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Questions tagged [finite-groups]

Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

6
votes
2answers
98 views

Finite groups with few conjugacy classes of maximal subgroups

Let $c$ be a positive integer, $G$ a finite group with at most $c$ conjugacy classes of maximal subgroup. What can we say about $G$? Same question, but this time $G$ is a finite group with at most $c$...
7
votes
1answer
314 views

Simple groups of the same order

I heard that there are no 3 nonisomorphic simple groups of the same order. Question: Is there an elementary proof of this? In case this is not the case, here a modified question: Question: Is ...
9
votes
1answer
242 views

Does the union of all finite groups yield a complete knot invariant for prime knots?

It is established in Whitten - Knot complements and groups together with the Gordon-Luecke theorem (that knot complements determine knot type) that the type of a prime knot is determined by the ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

On $n$th class-preserving automorphism of finite $p$-group

Let $G$ be a finite non-abelian $p$-group, where $p$ is a prime. An automorphism $\alpha$ of $G$ is called an $n$th class-preserving if for each $x\in G$, there exists an element $g_x\in \gamma_n(G)$ ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

How can I get my hands on McKay's “Finite p-Groups” lecture notes?

The notes I'm talking about are these. I emailed Peter Cameron, but he has since moved to a different university, and has no copies himself. I also emailed the school manager at Queen Mary, but they ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

class structure constants relation

Let $C_{j,k}^l$ ,usually called class structure constants, eg Jansen and Boon and/or JQ Chen, be the number of times the class $l$ is generated from the product of classes $j,k$ and $c_j=c_{-j}$ (a ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Symmetric subgroups of simple algebraic groups over finite fields

Let $G$ be a simply connected simple algebraic group over a field $k$. Let $\theta\colon G\to G$ be an involution of $G$ over $k$ (an automorphism of order 2). Let $H=(G^\theta)^0$, the identity ...
7
votes
0answers
147 views

Cyclic and prime factorizations of finite groups

A tuple $(A_1,\dots,A_n)$ of subsets of a finite group $G$ is called a factorization of $G$ if $G=A_1\cdots A_n$ and $|A_1|\cdots|A_n|=G$. In Cryptology factorizations of groups are known as ...
10
votes
3answers
391 views

Is each finite group multifactorizable?

Definition. A finite group $G$ is called multifactorizable if for any positive integer numbers $a_1,\dots,a_n$ with $a_1\cdots a_n=|G|$ there are subsets $A_1,\dots,A_n\subset G$ such that $A_1\cdots ...
12
votes
2answers
498 views

Factorizable groups

Definition. A finite group $G$ is factorizable if for any positive integer numbers $a,b$ with $ab=|G|$ there are subsets $A,B\subset G$ of cardinality $|A|=a$ and $|B|=b$ such that $AB=G$. Problem ...
11
votes
1answer
246 views

Is the norm element characteristic in modular group rings?

Let $G$ be a finite $p$- group and let $\varphi$ be an automorphism of $\mathbb{F}_pG$ as $\mathbb{F}_p$-algebras and let $n = \sum_{g\in G} g$ be the norm element. Does it follow that $\varphi(n)=n$? ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

A question on UCS p-groups

A $p$-group $G$ is called a ${\it UCS}$ $p$-group if $G$ has precisely three characteristic subgroups, namely $1$, $\Phi(G)$ and $G$. Let $G$ be a finite UCS $p$-group of order $p^{2n}$ such that $\...
13
votes
2answers
288 views

A finite group that has no decomposition of given cardinality

Let $a,b$ be two positive integer numbers. A group $G$ is called $a{\times}b$-decomposable if there are subsets $A,B\subset G$ of cardinality $|A|=a$ and $|B|=b$ such that $AB=G$ where $AB=\{xy:x\in A,...
7
votes
1answer
284 views

Finite groups containing no subgroups of a given order or index

The classical Lagrange's Theorem says that the order of any subgroup of a finite group divides the order of the group. For abelian groups this theorem can be completed by the following simple fact: ...
6
votes
2answers
382 views

Explicit computation of the Burnside ring

I would like to see explicit computations of the Burnside ring $A(G)$ when $G$ is a small Abelian group, such as $G=\mathbb{Z}/2,\mathbb{Z}/2^n,\mathbb{Z}/p^n$ where $p$ is an odd prime and $n\...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Groups with a maximal subgroup which is solvable

I would like to know results on the structure of a finite group $G$ which possesses a maximal subgroup $H$, with $H$ solvable. More precisely, about supplements of $H$, that is, decompositions $G=HK$ ...
17
votes
2answers
902 views

A character identity

This is related to my question, but it concerns a specific point of the proof of Schur's Theorem. Let $G$ be a finite group and $\chi$ an irreducible character of $G$. Is it true that $$\forall g\in ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

A question on Frobenius groups [closed]

Please change the title if needed. Let $p$ and $q$ be distinct primes and $G\cong(\underbrace{\mathbb{Z}_{q}\times\mathbb{Z}_{q}\times\dots\times\mathbb{Z}_{q}}_{n\,\,times})\rtimes\mathbb{Z}_{p}$, ...
6
votes
0answers
73 views

Numbers where there is a unique group with integral character table

Call a number $n$ special in case there is a unique group of order n whose character table consists of only integers. This should be equivalent to the condition that the number of conjugacy classes ...
29
votes
1answer
675 views

Number of irreducible representations of a finite group over a field of characteristic 0

Let $G$ be a finite group and $K$ a field with $\mathbb{Q} \subseteq K \subseteq \mathbb{C}$. For $K=\mathbb{C}$ the number of irreducible representations of $KG$ is equal to the number of conjugacy ...
12
votes
3answers
485 views

Which partitions realise group algebras of finite groups?

Fix an algebraically closed field $K$ (maybe of characteristic zero first for simplicity, like $\mathbb{C}$). Given a partition $p=[a_1,...,a_m]$ of an integer $n$. We can identify $p$ with the ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

How large can a symmetric generating set of a finite group be?

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $n$ and let $\Delta$ be its generating set. I'll say that $\Delta$ generates $G$ symmetrically if for every permutation $\pi$ of $\Delta$ there exists $f:G\...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Littlewood Richardson Rule for general linear group over finite field

I just finished reading Green's 1955 paper on characters of general linear groups and have also been reading Macdonald's Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials. I see that there is a recursive ...
6
votes
1answer
222 views

Subsets of a group with special property

Let $G$ be a finite group. We say a subset $A$ of $G$, $|A|=m$, is $(m,i)$-good, $m\geq 1$ and $0\leq i\leq m$, if there exist $g_A\in G$ such that we have $|gA\cap A|=m-i$. I need some groups such ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Does there exist an unramified $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_p)$ extension of a quadratic field $K$?

Does there exist an unramified $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_p)$ extension of a quadratic field $K$ for $p\geq 5$?
5
votes
1answer
324 views

Is the following variant of Shafarevich's theorem known?

Let $Q$ be a finite simple group which may be realized as the Galois group of some extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ (like for instance $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_p)$ for $p\geq 5$, or the monster group) and let $G$ ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Bounding the derived length of a solvable group given the degrees of the irreducible monomial characters

Much is known about the derived length of a solvable group given the degrees and cardinality of the set of degrees of the irreducible characters. Martin Isaacs and Donald Passman pretty much started ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Conditions for a solvable group to have a non-trivial center

I am working on a problem in character theory where I try to bound the derived length of a solvable group using information about its characters. In my specific case, it will be extremely helpful for ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Zero divisors with support size 3 in complex group algebras of residually finite groups

Conjecture. There exists a function $f:\mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ such that if $\beta$ is a non-zero element of the complex group algebra $\mathbb{C}[G]$ of a finite group $G$ such that $1\...
6
votes
1answer
185 views

Zero divisors in complex group algebras of residually finite groups

Conjecture. There exists a function $f:\mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ such that if $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are non-zero elements of the complex group algebra $\mathbb{C}[G]$ of a finite group $G$ ...
10
votes
1answer
176 views

Low dimensional representations of $SL_n(\mathbb{Z}/p^\ell \mathbb{Z})$

When $\ell = 1$ I know that the smallest non-trivial irreducible complex representations of $SL_n(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z})$ has dimension $\frac{p^n - 1}{p-1} - 1$ (with maybe some exceptions for ...
4
votes
0answers
101 views

Examples for Bogomolov multiplier of finite group

Take $G$ to be a finite group. The projective representations of $G$ are classified by the group cohomology $H^2(G,U(1))$. Here $G$ has a trivial action on $U(1)$. We focus on the restriction map $H^...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

What is an upper limit of relative size of conjugacy class of the transitive finite group?

What is $$ \limsup_{n\to\infty} \sup_{\deg(G)=n} \left( \frac{\max_{x\in G} \left|\operatorname{conj}(x)\right|}{\operatorname{ord}(G)}\right),$$ $G$ transitive permutation group? And what are the ...
20
votes
1answer
460 views

Does $\mathrm{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2})$ have the same number of conjugacy classes as $\mathrm{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{F}_{p}[t]/t^{2})$?

Let $p$ be a prime; $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ is the field with $p$ elements and $\mathbb{F}_{p}[t]$ the ring of polynomials in $t$ over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$. Does $\mathrm{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2})$ have the ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

On decomposition of finite Abelian groups

It is easy to see that for any finite Abelian group $G$ and any numbers $a,b$ with $|G|=ab$ there exist a subgroup $A\subset G$ and a subset $B\subset G$ such that $|A|=a$, $|B|=b$ and $G=A+B$, where $...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

Reference request: an elementary result on characters of finite abelian groups

The referee of a paper I submitted to a journal asked me to include a reference of the following elementary result on characters of finite abelian groups: Let $A$ be a finite abelian group of order $...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Determining the conjugacy classes of a wreath product $G \wr S_n$

If $G$ is a finite group and its conjugacy classes are known, can the conjugacy classes of the wreath product $G \wr S_n \cong G^n \rtimes S_n$ be determined?
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Is there a subgroup of dual depth 3?

This post is motivated by an exchange with Zhengwei Liu. It is more than the dual version of this post, because we consider any subgroup (instead of just maximal), and even more at the end... Let's ...
9
votes
2answers
433 views

About normal minimal subgroups not in the Frattini

In Neukirch--Schmidt--Wingberg, "Cohomology of Number Fields", Second edition, page 624, Exercise 2, it is stated the following fact. $\textbf{Claim}$: If $N$ is a normal subgroup, minimal among ...
6
votes
3answers
295 views

Is there a maximal subgroup of depth 3?

Let's first define what we mean by depth of a subgroup. Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup. Let $(V_i)_{i \in I}$ and $(W_j)_{j \in J}$ be the irreducible complex representations of $G$ ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Normalizer of a split torus

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group split over a field $k$. Let $T$ be a maximal split torus of $G$. Consider $N_G(T)$, the normalizer of $T$ in $G$, we have $N_G(T)/T \cong W$, the Weyl group of $...
7
votes
0answers
168 views

Number of elementary abelian subgroups of extraspecial $2$-groups

Let $G$ be an extraspecial $2$-group, i.e. $Z(G)=G'=\Phi(G)$ has order $2$. Then $|G|=2^{2n+1}$ for some $n\geq 1$, $G\cong D_8^{*n}$ or $G\cong Q_8*D_8^{*(n-1)}$, and $G$ has one of the following ...
5
votes
2answers
195 views

Is there a size 2 generating set of the signed symmetric group $B_n$?

The signed symmetric group $B_n$ is a permutation group where the underlying set is $B_n=\{\sigma \in S_{A_n}| \forall x \in A_n, \sigma(-x)= -\sigma(x)\}$ with $A_n=\{-n,-(n-1),-(n-2),\cdots,-1,1,\...
17
votes
2answers
430 views

What's the maximum probability of associativity for triples in a nonassociative loop?

In a finite nonabelian group, the probability that two randomly chosen elements commute cannot exceed 5/8. One easy proof also makes it easy to find the smallest groups that attain this bound, namely ...
4
votes
1answer
240 views

A name for a group with finite abelization?

Let us recall that a group $G$ is called perfect if it coincides with its commutator subgroup $G'$, or equivalently, if its abelianization $G/G'$ is trivial. Question. Is there any name for a group ...
7
votes
1answer
299 views

The probability that two elements of a finite nonabelian simple group commute

It is mentioned in here (last paragraph of the first page) that Dixon proved the following result: the probability that two elements of a finite nonabelian simple group commute is at most $\frac{1}{12}...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

lifting of idempotents in group ring

Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $\pi:G\to Q$ be a surjective group homomophism. The map $\pi:G\to Q$ does not necessarily split, but we can always find a set theoretical splitting $s:Q\to G$. In ...
6
votes
3answers
144 views

Groups whose poset of direct factors are lattices

Let $G$ be a finite group. Denote by $\mathcal{N}(G)$ the modular lattice of normal subgroups of $G$ and denote by $\mathcal{D}(G)$ the subposet of $\mathcal{N}(G)$ whose elements are the direct ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Extensions of lattices

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\phi:M\to N$ be a surjective homomorphism of $G$-lattices (i.e. finitely generated $\mathbb{Z}[G]$-modules, free as $\mathbb Z$-modules), with kernel $K$. For every $n\...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

A permutation with reflection property

Consider permutations $\pi$ of the set $\{1,\dots,n\}$ having the symmetry property $\pi \pi^* \pi = \pi^*$, where $\pi^*$ is the "reflection" $k \mapsto n+1-k$. Are there references or other ...