# Questions tagged [wave-equation]

The wave-equation tag has no usage guidance.

94
questions

2
votes

1
answer

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### Quasilinear wave equations without (weak) null conditions and conjectures

I have found that most works on quasilinear wave equations require, at least, the (weak) null condition. There are only a few works without this condition, such as "Shock Formation in Small-Data ...

3
votes

1
answer

127
views

### Definitions of weak solutions for quasilinear wave equations

I am learning the shock problem for the balance system (perhaps not conserved, see, e.g., "Ingo Muller, Tommaso Ruggeri. Rational Extended Thermodynamics") and just have a question on the ...

0
votes

0
answers

49
views

### Attenuation estimation of the solution of the $n$-dimensional wave equation Cauchy problem

This is the equation given ($n\geq2$)
$$
\begin{cases}
u_{tt}=a^{2}\left(\Delta u\right), \\
\left.u\right|_{t=0}=\varphi(x_1,\cdots,x_n ),\\
\left.u_{t}\right|_{t=0}=\psi(x_1,\cdots,x_n ) .
\end{...

5
votes

1
answer

101
views

### Uniqueness of constructed solutions to the Helmholtz equation

My question is regarding the inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation on $\mathbb{R}^3$ with real wavenumber $k$ and outgoing radiation condition
\begin{equation}
\Delta u + k^2 u = - f \quad \text{and} \quad ...

1
vote

0
answers

65
views

### The Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) decomposes any signal into four orthogonal signal components [closed]

Let $F=(w^{kl})_{k,l=0}^{n-1}$ be the discrete Fourier matrix of size $n$ where $w=\exp\left(-\frac{2\pi i}{n}\right)$.
It is a well-known that $F_n^4 = I_n$ where $I_n$ represents the identity ...

0
votes

0
answers

96
views

### Fourier integral operators and parametrix

Consider the classical wave equation in a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, assuming vanishing of the function and its normal derivative on the boundary.
Question: Is there an expression for the ...

1
vote

0
answers

96
views

### criticality for nonlinear wave equations on manifolds

On $\mathbb{R}^{1+n}$, the initial value problem for the homogeneous wave equation
$$ \Box \phi = \partial_t^2 \phi - \Delta_{\mathbb{R}^n} \phi = 0, \\ (\phi, \partial_t \phi)|_{t=0} = (\phi_0, \...

0
votes

0
answers

48
views

### Smoothness of solutions to wave equation in a bounded domain

Consider the wave equation
\begin{equation}
\partial_t^2 u - \sum \partial^2_{x_i} u =0
\end{equation}
in a bounded domain $M$ with $C^\infty$ boundary, and the boundary conditons
\begin{equation}
u(...

1
vote

0
answers

60
views

### Dispersive equations at low frequencies and time oscillations

It seems to me that nearly all the common linear dispersive equations have dispersion relations which vanish at the zero spatial frequency. For example:
The Schrodinger dispersion relation is $\omega(...

0
votes

0
answers

99
views

### Applications of finite speed of propagation property

Consider the Laplace operator $\Delta:=\sum_{j=1}^{n}\partial_{x_{j}}^{2}$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $E_{\lambda}$ be the spectral resolution of $\Delta$, and
$$ H_{t}[f]:=\cos{(t\sqrt{-\Delta})}f=\int_{...

0
votes

0
answers

44
views

### Solving the Global Relationship of the Dampened String $q_{tt} + \frac{\rho}{2} q_{t} - q_{xx}=0$ with the Method of Fokas

I was interested in learning more about the Fokas method for solving partial
differential equations after hearing the impressive claim that it could resolve
any linear partial differential equation. I ...

2
votes

0
answers

57
views

### Wave equation time decay

I am trying to deduce the dispersive estimate for the free wave equation in $\mathbb{R}^{d+1}\equiv\{(x,t) : x\in\Bbb R^d \wedge t\in\Bbb R\}$ $$u_
{tt}-\Delta_xu=0$$ The fundamental solutions of this ...

0
votes

0
answers

48
views

### Convergence of wave equation with friction

I asked this in MSE, but I didnt get any hint or answer. I’m studying the following 1-D wave equation with friction
$$\begin{cases} u_{tt}+2\epsilon u_t-u_{xx}=0,\,x\in(0,\pi),\,t>0,\\
u_x(0,t)=0=...

2
votes

0
answers

69
views

### On Selberg-Tesfahun's null form estimates for Maxwell-Klein-Gordon equations

In the 2010 paper https://arxiv.org/pdf/1001.5373.pdf Selberg & Tesfahun prove finite-energy well posedness for the Maxwell-Klein-Gordon system in Lorenz gauge, that is if the equations on $\...

1
vote

0
answers

123
views

### Wave equation on 2D semi-infinite plane

I'm trying to understand what a correct procedure is for solving the following wave equation on a semi-infinite plane $-\infty < x < \infty$, $0 \le z < \infty$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\nabla^2 \...

1
vote

0
answers

31
views

### On spectral representation of solutions to wave equations with impulse initial data

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a bounded domain with a smooth boundary that contains the origin. Let us consider the following classical linear wave equation
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial^2_t u -\...

1
vote

1
answer

109
views

### How to prove $ \|u\|_{L^{\infty}}\leq C\|\partial_1\square u\|_{L^1} $ for any $ u\in C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{1+2}) $?

It comes from estimates for wave equations.
For any $ u=u(t,x)\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{1+2}) $, which is a smooth compactly supported function, prove that
$$
\|u\|_{L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{1+2}\...

4
votes

1
answer

513
views

### Are the irrotational and solenoidal parts of a smooth vector field linearly independent?

Let $\textbf{F}\in \mathbb{R}^3$ be a smooth vector field for all space. It is well known using Helmholtz decomposition that we can decompose $\textbf{F}$ into two vector fields in $V$: $$\textbf{F} = ...

0
votes

0
answers

36
views

### Uniqueness of solution to abstract wave equation with unsigned energy

Let $H$ be a self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space $(\mathcal{H}, \langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle$). Suppose the spectrum of $H$ in $(-\infty, 0)$ consists of only finitely many eigenvalues $\mu^2_k &...

1
vote

1
answer

132
views

### Is the extension (dual restriction) operator on any smooth hypersurface a solution to some PDE?

We know that the extension operator on paraboloids $\widehat{fd\sigma}(t,x)=\int_\mathbb{R}^nf(\xi)e^{i(t|\xi|^2+x\cdot\xi)}d\xi$ is a solution to the homogeneous Schrodinger equation with initial ...

9
votes

1
answer

439
views

### Deriving Sommerfeld radiation condition from limiting absorption principle

For the Helmholtz equation
$$
-(\Delta + k ^2) u = f, \label{1}\tag{1}
$$
imposing the Sommerfeld radiation condition
$$
\lim_{r\to\infty} r ^{\frac{m-1}2} \left( u_r - i k u\right) = 0
$$
on $u$ ...

1
vote

1
answer

123
views

### Wave equation in $ \Omega\times(0,T) $

Let $ \Omega $ be a smooth bounded domain in $ \mathbb{R}^d $ and $ T>0 $ be a positive number. Consider the wave equation in the domain $ \Omega\times(0,T) $
\begin{align}
\left\{\begin{matrix}
\...

1
vote

1
answer

162
views

### Finite propagation speed for non-smooth solutions to nonlinear wave equation

Consider the semilinear wave equation in $[0,t_0] \times \mathbb R^d$ :
$$\square u = \pm |u|^{p-1}u$$
With subcritical/critical power $1 < p \leq \frac{d+2}{d-2}$.
It is easy to show by energy ...

3
votes

1
answer

299
views

### On a nonlinear wave equation

I am considering the following wave equation (for $\phi=\phi(x,t)$)
$$
\phi_{tt} - \Delta \phi = a |\nabla \phi|^2, \quad (x,t) \in \mathbb{R}^3 \times \mathbb{R}
$$
where $\nabla$ is just spatial ...

1
vote

1
answer

71
views

### Estimate $\Vert \Delta u(t)\Vert_{2}$ in term of energy

We consider the wave equation
$$\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
u_{tt}(x,t)-\Delta u(x,t)=0, x \in \Omega, t>0\\
u=0, \quad u \in \partial \Omega, t>0 \\
u(0,x)=u_{0}(x), \quad u_{t}(0,x)=u_{1}(x), x \...

2
votes

0
answers

116
views

### How to learn Strichartz estimates for wave equations?

I am a student planning to learn some knowledge about Strichartz estimates for wave equations. My goal is to understand the Strichartz estimates or a priori estiamtes of weak solutions for the linear ...

1
vote

0
answers

47
views

### Time evolution of Wigner transform

I am studying the Hartree equation for N-particles for the first time and things are not clear to me. Given the density matrix
$$\gamma_{N, t}^{(n)} (x_1,..,n_n; y_1,...,y_n) =
\begin{cases}
\int \...

2
votes

1
answer

312
views

### Determine the form of the wave equation in Minkowski space on the line element $ds^2 = -dt^2 + a(t)(dx^2 + dy^2 + dz^2)$

The wave equation in Minkowski space can be given as
$-\frac{\partial^2\phi}{\partial t^2}+\frac{\partial^2\phi}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2\phi}{\partial y^2}+\frac{\partial^2\phi}{\partial z^2}= ...

2
votes

1
answer

95
views

### How to estimate higher order regularity for wave type equation with time dependant coefficients?

Consider the following wave-type equation,
$$u_{tt}-\frac{2}{t}u_t-\Delta u=g(t,x)$$
where $(t,x)\in [\epsilon, 1]\times \mathbb{R}^3$ for some $\epsilon>0.$ Furthermore assume that $(u,u_{t})=(0,0)...

4
votes

1
answer

319
views

### Energy estimates for nonlinear wave type equation

Consider the following wave-type equation,
$$u_{tt}-\frac{2}{t}u_t-\Delta u=g(t,x)$$
where $(t,x)\in [\epsilon, 1]\times \mathbb{R}^3$ for some $\epsilon>0.$ Furthermore assume that $(u,u_{t})=(0,0)...

2
votes

4
answers

323
views

### EM-wave equation in matter from Lagrangian

Note
I am not sure if this post is of relevance for this platform, but I already asked the question in Physics Stack Exchange and in Mathematics Stack Exchange without success.
Setup
Let's suppose a ...

0
votes

0
answers

58
views

### Does the self inductance and velocity factor of the elements of a dipole antenna change its resonant frequency?

I've asked this question on Ham Stack Exchange but no one knows the answer so i thought would try posting on this site.
Below are well known equations from Wikipedia for the resistance and reactance ...

6
votes

1
answer

184
views

### Fractional derivative notation in wave turbulence

This is my first question in MathOverflow and I will do my best to format it correctly and make it clear.
I am reading a paper on dispersive wave turbulence which introduces the following family of ...

1
vote

1
answer

144
views

### Classification of homogeneous distributions

On page 92 of these notes, there is a discussion on how to find the fundamental solution to the D'Alembertian operator. It is firstly proposed that $c_n(t^2 - |x|^2 )^{-(n-1)/2}$ may be a good ...

3
votes

0
answers

45
views

### Partial hypoellipticity

The question is posed specifically about the wave equation and is related to partial hypoellipticity of the wave equation. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$, $M=(0,T)\times \Omega$ and $\Gamma=(0,T)\...

2
votes

0
answers

101
views

### Wave equation with infinite time

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a compact domain with smooth boundary. Let $f \in H^1_\delta((0,\infty)\times \partial \Omega)$, where
$$ \|f\|_{H^1_\delta}^2= \|f\|^2_{L^2_\delta}+\|Df\|^2_{L^2_\...

6
votes

2
answers

601
views

### Non-linear hyperbolic PDE

I have the following PDE in two dimensions
$$
2\partial_x\partial_y\sqrt{1-u^2}+\left(\partial^2_x-\partial^2_y \right)u=0,
$$
with $u=u(x,y)$ with values between $-1$ and $1$, or alternatively
$$
2\...

2
votes

0
answers

51
views

### A question for regularity of solutions to wave equation

let $T>0$ and suppose $\Omega$ is a bounded domain with smooth boundary. Let $g \in L^\infty(0,T;H^1(\partial \Omega))$ and consider the wave equation
\begin{equation}\label{pf0}
\begin{aligned}
\...

2
votes

0
answers

72
views

### wave equation with L^2 boundary data via spectral decomposition

It is classical that if $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ is a bounded domain with smooth boundary, then the equation
\begin{equation}\label{pf2}
\begin{aligned}
\begin{cases}
\partial^2_{t}u- \Delta u=0\,\...

1
vote

0
answers

65
views

### wave equation with $H^{-1}$ source

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary and given $f \in H^{-1}((0,T)\times \Omega)$, consider the wave equation
$$ \Box u =f\quad \text{on $(0,T)\times \Omega$},$$
with $u|_{(0,T)\times ...

2
votes

0
answers

133
views

### Support of a fundamental solution of wave equation

The solution of the wave equation
$$
\Box E = \delta
$$
is
$$
E(t,x) = \mathscr{F}^{-1} \left( \frac{\sin (t\lvert \cdot \rvert ) }{\lvert \cdot \rvert} \theta (t) \right)(x)\in\mathcal{S'}(\mathbb{R^{...

4
votes

1
answer

521
views

### Decay estimate on wave equation

In this paper here it is claimed in (1.3) that it is classical and immediate from the explicit solution of the wave equation in 3D
$$(\partial_t^2 -\Delta )u(t,x)=0$$
with $u(0,x)=0$ and $u_t(0,x)=g(x)...

3
votes

1
answer

141
views

### wave equation with vanishing trace at infinity

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the boundary value problem
\begin{equation}\label{pf0}
\begin{aligned}
\begin{cases}
\Box u+qu=0\,\quad &\text{on $(0,\infty)\times \...

1
vote

1
answer

503
views

### the curvature wave equation

I was referred here from this question I asked on stackexchange. And now that I'm here, I see that this other question about geometric wave equations is very closely related to mine. But I have a ...

0
votes

0
answers

36
views

### Approximation of "endpoint" initial data for the 3D wave equation

Consider $f\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ such that, denoting by $A_f$ the solution to the wave equation $\square A=0$ with initial data $A(0)=0$, $(\partial_t A)(0)=f$, we have $A\in L_2(\mathbb{R}^+;L^{\...

1
vote

0
answers

72
views

### Well-posedness for a wave equation with degenerate coefficients

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary and consider the following initial boundary value problem:
\begin{equation}\label{pf0}
\begin{aligned}
\begin{cases}
t\partial_t(t\partial_t u)-\...

2
votes

1
answer

49
views

### What is the analytical form of the cylindrical wave appearing on reflection of a plane wave from a corner?

This is a cross-post from Math.SE, where no answer was given after 3 months.
Consider a plane 2D wavelet moving towards a corner reflector with 120° opening angle with infinitely extended sides. The ...

2
votes

0
answers

145
views

### About solutions of Klein-Gordon equation

I wonder how to solve the Klein-Gordon equation
$$\left\{\begin{split}&\partial_t^2u-\Delta u+u=f\\&u(0,x)=u_1(x),\quad \partial_t u(0,x)=u_2(x)\end{split}\right.$$
where $u(t,x)$ defined on $\...

2
votes

0
answers

41
views

### Some questions about the contruction of center stable manifolds for cubic NLKG by Lyapunov-Perron method

In Nakanish & Schlag: Invariant manifolds and Dispersive Hamiltonian Evolution Equations,, on theorem 3.22, they use Lyapunov-Perron methods to conctruct center stable manifolds for focusing cubic ...

3
votes

1
answer

119
views

### How to find the conserved quantities of the Kirchhoff equation?

Consider the Kirchhoff equation, given by
$$u_{tt}-\left(1+\int_{\mathbb{R}} u_x^2\;dx\right)u_{xx}+f(u)=0, (x,t) \in \mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}_+$$
where $f(u)=u-u^{2r+1}$, for $r \in \mathbb{N}$. ...