# Questions tagged [geometric-analysis]

The geometric-analysis tag has no usage guidance.

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### On the infimium of a functional

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. Define
$$\lambda(g)=\inf\{\mathcal{F}(g,f),\;0<f\in C^{\infty}(M),\; \int_Mf^2\;d\nu=1\},$$
where $$\mathcal{F}(g,f)=\int_M\left(|\nabla f|^2+ af^2\...

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### Level Sets of Harmonic Maps

Can anybody point me in the direction of some references in which the level sets of harmonic maps between Riemannian manifolds are studied. (Sorry I am unfamiliar with the area and would like some ...

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### Morse index of a closed minimal surface with a small disc removed

Consider the following observation:
Let $c_1$ be a geodesic on the unit round sphere $S^2$ with length $2\pi-\epsilon$, where $\epsilon$ is sufficiently small. Then $c_1$ has Morse index one ...

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### Sheaf-theoretically characterize a Riemannian structure?

A smooth structure on a topological manifold can be characterized as a sheaf of local rings, see for example the discussion here.
Q: Is there a way to characterize a Riemannian structure on a smooth ...

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### Product of cotton-york tensor with ricci tensor

In the process of calculation of a problem in tensor analysis, I have encountered with an expression given by $$C^{ij}R_{ij}=0.$$
This is for a Riemannian manifold of dimension 3. Assuming the ...

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### Maximum principle on noncompact manifold with boundary

On a complete noncompact manifold with ricci curvature bounded below, we have Yau's generalized maximum principle. What if we have we have noncompact manifold with compact boundary and one complete ...

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### One-dimensional harmonic map flow with low regularity

My question is the following:
What is the minimum regularity for a continuous loop $\gamma: S^1 \rightarrow M$ in a Riemannian manifold $M$ to have short-time existence for the harmonic map flow in ...

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### Resources on Elliptic Boundary Value Problems on manifolds

My situation:
I am currently trying to understand Uhlenbecks results on the Yang Mills equation. One of the most common notions in this paper is that of an elliptic system or an elliptic boundary ...

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296 views

### Smallest volume representatives of homology

Given a Riemannian manifold, I have a notion of volume for each of my chains, so it makes sense to ask for a representative of a homology class with the smallest volume. Are there conditions for when ...

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219 views

### Poincare Inequality on non compact manifold

Let $(X,g)$ be a non compact Riemannian manifold, such that its closure $\bar X=X\cup Y$ is a compact manifold with boundary $Y$.
Q: For the Poincare inequality
$$\|u\|_{L^2}\leq C \|\nabla u\|_{L^...

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66 views

### If the first Dirichlet eigenfunction on a set $D$ is regular up to the boundary, is $D$ regular?

Given any open set $D$ in $\mathbb R^n$, we can define the first Dirichlet eigenfunction $u$ of $-\Delta$ on $D$ as the minimizer of the Rayleigh quotient over $H_0^1(D)$. Interior regularity of $u$ ...

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201 views

### the regularity of the level set of distance function on Riemannian manifolds

On a complete smooth Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$, define $f(x)= d(p, x)$ where $p, x\in M^n$, and $d$ is the distance determined by the Riemannian metric $g$.
Do we have:
Except a set with zero ...

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455 views

### Non-compact manifolds of positive/non-negative Ricci curvature

Consider a non-compact complete Riemannian manifold $(M, g)$ with smooth compact boundary $\partial M$. Suppose also that $M \setminus \partial M$ has positive/non-negative Ricci curvature.
My ...

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### In a short time $0<t<T$, does the $C^{1,\alpha}$ norm of mean curvature flow depend only on $T$ and the $C^{1,\alpha}$ norm of initial surface?

Given a smooth compactly embedded initial hypersurface $M_0$ and let $M_t$ ($0<t<T$) be a smooth solution of mean curvature flow starting from $M_0$. Then how does the regularity of $M_t$ depend ...

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### Are there any nontrivial examples of $C^1$ hypersurfaces with bounded (integrable) generalized mean curvature?

The definition of generalized mean curvature on $C^1$ hypersurfaces is given as follows:
Let $M$ be a closed orientable $C^1$ hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ and $\mu$ be the $n$-dimensional ...

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### What results are immediately generalised to higher dimensions, in light of Schoen and Yau's recent preprint?

Many problems in geometric analysis and general relativity have been established in dimensions $3\leq n\leq 7$, as the regularity theory for minimal hypersurfaces holds up to dimension 7*. In a recent ...

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### What is the definition of “geometric analysis”? [closed]

Recently it has been brought to my attention that the subject "geometric analysis" is not even well-defined (unlike the subject partial differential equations, algebraic geometry, etc). Can someone ...

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### literature/reference request for estimates of first eigenvalue of certain Schrodinger operator on compact surfaces

On compact Riemannian surfaces (say without boundary), the Schrodinger operator I am interested in is of the form $-\Delta+2\kappa$, where $\kappa$ is the Gauss curvature. For minimal surfaces in $\...

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### Are heat kernels on metric measure spaces continuous?

Let $(M,d)$ be a separable, complete, compact metric space and $\mu$ a Radon measure with full support on it. Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a regular strongly local Dirichlet form on $L^2(M)$. There exists an ...

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### When is Cheng-Li-Yau heat kernel bound optimal?

In his Inventiones paper "The geometric complexity of special Lagrangian
$T^{2}$-cones" M. Haskins has used Cheng-Li-Yau theorem to give a lower bound of area of minimal Lagrangian tori in $\mathbb{CP}...

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199 views

### How to evolve a star-shaped mean convex set to a strictly mean convex set?

I have trouble in going through a proof in a paper for quite a while. To simplify notation and make it readable to a larger audience, let me just present the simplest case:
Let $\Omega$ be a bounded ...

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388 views

### Continuous deformation of soap films

Let $S$ be a soap film bounded by an unknotted wireframe cycle (in $R^3$). Why is it the case that as we deform the wireframe in $R^3$, $S$ deforms continuously?

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### Solvability of $u_t=\nabla_{u_\theta} u_\theta -\frac{1}{2}\nabla R +\frac{1}{2\tau}u_\theta + 2 Ric(u_\theta,\cdot)$

I ask a question in math.stackexchange, but nobody answer it. So, I ask here.
In Cao and Zhu's paper about Ricci flow, the $\mathcal{L}$-geodesic is defined as picture below.In fact, $\mathrm{Ric}(X,...

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### A priori $C^0$ estimates for a semi-linear vector Poisson equation

Main Question
Consider a $C^2,H^2$ map $F:\mathbb{R}^m \to \mathbb{C}^n$ which satisfies the following equation:
$$
-\Delta F(x) + \sum_i a_i(x)\nabla_iF(x) + B(x)F(x) + |F(x)|^2F(x) = 0
$$
Here $a_i:...

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### What is known for harmonic map flow in dimension > 2?

I have been reading about harmonic map flow for maps from a Riemann surface. I presume a lot of the results are specific to 2D as the conformal invariance of the energy is crucial to the arguments. ...

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160 views

### Distance comparison in submanifold versus in the underlying manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be the (underlying) manifold, $(S,g|)$ be a submanifold. Let $a,b,c \in S$. It's not in general true that $d_M(a,b)\leq d_M(a,c) \implies d_S(a,b)\leq d_S(a,c)$.
QUESTION I:
The above ...

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### Riemannian metric on a level set of a smooth function on a manifold

Also asked here: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1725491/riemannian-metric-on-a-level-set-of-a-smooth-function-on-a-manifold
Let $(M,g)$ be a finite or infinite dimensional Riemannian ...

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### Riemannian Measures, Densities and Radon–Nikodym Theorem

If $M$ is a smooth manifold and $\mu$ is a $1$-density thereon then we may define a Borel measure (on Borel sets $A$) on $M$ as:
\begin{equation}
\nu(A) = \int_M I_A \mu.
\end{equation}
My question ...

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### Sobolev Multiplication theorem for Fibre bundles

Let $X$ be a compact, oriented, four dimensional Riemannian manifold and $Q\longrightarrow X$ be a principal $G$-bundle over $X$ for a smooth, compact Lie group $G$. Let $M$ be a smooth, Riemannian ...

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### How can we define constant scalar curvature Kahler or cscK on pair $(X,D)$

A Kahler metric $\omega$
with cone singularities along divisor
$D$
with cone angle $2\pi\beta$
is said to be
of
constant scalar curvature Kahler
or
cscK
if its scalar curvature $S(\omega)$, which is ...

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### Self-contained book on Ricci Flow/Geometric Analysis

Can someone please tell me whether there is any self-contained book on Geometric Analysis/Ricci Flow/analytic techniques used in Riemannian Geometry? By self-contained I mean it does not assume that ...

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### Equivariant Harmonic Maps to R-tree and Korevaar-Schoen Convergence

Thank you for spending time on the following question.
I am trying to make an explicit example of Korevaar-Schoen convergence. The problem I am facing is that I cannot find the limit of the harmonic ...

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### What are Carnot groups?

I'm trying to learn the Pansu differentiability theorem and I need to know what Carnot groups are. Can someone please explain what Carnot groups are? An introductory reference would be greatly ...

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### Elliptic operator on non compact manifolds with ends of the type $\Omega\times (r,\infty)\times\mathbb{R}$

A smooth manifold $M$ is a manifold with a cylindrical end if there exists a compact subset $K\subset M$ such that $M\backslash K$ is diffeomorphic to $\Omega\times (r,\infty)$ where $\Omega$ is a ...

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### Estimates on a heat process with fixed boundary data and zero initial conditions

Consider the following heat process:
For a given (say, smooth) domain $\Omega$ on a closed manifold $M$ we construct $p(t,x):\mathbb R_+ \times \bar\Omega \rightarrow [0,1]$, so that
$$
\partial_t p(...

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### Horizontal lift of differential operator

On a Riemannian manifold $M$, there is a canonical horizontal lift $X^{\mathrm{hor}}$ of vector fields $X$ to $TM$, which is characterized by the two properties that
$X^{\mathrm{hor}}$ is a ...

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### Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$.
On the other ...

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345 views

### Hamilton-Ivey pinching in dimension 4

I've heard it said (e.g., in the accepted answer to this MO question) that a major obstacle to an effective theory of Ricci Flow in dimension 4 is the absence of the Hamilton-Ivey pinching phenomenon. ...

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### Is the Nijenhuis tensor an obstruction to the existence of non constant pseudo-holomorphic maps?

Let $(N,J_N)$ and $(M, J_M)$ be two compact almost complex manifolds with non integrable almost complex structures (i.e., the Nijenhuis tensor is non zero
for both $J_N$ and $J_M$).
Does it imply ...

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### Does the R-sphere condition imply that a surface is locally a graph of function on a ball of radius R?

Let $S$ be a $C^2$-regular hypersurface with $S=\partial V$ for some open set $V \subset R^{N+1}$, and let $\nu(P)$ be the exterior unit normal of $S$ with respect to $V$.
Assume that $S$ satisfies ...

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### Finding the lift of a curve under some assumptions

Let $f:\Omega\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a Lipschitz function and $h$ be a vector in $\Omega$. Assume that $0\in\Omega$ and $f(0) = 0$. Also, let $\sigma:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be the ...

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### Green's function for *GJMS* operator

Consider a Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$ of dimension $n$ with a metric $g$. We assume $M$ to be closed (compact without boundary). Let's not assume any hypothesis on the Yamabe invariant of the ...

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283 views

### Hamilton's Proof of the Tensor Maximum Principle

My questions come from Richard Hamilton's Three-Manifolds with Positive Ricci Curvature paper. I'm trying to work through parts of the paper so I can better understand the Ricci Flow for my research. ...

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### Deduce global estimate from scaling-invariant local estimate

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold, with finite volume (or compactly exhausted, or any nice condition you would like, except for compactness). Suppose I have a tensor $T$ on $M$ of which ...

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### Laplacians associated to symplectic cohomologies

I am reading the paper"cohomology and Hodge theory on symplectic manifolds I" by Tseng and Yau. In this paper they consider several cohomologies on symplectic manifolds $(M,\omega)$based on the ...

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### Hausdorff measure and projections

Fix $ k \in \mathbb{N} $ and let $ H^k $ be the $k$-dimensional Hausdorff measure on $\ell^\infty $. Also, if $ V $ is a subspace of $ \ell^\infty $, we denote the projection onto $ V $ by $ \pi_V $. ...

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### Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $L^p$: where is it?

On a noncompact Riemannian manifold $M$, the $L^2$-spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ sits inside $\mathbb{R}$ (by self-adjointness), either to the left or to the right of $0$ ...

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### Influence of Yau's solution to the Calabi Conjecture on the field of PDEs

I remember reading a long time ago(I can't recall where, unfortunately) that Yau's solution of the Calabi-Yau conjecture introduced new techniques that were very important for the field of partial ...

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### Duality relations for Lebesgue spaces of sections of vector bundles

Suppose $X$ is a topological space, and $\mu$ is a Borel measure on $X$. Also suppose we have an $n$-dimensional vector bundle $E \to X$, with an inner product $\langle \cdot,\cdot \rangle_x$ on the ...

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### Diameters of the images of two balls under a function

Let $ \Omega $ be an open and bounded subset of $ \mathbb{R^n} $, and let $ f:\Omega \to \mathbb{R} $ be a continuous function. I'm looking for some (preferably, minimal) conditions on $ f $ under ...