infinite dimensional right $F$-vector space (over a field $F$, or even over a division ring). The dual space $V^{\ast}={\rm Hom}(V,F)$ is naturally a left $F$-vector space (coming ...

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**1**answer

79 views

### Multiplicatively closed subsets of $\mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$

While dealing with another problem I saw that I need to classify subspaces $V$ of $\mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$ that are multiplicatively closed.
So to get an idea of the nature of the subspaces I ...

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**0**answers

33 views

### Tensor of Relative Bases

Suppose $U,V,W$ are the cyclotomic fields $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{m_3})$, $\mathbb{Q}_(\zeta_{m_2})$, and $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{m_1})$ respectively, where $m_1 \mid m_2 \mid m_3$ so that $U/V/W$ is a tower of ...

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**1**answer

140 views

### Invertible combinations of linear maps on infinite-dimensional vector spaces

Let $V$ be a real infinite-dimensional vector space of cardinality $\kappa$. Does there exist a set $\Omega$ of cardinality $\kappa$ of linear maps from $V$ to $V$ such that for every $n\geq 1$, every ...

**5**

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**1**answer

157 views

### Bounding function of norms in constrained vector space

$v$ is a vector of length $n$, where $v_1 = 1$ and every element $v_i \in [0,1]$
$w = \| v \|_1^1 = \sum_i |v_i| = \sum_i v_i$
$x = \| v \|_2^2 = \sum_i |v_i|^2 = \sum_i v_i^2$
$y = \| v \|_3^3 = ...

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**1**answer

527 views

### Exponentiation of vector spaces?

This question occurred to me while thinking on another one here, Name for an operation on matrices?
Can one define in an invariant way a binary operation on finite-dimensional vector spaces - let us ...

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**0**answers

123 views

### A question on vector space over finite field

Let $\mathbb{F}_{2^\sigma}$ be a finite field of $\sigma$-bit elements, and use $\mathbb{F}_{2^\sigma}^{\ell}$ to denote an $\ell$-dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_{2^\sigma}$. Let $V$ be a ...

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**1**answer

479 views

### vector spaces with uncountable dimension and a nice basis

Unlike the reals considered as a vector space over the rationals, I know of a number of nice examples of vector spaces with uncountable dimension that have a nice basis.
For example, the space of ...

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**2**answers

180 views

### Automorphism group of the affine groups AGL(n,q), ASL(n,q)

I have a question. The automorphism group of the linear groups $GL(n,q)$, the group of linear transformations of $V = \mathbb{F}_q^n$, and $SL(n,q)$, the subgroup of $GL(n,q)$ consisting of elements ...

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**1**answer

162 views

### Varieties parametrizing skew-symmetric matrices

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $n$ and let us consider the projective space $\mathbb{P}(\bigwedge^2V)$ parametrizing skew-symmetric matrices.
Let $M\in\mathbb{P}(\bigwedge^2V)$, for any ...

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**0**answers

231 views

### Why only Normed Linear Spaces? [closed]

It is well known that "Norm on a vector space can be used to obtain a metric on that space."
I think easily we can generalize the notion of norms to groups and rings.
My questions are,
Why ...

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**0**answers

106 views

### Vector inequation problem [closed]

$${A_i} = \left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{{A_{i1}}}\\{{A_{i2}}}\\ \vdots \\{{A_{in}}}\end{array}} \right),{B_i} = \left( {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{{B_{i1}}}\\{{B_{i2}}}\\ \vdots ...

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**1**answer

626 views

### Counting subspaces

We are given the finite vector space $V = V(n,p) = \mathbb{F}_p^n$ and two fixed subspaces $W_1, W_2 \subseteq V$ of dimensions $m_1$, $m_2$ respectively. Suppose
that the dimension of $W_1 \cap W_2$ ...

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**0**answers

78 views

### Counting chain maps

I initially asked this question over at math stack exchange, you can find it here. I haven't really gotten any traction and I'm beginning to wonder if maybe its a harder question than I originally ...

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**0**answers

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### Terminology for research on distributions of inner products

Consider a set of vectors $M$ from an inner product space $V$. The ordered set of inner products of all pairs of elements in $M$ uniquely characterizes $M$ up to isomorphism.
Suppose now that $V$ is ...

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**0**answers

134 views

### Permutation-invariant matrix representation

The question guide says that Mathoverflow is for research level mathematics. While I do not perform research in mathematics (I study quantum chemistry), I believe this question is research-level ...

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**1**answer

283 views

### Lebesgue measure of set of $y\in\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $x,y,Ay$ are linearly dependent

I've asked this question here on math.stackexchange, but I have been unable to solve this yet, so I'm hoping I can get some advice here.
Consider a vector $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and a real $n\times n$ ...

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**1**answer

54 views

### Find matrices which generate a given set of vectors

I've got a finite set of vectors in $Z^3$, which I know to be of the form $A^{i_1}B^{i_2}A^{i_3}B^{i_4}\dots v$ for some unknown vector $v\in Z^3$ and two unknown matrices $A$ and $B$ with integer ...

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**0**answers

75 views

### Analogous to a PDE but where independent variable is a function

Consider, as an example for my question, a density function $u(\boldsymbol{x},t)$ on a vector field $\boldsymbol{x}$ at some time $t$. The flow velocity vector of the density is given by ...

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**1**answer

105 views

### Help with notation for the state of a dynamical system defined by a PDE

Before my question let me briefly describe a simplified version of the dynamical system I'm working with. Suppose that I have a density function $m(\boldsymbol{x},t)$, that describes the abundance of ...

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**0**answers

119 views

### The Euler characteristic of Hilbert series

The Hilbert series of a graded vector space $V=\bigoplus_{n\mathbb Z}V_n$ is the (ordinary) generating function of the dimensions of its homogeneous components, $h_V(t)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}t^n\dim ...

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**1**answer

190 views

### When a homogeneous map between vector spaces is also additive?

Suppose to have two real vector spaces $V$ and $W$ and an injective map $T:V\rightarrow W$ such that $T(\alpha v)=\alpha T(v)$ for all $v\in V$ and $\alpha \in\mathbb{R}$. Do there exist some ...

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958 views

### Does the linear automorphism group determine the vector space?

I was recently thinking about what it means to put structure on a set. It seems to me that, in my area (representation theory), the two main ways of imposing structure on a set $X$ are:
...

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**2**answers

178 views

### Linearly independent family of sequences of rationals with a cardinal equal to the continuum

I'm coming back to this question. Is it possible to have "an explicit" linearly independent family of sequences of rationals with a cardinal equal to the continuum?
PS: sorry for the duplicate on the ...

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**37**answers

5k views

### Results true in a dimension and false for higher dimensions

Some theorems are true in vector spaces or in manifolds for a given dimension $n$ but become false in higher dimensions.
Here are two examples:
A positive polynomial not reaching its minimum. ...

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**1**answer

81 views

### angle inequality in n-dimensional vector space [closed]

Does anyone has answer for the following doc product problem?
Let A,B,C be three vectors of magnitude of 1.
Let A*B = Cos(x) ( * means dot product)
B*C = Cos(y)
...

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vote

**1**answer

159 views

### Linear map with two “incompatible” representations

Let $K$ be a field and let $V$ be the set of sequences $\{v_1,v_2,\dots\}$ of elements of $K$. If $A=\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}$ is also a sequence of elements of $K$, then it defines an endomorphism of $V$ ...

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**1**answer

99 views

### Space of matrices B for which there is a solution to Bx=c for a given c

Let $F$ be a field, $k$ and $m$ natural numbers with $k \leq m$, and $c \in F^m$.
Is there some name for the set $\mathcal{B}_c = \{ B \in F^{m \times k}\, | \,\, \exists x \in F^k $s.t. $ Bx = c\}$ ...

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52 views

### Speed of convergence of vector expansions in non orthogonal basis

Suppose we have a finite-norm vector $X$ in a Hilbert space, and we want to construct its expansion in a certain (infinite) basis $V_k$, $X=\sum_k a_k V_k$. If the basis is orthonormal, then we know ...

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**1**answer

176 views

### Is an integral against a probability measure in the convex hull of the range?

This may be really obvious but I don't see it. Let $f:\Omega \to \mathbb R^n$ be integrable with respect to a probability measure $\mu$. Does it follow that $\int_\Omega f \, d\mu$ is in the convex ...

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237 views

### Sets of cardinalities of bases without choice

For a vector space $V$, let $BS(V)$ be the set of cardinalities (not necessarily $\aleph$s) of bases of $V$. Of course, in ZFC each $BS(V)$ is a singleton, but supposing the axiom of choice fails, it ...

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### Properties of vector spaces without AC

With AC, it is easy to see that any vector space is injective, and free, therefore alse flat and projective.
Without AC, vector spaces can be not free. Are they must be projective modules? Flat ...

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293 views

### Subset of vectors whose sum has a large norm

In Rudin - Real & Complex Analysis we have the following
Lemma 6.3. If $z_1, \ldots, z_n \in \mathbb{C}$ then there is a subset $S \subseteq \{1,\ldots,n\}$ for which
$$\left|\sum_{k \in S} ...

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**1**answer

150 views

### Finite generation of vector identities

This question is partially motivated by Looking for a comprehensive referece for vector identities, although that question may not be appropriate for MO.
Consider the set $\mathcal{E}$ of all valid ...

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134 views

### Grassmannian frames in the Grassmannian

I am new to the Grassmannian. I have read about Grassmannian frames in $\mathbb R^n$. My question is can we define Grassmannian frames in a Grassmannian space $Gr(k,n)$ just like in $\mathbb R^n$? ...

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212 views

### Formalism for moving from a metric space into a vector space for mathematical/statistical modeling given a data

I have a metric space $(X,d)$. I have a physical situation (data) where each physical entity corresponds to an $x \in X$.
I want to do some mathematical/statistical modeling of this data, but the ...

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**0**answers

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### Is there a known generalization of the Schmidt decomposition based on a maximal set of “locally orthogonal” vectors?

I came across the following unusual generalization of the Schmidt decomposition in my work, which I describe below. I would like to know if this structure has been studied before so I can read more ...

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**1**answer

257 views

### Is Taylor expansion related to Helmholtz decomposition?

The Taylor expansion of a vector field $f(x)$ to the order of one is
$$f(x)=f(x_0)+Jf(x_0)\cdot\Delta x+o(\Delta x)$$
where $Jf$ is Jacobian of the vector field and $\Delta x=x-x_0$.
Suppose we ...

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**1**answer

664 views

### What is the significance of matrix ordered algebras?

I am trying to grok matrix ordered operator algebras, but I am having a hard time understanding their significance from the definition. Here is the definition (or at least, one way of stating it):
...

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346 views

### A conjecture about vector space (repost from math.SE)

This post is copied from math.SE in the following link:
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/456398/a-conjecture-about-vector-space
I have posted the question two days ago, but receive no answer ...

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### Finding the effective maximum number of subspaces in a finite dimensional vector space

Hi mathoverflow community, may be some one may give me a hint on the following problem before I spend much time on brute force search.
For $q$ a prime number and $n=6$, let $\mathbb {F}_{q}^{n}$ be ...

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### Lattice basis reductions and finding minimal values

While reading several articles about lattice basis reduction I am left with a few questions.
For one, I came across this piece of text
Let $\alpha$ and $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$. Also let $X>0$ and ...

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**1**answer

361 views

### Visual pictures of rotation and torsion

In vector analysis / differential geometry we have rotation and torsion. The formalisms are certainly well known. But how could I best explain the geometric pictures and their difference (as a coach ...

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### Historical precursor for Peano's axioms of a linear space?

Peano is typically credited with giving the first abstract definition of a vector space (1888):
http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/HistTopics/Abstract_linear_spaces.html
Apparently, Peano credits ...

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**1**answer

166 views

### Is there a wedge which operates on multiple vector spaces?

Let's say I have two vector spaces $V,W$ , and we have the graded algebras $\Lambda(V),\Lambda(W)$, each with an operation $\wedge$. I'd like to know if there are "many" $\wedge$ operators, or if ...

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131 views

### Minimal generating sets of monoids acting on finite vector spaces.

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{Z}_2$ with a linear map $f_i : V \to V$ for each $i$ in some finite index set $I$.
Then one can always find some subset $G \subseteq V$ of ...