# Questions tagged [fourier-transform]

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### Why $\int_{S^{n-1}} |\hat{f}(w)|^2d\sigma(w) < \infty$?

Let $f\in L^p(\Bbb R^n)$ and $S^{n-1}$ be the Unit sphere. Why $\int_{S^{n-1}} |\hat{f}(w)|^2d\sigma(w)<\infty$ when $1<p<2$. $\hat{f}$ is the Fourier transform fora function f.
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### How wild is the maximal ideal space of the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra of the real line?

The Fourier-Stieltjes algebra of $\mathbb R$ is the set of all sufficiently nice measures on $\mathbb R$. The vector product is convolution of measures. By identifying each measure with its Fourier ...
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### What is the intuition behind applying the Mellin Transform to prime distribution?

I am an undergraduate student writing an expository thesis on the complex-analytic proof of the Prime Number Theorem. I understand that applying the Mellin Transform to the partial sum of the van ...
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### Is there a compactly supported differentiable function whose Fourier transform is not in L1?

In my MSE answer here, I discussed the example of compactly supported continuous function $$g(x)= \begin{cases} \dfrac{\frac12 -x}{\log(x)},&0<x\leq1/2\\ 0,&\text{otherwise} \end{cases}$$ ...
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### Predicting the peak "amplitude" of a damped sine wave in the frequency spectrum with FFT

In one line: Given an exponentially decaying sine wave $x(t)$, how can we predict the amplitude of the resulting peak in frequency spectrum using discrete Fourier transform. In nuclear magnetic ...
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### Prove if the fractional Laplacian of a function is bounded

Take $s\in (0, 1)$. I am trying to understand if $(-\Delta)^s (\log(1+x^2))$ is bounded, that is if there exists $R>0$ such that $|(-\Delta)^s (\log(1+x^2))|\le R$. Here $(-\Delta)^s$ is the ...
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### Fourier multiplier on $L^1$

On the Wikipedia page, one can read that an iff condition for L1 boundedness of the Fourier multiplier m(D) is that $$\hat m\quad\text{ is a Borel measure with finite total mass. }$$ There is no ...
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### Relationship between Fourier inversion theorem and convergence of "nested" Fourier series representations of $f(x)$

$\DeclareMathOperator\erf{erf}\DeclareMathOperator\sech{sech}\DeclareMathOperator\sgn{sgn}\DeclareMathOperator\sinc{sinc}$This is a cross-post of a question I posted on MSE a couple of weeks ago which ...
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### $L^p$ norm of Fourier transform of function composed with a diffeomorphism

Suppose $f$ is a compactly supported smooth function from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to $\mathbb{C}$ and $A$ is a diffeomorphism on $\mathbb{R}^n$, do we have any theorems relating the $L^p$ norm of $\hat{f}$ and ...
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### A probability distribution, with Fourier transform smaller than $C \exp(-ct^2)$
Is there a probability distribution $\mu$ (with reasonably nice density $f$ on $\mathbb{R}$) such that the Fourier transform (aka. characteristic function) \$\psi_\mu(t) = \int_{\mathbb{R}} e^{itx} \, ...