Mathematical methods in classical mechanics, classical and quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

**4**

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71 views

### Coleman–Mandula theorem and a mathematical proof

Coleman–Mandula theorem (by Sidney Coleman and Jeffrey Mandula) [1] is a no-go theorem in theoretical physics. It states that "space-time and internal symmetries cannot be combined in any but a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### stationary measure for linear cocycle(random transformation matrices)

Let $(M,\mathcal B, \mu)$ be a probability space which $M=\{A_{1},A_{2},...,A_{N}\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ ($A_{i} \in GL(d ,\mathbb{R})$) and $\mu=p^{\mathbb{N}}$. Let $F:M\times \mathbb R^d\to M\times \...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Further Developments of Lieb-Schultz-Mattis theorem in Mathematics

The Lieb-Schultz-Mattis theorem [1] and its higher-dimensional generalizations [2] says that a translation-invariant lattice model of spin-1/2's cannot allow a non-degenerate ground state preserving ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Complex projective algebraic variety, moduli space of flat connections, and instantons

In Looijenga's work below, if I understand correctly, it shows that
Statement 1: At an algebraic variety, the moduli space of SU($N$) flat
connections on a 2-torus $T^2$ is given by the space of ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Variograms using a temporary variable [on hold]

Anyone know how to construct variograms that included a temporary variable. I have been looking for information but I have not found anything.
I'm trying to relate values that imply distances, with ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Dimensions of the instanton moduli space from Atiyah-Hitchin-Singer

Atiyah-Hitchin-Singer Ref 1 states that the number of
virtual dimensions of the instanton moduli space
for SU(N) Yang-Mills theory with topological charge $\mathcal{Q}$ over a manifold $X$ is given ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Borel-Ecalle re-summation and resurgence: Criteria and Results

This is about the theory of Borel-$\acute{\textrm{E}}$calle re-summation and resurgence, see Refs below.
This states that the perturbative series (say of the vacuum expectation value of an operator $\...

**8**

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**0**answers

311 views

### The Grassmannian Gr(2,8) and an E7 surprise

Are there any mathematical explanations for the following surprising facts?
$$\int_{Gr(2,8)} c_{\text{top}}(TX(-2)) = 6556 = \frac{1}{2} \deg(E_7/P(\alpha_7)) + 1,$$
and
$$\int_{Gr(2,6)} c_{\text{top}}...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

184 views

### Casimir operator of a given Lie algebra and relation with its matrix representation

I'm following Gilmore's recipe to compute the abstract Casimir operator of a given algebra (in this example, I refer to algebra su(2)). This recipe bring up a matrix representation of the algebra and ...

**15**

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**0**answers

321 views

### How is Chern-Simons theory related to Floer homology?

Chern-Simons theory (say, with gauge group $G$) is the quantum theory of the Chern-Simons functional
$$CS(A)=\frac{k}{8\pi^2}\int_M \text{Tr}\left(A\wedge dA + \frac{2}{3}A\wedge A \wedge A\right)$$
...

**5**

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**0**answers

212 views

### Have complex manifolds with dual number structure on the holomorphic tangent bundle been studied?

If $M$ denotes a $2n$-dimensional real smooth manifold, then $M$ together with
$J\in\operatorname{End}(TM)$ with $J^2 =\mathrm{id}$ (also called almost product structure on $M$) have been surveyed in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### The embedding of $\mathfrak{g}_2$ into $\mathfrak{b}_3$ ($\mathfrak{so}_7$) on Chevalley generators

Let $\mathfrak{g}_2$ / $\mathfrak{b}_3$ be the simple complex Lie algebra of type $\mathsf{G}_2$ / $\mathsf{B}_3$ (the latter is also known as $\mathfrak{so}_7$).
How is the embedding $\mathfrak{g}...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Decoupling/Simplifying a long algebraic expression as a function of 5 parameters

I have the following variables defined by 5 parameters $(g_1, g_2, \kappa_1, \kappa_2, \Gamma)$:
$$
u_1=36g_1^{2}(2p-3\kappa_2)+\big(36g_2^{2}+(2p-3\kappa_1)(2p-3\kappa_2)\big)\big(4p-12\kappa_+\big)\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Non-Hamiltonian actions in physics

I was reading the following article when I came across the interesting sentence
"non-Hamiltonian [symplectic group] actions also occur in physics"
I took a cursory look at the article cited but ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Gauge integral versus path integral

According to this paper, "The gauge integral [a.k.a. Henstock-Kurzweil integral] provides the only formal framework that is close to the original development of the Feynman path integral", and also "...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

41 views

### Existence of bisolutions for wave operators on globally hyperbolic Lorentzian manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a globally hyperbolic Lorentzian manifold with Lorentzian volume density $dV$ and $\Sigma$ a Cauchy hypersurface, i.e. each inextendible causal curve hits $\Sigma$ exactly once. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Nonlocal integral

I have a little problem with the next integral,
$$ \int{d^3{\bf r^{\prime}}\left[\frac{exp(-ar^{\prime})}{r^\prime}\right]u({\bf r}-{\bf r^\prime}})=\int{4\pi r^\prime dr^{\prime}exp(-ar^{\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

85 views

### Euclidean volumes under the matrix norm of one-parameter subsets of unit balls of $2 \times 2$ matrices

Prove that the Hilbert-Schmidt volume (normalized to equal 1 at $\varepsilon=1$) of the subset of the unit ball in operator norm (http://mathworld.wolfram.com/OperatorNorm.html) of the $2\times 2$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### PDE’s whose solutions can be presented using path integrals

It is well known that solutions of the Schroedinger equation and of the heat equation can be presented using path integrals:
$$\psi(x,t)=\int K(x,t;y,0)\psi(y,0)dy,$$
where the kernel $K(x,t;y,0)$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### What restrictions on the form of an integral equation have a unique solution f=0?

We're stuck on the following question in a problem relevant to a physics paper on AdS/CFT that we are working on. Given a Fredholm equation of second kind with the form $f$+$\int_D K f\,dx = 0$, where ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

363 views

### Simple Subalgebras of Simple Lie Algebras

Given a complex simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ of rank $n\in\mathbb{N}$ with $n$ sufficiently large (say $n\ge10$), is there a way to determine whether $\mathfrak{g}$ contains a simple subalgebra ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### What are some mathematical consequences of the study of 6D $\mathcal N = (2,0)$ SCFT?

Arguments made in physics apparently predict the existence of a family of six-dimensional $\mathcal N = (2,0)$
superconformal field theories (Wikipedia, nLab, PhysicsOverflow) sometimes called Theory $...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Borromean rings, Condorcet's paradox and Quantum chromodynamics [closed]

In https://plus.google.com/108432079989441783124/posts/LHewqvcj5Xo T. Abderrahman explains what Borromean rings are. As I noticed in a comment, the underlying order structure is the same as in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### $P(1)$ strange type classical Lie superalgebras

I am reading the book "Lie superalgebras and enveloping algebras" by Ian M. Musson.
The strange type $P(n)$ series of Lie superalgebras are defined (§2.4.1, p. 17) only for $n \ge 2$ even though for $...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Mathematical proof of Regge symmetry

In the representation theory of the group $SU_2$ a big role is played by so-called $6j-$symbols. Let me sketch its definition (some other interpretations could be found here).
Denote a ...

**3**

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**0**answers

75 views

### About mod 2 Index of Dirac Operators in 3D on Non-Orientable Manifold

I was reading Witten's paper "Fermion Path Integrals and Topological Phases" (https://arxiv.org/abs/1508.04715). He claimed that
Indeed, on
an orientable 3-manifold, the eigenvalues of the Dirac ...

**9**

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**0**answers

240 views

### CohFT: Witten vs. Kontsevich and Manin

Is there any connection to CohFTs as defined by Witten in his 1988 paper (via topological twist) and the CohFTs as defined by Kontsevich and Manin (in the context of Gromov-Witten theory of course).
...

**1**

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**0**answers

63 views

### The hermitian Einstein manifolds

I take an hermitian manifold $(M,g,J)$ and I define from the riemannian curvature $R(X,Y)$ as a $2$-form:
$$
Ricc(J)= \sum_i R(J e_i,e_i)
$$
with $(e_i)$ an orthonormal basis of the tangent.
$$
2R(J)=...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

119 views

### Criteria for Schrödinger operator on real line to have simple spectrum

Consider a Schrödinger operator $H:=-\Delta+V$ on $\mathbb R$, where $V$ is such that $H$ has a purely discrete spectrum
$-\infty<\lambda_1\leq\lambda_2\leq\cdots$ converging to $+\infty$. Do there ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Physical consequences of cobordism hypothesis?

Let $C$ be a symmetric monoidal $n$-category. An extended framed $C$-valued TQFT is a symmetric monoidal functor from the framed bordism category $\mathrm{Cob}^{fr}_n(n)$ to $C$.
The cobordism ...

**5**

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**0**answers

59 views

### Clifford algebras in the context of locally convex topological vector spaces

Suppose given a locally convex Hausdorff topological vector space $V$ over $\mathbb R$ and a continuous, symmetric, bilinear map $q:V\otimes V\to \mathbb R$, where the tensor product is the completed ...

**1**

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**0**answers

57 views

### Fresnel Integral and his formulas

Below is how Fresnel approximate the eponymously "Fresnel Integral". In his own words:
Let $i$ and $i+t$ be the narrow limits between which it is proposed to integrate $\cos(qv^2) \, dv$. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Elementary quantum scattering problem on the line.

Let us consider the quantum scattering problem on the line with the Hamiltonian
$$H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+ V(x),$$
where $V(x)=1$ when $x\in (0,a)$, and $V(x)=0$ otherwise.
It is easy to see that $H$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

170 views

### Fourier transform of a generalized function on the plane

Is there an explicit formula for the Fourier transform of the generalized function of 2 variables
$$\frac{1}{x+y^2+i0}?$$
Remark. Equivalent question: consider the Schroedinger equation one the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### The ¨irreducible¨ representation variety of surface group

Let S be a closed surface of genus larger than 1, G be a compact, simply connected simple Lie group with finite center. Consider the representation variety M(S,G)=Rep($\pi_1$(S), G). Witten´s Formula ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

510 views

### Has the $E_8$-based generating function for squares numbers been proven?

In his 2004 paper Conformal Field Theory and Torsion Elements of the Bloch Group, Nahm explains a physical argument due to Kadem, Klassen, McCoy, and Melzer for the following remarkable identity. Let $...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

86 views

### Determine all possible magnetic monopole of gauge theories

In Wikipedia, it states about the magnetic monopole of the gauge theory is determined by the fact:
This argument for monopoles is a restatement of the lasso argument for a pure U(1) theory. It ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Twisted Chern-Simons, and Twisted Wess-Zumino Term

I am asking this question about Chern-Simons theory from the paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial" by Edward Witten.
Let $M$ be a closed three dimensional manifold, and $P\rightarrow M$ ...

**2**

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**0**answers

44 views

### Resource request: Moyal $\star$-product based calculations

I already asked two questions about the Moyal $\star$-product here and here but I think I'll have a lot more similar questions, so I'm wondering if anyone can help me with finding some good resources.
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

76 views

### Moyal $\star$-product of $\star$-exponentials

Definitions and assumptions
On a 2n-dimensional phase-space with coordinates $x$ and $p$, the Moyal product can be written explicitly as
$$g(x,p) \star h(x,p) = g(x,p) e^{\frac{i}{2}\left( \...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Moyal $\star$-product inverse?

On a 2n-dimensional phase-space with coordinates $x$ and $p$, the Moyal product can be written explicitly as
$$g(x,p) \star h(x,p) = g(x,p) e^{\frac{i}{2}\left( \overleftarrow{\partial_x} \cdot \...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Relationship between irreducible representations of the Schur covering group and elements of $H^2(G,U(1))$

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $D(g)$ be a projective representation of $G$ i.e.
\begin{equation}
D(g) D(h) = e^{i \omega(g,h)} D(gh)
\end{equation}
These can be classified by the equivalence ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Define a (lattice) Yang-Mills theory on $\mathbb{T}^4$ v.s. $\mathbb{R}^4$

Pure Yang-Mills theory (YM) can be easily defined on $\mathbb{T}^4$ on a periodic lattice, using the Wilson lattice gauge theory approach. In reality, we know some of these mathematical results on $\...

**4**

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**0**answers

94 views

### Virtual fundamental class of Moduli space of stable maps in genus 1

What is the virtual fundamental class of $\overline{M}_{1,n}(\mathbb{P}^2,d)$? In general the virtual fundamental class is difficult to compute I guess. But if you look at Proposition 2.5 of https://...

**9**

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**0**answers

145 views

### Define the 3d Chern-Simons TQFT on a discrete simplicial complex

Question: What is the challenge and the current status to define the 3d Chern-Simons(-Witten) (CSW) theory on a simplicial complex or on a discrete lattice? (Or is there a no-go or an obstruction ...

**7**

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**0**answers

82 views

### On constructible Hall algebra and instantons

I heard in a talk by Yan Soibelman that by starting with a quiver $Q$ with a set of vertices $I$ we can either symmetrize or anti-symmetrize its Euler-Ringel form $\chi_Q$. He claims that anti-...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

539 views

### (In)stability of a two-dimensional dynamical system

Consider the following system of coupled differential equations
$$
\dot{x}_1(t) = -x_1(t) - \cos(\omega t)x_1(t) + \cos(\omega t)x_2(t), \ x_1(0)\in\mathbb{R},\\
\dot{x}_2(t) = -\gamma x_2(t) - \cos(\...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

231 views

### Weyl's Branching Rule for $SU(N)$-Setting

On the Wikipedia page for restricted representations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Restricted_representation
there is presented a number of explicit "branching rules". In particular, there is the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Degenerations of $OG_{+}(5,10)$ over the Kapustin-Witten $P^1$ and tetragonal genus 7 curves

If $X_{i,j}$ is a $2 \times 4$ matrix and $Y_{j,k}$ is a $4 \times 2$ matrix,
then there is a $P^1$ family of ideals defined by the four equations $XY = 0$ and the six equations $s \cdot minors(X) + t ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### A robust version of Schur's lemma?

Does a robust version of Schur's lemma exist? Specifically, I was wondering about something like this:
Let $B$ be a bounded operator over a vector space $V$, with underlying field $\mathbb{C}$ and ...