# Questions tagged [geometric-analysis]

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100
questions

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267 views

### Paths $tg_1+(1-t)g_0$ in the moduli space of Riemann surfaces

Suppose $S$ is a smooth compact oriented surface without boundary. Let $g_0$ and $g_1$ be two smooth Riemannian metrics on $S$. Consider the interpolating path of metrics $g_t=g_1t+g_0(1-t)$. Recall ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Asymptotics of constant mean curvature surfaces

Let $\Sigma^n \subset \mathbf{R}^{n+1}$ be a complete, properly embedded hypersurface with constant, non-zero mean curvature $H \neq 0.$
In the case where the dimension is $n = 2$, $\Sigma$ is non-...

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79 views

### Minimal cones and homology spheres

Let $\Sigma \subset \mathbf{S}^{n}$ be a codimension one, embedded minimal surface in the round $n$-dimensional sphere. Let moreover $\mathbf{C} = \mathbf{C}(\Sigma)$ be the minimal cone in $\mathbf{R}...

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vote

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97 views

### How can I check this volume comparison?

I am reading the paper Ricci Curvature and Volume Convergence written by Professor Colding. In section 2, they define Lipschitz functions $b_j^+:M\to\mathbb R$ with $|\nabla b_j^+|=1$ and set $$\Phi=(...

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votes

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181 views

### Gradient of solution to heat equation under evolving metric

The following simple question came to me when I was studying the heat equation on a Riemannian manifold: Suppose $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold and $g_t$ is a smooth family of Riemannian metrics ...

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votes

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52 views

### Range of divergence operator on the space of traceless symmetric $(0,2)$ tensors; conformal vector fields on an arbitrary metric on $S^2$

Let $\gamma$ be a metric on $S^2$.
I am trying to solve the following PDE on a $(0,2)$ symmetric traceless tensor $A$:
$$div_{\gamma} A = \omega$$
where $\omega$ is a 1-form.
It is known that there ...

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vote

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88 views

### Mean Value Inequality with Linear Term

I am having trouble proving this modified mean-value inequality.
Suppose that $\Delta u+cu\ge 0$ for $u:\mathbb{R}^n\to [0,\infty).$
Prove that there exists constants $r_0,C>0$ depending only on $c$...

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81 views

### Calculation of the mean curvature under a normal perturbation

Let $X: M^n \to N^{n+1}$ be a Riemannian immersion. Write $g, A, \nu, H$ for the first fundamental form, second fundamental form, Gauss map and mean curvature of $X$ respectively. Consider the normal ...

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81 views

### For a 1-parameter family of metrics, how do we compute the derivative of the intrinsic geometrical objects like curvature, Hessian, etc

Consider a family of metrics and functions $(g(t), u(t))$ on $M:= \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B_1$ satisfying
$$ g(0) = g_0, \quad g'(0) = \tilde g, \quad u(0) = u_0, \quad u'(0) = \tilde u$$
where $g_0$, $...

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113 views

### Singularities of phase interfaces in closed surfaces

Let $(\Sigma,g)$ be a compact surface without boundary. Given $\epsilon > 0$, the $\epsilon$-Allen-Cahn equation is the semilinear elliptic PDE $\epsilon \Delta_g u - \epsilon^{-1} W'(u) = 0$, with ...

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141 views

### Dirichlet to Neumann operator and the Riesz transform

Consider the manifold $M := \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B_1$ where $B_1$ is the unit ball. Equip $M$ with an asymptotically flat metric $g$ of high order. Let $\gamma$ be the induced metric on $\partial M$....

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214 views

### A better version of Weyl's Law or uniform estimates of Laplacian higher eigenvalues

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed $n$ dimensional Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{Ric}_g\ge -K$, $(K\ge 0)$. Weyl's law(along with Karamata Tauberian Theorem) asserts that the eigenvalue $\lambda_i$ of $-\...

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233 views

### Solvability of a PDE involving the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator

Let $M = \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B_1$ where $B_1$ is the unit ball (equip $M$ with the euclidean metric for simplicity, but it will be replaced by an arbitrary asymptotically flat metric).
Let $N: L^2(\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Neckpinch singularity of Ricci flow

I apologise if this question is unclear as I do not know much about the Ricci flow and am only asking out of curiosity. My understanding is that a neckpinch singularity is a local singularity in the ...

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72 views

### A calculation involving Cotton tensor

I have a confusion regarding a calculation given below :
$$
\begin{split}
\int_M C^{ij}\nabla_i f \nabla_j f d\mu & = \frac{1}{3}\int_M g^{ij}g_{ij} C^{ij}\nabla_i f \nabla_j f d\mu \\
&= \...

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votes

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596 views

### Schoen and Yau's proof of the higher dimensional positive mass theorem

In April 2017 Schoen and Yau posted on the arxiv their solution of the time-symmetric positive mass theorem in all dimensions, which has been a significant conjecture since the 70s. As of now, July ...

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51 views

### Modelling fluid flows with mean curvature flow

A while ago I was wondering if the displacement of fluid described in this blog post
could be modelled with mean curvature flow or some other flow, but when I asked someone in Engineering they replied ...

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votes

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141 views

### Reference on noncommutative PDE

I would like to ask if there is reference on semi-linear parabolic PDE (or more generally any kinds of PDE) with non-commutative unknown variable. For example, assume $u$ is a matrix-valued function (...

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votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Ricci flow proof of isoperimetric inequality

It is well-known in geometric analysis that one can use curve-shortening flow to prove the isoperimetric inequality (where the general result requires curve-shortening flow for non-convex curves).
I ...

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81 views

### Stability of bubbles under the heat flow

Let $\Phi : S \times [0,\infty) \to M$ be Struwe's weak global solution to the heat equation with smooth initial data $\phi : S \to M$, where $S$ is a compact surface and $M$ is a compact three-...

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vote

**1**answer

157 views

### Continuity of $r\mapsto\int_{\Sigma\cap B_r(x)}f^2d\mu$

Let $\Sigma$ be an embedded smooth surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and let $f:\Sigma\to\mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. Suppose $f$ is square-integrable on $\Sigma$, with
\begin{align}
0<\int_{\Sigma}f^...

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votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Completeness hypothesis in the positive mass theorem

I am trying to understand and further formalize Witten's proof of the positive mass theorem. Dan Lee, in his book "Geometric relativity" did a wonderful job with formalizing and carrying out the ...

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95 views

### Characterization of geodesic balls

In $\mathbb R^{n\geq3}$, spheres can be characterized by single layer potentials having constant eigenfunction. More precisely we have the following:
Theorem (H. Shahgholian) Let $\Omega\subset \...

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votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there a solution of the Yamabe problem using Ricci flow?

Someone told me that it is possible to solve the Yamabe problem using Ricci flow. The proof I know of is the one originally proposed by Yamabe and then completed by Trudinger, Aubin and Schoen (in ...

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**1**answer

303 views

### Yau's conjecture on nodal sets for manifolds with boundary

I've just read a review paper about Yau's conjecture on nodal sets of the eigenfunctions for the Laplace operator on manifolds.
Briefly, if $\phi_\lambda$, $\lambda$ are an eigenpair for the Laplace-...

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210 views

### On Colding-Minicozzi limit lamination theorem

Colding and Minicozzi proved the following limit lamination theorem (see Theorem 8.26 in "A course in Minimal Surfaces" by Colding and Minicozzi for the complete statement)
THEOREM: Let $\Sigma_i \...

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votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Formal mathematical definition of renormalization group flow

I was watching some lectures by Huisken where he mentioned that one-loop renormalization group flow was in some analogous to mean curvature flow. I have tried reading up the exact definition of what ...

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207 views

### Path of Diffeomorphisms Fixing the Boundary

Could you please let me know if the following is true. The problem came up while constructing a solution of a PDE. I have browsed through the net for an answer. While I came across some articles ...

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votes

**1**answer

525 views

### Are there currently any plausible approaches to proving the Penrose сonjecture?

I have recently been reading some of the literature on the Penrose inequality, especially the papers by Bray and by Huisken and Ilmanen.
One notices immediately that the existing proofs for the ...

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votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Proof of Isoperimetric Inequality using Curve Shortening Flow

I am aware that there is a nice result where one uses curve shortening flow to prove the isoperimetric inequality on the Euclidean plane, but could not seem to find the original article where this was ...

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72 views

### Existence of nonparabolic ends

Let $M$ a nonparabolic Riemannian manifold. If exists only one nonparabolic end $E$. We would like to know why the subspace of space of bounded harmonic functions with finite Dirichlet integral is the ...

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**1**answer

126 views

### $\Delta_g f = 0$ on the Riemannian Manifold $(\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B , g)$ with conditions on the boundary and at infinity

Consider the manifold $\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B$ where $B$ is the ball with radius 1 with riemannian metric $g$ (not necessarily the euclidean metric).
I am looking for solutions to $\Delta_g f = 0$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

317 views

### Volume comparison on Grassmannian

Let $G(r,n-r)$ be the Grassmannian, which can be identified with the space of all rank $r$ projection matrices in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\mu$ be the uniform measure on $G(r,n-r)$. For any $\lambda_1,......

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59 views

### Stable region of minimal hypersurfaces with finite Morse index

In this Inventiones Mathematicae paper, Fischer-Colbrie proved the following result (Proposition 1):
Proposition: Let $ M$ be a complete two-sided minimal surface in a three manifold $N$. Then if $M$...

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72 views

### Is Colding-Minicozzi entropy continuous w.r.t. $C^\infty$ convergenge?

For an hypersurface $\Sigma^n \subseteq \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ the entropy introduced by Colding and Minicozzi (see their paper) is defined as
$$
\lambda(\Sigma) := \sup_{x_0 \in \mathbb{R}^{n+1} \\ t_0 \...

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69 views

### Reference question: $C^1$ estimate for a stable minimal surface

I am looking for an answer/reference to the following question: Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold and $\Sigma\subset M$ a closed, stable minimal surface. Is it possible to prove $C^1$ ...

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122 views

### On the infimium of a functional

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. Define
$$\lambda(g)=\inf\{\mathcal{F}(g,f),\;0<f\in C^{\infty}(M),\; \int_Mf^2\;d\nu=1\},$$
where $$\mathcal{F}(g,f)=\int_M\left(|\nabla f|^2+ af^2\...

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152 views

### Level Sets of Harmonic Maps

Can anybody point me in the direction of some references in which the level sets of harmonic maps between Riemannian manifolds are studied. (Sorry I am unfamiliar with the area and would like some ...

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74 views

### Morse index of a closed minimal surface with a small disc removed

Consider the following observation:
Let $c_1$ be a geodesic on the unit round sphere $S^2$ with length $2\pi-\epsilon$, where $\epsilon$ is sufficiently small. Then $c_1$ has Morse index one ...

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**1**answer

552 views

### Sheaf-theoretically characterize a Riemannian structure?

A smooth structure on a topological manifold can be characterized as a sheaf of local rings, see for example the discussion here.
Q: Is there a way to characterize a Riemannian structure on a smooth ...

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108 views

### Product of cotton-york tensor with ricci tensor

In the process of calculation of a problem in tensor analysis, I have encountered with an expression given by $$C^{ij}R_{ij}=0.$$
This is for a Riemannian manifold of dimension 3. Assuming the ...

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170 views

### Maximum principle on noncompact manifold with boundary

On a complete noncompact manifold with ricci curvature bounded below, we have Yau's generalized maximum principle. What if we have we have noncompact manifold with compact boundary and one complete ...

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86 views

### One-dimensional harmonic map flow with low regularity

My question is the following:
What is the minimum regularity for a continuous loop $\gamma: S^1 \rightarrow M$ in a Riemannian manifold $M$ to have short-time existence for the harmonic map flow in ...

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votes

**2**answers

272 views

### Resources on Elliptic Boundary Value Problems on manifolds

My situation:
I am currently trying to understand Uhlenbecks results on the Yang Mills equation. One of the most common notions in this paper is that of an elliptic system or an elliptic boundary ...

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votes

**1**answer

405 views

### Smallest volume representatives of homology

Given a Riemannian manifold, I have a notion of volume for each of my chains, so it makes sense to ask for a representative of a homology class with the smallest volume. Are there conditions for when ...

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vote

**1**answer

311 views

### Poincare Inequality on non compact manifold

Let $(X,g)$ be a non compact Riemannian manifold, such that its closure $\bar X=X\cup Y$ is a compact manifold with boundary $Y$.
Q: For the Poincare inequality
$$\|u\|_{L^2}\leq C \|\nabla u\|_{L^...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

92 views

### If the first Dirichlet eigenfunction on a set $D$ is regular up to the boundary, is $D$ regular?

Given any open set $D$ in $\mathbb R^n$, we can define the first Dirichlet eigenfunction $u$ of $-\Delta$ on $D$ as the minimizer of the Rayleigh quotient over $H_0^1(D)$. Interior regularity of $u$ ...

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398 views

### the regularity of the level set of distance function on Riemannian manifolds

On a complete smooth Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$, define $f(x)= d(p, x)$ where $p, x\in M^n$, and $d$ is the distance determined by the Riemannian metric $g$.
Do we have:
Except a set with zero ...

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votes

**2**answers

647 views

### Non-compact manifolds of positive/non-negative Ricci curvature

Consider a non-compact complete Riemannian manifold $(M, g)$ with smooth compact boundary $\partial M$. Suppose also that $M \setminus \partial M$ has positive/non-negative Ricci curvature.
My ...

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48 views

### In a short time $0<t<T$, does the $C^{1,\alpha}$ norm of mean curvature flow depend only on $T$ and the $C^{1,\alpha}$ norm of initial surface?

Given a smooth compactly embedded initial hypersurface $M_0$ and let $M_t$ ($0<t<T$) be a smooth solution of mean curvature flow starting from $M_0$. Then how does the regularity of $M_t$ depend ...