The applied-mathematics tag has no usage guidance.

**7**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### How is Ricci flow related to computer graphics?

I recently came across the book Ricci Flow for Shape Analysis and Surface Registration: Theories, Algorithms and Applications by Wei Zeng and Xianfeng David Gu. Because, I just saw the book on the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### stability of the Monge-Ampère equation

Is there any hope to prove this conjecture (or a similar one)?
Conjecture Let $\Omega_k$ be a family of convex (smooth) domains, and let $u_k$ be convex Alexandrov solution of $$ \begin{cases}
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

337 views

### Examples of beautiful theories without applications [closed]

What are examples of beautiful theories, which have no known applications?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### positions of a methane molecule with carbon atom at the origin

Let $\text{CH}_4$ be the molecule of Methane:
The four hydrogen atoms form vertices of a regular tetrahedron with the carbon atom in the center of the regular tetrahedron.
Here we regard all atoms ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Fit a system of linear ODEs from several experiments

Assume we are given several initial vectors $x^{(1)},\ldots,x^{(r)} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, where the dimension $n=6$ (in any event a number below 10) , and the number of initial vectors $r$ is in the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Best measure for curve similarity

I would like to measure similarity between two curves represented by two arrays of points.
The similarity measure should not depend on the size of these shapes. Two similar shapes but have different ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some source to know about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### Persistence barcodes and spectral sequences

Persistent homology is a well-developed tool which allows topological analysis of large data sets. From a topological perspective, the input is a filtered complex, and the output is a sequence of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Functional approximation that vanishes at infinity

I have a function $f(x)$ that I wish to approximate using a linear combination of basis functions
$$
\hat{f}(x) = \sum_{i=1}^k c_i \varphi_i(x).
$$
The approximation is done via an orthogonal ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### What kind of role has Functional Analysis played in Signal Processing? [closed]

Does it serve mainly as a narration or is there any substantive consequence which might not be derived without tools of functional analysis?

**12**

votes

**3**answers

544 views

### Models for graphs representing real-life networks

I am interested in basic models of graphs (stochastic or deterministic) that are offered for real-life networks (like social networks, the Internet, neuron networks).
I will be thankful for answers ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

780 views

### random category theory

This question is in some sense dual to the one asked in Is there an introduction to probability theory from a structuralist/categorical perspective? since contrary to the OP who asks for references ...

**32**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Deep Learning / Deep neural nets for mathematician

I am interested in finding out the math ideas behind the technologies that are under the umbrella of "Deep Learning" or "Deep neural nets".
Most of the papers/books that are often quoted in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

312 views

### Is there a way to define a Lie derivative of a connection?

I've been reading a little bit about the definition of symmetries on General Relativity, and they are related with the concept of Killing vector, i.e., vectors along which the Lie derivative of the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### How analyze the following fully nonlinear equation

Now I want to consider the following pde
$u_t(x,t)=\sigma(x,t)(1+|D_xu(x)|^2)^{1/2}$, with initial condition $u(x,0)=g(x)$ which is analytic, and on domain $D\times \mathbf{R}^{+}$, $D\subset ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

216 views

### Curves similarity metric [closed]

I am working on an optical character recognition algorithm that takes vector data (i.e. polylines) as input rather than raster picture. E.g., we have N polyline samples, and when certain polyline is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Connectedness of conincidence set [duplicate]

Is there any criterion for connectedness of coincidence set, for obstacle question
$min{Δu, u-ϕ}=0$ and with prescribed boundary value $\lim_{|x|\rightarrow\infty}u(x)=0$?
Or any other kinds of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### What is the sum capacity of a scalar gaussian broadcast channel?

"On the Achievable Throughput of a Multiantenna Gaussian Broadcast Channel" by Giuseppe Carie and Shlomo Shamai talks, in part, about the following type of link (paraphrasing):
A transmitter with ...

**25**

votes

**8**answers

4k views

### What “real life” problems can be solved using billiards?

Recently I gave an interview to local media where I explained some basic open problems in billiard dynamics.
After a 45 min interview the reported asked me what "real life" problems can be solved ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### connectedness of coincidence set

Consider the following obstacle problem in the whole domain $\mathbb{R}^n$
min{$\Delta u$, $u$-$\phi$}=0
with prescribed boundary value $\lim_{|x|\rightarrow\infty}u(x)=0$ and $\phi$ (can be assumed ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Hilbert space vector representation for data in a metric space. Where am i wrong in this experiment?

Consider the function space $M$ such that all its elements are of bounded variation, square integrable and of unit norm. An equivalence class is defined over this set as, $f \sim g$ iff for some ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

195 views

### Is the stationary distribution of this Markov chain uniform?

First, a little bit of background: Since 2012, Canada has decided to phase out the penny for its coinage system. Product prices may still use arbitrary cents, especially since prices do not typically ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Robotics, Cryptography, and Genetics applications of Grothendieck's work? [closed]

I was reading about the passing of Alexander Grothendieck, and something caught my interest:
Mr. Grothendieck was able to answer concrete questions about these relationships by finding universal ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

412 views

### Orthogonal polynomial under linear transformation

Let $M_n(x) = x^n$ be the standard monomials. The binomial formula allows one to expand $M_n(ax+b)$ as a linear combination of $M_k(x)$, for $k \leq n$, giving
$$
M_n(ax+b) = (ax+b)^n = \sum_{k=0}^n ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Book about the history of mathematics for weather prediction

Can someone recommend a book about the history of mathematics being used for weather prediction, preferable one which covers recent developments?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### IVP accuracy - scheme accuracy Vs. derivative accuracy?

General Question: If I have an IVP with periodic and continuous initial condition, which rules the accuracy of the scheme - the manner in which we approximate spatial derivative or the acuuracy of the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Continuity of the stationary distribution of $M/G/1$ queue w.r.t. the input rate

Let $(\lambda_n)_{n\geq0}$ be a sequence of positive numbers such that $\lambda_n\rightarrow \lambda$ as $n\rightarrow +\infty$. These $\lambda_n$ are the parameters of a sequence of Poisson Processes ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Comparing ideals in posets

Consider a partially ordered set $P$, and two upper sets $U_1$, $U_2$ in this poset.
What are some natural ways to measure how equal these two upper sets are?
This question arise naturally in the ...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Examples of research on how people perceive mathematical objects

What examples are there on research related to human perception and mathematical objects?
For example, the shape of a beer glass influences drinking habits,
since people are bad at integrating.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Computer Science applications of Roth's Theorem [closed]

I have been reading about Additive Combinatorics and in particular Roth's theorem which states any positive upper density set has infinitely many 3-step arithmetic progressions.
Let $A \subset ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### Explicitly relating two functions containing exponential terms [closed]

This is an extremely basic question for a forum like this, but I am unable to think of any workable approaches myself.
I have two functions related to the distribution of administered drugs in the ...

**91**

votes

**17**answers

9k views

### How does one justify funding for mathematics research?

G. H. Hardy's A Mathematician's Apology provides an answer as to why one would do mathematics, but I'm unable to find an answer as to why mathematics deserves public funding. Mathematics can be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Where to read about this kind of “measure of irredundancy” of a set from a family of sets?

Studying a very practical problem from psychometrics, I encountered the following construction.
Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space; if preferred, you can presume $\mu$ is a probability measure. In any ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

347 views

### Physical and real life interpretation of the concept of regularity used in differential equations?

I guess the title kind of speaks for my questions: I'm curious to know what could be the physical interpretation or real life application of the concept of regularity that arises in PDE: take for ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

752 views

### Malaysia Airlines Flight 370? [closed]

News reports about Flight 370's disappearance have given a sketchy idea of how hourly pings to a satellite have helped build up a picture of where it went.
From a naive intuitive point of view, if ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Average number of distinguished leaves in a binary tree

By a binary tree, I mean in this question a full rooted binary tree in which left and right child are labeled. A leaf of such a tree is a vertex of degree at most 1 (most references would probably ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Solving a difficult equation for a variable?

I'm trying to obtain the maximum likelihood estimate of the parameters for a model I'm building. I have constants $\sigma$, $\mu$, and $q_0$; a boolean matrix $\alpha$; and vectors $A, \beta, r, d,$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

307 views

### Is there a source linking Robinson's work in wing theory with his theory of infinitesimals?

Abraham Robinson worked in applied mathematics for several decades. MathSciNet lists 12 articles by Robinson in wing theory. His production included the book
Robinson, A.; Laurmann, J. A. Wing ...

**29**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Differentiable functions with discontinuous derivatives

For years I've taught my honors calculus students about functions like (the continuous extension of) $x^2 \sin 1/x$, and for just as many years I've told them that they won't encounter functions like ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How difficult will it be for me to switch fields (details below) after my Ph.D. in pure mathematics?

I'm a first year postdoctoral researcher, working in pure areas of Riemann surfaces and differential geometry, after just finishing my Ph.D. in 2013. Recently I've also started taking interest in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Job sites for applied/interdisciplinary Mathematics?

I was wondering whether there're job sites that post jobs in applied/interdisciplinary mathematics, more specially, say postdocs or higher positions in mathematics and medical imaging, mathematics and ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

806 views

### New trends in Applied Graph Theory [closed]

What are current trends in Applied Graph Theory? I am interested mainly in non-algorithmical problems. Maybe even in applications of graphs to other mathematical disciplines. For example, abstract ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

389 views

### A particular contour integral

Mathoverflow,
I'd like to carry out the following integral,
$$f(t) = \int_{- \infty}^{\infty}\frac{-i\Omega e^{i \Omega t}}{1-\sqrt{-i\Omega}\coth(\sqrt{-i\Omega})} d\Omega.$$
Here's what I've ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

201 views

### Request for some references exploring the connections of Riemann surfaces with medical imaging

I'd like to know some references for a beginner who has basic background in Riemann surfaces and differential geometry, and would like to start learning/working on more applied areas, medical ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

300 views

### Visualizing a graph

I have a finite but huge metric graph with say 1000 vertices.
It comes say as 10000x10000 symmetric matrix filled by $0,1,\dots$ and $\infty$;
0's on the diagonal and $\infty$ is for pairs of vertices ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

322 views

### Distribution of random vectors

Two positive numbers $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are given. We are going to describe a process of choosing a random vector on the unit sphere $S$ in $\mathbb R^3$ (given by $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$).
A vector $u\in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

155 views

### Approximating $\prod_{i=1}^{n-1} (1-ai)$ for large $n$

I have a function of the form:
$f(n) = \prod_{i=1}^{n-1} (1-ai)$
Here, $a \geq 0$ and $(a*i) < 1$. For $n > 10^5$ or $10^6$, what is the best possible analytic approximation for $f(n)$ that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Regular Perturbation Series soln to eqn

I want to find the a 3 term perturbation soln of
(i) $(1+x)^3 = ex$ where $e\ll1$
Direct substitution of the regular perturbation series $x = x_0 + ex_1 + e^2x_2$
into (i) does not work
I ...

**15**

votes

**12**answers

4k views

### Mathematics and cancer research?

What are applications of mathematics in cancer research?
My answer.
Unfortunately I heard quite small about math, but I heard something about
applications of physics. And let me put this story here, ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

634 views

### 2/3 power law in the plane

I've recently come across a particular problem whose solution turns out to be a probability distribution given by $f(x) = \alpha \|x\|^{-2/3}$ in the unit disk in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and zero elsewhere (I ...