The fourier-transform tag has no usage guidance.

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### On smoothness of a function and decay of its Fourier transform

I am not sure that this question is research level, but it was not answered at MSE for several days, so I place it here.
I am interested in a quantitative version of the principle that smoothness of ...

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35 views

### Initial value theorem for Fourier transform

Initial value theorem states that for a bounded function $f(t) = O(e^{ct})$ and an existing initial value, one-sided Laplace transform $F(s) = \int\limits^\infty_{0^-}f(\tau)e^{-s\tau}\mathrm{d\tau}$ ...

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167 views

### Fourier transform of a generalized function on the plane

Is there an explicit formula for the Fourier transform of the generalized function of 2 variables
$$\frac{1}{x+y^2+i0}?$$
Remark. Equivalent question: consider the Schroedinger equation one the ...

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votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Level sums, displacements: how to determine them efficiently?

Let $R =\mathbb{Z}/N \mathbb{Z}$. Let $f:R\to \mathbb{R}$,
$\rho:R\to \lbrack 0,1\rbrack$. We assume that it takes trivial time to compute any given value $f(m)$ or $\rho(m)$.
Define $$S(\delta,m) = ...

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votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Expected value of the maximum of the periodogram

Let us suppose that $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ with $n\ge1$ are iid random variables such that $\operatorname EX_1=0$ and $\operatorname E|X_1|^s<\infty$ with some $s>2$ and define the DFT of $X_1,\ldots,...

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**1**answer

146 views

### Recovering information for $\sum_{n \leq x}a(n)$ from $\sum_{n \geq 1}a(n)e^{-nx}$

I am wondering if I could deduce the bound for the partial sums
\[
\sum_{n \leq x}a(n) \ll x^{A}, \quad x \to \infty
\]
from the relation
\[
\sum_{n \geq 1}a(n)e^{-ny} \ll y^{-A}, \quad y \to 0^{+}.
\]...

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38 views

### Composing functions whose derivatives have $L^1$ Fourier transforms

Let $f, g \in C^n(\mathbb{R})$. Given bounds $\|f^{(i)}\|_\infty \le a_i, \|g^{(i)}\|_\infty \le b_i \forall i \in \{1, ..., n\}$, we can derive bounds for $\|(g \circ f)^{(i)}\|_\infty$ using the ...

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163 views

### About the Fourier transform of the logarithm function

I want to calculate / simplify:
$$\mathcal{F} (\ln(|x|)\mathcal{F(f)}(x))=\mathcal{F} (\ln(|x|)) \star f$$
where $\mathcal{F}$ is the Fourier transform ($\mathcal[f](\xi)=\int_{\mathbb R}f(x)e^{ix\...

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**1**answer

69 views

### Maximum of the periodogram of a truncated sequence

Suppose that $Z,Z_1,Z_2,\ldots$ are iid random variables such that $\operatorname EZ=0$, $\operatorname EZ^2=1$ and $\operatorname E|Z|^s<\infty$ with some $s>2$. Let $\tilde Z_t=Z_tI_{\{|Z_t|\...

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**1**answer

311 views

### Which Fourier transform is the correct one?

Given $H(x)$ is the Heaviside Theta, the tables give the following Fourier transforms for it:
$$ H(x+a)\to -PV\frac{i e^{i a w} }{w}+\pi \delta (w)$$
while from Sokhotski–Plemelj theorem it follows ...

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40 views

### Positivity of an integral with product of functions and their Fourier transforms

What condition two functions $f$ and $g$ defined on $\mathbb{R^+}$ must fulfilled to have:
$$\int\limits_{0}^\infty \ln(x) (fg+ \hat{f} \hat{g} ) dx >0$$
Where we note $\hat{f}(x)= 2\int\...

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91 views

### Functional equation with Fourier transform

What are the continuous functions $f$ such that on $\mathbb{R}^{+*}$:
$$f(x) - \frac{C}{x} \hat{f}(\frac{1}{x}) =x^{\alpha}$$
Where $\hat{f}$ is the Fourier transform of $f(|x|)$ and $C$ a constant....

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40 views

### Comparison of (square) of a function and its Fourier transform in an integral

I am completely stuck on a comparison between $f(t)^2$ and $\hat{f}(t)^2$ in an integral.
Considering $f(t)$ of rapid decrease at infinity such that near zero: $f(t) \sim_0 t^{-\frac{1}{2}- \alpha}+o(...

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46 views

### Existence of unbounded $M \subset \Bbb{R}$ of finite measure s.t. $1_M$ is $L^p$-Fourier multiplier

I would like to know if there is a measurable set $M \subset \Bbb{R}$ such that
$M$ has finite Lebesgue measure $0 < \lambda(M) < \infty$,
$M$ is unbounded in the sense that $\lambda(M \...

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88 views

### Can we deduce the sign of this integral which includes cosine transform?

Let's $v(t)$ be a negative real function and consider the following integral with $f(t)$ complex (rapidly decreasing at infinity):
$$A= \int\limits_{0}^\infty \frac{1}{x} \int\limits_{x}^\infty \Big(...

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52 views

### Solution of a functional equation with cosine transform

What are the functions verifying:
$$\int_0^{\infty} f(t) \cos(2\pi xt)=\lambda \frac{1}{x} f(\frac{1}{x})$$
With $\lambda$ a constant ?
(Functions $x^{-\alpha}$ with $0<\alpha<1$ are solutions ...

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59 views

### Convolution of Fourier Transform and Walsh (or Hadamard) Transform

Is it possible to calculate the convolution of the Fourier transform and the Walsh or the Hadamard transform? Since the Fourier transform is sinusoidal while the Walsh or Hadamard transform is non-...

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94 views

### Is there a categorical foundation for manifolds of bounded geometry and bandlimited functions?

As an outsider to both, manifolds of bounded geometry and bandlimited functions appear rather connected: for example, bounded geometry is defined in terms of bounds on curvature and its derivatives, ...

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49 views

### Support of functions on Minkowski space and their Fourier transform

Suppose that a tempered distribution $f(x)$ on 4-dimensional Minkowski space with signature $+---$ vanishes for $x^2<0$ and its Fourier transform $\hat f(p)$ vanishes for $p^2<0$.
Are then $f$ ...

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159 views

### Composition of Riesz potentials

For $0<\alpha<n$ and $n\geq 2$ we define the Riesz potential by
$$
(I_\alpha f)(x) = \frac{1}{\gamma(\alpha)}
\int_{\mathbb{R}^n} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{n-\alpha}}\, dy\, ,
\quad
\text{where}
\quad
\...

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**1**answer

254 views

### Reference request: Fourier transform on the multiplicative group of real numbers

Let us consider the three groups $(\mathbb{R},+)$, $(\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z},+)$ and $(\mathbb{R}^\times,\cdot)$ (where $\mathbb{R}^\times := \mathbb{R} \setminus \{0\}$). We endow $\mathbb{R}$ with ...

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210 views

### What gives a “Parseval like” equation mixing cosine and sine Fourier transforms ?

Noting $\mathcal{F}^c$ the cosine transform and $\mathcal{F}^s$ the sine transform defined on real functions by:
$$\mathcal{F}^c [f (x)]=\int_0^{\infty} f(t) \cos(xt) dt $$
$$\mathcal{F}^s [f (x)]=\...

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301 views

### “Small” zero divisors in $\mathbb C[\mathbb Z/p\mathbb Z]$

If $p$ is a prime, and $a,b$ are non-zero elements of the group algebra $\mathbb C[\mathbb Z/p\mathbb Z]$ satisfying $a\ast b=0$, then $$|{\rm supp}\ a|+|{\rm supp}\ b|\ge p+2.$$ This is easy to prove ...

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36 views

### Convergence of integral formula for Fourier inversion (and Hilbert transform) for integrable piecewise-smooth functions

I asked the question below on Math Stack Exchange, https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2592555/convergence-of-integral-formula-for-fourier-inversion-and-hilbert-transform-fo, but [despite it ...

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213 views

### Eigenvalues of a specific Hankel matrix

I have an $\frac{N}{2} \times \frac{N}{2}$ matrix $G$ with entries given by
\begin{equation}
G_{ij} = \frac{1}{\sin(\frac{\pi}{N}(i+j-\frac{3}{2}))}, \;\;\;\;\;\;\;\; 1 \le i,j \le \frac{N}{2},
\end{...

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### Characterisation of functions for which the Fourier transform commutes with a particular operator

Defining the operator $\phi$ by: $\phi(f(x))=\frac{1}{|x|} f(\frac{1}{x})$, and noting $\mathcal{F}$ the Fourier transform on the real line, can we characterize all the functions (with real variable ...

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261 views

### Fourier Transforms of Convolutions

Straightforward computations lead to the following standard property of Fourier transformation: it transforms convolutions into products, i.e. for functions $f$ and $g$ Schwartz class we have
$$\...

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245 views

### Is there a measure on the sphere with positive Fourier transform?

Is it possible to have an even probability measure $\mu$ (that is $\mu(A)=\mu(-A)$ for any set $A\subset \mathbb{R}^d$) supported on the unit sphere $S^{d-1}$ such that its Fourier Transform
$$
\...

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87 views

### Fourier series of $\exp(\sum_k a_k\cos(k\theta+\phi_k))$

I need to know the Fourier series of exponential of general function, represented as
$c_n:=\int^{\pi}_{-\pi}\exp\left(\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}a_k\cos(k\theta+\phi_k)\right)\cos(n\theta+\psi_n)d\theta$.
($...

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266 views

### Fourier transform inversion theorem for a function not in L1 or L2

For $\frac{1}{4}<a<1$ consider the following function:
$$f(x)=\frac{|x|^{\frac{1}{2}}}{(x^2+1)^{a+ib}}$$
If $1>a>\frac{1}{2}$ then $f(x) \in L^2$ and the Fourier inversion theorem can be ...

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128 views

### Existence of $A\subset\Bbb{R}^n$ of finite measure and $\hat{1_A}\in\bigcap_{q>1}L^q$, but s.t. for some $1<p<\infty$, $1_A$ is no $L^p$-Fourier mult

I am interested in the following somewhat obscure question:
Is there some $n \in \Bbb{N}$, and a set $A \subset \Bbb{R}^n$ of finite measure such that the Fourier transform $\widehat{1_A}$ of its ...

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42 views

### Inequality with differential operator

I want to prove the following inequality
$$
\left\Vert \left( I-\partial _{x}^{2}\right) ^{-1}\partial
_{x}^{4}u\right\Vert _{L^{2}(0,1)}\leq C\left\Vert \partial
_{x}^{2}u\right\Vert
_{L^{2}(0,1)}
$$
...

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votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Need to show bounded behavior of a particular Fourier transform

First let me be briefly state the relevant information to my problem:
$\beta(s) \in C_0^{\infty}([-1,1])$, and $\beta \equiv 1$ around $s=0$. The $\beta$ I'm using is an even function, but it doesn't ...

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**1**answer

106 views

### CTRW: solve a renewal equation

Let X(t) be a continuous time random walk, with exponentially distributed waiting times of pdf $f_T(t)= k e^{-k t}\; t\geq 0$ and a jump sizes pdf $f_J(x)$. Suppose the initial distribution $\rho_{X(0)...

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86 views

### On boundedness of a certain term involving Fourier transform

Let $f$ be a function over the reals. Then I have following two questions:
Question 1:
Do there exist any $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ such that the following expression is bounded for all frequency $\...

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### When is $|\int_a^b \exp(-izx)f(x) \, \mathrm{d}x| \leq |\int_a^b f(x) \, \mathrm{d}x|$ for a general $f$? [closed]

Obviously, if $f(x) \geq 0 $ on $(a,b)$, the above claim is trivial. We also see that if $a = -\infty, b = \infty$, above is claiming that $|\hat{f}(z)| \leq |\hat{f}(0)|$ for all real $z$, where $\...

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183 views

### Fourier transform of delta function restricted to sphere [duplicate]

I want to compute $\mathcal{F}^{-1}\{\delta(|\cdot|-1)\}(x)$, which exactly means the following computation:
$$f(x) = (2\pi)^{-n/2} \int_{|\xi|=1}e^{ix\cdot\xi}\mathrm{d}\xi, \mbox{ where }~ \xi \in \...

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470 views

### Function and Fourier transform vanish on an interval

I'm no expert on these things (and this may not be cutting edge research level; it's really motivated by this MSE question), but it seems that there are non-zero measures (and also functions (?), I ...

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### Inequality about the Fourier transform: $\Vert u \Vert_{L^k} \le \Vert \mathcal{F}(u) \Vert_{L^m}$ (where $1 \le m \le 2$ and $m,k$ Holder conjugates)

How can I prove the following inequality about the Fourier transform?
$$\Vert u \Vert_{L^k(\mathbb{R}^N)} \le \Vert \mathcal{F}(u) \Vert_{L^m(\mathbb{R}^N)}$$ for $1 \le m \le 2$ and $m,k$ Holder ...

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345 views

### Where to find a table of fair Fourier transforms?

I am greatly dissatisfied with those tables of Fourier transforms, available online. I simply have no guess what method they use to derive their tables, but it seems completely off to me.
For ...

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118 views

### Harmonic analysis on nilpotent Lie groups and the Campbell-Hausdorff formula

I am trying to understand the non-commutative analysis for nilpotent Lie groups, so I've been reading Corwin's and Greenleaf's book on the representation theory of nilpotent groups and going through ...

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161 views

### Does the Fourier transform preserve the separation property?

The space of Schwartz functions on the plane is denoted by $\mathcal{S}$.
The usual multiplication and the convolution multiplication on $\mathcal{S}$ are denoted by $m_1$ and $m_2$, respectively.
...

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499 views

### Fourier transform that is almost a brick wall - but why?

Let $$g(x) := \sqrt{1+x^2},$$ and $$h(x) := g^{-3/2}(x) \exp(-i2\pi g(x)).$$
I can observe that the Fourier transform $|H(f)|$ is almost flat if $|f|<1$, and $H(f)\approx 0, \; |f|>1$.
This ...

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**1**answer

128 views

### Annihilator property dual

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $\phi$ be in $ L^{\infty}(G)$ that annihilates $I$, where $I$ is a closed ideal of $ L^1(G)$, so by duality we have:
$$\int_G f(y)\phi(y)dy=0$$
for all $f\in I$....

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**1**answer

218 views

### Decay of the Fourier transform of a compactly supported continuous BV function

If $f$ is a compactly supported bounded variation function on the real line $\mathbb R$, its Fourier transform $\widehat f$ can be estimated as $|\widehat f(\xi)| = O(|\xi|^{-1})$, $|\xi|\to\infty$. ...

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124 views

### Extension of Paley-Wiener-Schwartz theorem to vector-valued distributions

Let $H_{j} := (H_{j}, \| \cdot \|_{H_{j}} ), j=0,1$ be a Hilbert space, and set
\begin{equation*}
{\mathscr S}'(\mathbb{R}^{n}, H_0; H_1) := {\mathscr L}( {\mathscr S}(\mathbb{R}^{n}, H_0), H_1)
\end{...

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175 views

### Uniform estimates of Fourier transform of tempered functions with parameters

Consider the following function in $\mathbb{R}^3$:
$$
f_t(x)=(1+|x|^2)^{-\alpha}e^{-g(x)t},\,\,\,\,\, \text{where}\,\, g(x)=\frac{x^2_1\cdot x^2_2}{1+|x|^2},
$$
where $\frac{1}{2}<\alpha<1$, and ...

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votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Injectivity of the Fourier transform on $L^1$ without inversion

Is there a proof of the injectivity of the Fourier transform on $L^1({\bf R})$ that does not rely on an inversion formula?
The proofs I have seen in the literature ultimately rely either on the ...

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votes

**1**answer

64 views

### If there is an increasing bijection between two functions, will there be an increasing bijection between their fourier transforms?

Assume I have two independent random variables $X$ and $Y$ with distributions $F_X$ and $F_Y$ respectively. Moreover, I know that $F_Y= g(F_X)$ where $g(.)$ is a strictly increasing bijective function....

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1k views

### The $2\pi$ in the definition of the Fourier transform

There are several conventions for the definition of the Fourier transform on the real line.
1 . No $2\pi$. Fourier (with cosine/sine), Hörmander, Katznelson, Folland.
$ \int_{\bf R} f(x) e^{-ix\xi} \...