Questions tagged [geometric-analysis]

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parabolic schwarz lemma

Trying to follow the computation in https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0602150.pdf, page 7, theorem 3.1 which proved a parabolic Schwarz lemma. Specifically, they computed $\Delta \text{tr}_{g}h = g^{i \bar l}...
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An equality regarding Dirac operator

Let S be a spinor bundle on a closed Riemannian manifold M, with a spin connection A. Then for a spinor field $\phi$, we know \begin{align*} \frac{1}{2}\Delta|\phi|^2=\langle \nabla_A^*\nabla_A \phi,\...
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Reference request - Texts on geometric analysis with exercises

I’ve recently been studying some Riemannian geometry and geometric analysis, however I have found it difficult to find resources with exercises to practice. It seems that many textbooks past the ...
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3 votes
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111 views
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A pde inequality

Say $M$ be a closed manifold of dimension $6$, we have \begin{align*} \Delta f\leq g f-f^2 \end{align*} where $g$ is a smooth function on $M$ and $f\geq 0$ (in my case $f=|\phi|^2$ for $\phi$ a ...
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Potential theory as a tool in extrinsic flows

Let $M \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a submanifold. For a point $x$ disjoint from $M$, we can define the electric potential $\Phi(x) = \int_M \frac{dM}{|x-m|^{n-2}}$, which is smooth and harmonic where ...
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2 votes
1 answer
57 views

Question of an inequality from curve-shortening flow

I am reading a paper about the curve shortening flow which make use of one inequality but I don't know where does it come from where f(x,t) is a smooth function and C is a constant depending on time t....
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4 votes
0 answers
72 views

How can I numerically solve the Laplace equation with cohomological data?

Consider the problem of solving for $u$ where $-\Delta u = f$, $[u] = [g]$ where $[\cdot]$ denotes cohomology class and $u, f, g$ are $p$-forms on a Riemannian manifold $M$. If $g$ instead was ...
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42 views

Invariant sets of ODE defined by functions

I am cross posting from MSE: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4351154/invariant-sets-under-ode-defined-by-functions. Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a function. I am interested in the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
250 views

Solving $\Delta \text{tr}(h) - \mathrm{div}(\mathrm{div}(h)) + \text{tr}(h) = f$ on $S^2$

$\DeclareMathOperator\ddiv{div}\DeclareMathOperator\tr{tr}\newcommand{\conf}{\mathrm{conf}}$Consider this PDE on a symmetric tensor $h$ on $S^2$: $$\Delta \text{tr}(h) - \ddiv(\ddiv(h)) + \tr(h) = f$$ ...
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Are metrics of the form $dr^2+ \Omega^2 r^2 g_\text{round}$ asymptotically flat?

Let $M = [1,\infty)\times S^2$. Let $\Omega$ be any smooth positive function on $S^2$. Is the metric $dr^2+ \Omega^2 r^2 g_\text{round}$ asymptotically flat (where $g_\text{round}$ is the round metric ...
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How to show the upperbound of the Ricci tensor preserved on 3 manifold

So I have more questions coming from Hamilton's "Three-Manifolds with Positive Ricci Curvature" paper here. I'm working in section 9 on Preserving Positive Ricci Curvature, the proof of ...
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5 votes
1 answer
147 views

3-manifolds with all minimal surfaces closed

Question. Let the manifold $(M^3,g)$ be compact without boundary. Suppose that every complete, embedded minimal surface $\Sigma \subset M^3$ is closed. Must $M$ be diffeomorphic to $\mathbf{S}^3$ or $\...
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122 views

What role do semiclassical methods play in the study of Ginzburg--Landau-type equations?

As far as I understand, semiclassical limits are used in quantum mechanics to analyse equations that depend on a small parameter $\hbar$. Apparently studying properties of the PDE as $\hbar \to 0$ ...
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2 votes
1 answer
210 views

Geometric flow by the level sets of a harmonic function

Let $u$ be an harmonic function in a cylindrical domain $B_2^{n-1}\times(-1,1)\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, and suppose its level sets $\Gamma_t=\{u=t\}$ are graphs of functions on $B_2^{n-1}$. Consider a ...
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100 views

What does Colding-Minicozzi theory say about convergence with multiplicity?

Let $(M_j \mid j \in \mathbf{N})$ be a sequence of compact minimal surfaces in the unit ball $B \subset \mathbf{R}^3$, with boundaries $\partial M_j \subset \partial B$. Assume that the sequence ...
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6 votes
1 answer
301 views

Which geometric variational problems admit an entropy identity?

Question. My question in broad terms: when and how can entropy be used in geometric variational contexts to study sequences of critical points, such as the two results described below? [See at the ...
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9 votes
1 answer
307 views

A counterexample to a conjecture of Lawson

Yau quotes Lawson as having formulated the following conjecture [1]: Let $M$ be an embedded minimal surface in $\mathbf{S}^3$. Prove that the two domains in $\mathbf{S}^3$ divided by $M$ have equal ...
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1 vote
1 answer
91 views

Minimal surfaces with increasing area but bounded Morse index

Question. What restrictions are known on closed manifolds $(M^3,g)$ that contain a sequence of embedded minimal surfaces $(\Sigma_j \mid j \in \mathbf{N})$ with \begin{equation} \mathrm{area} \, \...
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3 votes
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86 views

When is the least-area surface unique?

Let $M^{n-1}$ be a smooth closed manifold, embedded into the round sphere $\mathbf{S}^n$ via a regular map $\Phi$. Using tools from geometric measure theory, one can prove the existence of a $n$-...
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83 views

Can min-max be set up around a minimal cone?

Let me state my question in very loose terms to start, then give some details and restate it in more precise terms at the bottom. Question. Given a regular minimal cone $\mathbf{C}$, can one set up a ...
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1 vote
0 answers
78 views

Gap phenomenon vs Rigidity results for surfaces

I am trying to understand the differences between the rigidity results and gap results for a given surface immersed into some manifold. For instance, a Gap theorem proved here (Theorem 2.7) says ...
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Can you compute one eigenspace without computing them all?

Maybe the simplest non-trivial settings in which the spectrum of the Laplacian be can be computed is on the round sphere $\mathbf{S}^n$, and for products of manifolds. I want to use the two as ...
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5 votes
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Are the two-valued homogeneous harmonic functions classified?

Question. Is there a classification of homogeneous two-valued harmonic functions on $\mathbf{R}^n$, valid in dimensions $n \geq 3$? For reference, multi-valued functions are familiar objects in ...
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4 votes
0 answers
102 views

How does the topology of minimal surfaces depend on the radius?

Let $M^n \subset \mathbf{R}^{n+k}$ be a smooth, properly embedded minimal surface, with boundary $\partial M$. The convex hull property states that $M$ is contained inside the convex hull of its ...
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7 votes
1 answer
197 views

Existence of harmonic maps onto the $n$-sphere

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed smooth Riemannian $n$-manifold with positive scalar curvature (or positive Ricci curvature) and $(S^n, g_{st})$ be the standard round $n$-sphere. Whether there exists a non-...
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7 votes
1 answer
355 views

Paths $tg_1+(1-t)g_0$ in the moduli space of Riemann surfaces

Suppose $S$ is a smooth compact oriented surface without boundary. Let $g_0$ and $g_1$ be two smooth Riemannian metrics on $S$. Consider the interpolating path of metrics $g_t=g_1t+g_0(1-t)$. Recall ...
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1 vote
1 answer
126 views

Asymptotics of constant mean curvature surfaces

Let $\Sigma^n \subset \mathbf{R}^{n+1}$ be a complete, properly embedded hypersurface with constant, non-zero mean curvature $H \neq 0.$ In the case where the dimension is $n = 2$, $\Sigma$ is non-...
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5 votes
0 answers
105 views

Minimal cones and homology spheres

Let $\Sigma \subset \mathbf{S}^{n}$ be a codimension one, embedded minimal surface in the round $n$-dimensional sphere. Let moreover $\mathbf{C} = \mathbf{C}(\Sigma)$ be the minimal cone in $\mathbf{R}...
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1 vote
1 answer
99 views

How can I check this volume comparison?

I am reading the paper Ricci Curvature and Volume Convergence written by Professor Colding. In section 2, they define Lipschitz functions $b_j^+:M\to\mathbb R$ with $|\nabla b_j^+|=1$ and set $$\Phi=(...
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5 votes
1 answer
216 views

Gradient of solution to heat equation under evolving metric

The following simple question came to me when I was studying the heat equation on a Riemannian manifold: Suppose $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold and $g_t$ is a smooth family of Riemannian metrics ...
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3 votes
0 answers
76 views

Range of divergence operator on the space of traceless symmetric $(0,2)$ tensors; conformal vector fields on an arbitrary metric on $S^2$

Let $\gamma$ be a metric on $S^2$. I am trying to solve the following PDE on a $(0,2)$ symmetric traceless tensor $A$: $$div_{\gamma} A = \omega$$ where $\omega$ is a 1-form. It is known that there ...
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  • 683
1 vote
0 answers
99 views

Mean Value Inequality with Linear Term

I am having trouble proving this modified mean-value inequality. Suppose that $\Delta u+cu\ge 0$ for $u:\mathbb{R}^n\to [0,\infty).$ Prove that there exists constants $r_0,C>0$ depending only on $c$...
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3 votes
0 answers
102 views

Calculation of the mean curvature under a normal perturbation

Let $X: M^n \to N^{n+1}$ be a Riemannian immersion. Write $g, A, \nu, H$ for the first fundamental form, second fundamental form, Gauss map and mean curvature of $X$ respectively. Consider the normal ...
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2 votes
0 answers
93 views

For a 1-parameter family of metrics, how do we compute the derivative of the intrinsic geometrical objects like curvature, Hessian, etc

Consider a family of metrics and functions $(g(t), u(t))$ on $M:= \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B_1$ satisfying $$ g(0) = g_0, \quad g'(0) = \tilde g, \quad u(0) = u_0, \quad u'(0) = \tilde u$$ where $g_0$, $...
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5 votes
0 answers
142 views

Singularities of phase interfaces in closed surfaces

Let $(\Sigma,g)$ be a compact surface without boundary. Given $\epsilon > 0$, the $\epsilon$-Allen-Cahn equation is the semilinear elliptic PDE $\epsilon \Delta_g u - \epsilon^{-1} W'(u) = 0$, with ...
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3 votes
0 answers
146 views

Dirichlet to Neumann operator and the Riesz transform

Consider the manifold $M := \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B_1$ where $B_1$ is the unit ball. Equip $M$ with an asymptotically flat metric $g$ of high order. Let $\gamma$ be the induced metric on $\partial M$....
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  • 683
5 votes
1 answer
260 views

A better version of Weyl's Law or uniform estimates of Laplacian higher eigenvalues

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed $n$ dimensional Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{Ric}_g\ge -K$, $(K\ge 0)$. Weyl's law(along with Karamata Tauberian Theorem) asserts that the eigenvalue $\lambda_i$ of $-\...
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2 votes
0 answers
240 views

Solvability of a PDE involving the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator

Let $M = \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus B_1$ where $B_1$ is the unit ball (equip $M$ with the euclidean metric for simplicity, but it will be replaced by an arbitrary asymptotically flat metric). Let $N: L^2(\...
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  • 683
4 votes
1 answer
186 views

Neckpinch singularity of Ricci flow

I apologise if this question is unclear as I do not know much about the Ricci flow and am only asking out of curiosity. My understanding is that a neckpinch singularity is a local singularity in the ...
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0 votes
0 answers
82 views

A calculation involving Cotton tensor

I have a confusion regarding a calculation given below : $$ \begin{split} \int_M C^{ij}\nabla_i f \nabla_j f d\mu & = \frac{1}{3}\int_M g^{ij}g_{ij} C^{ij}\nabla_i f \nabla_j f d\mu \\ &= \...
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20 votes
0 answers
1k views

Schoen and Yau's proof of the higher dimensional positive mass theorem

In April 2017 Schoen and Yau posted on the arxiv their solution of the time-symmetric positive mass theorem in all dimensions, which has been a significant conjecture since the 70s. As of now, July ...
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1 vote
0 answers
67 views

Modelling fluid flows with mean curvature flow

A while ago I was wondering if the displacement of fluid described in this blog post could be modelled with mean curvature flow or some other flow, but when I asked someone in Engineering they replied ...
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3 votes
0 answers
169 views

Reference on noncommutative PDE

I would like to ask if there is reference on semi-linear parabolic PDE (or more generally any kinds of PDE) with non-commutative unknown variable. For example, assume $u$ is a matrix-valued function (...
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4 votes
1 answer
232 views

Ricci flow proof of isoperimetric inequality

It is well-known in geometric analysis that one can use curve-shortening flow to prove the isoperimetric inequality (where the general result requires curve-shortening flow for non-convex curves). I ...
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4 votes
0 answers
94 views

Stability of bubbles under the heat flow

Let $\Phi : S \times [0,\infty) \to M$ be Struwe's weak global solution to the heat equation with smooth initial data $\phi : S \to M$, where $S$ is a compact surface and $M$ is a compact three-...
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1 vote
1 answer
195 views

Continuity of $r\mapsto\int_{\Sigma\cap B_r(x)}f^2d\mu$

Let $\Sigma$ be an embedded smooth surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and let $f:\Sigma\to\mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. Suppose $f$ is square-integrable on $\Sigma$, with \begin{align} 0<\int_{\Sigma}f^...
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7 votes
1 answer
257 views

Completeness hypothesis in the positive mass theorem

I am trying to understand and further formalize Witten's proof of the positive mass theorem. Dan Lee, in his book "Geometric relativity" did a wonderful job with formalizing and carrying out the ...
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4 votes
0 answers
115 views

Characterization of geodesic balls

In $\mathbb R^{n\geq3}$, spheres can be characterized by single layer potentials having constant eigenfunction. More precisely we have the following: Theorem (H. Shahgholian) Let $\Omega\subset \...
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  • 1,533
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is there a solution of the Yamabe problem using Ricci flow?

Someone told me that it is possible to solve the Yamabe problem using Ricci flow. The proof I know of is the one originally proposed by Yamabe and then completed by Trudinger, Aubin and Schoen (in ...
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7 votes
1 answer
348 views

Yau's conjecture on nodal sets for manifolds with boundary

I've just read a review paper about Yau's conjecture on nodal sets of the eigenfunctions for the Laplace operator on manifolds. Briefly, if $\phi_\lambda$, $\lambda$ are an eigenpair for the Laplace-...
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