Questions tagged [fluid-dynamics]

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10
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462 views

How to define (and compute) the Cartan-Killing form of the group of volume-preserving diffeomorphisms?

This question was raised a while ago in a blog post by Terry Tao on the Euler-Arnold equation and he called it "quite tricky". Has anyone in the meantime tried to formulate this question precisely, ...
7
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0answers
271 views

Derivation of a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories

Let $d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$ $\mathcal V_t\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be the bounded domain occupied by an incompressible Newtonian fluid at time $t\ge 0$ $\Phi_t:\mathcal V_0\to\mathcal V_t$ such that $\...
6
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0answers
164 views

How much energy will be released in the explosion when one shoots a superelastic billiard ball into a collection of still superelastic billiard balls?

Consider the following scenario. Let $\alpha>1$. Suppose whenever two superelastic balls collide at speed $\gamma$ they bounce off each other at speed $\gamma\cdot\alpha$ (i.e. $\alpha$ is the ...
6
votes
0answers
548 views

Constructing black noise with non-standard analysis

With noise in the sense of i.i.d. random sequence, a noise is black if it is not isomorphic to standard Gaussian white noise. Tsirelson showed the existence of black noise through the scaling limit ...
5
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0answers
142 views

Estimate of $\Vert \nabla u \Vert_{L^{\infty}(\Omega)}$ of Navier Stokes equations

My question is how to estimate the term $\Vert \nabla u \Vert_{L^{\infty}(\Omega)}$. Here we consider the 2D incompressible Navier Stokes equations:$$u_t -\Delta u+u\cdot \nabla u+\nabla p=f$$ and $$\...
4
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0answers
122 views

Existence results for Lagrangian solutions to the Incompressible Euler Equation?

It is known that if a function (which we shall call the lagrangian flow, or lagrangian trajectory) $$X:(\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z})^3 \times [0,T] \to \mathbb{R}^3$$ with $X \in H^1_t$ (i.e. has weak time ...
3
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0answers
322 views

On Solving a Fourth-Order Non-Linear PDE

I am presently working on a problem in fluid dynamics where our group is investigating the behavior of temperature and velocity at the leading edge of a flat plate when fluid flows past it. The ...
3
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0answers
74 views

Books on turbulent compressible fluid (gas) in heated channel

It's been a while I got my hands dirty with simulation of hydrodynamics and it was mostly incompressible and laminar. Now, I need to model turbulent flow in channel with additional external heating ...
3
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0answers
83 views

Lattice Boltzman derivation for vorticity eqn $\omega_{t}+ v\cdot \nabla \omega=\mu \Delta \omega$

So as showed by Frisch et al. (a), the 2D Euler equation $$v_{t}+ v\cdot \nabla v=\mu \Delta v$$ can be derived by the Hexagonal-placed automaton (for low velocity). I am curious about the existence ...
3
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0answers
171 views

Is a certain set of periodic solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equations closed generically?

I would be interested to know if a certain set of periodic solutions for the two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations is closed generically. Many similar (yet not identical) set-ups can be found in the ...
3
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0answers
168 views

What does the renormalization group flow corresponding to a turbulent subrange with a broad band forcing look like?

In a renormalization group analysis of turbulent flows, such as for example done by Barbi and Münster here who derive an action for the Navier-Stokes equations, insert it into the Wilson equation, and ...
3
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0answers
134 views

What is the relationship between complex time singularities and UV fixed points?

In this paper it is described how the turbulent kinetic energy spectrum and the flatness (a measure for intermittency) are governed by the position of the (dominant) singularities of the solutions of ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Flow induced by differentiable velocity field is differentiable

Let $E$ be a $\mathbb R$-Banach space, $\tau>0$ and $v:[0,\tau]\times E\to E$ such that$^1$ $$x\mapsto t\mapsto v(t,x)\tag1$$ belongs to $C^{0,\:1}(E,C^0([0,\tau],E))$. This is enough to ensure ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Leray projector in $L^{\infty}$ and negative order Besov spaces for the Navier-Stokes equations

I was reading the paper "Norm inflation for the generalized Navier-Stokes equations" which can be found here: https://arxiv.org/abs/1212.3801. In Lemma 2.1, the authors said for any $\phi \in L^{\...
2
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0answers
192 views

Vorticity form of Euler equation: What about harmonic part?

Suppose the co-closed 1-form $\eta$ is a solution to Euler's equation on a domain with non-trivial harmonic 1-forms (say the 2-torus; let's leave boundaries out of this). Let $\eta = \psi + h$ where $\...
2
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0answers
97 views

Question on the local existence theory for the classical solution for the incompressible fluid dynamics equation

For the incompressible fluid dynamics system \begin{equation} \begin{split} &\nabla\cdot v=0,\\ &\dfrac{\partial v}{\partial t}+v\cdot \nabla v+\nabla p=A(S,D)v, \end{split} \end{equation} ...
2
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0answers
147 views

A question on discrete numerical simulation on fluids mechanics

I read the paper "Stable, circulation-preseving simplicial fuids" by Elcott, et al: http://www.cs.jhu.edu/~misha/Fall09/Elcott07.pdf. It gives a structure preseving discretization of fluids. I have ...
2
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0answers
235 views

Velocity field of fluid and Maurer-Cartan form?

Chatting with an engineer, he suggested me to have a look to a certain book in order to understand what fluid mechanics is about (I know nothing about the subject). But this question is not about ...
2
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0answers
277 views

Why is a smooth weak solution strong for stationary linear Stokes problem with zero-traction boundary condition?

Can anyone provide me with a reference giving details on how smooth generalized solutions of the stationary linear Stokes problem can be shown to be classical solutions when a zero-traction boundary ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Modelling fluid flows with mean curvature flow

A while ago I was wondering if the displacement of fluid described in this blog post could be modelled with mean curvature flow or some other flow, but when I asked someone in Engineering they replied ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Density gradient of Navier-Stokes equations in perforated domain

Question: Is it possible to bound the density gradient $\nabla \rho_\epsilon$ of strong solutions to the compressible NSE uniformly in $L^\gamma$? Preliminaries: Consider a bounded connected domain $\...
1
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0answers
80 views

On self-similar methods of transforming the momentum equation to an ode

I have used the steam functions $u = \psi_{y}$ and $v = -\psi_{x}$ to transform the momentum equations to the following form $$\rho\left(\psi_{y}\psi_{xy} - \psi_{x}\psi_{yy}\right)=-p_{x}+\mu\left(\...
1
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0answers
84 views

2D Stochastic Navier Stokes equations with Navier boundary condition

For the 2D Stochastic Navier Stokes equations with Navier boundary condition $$du = (\Delta u - u\cdot \nabla u - \nabla p)dt + \Phi dW$$ where we consider additive white noise here. I want to use the ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Time discretization of the (stochastic) Navier-Stokes equation

Let $d\in\mathbb N$ $\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be nonnempty and open $\langle\;\cdot\;,\;\cdot\;\rangle:=\langle\;\cdot\;,\;\cdot\;\rangle_{L^2(\Lambda,\:\mathbb R^d)}$ I've found a thesis where ...
1
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0answers
101 views

Derive a SPDE of evolutionary type for $u$ from ${\rm d}X(t)=u(t,X(t)){\rm d}t+\xi(t,X(t)){\rm d}W(t)$

Let $U$ and $V$ be separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces $\iota:U\to V$ be a Hilbert-Schmidt embedding $Q:=\iota\iota^\ast$ $(e_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ be an orthonormal basis of $U$ $(\Omega,\mathcal A,\...
1
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0answers
91 views

Recast a finite-dimensional multiparameter SDE as an infinite dimensional SDE

In another question, I've asked how we can derive a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories. More concretely, I want to obtain a SDE of type as ...
1
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0answers
75 views

Hyperbolic PDE from total derivative?

Given a density function $p(t, \boldsymbol{x})$, where $t$ is time and the vector $\boldsymbol{x}$ represents a point in $n$ dimensional space, a hyperbolic PDE describing the time evolution of the ...
1
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0answers
102 views

Fluid dynamics of a rotating liquid droplet

I'm looking for an analytical solution of the Navier-Stokes equation with the following boundary conditions: a liquid is held inside a spherical shell, which is rotating at a constant rate, and is ...
1
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0answers
90 views

Motivation for some operators in the dyadic model of Navier Stokes equation

What's the motivation for cascade operator $C_{u}, C_{d}$ (and then the dyadic version of operator $B=(u\cdot \nabla)u$), which is $(C_{u}(u,v))_{Q} = 2^{\frac{5}{2}j}u_{\tilde{Q}}v_{\tilde{Q}}$, $(...
1
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0answers
96 views

Can Gradient be controlled by Curl and Divergence in Morrey spaces

In $L^p(\mathbb{R}^3)$, it holds for $1< p< \infty$ and $\mu\in C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^3)$, $$\|\nabla\mu\|_p\leq C \left( \|\operatorname{div} \mu\|_p + \|\nabla\times\mu\|_p \right).$$ So, how ...
1
vote
0answers
274 views

Monge Ampere and Calculus

[ I posted the question on Math StackExchange but didn't get any reply nor comment, so I'm trying here ] I am learning about mass transportation theory and the Monge-Ampere equation, to transport a ...
0
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0answers
154 views

Help to understand a limit $\varepsilon\rightarrow 0$ computation on a fluid mechanic paper

In Córdoba and Gancedo - Contour dynamics of incompressible 3-D fluids in a porous medium with different densities (page 4) I read that if $$ v (x_1,x_2,x_3,t)=-\frac{\rho_2-\rho_1}{4\pi} \...
0
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0answers
17 views

About parametrization of the interface of a fluid

In Navier Stokes Equation, more precisly in the evolution of a fluid interface I have an extension of the function $u$ such that: $$u(x,t)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \operatorname{P.V.}\int_\Omega\frac{(x-z(\...
0
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0answers
82 views

Deformation gradient conservation law from Lagrangian to Eulerian formulation

In the following, I use the standard notation for (solid) mechanics and conservation laws, i.e. $F$ the formation gradient, $H$ the cofactor, $v$ the velocity field and $J$ the Jacobian. Moreover, $X$ ...
0
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0answers
126 views

Time discretization of the variational formulation of the Navier-Stokes equation

Let $T>0$ $I:=(0,T]$ $d\in\mathbb N$ $\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be nonempty and open, $$\mathcal V:=\left\{\phi\in C_c^\infty(\Lambda,\mathbb R^d):\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$$ and $$V:=\overline{...
0
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0answers
82 views

If $H$ is the closure of the set of solenoidal smooth vecor fields in $L^2$ and $P_H$ denote the orthogonal projection onto $H$, then $P_HH_0^1⊆H_0^1$

Let $d\in\mathbb N$ $\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be open $\mathcal V:=\left\{\phi\in C_c^\infty(\Lambda,\mathbb R^d):\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$ and $$H:=\overline{\mathcal V}^{\left\|\;\cdot\;\right\...
0
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0answers
103 views

Is $(u\cdot\nabla)v\in H^1$, if $u,v\in H^2$?

Let $d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$ with $\Lambda\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be bounded and open with $\partial\Lambda\in C^1$ In Lemma 6.1 of Navier-Stokes Equations and Nonlinear Functional Analysis by Roger ...
-1
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1answer
64 views

Regularity of stationary incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in $\mathbb R^2$

What is the regularity of solutions for the stationary incompressible Navier-Stokes equations \begin{align*} -\Delta u +u\cdot \nabla u + \nabla p &= 0\\ \nabla \cdot u &= 0 \end{align*} in $\...