# Questions tagged [regularity]

regularity of solutions of PDEs.

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### Regularity of a weak solution to an elliptic PDE with mixed boundary condition

I have a question on the regularity of a weak solution to an elliptic PDE with mixed boundary condition.
Let $\alpha \in (0,1]$ and let $D$ be a bounded $C^{1,\alpha}$-domain. Let $x \in \partial D$ ...

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### If $\frac{\partial f}{\partial t}(x,t)$ exists a.e and $\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial t \,\partial x }$ is continuous, can we improve a.e existence?

The question is as in the title.
Let $f(t,x) : [0,1]^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a function which is $C^\infty$ w.r.t $x$ for each fixed $t$ and whose derivatives w.r.t $x$ are all absolutely continuous w.r....

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### Non-existence of classical solutions of Hardy PDE

On the paper "On the Cauchy Problem for Reaction-Diffusion Equations" Wang studies the Hardy-Hénon equation
$$
\begin{cases}
u_t - \Delta u = |\cdot|^{l}u^{p}& \mbox{ in } \mathbb{R}^n ...

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### Regularity up to the boundary of solutions of the heat equation

Given the heat problem:
$$\begin{cases}
\frac{d}{dt}u(x,t)=\Delta u(x,t) & \forall (x,t)\in \Omega\times(0,T) \\
u(x,0)=u_0(x) & \forall x\in\Omega \\
u(x,t)=0 & \forall x\in\partial\...

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### Boundary regularity for heat equation

Consider the heat equation $u_t - \Delta u=0$ with $u = u_0$ on $\partial B \times (0,T) \cup B \times \{t=0\}$. We consider weak solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;L^2(B)) \cap L^2(0,T;u_0 + W_0^{1,2}(B))$ ...

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### Global Hölder regularity

I am reading the book "Regularity theory for elliptic PDE" by Xavier Fernández-Real
and Xavier Ros-Oton, and I saw this result on page 69 about solutions of $\Delta u = f$ in $\Omega$ with $...

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### Linear elliptic problems: Are gradient estimates preserved after perturbation?

(This question is a duplicate from here)
We start with the linear elliptic PDE
$$
-\operatorname{div}(A\nabla u)=f \quad\text{in}\ \Omega,\\
u=0 \quad\text{on}\ \partial\Omega
$$
We assume that $\...

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### Are $c$-edge-colored clique removal lemmas known when $c>2$?

The following is a rephrasing of the Induced Graph Removal Lemma by Alon, Fischer, Krivelevich, Szegedy:
For all $k>0$ and all $\epsilon > 0$, there is $\delta > 0$ such that the following ...

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### Are Neumann Laplacian eigenfunctions in $C(\overline{\Omega})$?

Consider that $u\in H^1(\Omega)$ with $\Delta u\in L^2(\Omega)$ (in the distributional sense) such that for some $\lambda>0$ we have that:
$$\begin{cases} \Delta u(x)=\lambda u(x), & x\in\Omega\...

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### Reference and hint for L^p estimates of the gradient of solutions to parabolic equation in divergence form

Considering a weak solution $u\in L^2(0,1;H^1(B_1))$ with $\partial_t u \in L^2(0,1;H^{-1}(B_1))$ to
$$\partial_t u-\operatorname{div}(A(x,t)\nabla u)=f+\operatorname{div}(F) \hspace0.5cm \text{in} \...

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### Optimal assumption on H^2 regularity

In many text book (Evans, Gilbarg-Trudinger for example) there is a classical result of interior regularity for weak solutions to a elliptic divergence problem $\rm{div}(A(x)u)=f$ in $\Omega\subset\...

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### Interior Sobolev regularity of parabolic solutions

In Evans book (and many others) there are a classic result about interior regularity in Sobolev spaces for solutions to uniformly elliptic problem (Theorem 1, p. 309). That is, let $\Omega\subset\...

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### Regularly of Neuman and Dirichlet problem

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, $n=2,3$ be a bounded domain with $\Gamma$ Lipschitz boundary (regularly) such that $\Gamma=\Gamma_D\cup\Gamma_N$. Assume that $h \in L^2(\Gamma)$ and $a \in C(\bar{\...

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### Weak Hessian of the distance function

If $\Omega\subset\mathbf{R}^d$ has a smooth boundary it is known that the distance function $\mathrm{d}_\Omega:x\mapsto \mathrm{d}(x,\partial\Omega)$ is smooth on a neighborhood of $\partial\Omega$. ...

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### Nonsmooth version of Hopf boundary point lemma

Let
$$
Lu=-a_{ij}(x)\partial_{ij}u+b_i(x)\partial_i u
$$
be a uniformly elliptic operator, with $A(x)=(a_{ij}(x))$ positive-definite.
Here I'm only considering smooth coefficients, and the domain $\...

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### Regularity of subelliptic eigenfunction on characteristic domain

Background: Consider the Hörmander vector fields $X=(X_1,\cdots,X_m)$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, and the associated Dirichlet eigenvalue problem
$$-\Delta u:=\sum_{i=1}^mX_i^*X_iu=\lambda u~~\text{on}~\Omega,~...

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### Regularity of solutions of a 2nd order singular integro-differential operator

I have trouble finding the regularity of the solutions to a particular equation. I define
$$\mathcal{L}f(x)=f''(x)+x^2f'(x)+ \operatorname{p.\!v.\!\!}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \dfrac{f'(t)e^{-t^2}}{t-x}...

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### regularity of ground state of Schrodinger operator

I have a probably naive question on the regularity of ground state of the Schrodinger operator: $\Delta u - Vu = Eu$, where $\lim_{|x|\rightarrow\infty}V(x) = +\infty$ and $V\in C^2$, and $E$ is the ...

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### Visualization of an oscillation lemma

How can one visualize Theorem 4.2 on page 31 of this paper by Seregin, Silvestre, Šverák and Zlatoš?
On the other hand, I have a clear visualization of a related result about how oscillation decay ...

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### Maximal function to high power

Consider the following maximal function : in dimension $n$ consider $B(0,1)\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ the unit ball, if $f\in L^1(B(0,1))$, $\alpha\geq 0$ :
$$
M_\alpha f : x \mapsto \sup \left\{ \frac{1}{...

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votes

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### Smoothness of critical elliptic problem

I am convinced I have seen results along the lines of: if $ u \ge 0$ is an $H_0^1(\Omega)$ solution of
$$-\Delta u = u^{q-1}$$ in $\Omega$ with $ u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$ (here $\Omega$ is a smooth ...

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### Parabolic theory for singular coefficients on bounded domains (Reference Request)

In Evans, the theory for linear PDE of parabolic type with bounded coefficients is developed. There are nice results such as long-existence of weak solutions and the parabolic regularity theorems.
Is ...

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### On the derivatives of the solutions of the heat equations with Neumann boundary condition

Let $\Omega$ be a smooth domain with compact closure. More precisely, $\Omega$ is a $C^\infty$ domain. We write $\partial \Omega$ for the boundary of $\Omega$, and denote by $n$ the inward unit ...

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### Quotient of solutions of a semilinear Dirichlet problem is $L^\infty$

I posted this on MathStackExchange, but it hasn't even got 10 views, so probably it is better to post here. I hope it is not inappropriate.
I am reading a paper of Brezis and Oswald about existence ...

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### Does the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation have a smooth solution if the initial vorticity is smooth and $p$ integrable for any $p$?

Consider the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation on $(0,T)\times \mathbb{R}^3$ for fixed $T>0$.
If the sequence of mollified initial vorticities $(\omega_0^{\nu})_{\nu}$ is uniformly bounded in $...

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### Smoothness of distance function induced by Finsler metric

Consider $\mathbb R^N$ endowed with a smooth Finsler metric $\phi:\mathbb R^N\times S^N\to (0,+\infty]$. The smoothness assumption are both on $\phi(x,\cdot)$ (being at least $C^{2,1}$) and $\phi(\...

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### Differentiability of a weak solution

Let $d$ be a positive integer with $d \ge 2$. We write $x=(x_1,\ldots,x_{d-1},x_d)=(\hat{x},x_d)$ for $x \in \mathbb{R}^d.$ The standard inner product and the Euclidean norm on $\mathbb{R}^d$ are ...

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### Regularity of Fokker-Planck equation

Consider solutions $\rho_{1,2}$ of the Fokker-Planck equation
$$\begin{cases}\partial_t \rho_i = \Delta \rho_i + \nabla \cdot (\rho_i \nabla \Phi_{1,2})\\
\rho_i(0,\cdot) = \rho^0 \end{cases}$$
for ...

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1
answer

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### The regularity theorem, a non-regular minimizer problem

During my self study to the calculus of variations I come across this problem. Because of my search, I know what I wanted to do but I need some help to do them.
The function $f:[-1,1] \times \mathbb R ...

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### Elliptic regularity for a system of PDEs

I am considering a system that can be simplified to the following problem.
Let $\Omega$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary, $n \geq 3$, and consider the following coupled ...

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### $C^{1,\alpha}$ estimate for Newton potential of $L^\infty$ function

Theorem 13.1.1 in Jost's Partial Differential Equations asserts that if $f \in L^\infty(\Omega)$, with $\Omega$ a bounded open set in $\mathbb{R}^2$, then
$$
u(x) = \int_\Omega \log |x-y| f(y)\ dy
$$
...

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answers

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### Smooth solutions to the Neumann problem defined on the closure of the domain

Does the Neumann-problem for the Laplace equation on a smooth bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{3}$ with smooth boundary data $g$ such that
\begin{equation}
\int_{\partial \Omega}g \, d \...

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### Boundary regularity for elliptic PDE in Lipschitz domains

In section 2.6 of Fernandez-Real and Ros-Oton's book "Regularity theory for elliptic PDEs" it is stated that solutions of the Dirichlet problem with smooth data for the Laplacian are
$C^{1-...

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answers

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### A regularity result for semilinear PDE of the form $\Delta u=f(x, u)$ in Michael E. Taylor's book "Partial Differential Equations III"

Let $M$ be a bounded domain in $\Bbb R^2$: under the assumption that
$$
\partial_{u} f(x, u)=0 \text { for }|u| \geq K\label{1}\tag{1.6}
$$
Michael E. Taylor said that (proposition (1.3))
For $k=1,2, \...

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1
answer

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### Regularity of transport map

Let $\mu$ and $\nu$ be probability measures on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with first moment and suppose that both $\mu$ and $\nu$ have a densities with respect to the $n$-dimensional Lebesgue measure. Fix some ...

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### Regularity of solution to Cauchy problem given regular initial data

Let $f\in L^2_1([0,T]\times \mathbb{T}^m)$ (Sobolev space of maps of regularity $1$, $\mathbb{T}^m$ is the $m$-dimensional torus)
be a solution of a Cauchy problem
$$\frac{d}{dt} f(t) = A f(t)$$
$$f(0)...

3
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1
answer

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### Gluing of two solutions to the same parabolic equation

Consider the domain $[0,1] \times [0,T]$ and the uniformly parabolic operator $L -\partial_t$ with smooth coefficient. Suppose I have $u_1(x,t) \in C^\infty([0,1] \times [0,T])$ solving
\begin{...

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### What is the critical exponent for irregular function in the Sobolev scale?

When I first saw the definition of general Sobolev spaces with real exponent I immediately got interested in the following problem: pick several of your favourite irregular functions/distributions and ...

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answer

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### Regularity bound

For $\Delta f_g = g$, can we prove that $f_g \in L^\infty_{\text{per}}(\Omega)$ and
\begin{align*}
\|f_g\|_{L^\infty_{\rm per}} \le c \|g\|_{L^\infty_{\rm per}}
\end{align*}
where $c$ does not ...

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### A question of the book "Regularity Theory for elliptic PDE"

In the book "Regularity Theory for elliptic PDE", written by Fernández-Real, page 67, $ \tilde{u}_{k} $ converge to $ \tilde{u} $ only in $ C^1 $ norm, but the result is that we can get a ...

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### Minimal regularity for domains in Green's formula

The Green formula is well-known for smooth bounded domains of $\mathbb R^d$. My question is:
What is the minimal regularity known for domains where Green's formula still holds?

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### $L_p$ estimate in mixed boundary problem for elliptic equation

Let $Q$ be convex polygon, $\Gamma$ be a portion of boundary
$\partial Q$ and $H^1_\Gamma(Q)=\lbrace u\in H^1(Q):
u|_\Gamma=0\rbrace$. For $f\in (L_2(Q))^2$ consider the problem
$$
\int_Q A(x)\nabla u ...

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### Open problem 1.28: $W^{1,1}$ regularity for optimal transport map

While I don't work on the regularity theory for the optimal transport map, I was curious about the open problem 1.28 listed in Ambrosio and Gigli's User's guide: the problem to determine whether we ...

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### $L^\infty$ solutions for parabolic Neumann problem (heat equation)

Consider the heat equation on a (smooth) domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with homogeneous Neumann BCs:
$$u_t - \Delta u = f$$
$$\partial_\nu u = 0$$
$$u|_{t=0} = u_0$$
where $f \in L^p(0,T;L^r(\Omega))$ and $...

0
votes

1
answer

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### Application of Green function for non linear PDE [closed]

In the case of linear PDE, say $$Lu=0$$ if we have its green function say $G(x,y)$ then using that one can give solution of non homogenous PDE i.e. $Lu_f=f$ where $u_f=G*f$.
Is the same thing hold for ...

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votes

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### A regularity estimate for second-derivative

I was reading this paper (arXiv link)
On the Large Time Behavior of Solutions of the Dirichlet problem for Subquadratic Viscous Hamilton-Jacobi Equations
Guy Barles (LMPT), Alessio Porretta, Thierry ...

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### Regularity results for non uniform elliptic equation

I have seen some regularity result for ellptic PDE but all of them consist of uniform elliptic one. For instance,
$$\nabla \cdot (\gamma(x) \nabla u)=F \text{ in } \Omega\qquad u=\phi \text{ on }\...

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### Regularity with explicit bound

Let $\Omega$ be an open, bounded with $C^2$ boundary (or smooth as we want). A result about elliptic regularity is given as follows. If $\Omega_0\subset\subset \Omega$ and $u$ is a weak solution of $...

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### Dimension of critical set of p-harmonic function

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a smooth domain and $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ a non-constant $p$-harmonic function, for some $1<p<n$.
Question: What is the Hausdorff dimension of the critical ...

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### Main utility of the monotonicity formula for generalized surfaces

I hope not to be too simplistic.
I read about this monotonicity formula A question on the monotonicity formula for minimal submanifolds
I noticed that the monotonicity formula is often used in ...