Questions tagged [uniqueness-theorems]

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2
votes
2answers
106 views

Is the converse of Osgood criterion for ODEs also true?

Namely, Assuming that $f$ is a continuous real function and $f(0)=0$ , $f(x)>0 $ when $x\neq 0$, Consider the differential equation $x'= f(x)$ with the initial value $x(0)=0$ , is it true that if ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What rotations are used as a reduction step in Kenig-Ruiz-Sogge's uniform Sobolev estimate?

I think I have understood the bulk of the paper [KRS], but one of the parts I cannot understand is when the authors reduce Theorem 2.1 (p.332) into Proposition 2.1 (p.335). I can understand all the ...
4
votes
3answers
447 views

Uniqueness of solution to heat equation when initial condition is a generalized function

Let $u(t,x)$ be a solution to the heat equation $$\partial_t = \partial_{xx} \quad (t,x) \in [0,T) \times [-1,1]$$ subject to the initial/boundary conditions $$u(0,x) = f(x), \quad x \in [-1,1], \\ u(...
0
votes
2answers
198 views

Some doubts on proof of pathwise uniqueness of a stochastic differential equation

I quote a paper from Delbaen and Shirakawa (2002). I will write in italics my observations/questions. Starting from a stochastic differential equation of the form: $$dr_t=\alpha\left(r_{\mu}-r_t\...
1
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0answers
45 views

Reference request: existence/uniqueness of solutions to convection diffusion equations

I am looking for a reference wherein existence and uniqueness results are proven for a system of PDEs of the form $$ \frac{\partial Q}{\partial t} + A \frac{\partial Q}{\partial x} = f(Q,x,t) + \frac{...
-1
votes
3answers
106 views

Are <sum, product, N> triplets unique and hard to solve? [closed]

This question comes from some reasoning I made myself about a "joke block chain" where every new block is labeled with a triplet <S, P, N> where where S = sum of the N transactions so ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Unique continuation of the Hilbert transform

Let's consider the usual Hilbert transform $H$ defined as $$Hf = P.V. (\frac{1}{x}*f).$$ A well-known unique continuation principle states that if $Hf = f =0$ on some interval $I$, then $f \equiv 0$. ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Uniqueness of function with range $\mathbb{S}^2$ under a constraint

Assume $g,f\colon A\subset\mathbb{R}^M\rightarrow\mathbb{S}^2$ are two bijective functions defined on the set $A$. Now assume a constraint $C$: $\forall x,y\in A, \exists R\in SO(3)\colon Rf(x)=f(y)\...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Reference request: uniqueness for a certain PDE systems

I'm working on a system of the following form: $$(1) \,\,\,\,\,\ \begin{cases} u_{tt} + L_1u + L_2v= f, \\ \nabla u - \nabla v - \nabla v_t=0 \end{cases} $$ where $u(x,t)$ and $v(x,t)$ belong to ...
4
votes
0answers
101 views

Ricci flow on locally symmetric noncompact manifold

As it is mentioned by Deane Yang in Ricci flow preserves locally symmetry along the flow, we know the local symmetry is preserved under the Ricci flow on the compact manifold since we have the ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Uniqueness of minimizers in the Calculus of Variations

Let $f \colon \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R$ be the function defined by $$ f(x,y):= (x^+)^2 + (y^+)^2 $$ where $a^+ = \max\{a,0\}$ for any real number $a$. Given a Lipschitz regular domain $\Omega \...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Lotka Volterra existence of Caratheodory solution

I strive to prove that the following system of differential equations: $$\begin{cases} x'=x-u(t)xy\\ y'= -y+u(t)xy \\ x(0)=x_0>0\\ y(0)=y_0>0 \end{cases}$$ has a unique Caratheodory solution ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Has it been proved that weak solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations are non-unique, and does this prove that the Navier-Stokes are not valid?

This preprint claims that, for finite kinetic energy initial solutions, uniqueness of weak solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations doesn't hold: https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.10033 What's the current ...
0
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2answers
102 views

Uniqueness problem for an elliptic system

I want to prove the uniqueness of the solution of the following problem: $$\eqalign{ & - d\,\Delta u + u = {u^p} \text{ in } \Omega \cr & u > 0 \text{ in } \Omega \cr & \...
11
votes
1answer
540 views

Existence and uniqueness of geodesics in low regularity

Consider a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$. How much regularity is required of $g$ so that for any $x\in M$ and $v\in T_xM$ with $|v|=1$ there exists a unique geodesic $\gamma\colon(-\epsilon,\epsilon)\to ...
4
votes
2answers
599 views

If a PDE has a unique classical solution, must it have a unique viscosity solution?

If a PDE has a unique classical solution, must it have a unique viscosity solution? The particular problem I am interested in is parabolic, but I would be interested in the general case. A short ...