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Questions tagged [string-theory]

A class of theories that attempt to explain all existing particles (including force carriers) as vibrational modes of extended objects, such as the 1-dimensional fundamental string.

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Navier-Stokes fluid dynamics, Einstein gravity and holography

There was some activity a while ago, like 10 years ago, string theoreists try to relate the fluid dynamics, for example, governed by Navier-Stokes equation, to the Einstein gravity, and its ...
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58 views

GSO projection and $H^d(M, \mathbb{Z}_2)$

This follows up the comment which suggests that asking the later 2nd part of subquestion in "GSO (Gliozzi-Scherk-Olive) projection and its Mathematics" as a new different question GSO (Gliozzi-Scherk-...
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GSO (Gliozzi-Scherk-Olive) projection and its Mathematics?

GSO (Gliozzi-Scherk-Olive) projection is an ingredient used in constructing a consistent model in superstring theory. The projection is a selection of a subset of possible vertex operators in the ...
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483 views

The Grassmannian Gr(2,8) and an E7 surprise

Are there any mathematical explanations for the following surprising facts? $$\int_{Gr(2,8)} c_{\text{top}}(TX(-2)) = 6556 = \frac{1}{2} \deg(E_7/P(\alpha_7)) + 1,$$ and $$\int_{Gr(2,6)} c_{\text{top}}...
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337 views

Manifolds with negative dimension – Definition, References

Does the concept of differential manifold with negative dimension make sense, in differential geometry? If yes, how is it defined? Do you have any reference to recommend? My problem was born in ...
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174 views

Open-closed string correspondence

Recently, after many years of searching for the right source, I came across the excellent lecture by Aspinwall, "Some Applications of Commutative Algebra to String Theory", in Eisenbud's Festschrift. ...
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77 views

Moduli spaces for the TCFT map $HH(L) \to GW(X)$

Let $L$ be a Lagrangian submanifold of a closed symplectic manifold $X$. What I gather from Costello (see specifically $\S$2.5 there), is that one expects to have a morphism of closed TCFT's $\tag{1}...
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163 views

Localization of the pushforward in equivariant cohomology

I am reading Nekrasov's paper and in page 2 he considers the $G \times T^2$ equivariant cohomology of the (compactified) moduli space $\tilde{M_k}$ of $U(N)$ instantons on $\mathbb{C}^2$. Here $G$ ...
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254 views

SYZ conjecture for varieties of general type or Fano

Let $X$ and $Y$ are Calabi-Yau varieties and mirror to each other. Then from HMS the Fukaya Floer category of Lagrangian intersections in $X$, is equivalent to bounded derived category of coherent ...
11
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1answer
636 views

Large Complex Structure Limit of Calabi-Yau family and uniqueness of limit

Let $\mathcal X$ be a smooth complex manifold of dimension $n+1$. We say $\mathcal X \to ∆$ is a large complex structure limit if and only if it’s maximal unipotent degeneration . $T: H^n(\mathcal ...
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618 views

What is the relation between BRST quantization and gauge fixing quantization

To quantize gauge field, one usually use gauge-fixing procedure and then plus ghost field, my question is what the relation between BRST quantization and gauge fixing quantization is? Because it seems ...
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235 views

Integrality of the mirror map — non-GKZ examples? Counterexamples?

The mirror map in mirror symmetry is the change-of-variables between the natural coordinatizations on the two mirror sides and is typically a highly-complicated transcendental function (indeed, should ...
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1answer
603 views

How to construct the mirror partner of a blowup?

Question: Let's assume we have a pair $(X,\check{X})$ that are mirror dual to each other in the sense of Homological mirror symmetry (EDIT: this does not have to be CY n-folds, but can also be a Fano ...
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1answer
189 views

Incorporating Divisors (D4-branes) into Donaldson-Thomas Theory?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold. Ordinary Donaldson-Thomas theory is formulated as a virtual count of ideal sheaves $\mathcal{I}$ with discrete invariants $\text{ch}(\mathcal{I}) = (1,0, -\beta, -n)...
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494 views

Do all $\mathcal{N}=2$ Gauge Theories “Descend” from String Theory?

I asked this on PhysicsSE, but I think it also fits here as it's related to algebro-geometric connections to string and gauge theory. I'm thinking about the beautiful story of "geometrical ...
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117 views

Question on Hori, Iqbal and Vafa's 'D-branes and Mirror Symmetry'

In the paper mentioned above, on page 19, the physics of A-type supersymmetry is related to a Lagrangian submanifold $\gamma$ of a Kaehler manifold $X$. In particular, the phrase "...holomorphic ...
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144 views

Seiberg-Witten theory in 4d is categorification of Seiberg-Witten in 3d

According to Gukov et al. in this 2017 paper Seiberg-Witten theory in 4d categorifies Seiberg-Witten theory in 3d. In what sense is this phrase mentioned? I know what the process of categorification ...
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292 views

Mathematics of $\mathcal{N}=2$ Gauge Theory and Instantons

Someone may suggest I post this on PhysicsSE, but I would prefer to not have a physicist answer in jargon I cannot understand. In fact, the reason I'm asking this is that I'm sort of drowning in the ...
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195 views

Relation between Donaldson invariants and GW invariants

What is known about the relation of Donaldson invariants on a complex surface $\Sigma$ and GW invariants (or equivalent) of local Calabi-Yau 3folds such as the canonical bundle of $\Sigma$? (if any of ...
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1answer
678 views

Does there exists a Fukaya category with no objects

... and really without even the possibility of having objects, so it's not a matter of just finding the "correct" flavour of Fukaya category to use. Question: Does there exist interesting symplectic ...
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365 views

Open conjectures on the Fukaya category coming from physics

This is a slightly vague question (for which I apologize in advance): can somebody give examples to open conjectures on the behavior of the $Fuk(M,\omega)$ that come from string theory and can be ...
7
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1answer
468 views

Instanton Moduli Space on ALE Spaces

I asked this on MathStackExchange and was instructed it would be better here. I've recently been learning about moduli spaces of instantons on $\mathbb{C}^{2}=\mathbb{R}^{4}$. From what I can gather,...
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251 views

Automorphism that the Fukaya category is “blind” to

Given a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$, there is a natural map $$ Symp(M,\omega) \to Auteq(D^\pi Fuk(M,\omega))$$ which sends a symplectic automorphism to the $A_\infty$-functor it induces on the ...
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135 views

Virasoro constraints for parametrized GW invariants

Gromov-Witten invariants count isolated stable maps from Riemann surfaces to a fixed symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ subject to some incidence conditions. If we instead replace the target manifold ...
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86 views

Are there some known identities of elliptic polylogarithms similar to the Abel identity of polylogarithm?

Let \begin{align} Li_2(z) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{z^n}{n^2}. \end{align} This polylogarithm satisfies the following Abel identity: \begin{align} & Li_2(-x) + \log x \log y \\ & + Li_2(-...
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votes
1answer
109 views

a matrix of Onsager-Kaufman vs Schwarz-Wu

In my earlier MO question, I was seeking for a proof for $\det A_{\infty}:=\det(I_{\infty}-M_{\infty}^2) =\sqrt[4]{1-x^2}$ where $M_n$ is the $n\times n$ matrix: $$M_n =\left[\frac{2i+1}{2(i+j+1)}\...
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2answers
194 views

Examples of $1$-Calabi-Yau triangulated categories

Can you give me examples of $1$-Calabi-Yau triangulated categories $D$ different from the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on an elliptic curve? I would like moreover the numerical ...
10
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3answers
626 views

In Gromov-Witten theory, why is the string coupling constant weighted by $2g-2$?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and let us fix a homology class $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$, just for simplicity. The generating series of Gromov-Witten invariants of $X$ in class $\beta$, $$\mathsf ...
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2answers
853 views

What does it mean to take the diagonal of the group $SU(2) \times SU(2) $?

I am reading Witten's paper on topological field theories, in specific the topological twist in page 359. In order to perform the twist he takes the diagonal subgroup of $K = SU(2)_{\text{Right}} \...
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557 views

Understanding Segal's definition of conformal field theory

I have a fundamental problem in understanding Segal's definition of a conformal field theory: On the one hand his monoidal CFT-functor is a formalization of the fact that, physically, the integrand ...
4
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1answer
220 views

BCOV's holomorphic anomaly equation at genus one

BCOV in their famous paper (http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9309140) state the genus one holomorphic anomaly equation (on page 53) to be $$\partial_i \partial_{\bar{j}} F_{1} = \frac{1}{2}C_{ikl}\bar{C}^{...
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1answer
636 views

AKSZ sigma models for higher spin

The AKSZ framework constructs 2D sigma models in the BV formalism. Is there a generalization of the AKSZ approach to higher spin?
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2answers
457 views

space at the Planck scale [closed]

All models of space that I know from physics use real or complex manifolds. I was just wondering if it is still the case at the level of Planck scale. In string theory, physicists still use strings (...
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1answer
349 views

book about string theory a la Von Neumann [duplicate]

Can we summarize string theory (in its actual state) in some principles and fundamental equations like electromagnetism, general relativity, quantum mechanics and classical mechanics ? I am looking ...
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1answer
176 views

reference for higher spin - not gravitational nor stringy

Other than the papers of Berends, Burgers and van Dam, are there any papers that study the general case of deforming a free field theory with higher spin fields to be interactive?
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1answer
206 views

Generalized spin connection and dreibein in higher spin gravity

I am studying higher spin gravity and I would like to know the mathematical and physical meaning of generalized spin connection and generalized dreibein that appear in this theory. It is well known ...
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0answers
177 views

computation with Hilbert scheme of $n$ points on $\mathbb C^2$ [closed]

How can we show that $$\sum_{n = 0}^\infty q^n \operatorname{char}_T S^n(\mathbb C[x,y])= \prod_{p_1,p_2\geq 0}\frac{1}{1-t_1^{p_1}t_2^{p_2}q}$$ where $\operatorname{char}_T V$ denotes the character ...
4
votes
1answer
767 views

Mathematica package for supergravity and string theory

I am looking for a Mathematica package that can manipulate tensors for supergravity, string theory or M-theory. I am particularly looking for a package that can do spinor and Clifford algebra ...
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2answers
804 views

Free Boson Correlator $ \langle X(z)X(w) \rangle =- \ln |z - w| $

In physics papers, the massless free boson has a definition involving an action: $$ S(X) = \frac{1}{8\pi} \int d\sigma^2\, \partial X \overline{\partial X}$$ The random functions $X(z)$ are ...
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1answer
490 views

SYZ mirror symmetry for K3 surfaces

My question is essentially related to this post, but let me formulate it again. Let $f:S \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ be an elliptic fibration, then this can be a SLAG fibration with respect to another ...
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247 views

K-theoretic version of Artin-Mazur formal groups?

An Artin-Mazur formal group is, when it exists, the deformation theory of ordinary cohomology of some degree, on some algebraic variety. My question here is: Has the generalization of the theory of ...
2
votes
1answer
265 views

Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

This is the reanimation of a question which already got an answer, that I did not fully understand. Coming back to it, after let it sit in a corner for some time, I keep not getting the point. I would ...
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0answers
830 views

Calabi-Yau cohomology?

My question here is going to be this -- but I'll give a bit of background to explain myself in a moment: What has been done/what results are available on Calabi-Yau cohomology in degree $n \geq 3$ (...
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0answers
452 views

State of the art of BPS and Donaldson-Thomas invariants for toric Calabi-Yau threefolds

I am trying to understand what has been done with regards to computing BPS invariants and Donaldson-Thomas type invariants of Calabi-Yau threefolds. To make the question more focused, let's say that I ...
22
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0answers
934 views

p-Adic String Theory and the String-orientation of Topological Modular Forms (tmf)

I am going to ask a question, at the end below, on whether anyone has tried to make more explicit what should be, it seems to me, a close relation between p-adic string theory and the refinement of ...
6
votes
1answer
713 views

What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...
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3answers
2k views

Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...
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94 views

How can the interersection number of $2$ $D6$ branes wrapping around a CY manifold be derived?

For two intersecting $D6$ branes $a$ and $b$ wrapped around a $6$ dimensional torus $T^6 = T^2 \times T^2 \times T^2$ specified by $$ \textrm{D6-brane a:}\, (l_1^a,l_2^a,l_3^a) $$ $$ \textrm{D6-...
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0answers
143 views

Physical relevance of either fundamental identity generalizing Jacobi [closed]

There are two fundamental identities for n-ary generalizations of the Jacobi identity. One fundamental identity is right for Nambu mechanics and such, the other for L_\infty algebras as in CSFT. Which ...
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3answers
552 views

What is the definition of picture changing operation?

What is the definition of picture changing operation? What is a standard reference where it is defined - not just used?