Questions tagged [wave-equation]

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EM-wave equation in matter from Lagrangian

Note I am not sure if this post is of relevance for this platform, but I already asked the question in Physics Stack Exchange and in Mathematics Stack Exchange without success. Setup Let's suppose a ...
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0answers
17 views

Does the self inductance and velocity factor of the elements of a dipole antenna change its resonant frequency?

I've asked this question on Ham Stack Exchange but no one knows the answer so i thought would try posting on this site. Below are well known equations from Wikipedia for the resistance and reactance ...
6
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1answer
117 views

Fractional derivative notation in wave turbulence

This is my first question in MathOverflow and I will do my best to format it correctly and make it clear. I am reading a paper on dispersive wave turbulence which introduces the following family of ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Classification of homogeneous distributions

On page 92 of these notes, there is a discussion on how to find the fundamental solution to the D'Alembertian operator. It is firstly proposed that $c_n(t^2 - |x|^2 )^{-(n-1)/2}$ may be a good ...
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85 views

uniqueness for a wave equation

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary and let $u \in L^2((0,\infty)\times \Omega)$ solve $\Box u=0$ on $(0,\infty)\times \Omega$. Assume, moreover that $\textrm{Tr}\...
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27 views

Partial hypoellipticity

The question is posed specifically about the wave equation and is related to partial hypoellipticity of the wave equation. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$, $M=(0,T)\times \Omega$ and $\Gamma=(0,T)\...
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55 views

Wave equation with infinite time

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a compact domain with smooth boundary. Let $f \in H^1_\delta((0,\infty)\times \partial \Omega)$, where $$ \|f\|_{H^1_\delta}^2= \|f\|^2_{L^2_\delta}+\|Df\|^2_{L^2_\...
6
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2answers
436 views

Non-linear hyperbolic PDE

I have the following PDE in two dimensions $$ 2\partial_x\partial_y\sqrt{1-u^2}+\left(\partial^2_x-\partial^2_y \right)u=0, $$ with $u=u(x,y)$ with values between $-1$ and $1$, or alternatively $$ 2\...
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38 views

A question for regularity of solutions to wave equation

let $T>0$ and suppose $\Omega$ is a bounded domain with smooth boundary. Let $g \in L^\infty(0,T;H^1(\partial \Omega))$ and consider the wave equation \begin{equation}\label{pf0} \begin{aligned} \...
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61 views

wave equation with L^2 boundary data via spectral decomposition

It is classical that if $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ is a bounded domain with smooth boundary, then the equation \begin{equation}\label{pf2} \begin{aligned} \begin{cases} \partial^2_{t}u- \Delta u=0\,\...
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48 views

wave equation with $H^{-1}$ source

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary and given $f \in H^{-1}((0,T)\times \Omega)$, consider the wave equation $$ \Box u =f\quad \text{on $(0,T)\times \Omega$},$$ with $u|_{(0,T)\times ...
2
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0answers
86 views

Support of a fundamental solution of wave equation

The solution of the wave equation $$ \Box E = \delta $$ is $$ E(t,x) = \mathscr{F}^{-1} \left( \frac{\sin (t\lvert \cdot \rvert ) }{\lvert \cdot \rvert} \theta (t) \right)(x)\in\mathcal{S'}(\mathbb{R^{...
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1answer
168 views

Decay estimate on wave equation

In this paper here it is claimed in (1.3) that it is classical and immediate from the explicit solution of the wave equation in 3D $$(\partial_t^2 -\Delta )u(t,x)=0$$ with $u(0,x)=0$ and $u_t(0,x)=g(x)...
3
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1answer
81 views

wave equation with vanishing trace at infinity

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the boundary value problem \begin{equation}\label{pf0} \begin{aligned} \begin{cases} \Box u+qu=0\,\quad &\text{on $(0,\infty)\times \...
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1answer
108 views

the curvature wave equation

I was referred here from this question I asked on stackexchange. And now that I'm here, I see that this other question about geometric wave equations is very closely related to mine. But I have a ...
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24 views

Approximation of "endpoint" initial data for the 3D wave equation

Consider $f\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ such that, denoting by $A_f$ the solution to the wave equation $\square A=0$ with initial data $A(0)=0$, $(\partial_t A)(0)=f$, we have $A\in L_2(\mathbb{R}^+;L^{\...
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61 views

Well-posedness for a wave equation with degenerate coefficients

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary and consider the following initial boundary value problem: \begin{equation}\label{pf0} \begin{aligned} \begin{cases} t\partial_t(t\partial_t u)-\...
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16 views

What is the analytical form of the cylindrical wave appearing on reflection of a plane wave from a corner?

This is a cross-post from Math.SE, where no answer was given after 3 months. Consider a plane 2D wavelet moving towards a corner reflector with 120° opening angle with infinitely extended sides. The ...
2
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0answers
96 views

About solutions of Klein-Gordon equation

I wonder how to solve the Klein-Gordon equation $$\left\{\begin{split}&\partial_t^2u-\Delta u+u=f\\&u(0,x)=u_1(x),\quad \partial_t u(0,x)=u_2(x)\end{split}\right.$$ where $u(t,x)$ defined on $\...
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30 views

Some questions about the contruction of center stable manifolds for cubic NLKG by Lyapunov-Perron method

In Nakanish & Schlag: Invariant manifolds and Dispersive Hamiltonian Evolution Equations,, on theorem 3.22, they use Lyapunov-Perron methods to conctruct center stable manifolds for focusing cubic ...
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1answer
107 views

How to find the conserved quantities of the Kirchhoff equation?

Consider the Kirchhoff equation, given by $$u_{tt}-\left(1+\int_{\mathbb{R}} u_x^2\;dx\right)u_{xx}+f(u)=0, (x,t) \in \mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}_+$$ where $f(u)=u-u^{2r+1}$, for $r \in \mathbb{N}$. ...
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3answers
509 views

Uniqueness of solution of the wave equation

Consider the wave equation $$\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial t^2}-\sum_{i=1}^n\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_i^2}=0$$ with initial conditions $$u|_{t=0}=\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}|_{t=0}=0$$ Does ...
2
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0answers
78 views

Inhomogeneous wave equation - a reference

Consider the inhomogeneous wave equation $$\frac{\partial^2u}{\partial t^2}-\Delta u=\rho(x,t),$$ where $x=(x_1,\dots,x_n)$, $\Delta=\sum_{i=1}^n\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i^2}$ is the Laplacian, $\...
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79 views

Snoidal wave solutions of the $\phi^4$ model

I want to prove the existence of snoidal wave solutions of the $\phi^4$ model, given by $$u_{tt}-u_{xx}=u-u^3,\; (x,t) \in \mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}.$$ So, we are looking for solutions in the form $...
2
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0answers
54 views

wave equation with non-smooth coefficients

Let us consider the equation $$ \sum_{j,k=0}^n \partial_j ( a^{jk}(t,x)\partial_k u) =F, \quad \text{on $(-\infty,T)\times \mathbb{R}^n$}$$ subject to $u|_{t<0}=0$. Here, $F \in L_{\text{comp}}^2((...
1
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1answer
97 views

the energy of scattering solution of cubic Klein-Gordon equation in $n=3$?

Let $n=3$ and $u$ be the solution to Klein-Gordon equation \begin{equation} \begin{cases}\ddot{u}-\Delta u +u=u^3 \\ u(0)=u_0, \partial_t u(0)=u_1, \end{cases} \end{equation} where $(u_0,u_1) \in H^...
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0answers
51 views

References for numerical approach of Hilbert uniqueness method (HUM)

Finding of the control that achieves the exact controllability of the wave equation (Neumann boundary conditions) using the HUM method (see: J.L. Lions, Controlabilité exacte perturbations et ...
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106 views

Uniform boundedness for Strichartz constants in Tao's book

This is a question from Tao's book "Nonlinear Dispersive Equations". We define the space $S^0(I\times R^d)$ as the closure of the Schwartz functions under the norm $$\|u\|_{S^0}=\sup_{(q,r)\text{ ...
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103 views

Derivative of a convolution integral of the following type?

I'm looking to find the derivative of a convolution integral of the following form: \begin{equation} \frac{d}{dr}((G(r,t)*f(t)) = \frac{d}{dr} (\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} G(r,t-\tau)f(\tau) d\tau) \end{...
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0answers
55 views

Energy inequality - wave equation

In J. L. - Lions book Quelques méthodes de résolution des problèmes aux limites non linéaires, the author proves the following lemma: Lemme 6.1: Let w be a function satisfying $w \in L^\infty(0,...
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0answers
53 views

Wave equation with data on null surfaces

Consider the solid cone $C$ as the region inside $z=1-\sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ and bounded by $0\leq z\leq 1$. Now let us define $$\Omega= \{z=\frac{1}{2}\} \cap C\quad \text{and}\quad \Sigma= (\partial C \cap ...
1
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1answer
66 views

The time when a quasi-linear hyperbolic system produces shocks

I am interested in the time when a quasi-linear $p$-system produces shocks. Let $\mathbb T$ be 1-d torus: $[0, 1]$ with periodic boundary conditions. Fix $p$, $r \in C^\infty(\mathbb T)$. For each ...
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0answers
119 views

Strichartz estimates

In the Blair, Smith and Sogge's paper Strichartz estimates for the wave equation on manifolds with boundary, the authors study integrability estimates for solution of the following problem: \begin{...
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19 views

Stabilization of non-autonomuous 1-d wavs equation

I want to ask two questions about the stabilization of the equation $$\eqalign{ & {y_{tt}} = k(t,x){y_{xx}}+a(t,x){y_t}+ b(t,x){y_x}+ c(t,x){y_x} +d(t,x)y \ \ (t,x) \in {\text{ }}(0,\infty ) ...
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0answers
55 views

Wellposedness of semilinear wave equation with discontinuous source

Where can I find existence and uniqueness results for semilinear wave equations with discontinuous, i.e. $$\partial^2_{tt} u - \Delta u = f(u), \quad t >0, \ x \in \Omega$$ where $f$ is ...
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0answers
36 views

Initial-boundary value problem for the damped wave equation with nonlinear source (in bounded domains)

It is well known that the initial-value problem for the wave equation on $\mathbb R^N$ can be studied by means of Fourier transform. What reference presents well-posedness results and qualitative ...
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125 views

Wave equation with porous medium term

The classical porous media equation is $$u_t + \Delta(u^m) = 0 \quad m>1.$$ Has the (degenerate) wave equation $$u_{tt} + \Delta(u^m) = 0$$ been subject of studies? What would the physical ...
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60 views

Is the exact solution of the wave equation for the scattering of waves by a disk/cylinder an open problem?

The solution exact solution of the Helmholtz equation for the scattering of waves by a sphere is relatively straightforward and has been known since the time of Lord Rayleigh. The exact solution of ...
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1answer
127 views

Well-posedness of wave equations with time-dependent coefficient

Let us consider the following wave equation \begin{array}{rrr} y_{tt}=y_{xx}+a(t,x)y_{t} & \text{in} & (0,T)\times (0,1), \\ y(0,t)=0\text{ , }y(t,1)=0 & \text{in} & (0,T), \\ y(0,x)...
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0answers
78 views

Wave equation with 'spring' integral boundary condition

I am really stuck with this small toy problem. I am trying to solve a wave equation on unit interval $x \in [0,1]$ with a specific boundary condition which I can't see how to tackle. The problem is: ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Exponential decay for wave equation in even dimensions

Consider the wave equation $$ u_{tt} = \Delta_x u - q(x)u, \quad x \in\mathbb R^d, \; t > 0,\tag{1}\\ u(0,x) = u_0(x) \in H^1_\text{comp}(\mathbb R^d),\\ u_t(0,x) = u_1(x) \in L^2_\text{comp}(...
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1answer
120 views

Examples of the time-dependent linear wave equation

I am looking for examples of the non-autonomous linear wave equation that have some relevant applications. What articles and sources (maybe, some catalogue like Handbook of Nonlinear Partial ...
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0answers
51 views

Supnorm problem involving kernel of Cauchy problem

Let $M$ be the $2$-dimensional hyperbolic manifold. Let $K(t,x,y)$ be the kernel appearing in the fundamental solution of the Cauchy problem $$(\partial^2_t-\Delta_M)u=0,\text{ on }\mathbb{R}^+\times ...
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0answers
81 views

Diffraction across an absorbing wall

I need help finding the procedure for the solution of the following differential equation. This is equation is: Find $u:\mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{C}$ such that for $C>0$ $ \begin{cases} u_{xx}+ ...
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0answers
292 views

Finite speed of propagation for $u_{tt} - \Delta (u^p) = 0$

Is anything known about the finite speed of propagation of wave-like nonlinear PDE: $$u_{tt} - \Delta \left(u^p\right) = 0$$ when say $p > 1$? That is given initial data $u(x,0) = w_1(x)$ and ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Maxwell-Klein-Gordon energy estimates in Klainerman and Machedon's 1994 paper

In the 1994 paper On the Maxwell-Klein-Gordon Equation with Finite Energy of Klainerman and Machedon, the proof of Proposition 1.1 contains the following statement. For $\phi$ (the scalar field of) a ...
4
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1answer
772 views

Finite speed propagation by finite energy method

I am currently investigating some finite speed propagation property for nonlinear wave equations, and I am asking myself if there is a way of proving such a property just using energy estimates like ...
2
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0answers
50 views

From Boundary to righthandside

I have a problem coming from linear elasticity in $(x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^2\times \mathbb{R}^+$, $t\in \mathbb R$: $$\left\{\begin{aligned}\partial_{tt} \sigma&=A(D_x,D_y,D_z) \sigma\\ \sigma\big|...
3
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1answer
171 views

Methods to compute the Green's function for the 1D wave equation with nonsmooth coefficient?

I am seeking advice on the best available numerical methods to compute the Green's function for a 1D wave equation with rough coefficient. Suppose that the coefficient $c(x)$ in the 1D wave equation ...
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0answers
108 views

$L^\infty(\Omega)$-regularity for strongly damped wave equation

I am interested in the following IBVP for the strongly damped wave equation: \begin{equation} u_{tt}-c^2\Delta u-b\Delta u_t+eu_t=f(x,t) \quad \text{in} \ \Omega \times (0,T), \\ u=0 \quad \text{on} \ ...